Free Essay

V for Vendetta Religious Elements Essay

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By dwade03
Words 1530
Pages 7
Introduction to the Study of Religion
Prof. Ken Derry Grading TA: Brian Carwana

“Remember the idea, not the man”
By: Karanveer Singh
Date: 12/2/2011
Word Count:1,488

James McTeigue’s V for Vendetta is an action packed film. It not only serves the purpose of entertaining the viewer but also has religious elements in it. The central belief of the movie is that an idea and symbol cannot be destroyed; it is impregnable. This belief in the movie is reinforced by Rituals that occur frequently in the film. I will draw on the concepts of ritual from Malory Nye’s Religion the basics and will argue that the use of the mask and the letter “V” in this film function as a method of ritualism and symbolism. Also, I will analyze ritualization and transformation through the stages of Rites of Passage and dispute that it transforms the character Evey’s life. The film V for Vendetta portrays the beliefs of idealism. The first few minutes of the film give a glimpse of the key message that is going to be depicted in the film. The prologue in the film shows that a man named Guy Forkes got caught and executed for trying to blow up the house of parliament in London England but his ideas and beliefs did not die, they fueled revolutions for generations to come. In the prologue of the film a narrator says “that remember the idea not the man, man can be killed and forgotten but the idea cannot be killed”. Towards the end of the film, when the thousands of common citizens rally to the parliament building, something to notice is that their march is orderly. During the march, astonishingly there is no violence. This was the point where order was being born out of disorder. Therefore, one can argue that V's objective was to create havoc and then, more significantly, to encourage the common people of the idea of change. V accomplishes this through Evey. V’s death was the symbolic passing of the idea to the people. The common citizens decided to embrace the idea of havoc but then through organization bring order back to society. This was symbolized by lifting their masks. This clearly points to the central message of the film that ideas and symbols can live on forever. The use of the mask by the Character V in this film is an important component of ritualism and symbolism. In Nye’s “Religion the basics” it is stated that “the importance and significance of rituals is that they work through symbols, therefore ritual may be seen as symbolic action and symbols are at the heart of rituals”. The mask worn by the main character V in this film is very symbolic of his beliefs. Towards the end of the film, he refers to himself as an idea and says ideas are bulletproof. He sacrifices his life for his idea of change and thousands of people support him by wearing the masks he had sent to them thus showing support for his beliefs. Going back to Nye’s theory of rituals as symbolic action it can be said that the mask is a symbolic action of V’s ideas. Another ritual in the film that is represented symbolically is the use of the letter “V”. As Nye mentions that “Symbols are items which have meanings and associations which are not intrinsic to their physical properties”. In the first fifteen minutes of the movie, V in his opening speech to Evey, enlightens his beliefs using words that begin with the letter “V”. The other meanings associated with the letter “V” can be V for Vendetta and V for Vengeance. Throughout the movie those are the main ideas behind V’s actions and beliefs, the letter “V” stands for Roman numeral five, in the film it stands for the fifth day of November the day remembered for the gun powder treason and also the day V plans to bring change. It also represents the concentration camp larkhill that V was imprisoned at in a room labeled with roman numeral five (V) , also V can represent V for Victim for all of the people in the concentration camp. The V also represents Valerie (V for Valerie) who wrote all those letters that Evey read. When V takes out his knifes he takes them out in the form of letter “V” and thus can be said when he reveals his knives he is symbolizing vengeance. Analyzing the use of the letter “V” throughout the film it can be said that it is used as an icon of the character V’s ideas and objectives. The ritualistic and symbolic elements of the mask and the letter “V” can be related to the key message of the film that ideas and symbols cannot be killed, and the letter “V” even after the character V’s death stays alive and his ideas and principles. A theory from Nye’s Ritual and transformation that can be applied to the film is Arnold van Gennep’s ‘Rites of Passage’. It is stated in Nye’s Religion the basics that “Rites of Passage” are rituals that involve major change and usually occur at important times within a person’s life. There are three stages of the Rites of passage theory, which are ‘separation, liminality, and incorporation’. The separation stage is described as where there is “some separation between the participants and the world in which they normally live, in this way the person is detached from the roles and obligations that have been associated with their lives up until that time”. The separation stage in V for Vendetta begins when one of the main characters Evey is rescued by V, when she stays with V she is separated from her normal life, from her job at BTN and during the time she spends with V she learns of V’s beliefs and ideas although she does not support them. In the second stage liminality, Arnold van Gennep argued that it is a “vital part of the transformation” which Rites Of Passage tries to achieve. This stage tries to “mark the boundary between the world that they are leaving behind and the social world which the ritual is preparing them for”.
The liminality stage in the film is when Evey is captured and imprisoned, tortured by the governments secret police. During imprisonment she is asked to reveal the whereabouts of character V but she does not give them the information, instead she chooses death over giving information. Evey coming out of the jail learns that everything she had gone through was staged by V because he wanted her to experience how he felt when he was imprisoned and doing that changed Eveys views and also helped her overcome fear. This is the most important part of Evey’s life as she changes into a different person, also she would not agree with V before of his ways of attaining change but after this stage after experiencing what V had experienced she supports his views. Therefore this part of the movie can be argued as the liminality stage because of the transformation of Evey’s persona. Finally, the last stage incorporation as stated in Nye’s book “gives an indication of the new role that the participants are to take on”. This stage can be seen towards the end of the movie V before he dies leaving Evey with a train full of explosives and tells her to decide if she will send it towards parliament or not. She decides to send it towards the parliament building, an action she would not have committed as the old Evey. This is an indication of her new role in society, her views have changed she is now a different person. The Rites of passage theory can be applied to key message of the film because the stages involve in Rites of passage help V’s idea of change come into effect in the end of the movie when Evey sends the train towards parliament building with explosives.
In the film V for Vendetta the key message that is portrayed to the viewer is that a man can fail, but his ideas and beliefs will live on forever. The mask and the letter “V” in this film have symbolic meanings attached to them and function as a method of ritualism and symbolism. The Rites of passage stages transform the character Eve’s life and also helps bring out the key message in the film towards the end as Evey gives life to V’s change when she sets the train towards the parliament building. Upon further examining the film, the statement made by V to Evey which states “the building is a symbol, as is the act of destroying it, symbols are given power by people alone a symbol is meaningless, but with enough people, blowing up a building can change the world”, can be associated with 9/11 as after the twin towers were destroyed in America there was change, in terms of security measures, war on terror, the way people looked at religion and politics also changed.
Nye, Malory. Religion the basics. 2004. Reprint, New York: Routledge, 2008.135-147

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...Year 12 Henry VIII Revision Guide 1 How to answer questions on the Tudors Section A Essays: How far do the sources agree that? Introduction:    Explain what you can learn from each source Briefly cross reference the sources Provide an argument in response to the question Main paragraphs:     State a similarity or difference between the sources – make sure you focus on ‘How Far’ Select relevant information from the sources to support this point Place this in context using your brief own knowledge Use provenance to explain this similarity/difference Conclusion:  Sum up how far the sources agree based on content and provenance Section B Essays: Do you agree with the view that? Introduction:   State your line of argument – how far do you agree with the view? State the main similarities and differences between the sources Main paragraphs:  State a reason for yes/no. Make sure you phrase this in a way that links to your line of argument and answers the question. Remember that each source will suggest a different reason for yes/no. Support this reason with evidence from the sources and your own knowledge Cross-reference between the sources Weigh up the evidence of the sources. Consider provenance for primary sources and judge secondary sources based on the evidence included and the weight given to certain evidence Link back to your line of argument     Conclusion:  Explain how your argument has been proven with reference to the sources and your own......

Words: 34668 - Pages: 139

Premium Essay

Barron 3500

...6 Build Your Vocabulary ■ ■ ■ ■ The SAT High-Frequency Word List The SAT Hot Prospects Word List The 3,500 Basic Word List Basic Word Parts be facing on the test. First, look over the words on our SAT High-Frequency Word List, which you’ll find on the following pages. Each of these words has appeared (as answer choices or as question words) from eight to forty times on SATs published in the past two decades. Next, look over the words on our Hot Prospects List, which appears immediately after the High-Frequency List. Though these words don’t appear as often as the high-frequency words do, when they do appear, the odds are that they’re key words in questions. As such, they deserve your special attention. Now you’re ready to master the words on the High-Frequency and Hot Prospects Word Lists. First, check off those words you think you know. Then, look up all the words and their definitions in our 3,500 Basic Word List. Pay particular attention to the words you thought you knew. See whether any of them are defined in an unexpected way. If they are, make a special note of them. As you know from the preceding chapters, SAT often stumps students with questions based on unfamiliar meanings of familiar-looking words. Use the flash cards in the back of this book and create others for the words you want to master. Work up memory tricks to help yourself remember them. Try using them on your parents and friends. Not only will going over these high-frequency words reassure you that......

Words: 92038 - Pages: 369

Free Essay

Improve Your Written English

...Improve your Written English Visit our How To website at At you can engage in conversation with our authors – all of whom have ‘been there and done that’ in their specialist fields. You can get access to special offers and additional content but most importantly you will be able to engage with, and become a part of, a wide and growing community of people just like yourself. At you’ll be able to talk and share tips with people who have similar interests and are facing similar challenges in their lives. People who, just like you, have the desire to change their lives for the better – be it through moving to a new country, starting a new business, growing your own vegetables, or writing a novel. At you’ll find the support and encouragement you need to help make your aspirations a reality. For more information on punctuation and grammar visit How To Books strives to present authentic, inspiring, practical information in their books. Now, when you buy a title from How To Books, you get even more than just words on a page. Improve your Written English Master the essentials of grammar, punctuation and spelling and write with greater confidence MARION FIELD Published by How To Content, A division of How To Books Ltd, Spring Hill House, Spring Hill Road, Begbroke, Oxford OX5 1RX, United Kingdom. Tel: (01865) 375794. Fax: (01865)......

Words: 33140 - Pages: 133

Premium Essay

Scientific Management

...Topic 1. Question 1: Summarize the chief tenets of the scientific management and social person movements. Be sure to identify key players in both movements. (5 page maximum, single spaced.) The scientific management and the social person movement differ noticeably. In its very initial stages, engineers had become vital to the development and installing advances in both technology and power. They were to become a prime source of information about management practices. One strong example would be Henry Towne as it was he whom called for engineers to look beyond the technical side of manufacturing and become involved in the economizing of efforts within the factory itself. The greatest player in the scientific management era being Frederick W. Taylor whom was a central figure in the development of management thought. Taylor gave a push and provided credibility to the idea of management. Taylor and others promoted systematic management with its popularized label of scientific management. It was characterized by advancing technology, market growth, labor unrest, and a lack of knowledge about management, industry in the United States was ripe for methods, systems, and better ways to produce and market products. To meet this need, Taylor provided a voice. Taylor's book 'Shop Management' provided the text for the teaching of industrial management to a growing body of college students who sought positions in industry. Frederick Taylor’s theory focuses...

Words: 13326 - Pages: 54

Free Essay


...islamic leviathan religion and global politics John L. Esposito, Series Editor University Professor and Director Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding Georgetown University islamic leviathan Islam and the Making of State Power Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr Islamic Leviathan Islam and the Making of State Power Ú seyyed vali reza nasr 1 2001 3 Oxford Athens Chennai Kolkata Nairobi New York Auckland Bangkok Bogotá Buenos Aires Cape Town Dar es Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Paris São Paul Shanghai Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto Warsaw and associated comapnies in Berlin Ibadan Copyright © 2001 by Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr Published by Oxford University Press, Inc., 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016 Oxford is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of Oxford University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza, 1960 – Islamic leviathan : Islam and the making of state power / Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr. p. cm.—(Religion and global politics) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-19-514426-0 1. Malaysia—Politics and government. 2. Islam and politics—Malaysia. 3. Pakistan—Politics and......

Words: 112674 - Pages: 451

Free Essay

Batman Dark Knight: Philosophy

...BATMAN AND PHILOSOPHY THE DARK KNIGHT OF THE SOUL Edited by Mark D. White and Robert Arp @ WILEY John Wiley & Sons, Inc. To the memory of Heath Ledger (1979-2008) Copyright © 2008 by john Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved Published by john Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New jerney Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a reaieval system, or transmit­ ted in any fonn or by any means. electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scan­ ning, or otherwise, except as pennitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written pennission of the Publisher, Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvern, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) sion should be addressed to the Pennissions Department,john Wiley & Sons,Inc., III or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright 646-8600, or on the web at Requests to the Publisher for pennis­ River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.comlgo/pennissions. Limit ofLiabilirylDisclaimer ofWarranry:While the publisher and the author have used their best efforts in preparing this book., they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this hook and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No......

Words: 8400 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Unfamiliar Words a to Z

...PROJECT IN ENGLISH 2 UNFAMILIAR WORDS Submitted by: John Patrick Sese Submitted to: Ms. Lorna Sacyang A Abase - behave in a way so as to belittle or degrade (someone). Example: I watched my colleagues abasing themselves before the board of trustees Abate - (of something perceived as hostile, threatening, or negative) become less intense or widespread. Example: The storm suddenly abated. Abdicate - fail to fulfill or undertake (a responsibility or duty). Example: The government was accused of abdicating its responsibility. Aberrant - straying from the normal or right way. Example: John’s aberrant behavior is going to get him in a lot of trouble one of these days. Aberration - deviating from what is normal or desirable, not typical. Example: Since I did not properly adjust my camera settings, all of my pictures have a blurry aberration on them. Abet - to encourage or support a behavior or action. Example: The photo editing software is sure to abet my odds of winning the photo competition. Abeyance - a state of temporary disuse or suspension. Example: Immediately following the terrorist attack, pilots had to observe a period of abeyance where they could not depart from the airport. Abhor - to reject something very strongly; hate. Example: We abhor violence against others and respect everyone, regardless of a person's race, color and creed. Abhorrent - causing or deserving strong dislike or hatred. Example: As I looked around the......

Words: 13083 - Pages: 53

Premium Essay

Elements of a Good Legal System

...THE CONCEPT OF A LEGAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Theory of Legal System SECOND EDITION JOSEPH RAZ CLARENDON PRESS · OXFORD -iiiOxford University Press, Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6DP Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bogota Bombay Buenos Aires Calcutta Cape Town Dar es Salaam Delhi Florence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madras Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi Paris Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto Warsaw and associated companies in Berlin Ibadan Oxfordis a trade mark of Oxford University Press Published in the United Statesby Oxford University Press Inc., New York © Oxford University Press 1970, 1980 First published 1970 Second edition 1980 Reprinted 1990, 1997 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press. Within the UK, exceptions are allowed in respect of any fair dealing for the purpose of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, or in the case of reprographic reproduction in accordance with the terms of the licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside these terms and in other countries should be sent to the Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or......

Words: 95027 - Pages: 381

Premium Essay


...this situation sounds familiar, you may find it reassuring to know that many professionals undergo these same strange compulsions before they begin writing. Jean Kerr, author of Please Don’t Eat the Daisies, admits that she often finds herself in the kitchen reading soup-can labels—or anything—in order to prolong the moments before taking pen in hand. John C. Calhoun, vice president under Andrew Jackson, insisted he had to plow his fields before he could write, and Joseph Conrad, author of Lord Jim and other novels, is said to have cried on occasion from the sheer dread of sitting down to compose his stories. To spare you as much hand-wringing as possible, this chapter presents some practical suggestions on how to begin writing your short essay. Although all writers must find the methods that work best for them, you may find some of the following ideas helpful. But no matter how you actually begin putting words on paper, it is absolutely essential to maintain two basic ideas concerning your writing task. Before you write a single sentence, you should always remind yourself that 1. You have some valuable ideas to tell your reader, and 2. More than anything, you want to communicate those ideas to your reader. These reminders may seem obvious to you, but without a solid commitment to your own opinions as well as to your reader, your prose will be lifeless and boring. If you don’t care about your subject, you can’t very well expect anyone else to. Have confidence that your ideas......

Words: 234754 - Pages: 940

Premium Essay

Discriptive Sbi

...aspirants to attempt descriptive English properly. We give a complete framework covering each and every topic of descriptive English paper. The book comprises techniques to attempt précis and essays, contains types of letters, sample letters & even model tests for your practice. This will provide the aspirants with basic knowledge of general rules of attempting English language descriptive paper, guiding them in learning English to an extent to which they attempt confident use of English. The book is aimed to provide you the content, sufficient enough, to attempt the descriptive English paper efficiently and may lead you to success in your examination. For this purpose all the current topics are being covered here. This book also intends to provide the competitors a conceptual base through the explanations of the questions asked. Any modification or error shall be entertained and we will try to incorporate it in our next issue. DESCRIPTIVE ENGLISH DESCRIPTIVE ENGLISH 4 Mahendra Publication Pvt. Ltd. TOPICS CONTENTS Pg. No. 6 8 16 21 31 31 32 33 34 35 35 37 39 41 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 49 50 51 55 56 57 58 59 60 62 62 64 65 67 67 69 69 71 71 72 What is Descriptive English Precis Writing Letter Writing Essay Writing & Sample Essays ECONOMY Brain Drain CSR Rise in Oil Prices Union...

Words: 101965 - Pages: 408

Premium Essay


...|Word |Synonym |Sentence | |Abase |to humiliate, degrade, debase, corrupt, |Don’t abase yourself by accepting this offer. | | |disgrace | | |Abash |to bewilder, confound, confuse, puzzle, amaze,|That poor man felt abashed in the company of rich man & women. He was not at | |[uh-bash] |stun, leave speechless, bamboozle. |all abashed by his open admiration (প্রশংসা). | |Abate |to remove, lessen |We resumed our journey when the rain abated. Rather than leaving immediately, | | | |they waited for the storm to abate. | |Abdicate |to forsake, give up, (পরিত্যাগ করা, অস্বীকার |Edwar VIII abdicated the British throne to marry the woman he loved. Saddam was| | |করা), resign, relinquish, hand over, step down|abdicated from his throne. | | |from, abandon | ......

Words: 27003 - Pages: 109

Free Essay

The Origins and Development of the English Language (Textbook)

...THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE This page intentionally left blank THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE SIXTH EDITION ± ± John Algeo ± ± ± ± ± Based on the original work of ± ± ± ± ± Thomas Pyles Australia • Brazil • Japan • Korea • Mexico • Singapore • Spain • United Kingdom • United States The Origins and Development of the English Language: Sixth Edition John Algeo Publisher: Michael Rosenberg Development Editor: Joan Flaherty Assistant Editor: Megan Garvey Editorial Assistant: Rebekah Matthews Senior Media Editor: Cara Douglass-Graff Marketing Manager: Christina Shea Marketing Communications Manager: Beth Rodio Content Project Manager: Corinna Dibble Senior Art Director: Cate Rickard Barr Production Technology Analyst: Jamie MacLachlan Senior Print Buyer: Betsy Donaghey Rights Acquisitions Manager Text: Tim Sisler Production Service: Pre-Press PMG Rights Acquisitions Manager Image: Mandy Groszko Cover Designer: Susan Shapiro Cover Image: Kobal Collection Art Archive collection Dagli Orti Prayer with illuminated border, from c. 1480 Flemish manuscript Book of Hours of Philippe de Conrault, The Art Archive/ Bodleian Library Oxford © 2010, 2005 Wadsworth, Cengage Learning ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including...

Words: 164520 - Pages: 659

Free Essay

As It Goes

...Contents Preface to the First Edition Introduction Part 1. Thought Control: The Case of the Middle East Part 2. Middle East Terrorism and the American Ideological System Part 3. Libya in U.S. Demonology Part 4. The U.S. Role in the Middle East Part 5. International Terrorism: Image and Reality Part 6. The World after September 11 Part 7. U.S./Israel-Palestine Notes Preface to the First Edition (1986) St. Augustine tells the story of a pirate captured by Alexander the Great, who asked him "how he dares molest the sea." "How dare you molest the whole world?" the pirate replied: "Because I do it with a little ship only, I am called a thief; you, doing it with a great navy, are called an Emperor." The pirate's answer was "elegant and excellent," St. Augustine relates. It captures with some accuracy the current relations between the United States and various minor actors on the stage of international terrorism: Libya, factions of the PLO, and others. More generally, St. Augustine's tale illuminates the meaning of the concept of international terrorism in contemporary Western usage, and reaches to the heart of the frenzy over selected incidents of terrorism currently being orchestrated, with supreme cynicism, as a cover for Western violence. The term "terrorism" came into use at the end of the eighteenth century, primarily to refer to violent acts of governments designed to ensure popular submission. That concept plainly is of little benefit to the practitioners of state......

Words: 93777 - Pages: 376

Free Essay

Dan Brown Click on your interest section for more information : Acne q Advertising q Aerobics & Cardio q Affiliate Revenue q Alternative Medicine q Attraction q Online Auction q Streaming Audio & Online Music q Aviation & Flying q Babies & Toddler q Beauty q Blogging, RSS & Feeds q Book Marketing q Book Reviews q Branding q Breast Cancer q Broadband Internet q Muscle Building & Bodybuilding q Careers, Jobs & Employment q Casino & Gambling q Coaching q Coffee q College & University q Cooking Tips q Copywriting q Crafts & Hobbies q Creativity q Credit q Cruising & Sailing q Currency Trading q Customer Service q Data Recovery & Computer Backup q Dating q Debt Consolidation q Debt Relief q Depression q Diabetes q Divorce q Domain Name q E-Book q E-commerce q Elder Care q Email Marketing q Entrepreneur q Ethics q Exercise & Fitness q Ezine Marketing q Ezine Publishing q Fashion & Style q Fishing q Fitness Equipment q Forums q Game q Goal Setting q Golf q Dealing with Grief & Loss q Hair Loss q Finding Happiness q Computer Hardware q Holiday q Home Improvement q Home Security q Humanities q Humor & Entertainment q Innovation q Inspirational q Insurance q Interior Design & Decorating q Internet Marketing q Investing q Landscaping & Gardening q Language q Leadership q Leases & Leasing q Loan q Mesothelioma & Asbestos Cancer q Business Management q Marketing q Marriage & Wedding q Martial......

Words: 151146 - Pages: 605

Free Essay

Windows 7

...English Contents ABOUT THIS BOOK ................................5 THE WORDS.............................................7 WORD ANALYSIS ...............................103 IDIOM AND USAGE ............................117 About This Book English offers perhaps the richest vocabulary of all languages, in part because its words are culled from so many languages. It is a shame that we do not tap this rich source more often in our daily conversation to express ourselves more clearly and precisely. There are of course thesauruses but they mainly list common words. Other vocabulary books list difficult, esoteric words that we quickly forget or feel self-conscious using. However, there is a bounty of choice words between the common and the esoteric that often seem be just on the tip of our tongue. Vocabulary 4000 brings these words to the fore. Whenever possible, one-word definitions are used. Although this makes a definition less precise, it also makes it easier to remember. Many common words appear in the list of words, but with their less common meanings. For example, the common meaning of champion is “winner.” A less common meaning for champion is to support or fight for someone else. (Think of the phrase “to champion a cause.”) This is the meaning that would be used in the list. As you read through the list of words, mark any that you do not know with a check mark. Then when you read through the list again, mark any that you do not remember with two checks. Continue in......

Words: 30239 - Pages: 121