Free Essay

Using Your Understanding of the Historical Context, Assess How Convincing the Arguments in These Three Extracts Are in Relation to Henry's Relationship with the Nobility.

In: Historical Events

Submitted By PaperKnights
Words 972
Pages 4
The first extract, extract 5.2 from L. Davies, immediately states Henry used harsh measures against the nobility, starting with presumably policy inaugurated in 1502 in order to control the nobility and ensure they were not in a position to threaten him or his remaining son; this was because his wife and two of his sons had died in 1502. The source suggests that the measures used against nobles were not always justified- however as relating to the earlier sentence a weakness in the Tudor dynasty had been opened after the deaths of his sons, and Henry did manage to keep in control of the nobility throughout his reign and his son successfully succeeded him to the throne. The extract states that the reasons of Henry VII’s actions and measures were not always politic; this can be justified as many of Henry’s policies were instead economic (though arguably this can be linked back to political motivation), for example his assertion of feudal dues over the nobility to give him money. This took many forms such as escheats, when land reverted to the Crown a payment would have to be made to Henry, and wardship where the King took control of the estates of minors until they became of age, and was able to siphon the profits from these estates. Henry’s motivation throughout his reign can be consistently seen to improve his economic state and increase the amount of land he owned, rather than to pull nobles over to his side- however this is also politic, as land and money was a direct correlation of power.

The tone of the source is skeptical and suggests that Henry may not have been able to continue on the throne for much longer had he kept with the “harsh policy” inaugurated in 1502; this suggests he was pushing the nobility too far and a rebellion may have eventually occurred had he continued. This is debatable but not unjustified as a statement as Henry had already faced two rebellions from pretenders who wanted the throne, rebellions that were funded by the nobility, and a rebellion in 1497 from peasants who were angry at a tax- this shows that Henry was not concrete in his position on the throne, and still faced many threats from the nobility.

The second extract, source 5.4 from a contemporary author, states that Henry VII controlled the nobility through fear, and that this was justified, describing the nobility as “a mob of aloof self-interested magnates”. While Henry did use Acts of Attainder, bonds and recognisances to control the nobility, he did not only use ‘sticks’ to keep his hold over them- in a carrot and stick approach, he gave the nobility who served him rewards, such as patronage, where he gave certain nobles positions of power and titles; Henry used this to reward nobles who had given him loyal service- this increased faithfulness to him and was useful to win nobles over to his cause and to him, so he did not control the nobility solely through fear alone, and this at least negates some of what the extract also states about “its loyalty not willingly given”. However Henry also suffered through several rebellions, showing that his forceful control of the nobles did not fully work- however he also managed to survive through all of these rebellions. In 1495 Henry stopped a potential conspiracy against him and executed several nobles including William Stanley; this is at least partway an example of how Henry controlled through fear, as he made an example of the members of the nobility who went against him instead of pardoning them (for example William Stanley, who had also fought with him in the Battle of Bosworth and had a brother still loyal to Henry VII).

This source also states the “justification for the presence of the nobility lay in its potential fidelity and its governing capacity”; the latter is true as Henry did use the nobility to govern England in place of him or for him- such as the Earl of Northumberland who still controlled the North (despite having not supported Henry before he obtained the Crown), but Henry preferred to keep direct control if his land or to only give it to trusted relatives such as Jasper Tudor, his uncle.

The last extract, 5.5, is also a contemporary source written in 1995; it suggests that the nobility needed Henry’s power to protect their own land, and “were unlikely to attack or undermine a system that made them what they were”. This was in fact made more true by the fact that Henry was quick to take land or money from those who disobeyed him, meaning they had even more incentive to continue to follow Henry, as their power depended on their loyalty to him and their service to him.

However, Henry VII was also indeed a usurper who “needed to use threats or blandishments” in order to control the nobility; this was because he had taken the throne from Richard and still had many enemies when he took the crown- for example the North of England still supported Richard and thought of Henry was a usurper. Many nobles felt that if a man who had previously been in exile in France could have won the throne when his claim to it was minor, it was also possible for others to do so- this was at least part of what instigated the several rebellions and attempted rebellions towards Henry VII, showing exactly how much uncertainty lay in the expected time of his tenure on the throne. Since he was the start of a dynasty, there were few who had any long ties of loyalty with his family or with him- this meant he could not trust any of the nobility except for his close family,

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...VIII Revision Guide 1 How to answer questions on the Tudors Section A Essays: How far do the sources agree that? Introduction:    Explain what you can learn from each source Briefly cross reference the sources Provide an argument in response to the question Main paragraphs:     State a similarity or difference between the sources – make sure you focus on ‘How Far’ Select relevant information from the sources to support this point Place this in context using your brief own knowledge Use provenance to explain this similarity/difference Conclusion:  Sum up how far the sources agree based on content and provenance Section B Essays: Do you agree with the view that? Introduction:   State your line of argument – how far do you agree with the view? State the main similarities and differences between the sources Main paragraphs:  State a reason for yes/no. Make sure you phrase this in a way that links to your line of argument and answers the question. Remember that each source will suggest a different reason for yes/no. Support this reason with evidence from the sources and your own knowledge Cross-reference between the sources Weigh up the evidence of the sources. Consider provenance for primary sources and judge secondary sources based on the evidence included and the weight given to certain evidence Link back to your line of argument     Conclusion:  Explain how your argument has been proven with reference to the sources and your own knowledge Unit......

Words: 34668 - Pages: 139

Premium Essay


...straighten your books, water your plants, or sharpen your pencils for the fifth time. If this situation sounds familiar, you may find it reassuring to know that many professionals undergo these same strange compulsions before they begin writing. Jean Kerr, author of Please Don’t Eat the Daisies, admits that she often finds herself in the kitchen reading soup-can labels—or anything—in order to prolong the moments before taking pen in hand. John C. Calhoun, vice president under Andrew Jackson, insisted he had to plow his fields before he could write, and Joseph Conrad, author of Lord Jim and other novels, is said to have cried on occasion from the sheer dread of sitting down to compose his stories. To spare you as much hand-wringing as possible, this chapter presents some practical suggestions on how to begin writing your short essay. Although all writers must find the methods that work best for them, you may find some of the following ideas helpful. But no matter how you actually begin putting words on paper, it is absolutely essential to maintain two basic ideas concerning your writing task. Before you write a single sentence, you should always remind yourself that 1. You have some valuable ideas to tell your reader, and 2. More than anything, you want to communicate those ideas to your reader. These reminders may seem obvious to you, but without a solid commitment to your own opinions as well as to your reader, your prose will be lifeless and boring. If you don’t care about......

Words: 234754 - Pages: 940

Premium Essay


...Edition, Trimbur - © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. No distribution allowed without express authorization. Distributed by Grand Canyon University This is an electronic version of the print textbook. Due to electronic rights restrictions, some third party content may be suppressed. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. The publisher reserves the right to remove content from this title at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. For valuable information on pricing, previous editions, changes to current editions, and alternate formats, please visit to search by ISBN#, author, title, or keyword for materials in your areas of interest. 9781285622552, The Call to Write, Sixth Edition, Trimbur - © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. No distribution allowed without express authorization. Distributed by Grand Canyon University For product information and technology assistance, contact us at Cengage Learning Customer & Sales Support, 1-800-354-9706 For permission to use material from this text or product, submit all requests online at Further permissions questions can be emailed to The Call to Write, Sixth Edition John Trimbur Publisher: Monica Eckman Acquisitions Editor: Margaret Leslie Senior Development Editor: Leslie Taggart Development Editor: Margaret Manos Assistant......

Words: 271772 - Pages: 1088

Premium Essay

Cyrus the Great

...practice: structuralist approaches to other literary works For further reading For advanced readers Deconstructive criticism Deconstructing language Deconstructing our world Deconstructing human identity Deconstructing literature A deconstructive reading of Robert Frost’s “Mending Wall” Some questions deconstructive critics ask about literary texts “. . . the thrilling, returning trains of my youth . . .”: a deconstructive reading of The Great Gatsby Questions for further practice: deconstructive approaches to other literary works For further reading For advanced readers New historical and cultural criticism New historicism New historicism and literature Cultural criticism Cultural criticism and literature Some questions new historical and cultural critics ask about literary texts The discourse of the self‑made man: a new historical reading of The Great Gatsby Questions for further practice: new historical and cultural criticism of other literary works For further reading For advanced readers 209 212 215 216 219 221 224 230 233 234 244 245 246 249 250 255 257 258 260 265 267 278 280 280 281 282 291 295 297 299 301 311 312 313 8 9 x Contents 10 Lesbian, gay, and queer criticism 317 The marginalization of lesbians and gay men 318 Lesbian criticism 322 Gay criticism 329 Queer criticism 334 Some shared features of lesbian, gay, and queer criticism 338 Some questions lesbian, gay, and queer critics ask about literary texts 341 Will the real Nick Carraway......

Words: 221284 - Pages: 886

Free Essay

Critical Reasoning for Gmat

...offer employees unpaid time off to care for their children will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be free to set their own employment policies without mandated parental-leave regulations. Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above? (A) A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country. (B) Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave. (C) Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations. (D) Only companies with one hundred or more employees would be subject to the proposed parental-leave law.(C) (E) In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law. 7. If A, then B. If B, then C. If C, then D. If all of the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true? (A) If D, then A. (B) If not B, then not C. (C) If not D, then not A. (D) If D, then E.(C) (E) If not A, then not D. 8. Dear Applicant: Thank you for your application. Unfortunately, we are unable to offer you a position in our local government office for the summer. As you know, funding for summer jobs is limited, and it is impossible for us to offer jobs to all those who want them. Consequently, we are forced to reject many highly qualified applicants. Which of......

Words: 366341 - Pages: 1466

Free Essay


...affiliates. *SAT is a registered trademark of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc. is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising here from. The fact that an organization or Website is referred to in this work as a citation and/or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Website may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Websites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. For......

Words: 84367 - Pages: 338