Premium Essay

Uuuu

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By mrsk
Words 880
Pages 4
Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix is a four celled matrix (a 2 * 2 matrix) developed by BCG, USA. It is the most renowned corporate portfolio analysis tool. It provides a graphic representation for an organization to examine different businesses in it’s portfolio on the basis of their related market share and industry growth rates. It is a two dimensional analysis on management of SBU’s (Strategic Business Units). In other words, it is a comparative analysis of business potential and the evaluation of environment.According to this matrix, business could be classified as high or low according to their industry growth rate and relative market share.Relative Market Share = SBU Sales this year leading competitors sales this year.

Market Growth Rate = Industry sales this year - Industry Sales last year. |
The analysis requires that both measures be calculated for each SBU. The dimension of business strength, relative market share, will measure comparative advantage indicated by market dominance. The key theory underlying this is existence of an experience curve and that market share is achieved due to overall cost leadership.
BCG matrix has four cells, with the horizontal axis representing relative market share and the vertical axis denoting market growth rate. The mid-point of relative market share is set at 1.0. if all the SBU’s are in same industry, the average growth rate of the industry is used. While, if all the SBU’s are located in different industries, then the mid-point is set at the growth rate for the economy.
Resources are allocated to the business units according to their situation on the grid. The four cells of this matrix have been called as stars, cash cows, question marks and dogs. Each of these cells represents a particular type of business. 10 x 1 x 0.1 x |...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Uuuu

...Case Incident 1 Question 1: Decide with a partner how many emotions you can identify in the case study. We have identify there are two emotion that have been shown in the case study, which is anger and fear. Question 2: Do you think the strategic use and display of emotions serve to protect employees, or does covering your true emotions at work lead to more problems than it solves? Covering your true emotions at work does lead to more problems as you put yourself in the stressful situation. Stressful workplace could seriously harm your professional reputation, as well as your productivity. Managing your emotions and stress is a key in establishing your credibility and professionalism in workplace. Question 3: Have you ever worked where emotions were used as part of a management style? Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this approach in your experience. The advantage of using emotions as part of a management styles is to avoid misunderstanding between colleagues or misunderstanding between employers and employees. Facial expressions that displayed by the employees can indicate their emotions and moods. Harsh criticisms or funny jokes can be avoided before it triggers anger or sadness of another party. Therefore, if an organization is using emotions as the managing styles, employees can understand everyone personalities well. If employers were overreact their emotions at the workplace, it may bring disadvantages. The employer can cause conflict in the......

Words: 382 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Uuuu

...Endnotes 1. Mauer, M. (2006). Race to Incarcerate. 2nd Ed. New York: The New Press, p. 13. 2. Throughout this manual, we use terms such as “racial groups” and “minorities” interchangeably, with an understanding that many, but not necessarily all, of the dynamics of the criminal justice system apply to various racial and ethnic groups. 3. Leinfelt, F. H. (2006). Racial Influences on the Likelihood of Police Searches and Search Hits: A Longitudinal Analysis from an American Midwestern City. Police Journal, 79(3): 238–257. 4. Office of Justice Systems Analysis (1995). Disparities in Processing Felony Arrests in New York State: 1990–1992, Office of Justice Systems Analysis, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services. 5. Sabol, W. J., and Couture, H. (2008). Prison Inmates at Midyear 2007. Washington, D.C. Bureau of Justice Statistics. 6. U.S. Census Bureau (2007). 2006 American Community Survey. Available online at: http://www.census.gov/acs/ www/index.html. 7. Sabol and Couture, op. cit. 8. U.S. Census Bureau, op. cit. 9. Bonczar, T. P. (2003). Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974–2001. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 10. Snyder, H. (2006). Juvenile Arrests 2004. OJJDP Bulletin: Washington, D.C.: National Disproportionate Minority Contact Databook. 11. Federal Bureau of Investigation (2007). Crime in the United States, 2006. Washington, D.C. 12. Spohn, C. (2001). Thirty Years of Sentencing Reform: The......

Words: 1453 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Uuuu

...Abstract of thesis presented to the Senate of Universiti Putra Malaysia in fulfilment of therequirement for the degree of Doctor Philosophy FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS' ONLINE SHOPPING ATTITUDE ANDPURCHASE INTENTION By NARGES DELAFROOZSeptember 2009Chairman : Associate Professor Laily Paim, PhDFaculty : Human Ecology The ever-increasing use of the Internet in Malaysia provides a developing prospect for E-marketers. Such marketers’ awareness of the factors affecting Malaysian’s shopping attitudesand intentions is crucial to further develop their marketing strategies in converting potentialcustomers into active ones, while maintaining the existing online customers.Purchase intention is an important determinant of online shopping behavior and represents thebest estimates of future behavior available to market researchers. From an e-commerceperspective, understanding of the Theory of Reasoned Action, Theory Planned Behavior, andTechnology Acceptance Model could provide a valid basis for explaining and predictingconsumers’ intentions towards adopting online shopping behavior.iii This study sets out to examine the factors influencing students’ online shopping attitudes andintentions at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) through a five-pint Likert scale self-administeredquestionnaire. The instrument has demonstrated acceptable levels of internal consistency,reliability, and content validity according to previous documented studies. A sample of 370students was selected among......

Words: 317 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Uuuu

...------------------------------------------------- Jahangir Hadiyev Telnov street 9 | Baku, Azerbaijan Mobile phone: (+994)55 424 77 14 Home phone: (+994)12 570 20 15 | jhadiyev2017@ada.edu.az ------------------------------------------------- Education ADA University Baku, Azerbaijan 2012-2017 Bachelors of Arts, Business Administration Main courses: Principles of marketing, Financial Accounting, Organization and Management, Business statistics, Managerial Economics, Public speaking and Persuasion. Secondary school N29 Baku, Azerbaijan 2001-2012 1st place on Math Olympics (2009) 4th place on Literature Olympics(2010) GPA: 5/5 ____________________________________________________________________________ Work Experiences Circulation Librarian September 2014- Present Responsible for overseeing entire circulation activity, including: * Issue Shelving, DLA, in-ordering * Return and record......

Words: 425 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Uuuu

...Government and Economics Mr. Herman/Mr. Malone Corporation Profile Project DUE DATE: Directions: 1) 2) 3) 4) Pick one corporation from the list of the top 100 companies from the Fortune 500 (if you do not know what that means, please look it up). Find the following and report on it. Some responses could be a sentence; others may need to be several paragraphs. Make sure to research the following information from reliable sources: a. The company’s logo and motto b. The company’s headquarters c. The company’s leadership (officers and board members) d. FY2009 earnings (profits or losses) e. Its current stock price f. The 52-week range of its stock price g. History of the corporation h. Description of what the company does/is doing and how it is structured i. Competitors and how the company is doing against the competitors j. Financial outlook of the company You must create a short presentation conveying the important aspects of your work. Include a works cited page in MLA format Assessment: Depth/accuracy of information/analysis (20 pts) Quality of presentation (10 pts) Quality of research (10 pts) MLA works cited page (5 pts) Conventions (5 pts) ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Total x 2 (100 pts) ___ Government and Economics Mr. Herman/Mr. Malone Corporation Profile Project DUE DATE: Directions: 1) 2) 3) 4) Pick one corporation from the list of the top 100 companies from the Fortune 500 (if you do not know what that means,......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Test

...tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. Level 1 Heading AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. Level 2 Heading AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu......

Words: 1267 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Paper

...ggg gggg ggg ggggg gggg ggg ggg gggg ggggg ggggg ggg ggg gggg gg gg ggggg gggg ggggggg gg ggggg gggg gg gggggg gggg ggg ggg gg ggggggggg gg gggggggg gggggg ggg ggggggggg gggggg gg ggg gggg gggg gggg gggg ggggggg gggg ggg ggggg g gggg gggggg ggg ggg gggggg ggggggg ggggg ggg gg gg gg gggg ggggg ggg ggg ggg gg ggggg gggg gggg ggg gg ggggg ggg ggggg ggggg gggg ggg ggggg gggg gggg ggg ggg ggggggg gggg ggg gggg gggg ggggg uuu uuu uuu u uuu uu uuuu uuu u uuuu uuuu u uuu uuuu uuuu uu uuuu uu uuu uuuuu uuu uuu uuuu uuuu u uuuuu uuuu uuu uu uuuu uu uuuu uuu uuuu uuu uu uuuu uu uuuu uuu uu uuu uuuuuo iii iiiiiiii iiii iiiiii ii iiiiiii iiiiiii iiiiiii iiiiiiiii iii iiiiiii iiiiii iiiiiiiiiii iiiii iiiiiiiii iiiiii iiiiiiiii8hy8888888 8888888888 88888 88 888888 8888 888 888 88888 8888 8888 88888 88u55 5555 5555 55555 5 55555 55 5 555 55 555 55 555 55 55 5555 55555 555555 555 5555 5555555 555 55555555555 5555555555555555 555 5555 5555 5555 5555 55555 555 55555 55 5555 555 uuuuuu uuu uu uu uu uuu uuuu uuu uuuu uu uuuu uuu uuuuuu uuuu uuuuuu uu iuu uuuu uuuu uu uuuuuu I I iii iiiiiiiii I ii iiiiiii iiiii iiiii iiiii iiii I jk sj dlkjas aodj kladj a sakao dj ajd kle alajd ajoe akj ksa ado jsa asj d kiai ajdkl k kd fjka djk fa ajfkfdjka jd saj da f dj kadj sdj ksjd afjk...

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Kid

...hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp V Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo ppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp p Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh jjjjjjjjj kkkkkk qqqqqq wwwwwww eeee r ttt yyyy uuuu iiiii ooooo pppppp Ffffffff gggg hhhhh......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Application Chapter Problems

...gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. Level 1 Heading AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz. Level 2 Heading AAA bbb cccc dddd eeee ffff gggg hhhh iiii jjjj kkkk llll mmmm nnnn oooo pppp qqqq rrrr sssss tttt uuuu vvvv wwww xxxx yyyy zzzz....

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Paper

...Vdxd f fa jsjf iaenuf iuif uief sef iuesif uf iudif udifu isfuiufisuei ausiefuisuf isuf isdfi sufisuf isufiufiodsu idufisduf iufi suifsdifsidfufiusd u u u u u u u u u uu u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u u uuuuuuu u u u u u u u u u uuuuuuuuuu uuuu uuuuuuuuuuuu uuu u u u u u uuhh hyg t ft yt t g g f f ff h r g sre srt srugi eur riug uiur iurig u iurgisrg hjsrh idg drh g I I ifdigis drg snrug irugiru giruigrig urigu ildug lsudr gusg udfg urdgusygusyvrug udr ugi idrugirdgdjfig dsrguyr urgiu rugy sluryg sliurygao8weyt ;oiwerf irug siru fgioau alweuoaur iorurioug ioru iasuiuriry arg air guirygo dlihfg laygl aeyrug halkeruyg la lerug oauireydig uyaelrtylruyg aiuyr lsirdu hgylaoeiyg lirudhyg lshrugt yaluiyrtuyetuayrdliug ueryg rg oiruigrf iugi r uidghgi ah ji iydrgi ng g hjsh ik ieiirjg iriti5ututieutrt g g g h j g b h g h hfgh tr r ft g g g g njrt j reth rt g g g hj yg g frg hr h ergt r h r th r j rh 4 6j 46 5 h4 t hrh rth rth tr n h g ertgr th rth rth rth rth rt rh rht g erg er hjreh h erth e rth erh tr het her hetrh h erth erth ert her hh erhrh erhrth trh therthr t therthwrtrthert tr herth e h rth e ej ejyj h erj rthehr...

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Assignment

...'1002 uI (earo;) oolvtaeC Vre,6g6;ur (uapamg) qeES '986I ur urnlus 'nruqns s,uede{ ur arer{s luao rad gZ e ,Tt61 ur (e5e4sny) ueploH '6261 rrl (dueruraS) DV IadO '9Z6I ul (Xn) Unq*ne1 ,sraqlo Suouu 'papnpur sJaloa{ul s,tr413 'sradnq uEJrJaruV o} sJeJ palequalaJFrp pue tunrurard raJJo plnor lI leql os saaud palegul ]e sarrlunor raqlo pue uuduf '(+erg puu qeug '3'a) adorng ur sJa{Eru JEJ urnF.uaJd parrnbre Ja}eI }I 'sluauoduroc pa;rnba.r s1r 1o luar rad 99 ueql arorrr apeur ]I au4l u1 1u1od auo Je pue 'ru.rr; paler8alur dgecqrarr u aueJaq dla8rul 11 'sraqddns slr Jo raloa{El aql q8no"rql 'saIJIqaA lvrau paJnpor}ul pue slaporu InJSSaJDnsun paloruar Jo parnpar oslu I IC 'Vg6I f,q.luac rad 79 ot pasearrul sF{I '}eTreru rer SO aq} }o luac rad Zlpeq-yN)lz6ydq pue ',{11enpet8 ra38rq arueJaq lI 'saJuelnqure pue sue,r SurpnlJur salrlolrroJne pasqurcads Jo sruJoI snorJel pue 's1cn,4 's.rec '3'a 'sa1c1uan yo saddl ile apnlJur ol sauq pnpord;o uogsuedxa aqt pue - 066T uI raururnH aql pue qg6l uI urn+Es aq+ '3'a - luarudolalap lrnpoJd snonu4uoc q8norql raTeru rer 1sa33rq aql arueJaq IAID '600Zto pua arp dq 000'002 ueq+ ssal o1 paddorp per{ sla^al8ury;e1s sll +uql r{rntu os {unrqs ,(ueduroc ar{t '(){D) slslr) IelruEur.y pqo13 eq} Jo }Insar E sv '966I ur d1eqo13 saadoldrua 000'001 dlaleurrxo.rdde peq dueduroc srqlalrqousplo puu il€qxne1'uJnlES'qeeg'requo4'1adg'raururnll'uaploH'oozvraeg tr lD')tr lD !a1o.rlaq3 'cuyppeS '{r1ng apnlrur spnpord o}ne snorueJ s,IAtrD Jo......

Words: 5142 - Pages: 21

Free Essay

Reading Body Lang.

...VARIOUS TIPS Reading body language |> | |Doesn't matter whether she is interested in you, you'll make her interested eventually anyway:) But look for these signs to show you | |whether you're already making progress:) It's also fun to look for these signs as a by-stander, either in everyday situations or for | |example in a bar - when the guy earnestly believes he is being sooo smooth but the woman he is talking to isn't displaying any of the signs| |presented below, you can't help but have a chuckle about it:) | | | |Her lips: | |Big smiles with upper and lower teeth showing with a relaxed face. | |Biting of the lips or showing of the tongue, licking her lips or touching of her front teeth. | |She wets her lips, some women use only a single-lip lick, wetting the upper or lower lip, while others run the tongue around the entire lip| |area. ...

Words: 23339 - Pages: 94

Free Essay

Popper Peter-Belso Utak

...POPPER PÉTER A belső utak könyve 1981. *** Pertorini Rezső emlékének *** "Táncolni kell, Uram! A zene majd csak megjön valahonnan... " (Kazantszakisz: Zorbász, a görög) *** A régi keleti kultúrák hagyományait és a modern pszichológia eredményeit egyaránt felhasználó gyakorlatok sorozata. Nem lelki betegeknek készült, hanem azoknak, akik belső problémáik megoldását önmaguktól várják: bíznak önismeretük tartalékaiban és fejleszthetőségében. "A módszerek látszólag különbözők voltak, de más-más kultúrák más-más kifejezésmódján tulajdonképpen mindig ugyanaz hangzott el, s visszhangzik mindmáig: az, amit olyan pontosan fogalmazott meg a delphoi jósda felirata: Gnóthi szeauton - Ismerd meg önmagadat! A delphoicától jóslást kértek az emberek, a jövendőjükre, a sorsukra voltak kíváncsiak. A jós azt felelte: Ismerd meg önmagadat, és tudni fogod a sorsodat. Mert a sorsod te vagy. Nem külső erők uralkodnak rajtad, az istenek benned vannak, s jellemed, személyiséged alakítja, formálja jövődet. Változtass magadon, és változni fog a sorsod is. Fogadd el magadat, és el tudod majd fogadni sorsodat is. Ez a »gnóthi szeauton« igazi értelme. Ma úgy nevezzük: pszichoterápia. Más a kultúránk, más a nyelvünk, mások a szempontjaink, a módszereink, de a lényeg azonos" I. Miért és hogyan keletkezett ez a könyv Van egy ősi mesterség: az ember önmegismerésének fejlesztése, a pszichikum megbillent egyensúlyának helyreállítása, megzavart működéseinek rendezése - nevezhetjük gyógyításnak is.......

Words: 19029 - Pages: 77

Free Essay

Determinants of International Trade

...UNDERSTANDING THE DETERMINANTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR GHANA AND SOUTH AFRICA   LAURA MÁRQUEZ-RAMOS Universitat Jaume I Instituto de Economía Internacional ABSTRACT There are clear economic differences between developed and developing countries that lead to a different behaviour among them in the determinants of bilateral trade flows. Although a number of authors have focused on the determinants of the trade patterns, further research is needed for a better understanding of what goods and with which countries developed and developing economies trade. This paper focuses on the determinants of international trade in African countries. From an empirical perspective, two African economies, a developed (South Africa) and a developing country (Ghana) are analysed. Moreover, sector-heterogeneity is considered. Results show that determinants of trade have a different impact in developed and developing African countries. Geographical and social factors play a key role on trade relationships in South Africa. Moreover, technological innovation in importer countries leads to higher exports from this country. However, Ghana’s exports are higher when they are addressed to countries with higher levels of economic freedom. Keywords: International trade, gravity equation, heterogeneity ¶ µš›¢ ™š› ´ ¥ — ³ £› ¤ ³š £ — ± —¢ ¥ ° –› ­ ¬ • ª ¨ ¤š  š›š ¥ –• ¤  š¢   ž  – ™ – —›š ™ ˜ — –......

Words: 22456 - Pages: 90

Premium Essay

Network Administration

...Advanced Network Technology June 1993 OTA-BP-TCT-101 NTIS order #PB93-203735 Recommended Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Advanced Network Technology--Background Paper, OTA-BP-TCT-1O1 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government printing Office, June 1993). For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office Supcl IIIILWIICIII (If [k)c ulllLlll\. \lAll stop $s01’, \$ Allllg((u. [)(’ 2(141? () ~?x ISBN 0-16 -041805-4 -— . . Foreword omputer networks are having dramatic impacts on our lives. What were once esoteric tools used only by scientists and engineers are becoming more widely used in schools, libraries, and businesses. At the same time, researchers are working to develop even more capable networks that promise to change fundamentally the way we communicate. This background paper analyzes technologies for tomorrow’s information superhighways. Advanced networks will first be used to support scientists in their work, linking researchers to supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments. As the new networks are deployed more widely, they will be used by a broader range of users for business, entertainment, health care, and education applications. The background paper also describes six test networks that are being funded as part of the High Performance Computing and Communications Program. These test networks are a collaboration of government, industry, and academia, and allow researchers to try new approaches to network design and to attack a......

Words: 37290 - Pages: 150