Premium Essay

Value Stream

In: English and Literature

Submitted By andesbara
Words 326
Pages 2
Abstract - The aim of this paper is to present that how Value stream mapping (VSM) can be applied to restaurant industry and especially fast food sector. The purpose was to identify wastes and how these can be reduced and/or eliminated by the help of value stream. A case study in Pakistan based restaurant has been carried out to illustrate this. A current state value stream map has been developed. Value stream map highlights opportunities to improve wastes and problems along the restaurant supply chain. Results indicated a non value adding steps of 29% at the processing. Value stream can be readily applied to restaurant industry.

Keywords – Value stream mapping, Restaurants, Pakistan

I. INTRODUCTION

The concept of fast food goes back half a century, yet has found its way into the Pakistani market only a decade or so back. With the introduction of many foreign brands finding their way into the country, in the late nineties, the Pakistani market has finally become accustomed to manufacturing and providing service in such a way that goes around the wholesome fast paced scenario.

As time has passed, Pakistani restaurants have picked up the technique to play alongside the foreign players. Now we can see that many local brands have established their image on the fact that they provide not only locally designed food, enveloping the fast food concept. Hence we can say that fast food has evolved and redesigned the whole Pakistani restaurant market.

In the past five years or more restaurant industry has out-performed the national GNP by more than 40%. 17% of the total employment and 29% of the total production is due to food industry. Retails sales are expanding 10% per year.

Lean was first started by Toyota in their Toyota production system more than 38 years ago. Lean manufacturing aims to eliminate waste in all areas of production, which include...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping in Industry

...Value Stream Mapping 1 Value Stream Mapping Definition • Value Stream Mapping (VSM): – Special type of flow chart that uses symbols known as "the language of Lean" to depict and improve the flow of inventory and information. 2 Value Stream Mapping Purpose • Provide optimum value to the customer through a complete value creation process with minimum waste in: – Design (concept to customer) – Build (order to delivery) – Sustain (in-use through life cycle to service) 3 Why ? • Many organizations pursuing “lean” conversions have realized that improvement events alone are not enough • Improvement events create localized improvements, value stream mapping & analysis strengthens the gains by providing vision and plans that connect all improvement activities • Value stream mapping & analysis is a tool that allows you to see waste, and plan to eliminate it 4 What Is Value? • A capability provided to a customer – of the highest quality, – at the right time, – at an appropriate price, as defined by the customer. • "Value" is what the customer is buying 5 What Is Value Stream Analysis? Planning tool to optimize results of eliminating waste current state VSM future state VSM + + Lean Basics = 6 Value Steam Mapping Steps Next Future State Future State Current State Original State 7 Apply Five Simple Principles • Specify value from the standpoint of end customer • Identify the value stream for each......

Words: 1706 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...lead time and cycle time. Thus, it leads to higher cost and more waiting time which is affecting the restaurant’s business. Value Stream Mapping is put into practice at China Wok by first identifying the various steps in the process. Then current state at China Wok will be identified and examined. Discussions/ meetings will be conducted with the workers and manager along with few interviews. Data will be gathered from them. Current State Value Stream Map is developed with the help of the collected data and information. It provides the current steps information, and also the information required to ship the final products (Jones & Womack, 1996). Cycle time and lead times are then calculated. Non-value added and value added activities are also recognized. VSM will be developed by removing the non-value added activities and wastes. Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Visio are used as a part of the research, to draw the current and the future state maps. http://library.semo.edu:3608/ehost/detail?vid=13&sid=239841dc-2435-4355-b159-20a6d0246a0e%40sessionmgr112&hid=121&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=5531067 http://library.semo.edu:3608/ehost/detail?vid=15&sid=239841dc-2435-4355-b159-20a6d0246a0e%40sessionmgr112&hid=121&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=22099719 Afridi, I. K., & Khan, A. (2009). Value Stream Mapping in Fast Food Restaurants....

Words: 330 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...Mapping a Process Understanding y g your p processes Why map your process? The flowcharts in procedures and quality manual show how the process should be. Process mapping is the detailed be mapping of the real process. Process maps: • Bring clarity to complex processes • Highlight non-value adding activities • Start the process of thinking about improvements Versions of a map Any Process Has At Least Three Versions What You THINK It Is What It ACTUALLY Is Hidden work What it SHOULD Be What the procedure says What the operator does What the future state can be Map what it really is not what you think it is! p y y What actually happens – Spaghetti Diagram Part no 3102336 V.D.F. 4295-01 4295-02 4295-03 MARKING WASH SPAG GHETTI DIAGRAM Area: RAW MAT'L • • DEBURRING BENCH • • 3 2 • FINAL INSP. • • • 2 • GRINDER 3220 2 PAINTING J&S 3148 FADAL 5139 • • BLAST • • H.T. INSP. HEAT TREAT LATHE 4400 • • 2 • DISTANCE OF PARTS INTERNAL EXTERNAL TOTAL 116 490 606 METRES F.P. STORES • •• VERT SHAPER 12008 Team: • . S.T.I. M.P.I . What actually happens – Spaghetti Diagram Goods Inwards Warehouse 1. Prod’n m/c Material store Material store Material cart 2. Prod’n  m/c Material cart Q QS Material distance  = 1,230 M QC distance  =    400 M Production Area Lead time =    5 days SIPOC Diagram Suppliers Inputs Process Outputs......

Words: 2770 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...but not value to a product. Toyota executive Taiichi Ohno identified seven types of wastes in manufacturing system, namely: Overproduction- It is considered to be the worst of the wastes, as it multiplies the other 6 wastes and hides your true capability, thereby causing you to make bad decisions such as turn work away or invest in unnecessary additional capacity. Defects- It is also pure waste as poor quality is produced. Time, energy and materials are consumed needlessly, and even if the customer is not lost, you still need to do the work again. Inventory- It is the worst of all the 7 wastes. It ties up cash, requires labor, energy and fixed assets to manage it, and moreover it provides a false sense of comfort by hiding problems. Motion- In terms of ease of elimination and size of improvement impact, the waste of motion ranks very high and is often the target of kaizen. Process- It means that a process is not necessary or uses more resources then the customers need require. Transportation- It is quite visible and clearly adds no value, yet by itself not such a huge waste. This waste can shoot up the priority list whenever it increases the chance of defects, processing and creating inventory. Waiting- It is the least harmful as it is not consuming resources other than labor, and not overproducing, transporting or wasting motion. This makes the chance of accidents, defects and creating additional inventory minimize. Role of VSM in lean manufacturing: Value......

Words: 2966 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...Value stream mapping in fast food restaurants Imran Khan Afridi1, Asim Khan1 1 Nust Business School, NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan (1imranafridi@live.com 1asim_3mba@yahoo.com) Abstract - The aim of this paper is to present that how Value stream mapping (VSM) can be applied to restaurant industry and especially fast food sector. The purpose was to identify wastes and how these can be reduced and/or eliminated by the help of value stream. A case study in Pakistan based restaurant has been carried out to illustrate this. A current state value stream map has been developed. Value stream map highlights opportunities to improve wastes and problems along the restaurant supply chain. Results indicated a non value adding steps of 29% at the processing. Value stream can be readily applied to restaurant industry. Keywords – Value stream mapping, Restaurants, Pakistan I. INTRODUCTION Lean manufacturing organization will think more on its customers rather than about running machinery to maximize capacity in order to cover labor and overhead costs. A study by [1] indicates that lean manufacturing can result in a 50% reduction of human effort, tools investment and manufacturing space. This paper will examine how time and cost reductions can be made along the restaurant supply chain in the restaurant industry by the help of Value stream mapping to analyze the processes involving in the making and identifying key areas of waste and probable solutions to overcome these. Value stream......

Words: 2387 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...Value Stream Mapping Prof. N.Raghavan Value Stream Mapping (VSM) Definitions • Value: What the Client wants from the process • Value stream: Includes all the processes and activities used to design, produce and deliver the product or service to the Client. --- All the steps – both value added and non value added – required to take a product or service from its raw materials state into the waiting arms of a happy customer. • Value Stream Map: Special type of flow chart that uses symbols from the “Language of Lean” to depict and improve the flow of inventory and information. Typ. VSM Value Stream • “Whenever there is a product for a customer, there is a value stream. The challenge lies in seeing it.” -Learning to See, Lean Enterprise Institute VSM • Value stream mapping is a lean manufacturing technique used to analyze and design the flow of materials and information required to bring a product or service to a consumer. • VSM is a technique for identifying value-adding activities and eliminating nonvalue adding activities to optimise processes • Activities are generally divided into three categories: – (1) non-value adding (NVA); – (2) necessary but non-value adding (NNVA); and – (3) value-adding (VA). • In a formal sense, two depictions of the status are made: – Current state of VSM (CVSM) – Future state of VSM (FVSM) • Each scenario is depicted pictorially using standard symbols • We have to work on moving from CVSM to......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping in Fast Food Restaurants

...Abstract - The aim of this paper is to present that how Value stream mapping (VSM) can be applied to restaurant industry and especially fast food sector. The purpose was to identify wastes and how these can be reduced and/or eliminated by the help of value stream. A case study in Pakistan based restaurant has been carried out to illustrate this. A current state value stream map has been developed. Value stream map highlights opportunities to improve wastes and problems along the restaurant supply chain. Results indicated a non value adding steps of 29% at the processing. Value stream can be readily applied to restaurant industry. Keywords – Value stream mapping, Restaurants, Pakistan I. INTRODUCTION The concept of fast food goes back half a century, yet has found its way into the Pakistani market only a decade or so back. With the introduction of many foreign brands finding their way into the country, in the late nineties, the Pakistani market has finally become accustomed to manufacturing and providing service in such a way that goes around the wholesome fast paced scenario. As time has passed, Pakistani restaurants have picked up the technique to play alongside the foreign players. Now we can see that many local brands have established their image on the fact that they provide not only locally designed food, enveloping the fast food concept. Hence we can say that fast food has evolved and redesigned the whole Pakistani restaurant market. In the past......

Words: 2389 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Value Stream Map Wineco

...De KOOP, Klant Order Ontkoppeling Punt, is het punt waarop de klant invloed uitoefent op het eindproduct. In het Engels is dit het Decoupling Point (DC). We onderscheiden hierbij 4 soorten DC’s. In DC 1 is make to stock, wat betekent dat er geproduceerd wordt voor voorraad en dat de consumenten het zo uit de winkel kunnen halen. Dan hebben we DC 2, dat is Assemble to stock, dit betekent dat een combinatie van een aantal voor geproduceerde modules samengebracht worden om overeen te komen met de wensen van de klant. Hierbij ligt het combine a number of preassembled modules to meet a customer’s specifications dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd sdwe sdsd we we sd sdsdwe dfdf dfdf df df df df df d df df f awe s sfdf ae we sd wew sd sd we wsd......

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...Question #1. Eliminating the queue of work dramatically quickens the time it takes a part to flow through a system. What are the disadvantages of removing those cues? Answer. Eliminating the queue reduces product inventory and limits machine capacity to increase productivity if demand increases. Additionally, removing one machine from the process effectively eliminates equipment redundancy and in the event of equipment malfunction of sole remaining machine will result in the interruption of the manufacturing process. It will be necessary to perform regular maintenance on sole remaining machine to insure it’s in good operating condition and not in danger of catastrophic break-down. Question #2. How do you think the machine operators would react to the change? Answer. It is natural for employees to experience anxiety, concern and frustration with the change in processes and job responsibilities. To help mitigate this it will be necessary for the company to inform and educate the employees in advance of the changes and help them understand the necessity for change. The changes are being implemented to improve productivity and provide the company a competitive advantage in the market-place. Failure to effect these changes could have a profoundly negative impact on company profitability and impact on employees. Additionally, company employees would be included in the analysis of productiy and the identification of process improvements. Including the employees as......

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Executive Summary for Accounting

...implementation of value stream management and lean accounting at Watlow Electric Manufacturing Company. Value stream management and lean accounting are designed to support lean manufacturing where value is defined from the customer's perspective, work is organized by value stream, supply flow is defined in terms of demand pull, and employees are empowered and focused on quality and continuous improvement. Rather than organizing by functional departments (i.e., the traditional approach associated with responsibility accounting), a company using value stream management develops an organization structure based on value streams, where a value stream includes everything involved in creating value for a customer, e.g., everything associated with a product or product line. Value streams tend to include the work of many functional areas such as product design, production, marketing, sales, distribution, and cash collection. Metrics or measurements are created for each value stream. Some examples used by Watlow Electric include: safety (case incident rate), quality (defects per million), delivery (on-time to promise percentage), cost (sales per full-time equivalent), and inventory (days of inventory). Standard costs, cost allocations, and variance analysis are not used. Instead, only "directly incurred costs" are used for decisions related to the value streams. According to the article there are seven steps for implementation. The first step is to identify the main types of value......

Words: 632 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Toshiba : Ome Works

...Value Stream Mapping 1 Value Stream Mapping Definition • Value Stream Mapping (VSM): – Special type of flow chart that uses symbols known as "the language of Lean" to depict and improve the flow of inventory and information. 2 Value Stream Mapping Purpose • Provide optimum value to the customer through a complete value creation process with minimum waste in: – Design (concept to customer) – Build (order to delivery) – Sustain (in-use through life cycle to service) 3 Why ? • Many organizations pursuing “lean” conversions have realized that improvement events alone are not enough • Improvement events create localized improvements, value stream mapping & analysis strengthens the gains by providing vision and plans that connect all improvement activities • Value stream mapping & analysis is a tool that allows you to see waste, and plan to eliminate it 4 What Is Value? • A capability provided to a customer – of the highest quality, – at the right time, – at an appropriate price, as defined by the customer. • "Value" is what the customer is buying 5 What Is Value Stream Analysis? Planning tool to optimize results of eliminating waste current state VSM future state VSM + + Lean Basics = 6 Value Steam Mapping Steps Next Future State Future State Current State Original State 7 Apply Five Simple Principles • Specify value from the standpoint of end customer • Identify the value stream for each......

Words: 1706 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Manual

...column. The names in the component ID column are aliases. Click Next. At this screen, enter in NRTL for the "base method” as we have done before in other simulations. This screen is under the Specifications sub-directory of the Properties section. Click Next. Aspen will now ask you for the FEED stream information. (Note how the title bar indicates which input form you are in.) Enter a temperature and a pressure of your choice. Next, enter the known flow rate of isobutane in the Total Flow box (make sure that you are using the right units). Also, Aspen Plus requires some composition info for the feed stream. For this example, in the Composition box, select the Mole-Frac and input 1 in the Value box for isobutane. Click on the Next button. The next screen will be the input screen for the Recycle stream. (Look at the title bar if you are unsure of which form you are in.) Once again enter in a temperature and pressure of your choice as well as the known mole fractions. Since we don't know the flow rate of this stream, just enter in a guess as was done here. The guess does not matter because we will design-spec will iterate to find this value later. Enter in a guess. After all the information is entered, click the Next button Continue entering information and clicking the Next button until you arrive at this screen. Here is where Aspen will ask you if you want to run a simulation. At this point, we don't want to run the simulation so......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Interpersonal Skills

...companies create value stream maps to identify where there is waste in manufacturing processes, and to help find ways to eliminate that waste.  Note   To create a Value Stream Map you must have Microsoft Office Visio Professional 2007 installed. The feature is not included in Microsoft Office Visio Standard 2007 or in Visio 2003. To try out Office Visio Professional 2007, download a free 60-day trial. For example, a value stream map can show where extra materials are piling up. Ideally, materials are delivered to your company, go straight into the manufacturing process, and then move smoothly through all of the stages of the process until the product is complete. The finished product is then delivered to your customers without delay. To achieve this degree of efficiency, you need detailed and timely communication between the company and its customers and suppliers. How can a value stream map help? First, you create a current state diagram that shows how your process currently works. Next, when you identify the problem areas, you create a future state diagram that helps you pinpoint ways to change the process to reduce waste. The following example shows a simplified current state diagram. The following example of a future state diagram addresses the problems that the current state diagram helped make apparent. Create a value stream map 1. On the File menu, point to New, point to Business, and then click Value Stream Map. 2. From the Value Stream Map Shapes......

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Research on Synopsis

...Chapter 9 A SURVEY OF SYNOPSIS CONSTRUCTION IN DATA STREAMS Abstract The large volume of data streams poses unique space and time constraints on the computation process. Many query processing, database operations, and mining algorithms require efficient execution which can be difficult to achieve with a fast data stream. In many cases, it may be acceptable to generate approximate solutions for such problems. In recent years a number of synopsis structures have been developed, which can be used in conjunction with a variety of mining and query processing techniques in data stream processing. Some key synopsis methods include those of sampling, wavelets, sketches and histograms. In this chapter, we will provide a survey of the key synopsis techniques, and the mining techniques supported by such methods. We will discuss the challenges and tradeoffs associated with using different kinds of techniques, and the important research directions for synopsis construction. 1. Introduction Data streams pose a unique challenge to many database and data mining applications because of the computational and storage costs associated with the large volume of the data stream. In many cases, synopsis data structures 170 DATA STREAMS: MODELS AND ALGORITHMS and statistics can be constructed from streams which are useful for a variety of applications. Some examples of such applications are as follows: Approximate Query Estimation: The problem of query estimation...

Words: 17478 - Pages: 70

Premium Essay

Lean Accounting- an Emerging Concept

...the company including the financial and management accounting processes. There are two main thrusts for Lean Accounting. The first is the application of lean methods to the company's accounting, control, and measurement processes. This is no different than applying lean methods to any other processes. The objective is to eliminate waste, free up capacity, speed up the process, eliminate errors and defects, and make the process clear and understandable. The second (and more important) thrust of Lean Accounting is to fundamentally change the accounting, control, and measurement processes so they motivate lean change and improvement, provide information that is suitable for control and decision-making, provide an understanding of customer value, correctly assess the financial impact of lean improvement, and are themselves simple, visual, and low-waste. Lean Accounting does not require the traditional management accounting methods like standard costing, activity-based costing, variance reporting, cost-plus pricing, complex transactional control systems, and untimely and confusing financial reports. Lean accounting is a term often associated with lean manufacturing. The two are not necessarily connected. Lean accounting refers to practical, simplified accounting practices designed to provide business leaders with easily understood facts and figures. Not all lean manufacturing accounting is actually lean accounting. In fact, in lean manufacturing accountants will often use......

Words: 4166 - Pages: 17