Free Essay

Variable Laminates

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cajungirl8600
Words 561
Pages 3
Variable Laminates An experiment needs to be conducted in order to determine how to reduce any variations in the laminate thickness during log-peeling operations. There are a few variables that are being sought out to indicate any changes: soak time, soak temperature, knife pressure, and knife setting (Sower, p. 173). During an experiment, the observer will change some of the inputs and make note of the different outputs as a result of the changes. “A dependent variable is the variable of primary interest in an experiment (Sower, p. 155).” In this case, the knife pressure is the most likely of candidates in the dependent variable category. The knife setting is a standard that is set and followed and therefore will not play a big part in the variations (Sower, p. 173) The other two tests can also be considered dependent variables, but not quite as much as the knife pressure variable. Replication of the tests is a good place to start in observing the changes that are made. Local control can also be used here. A small area of the log can be used for one test then another small spot can be used for the replication. By using the local control method, “blocks” are used. Blocks are small areas of testing that have a smaller error rate than compared with using a larger area (Sower, p.157). The first setting that should be addressed is the knife pressure. Even though some operators use different settings based on their experience, the managers should first determine where the thickness is at its best and set the standard across the board for all to use the same setting no matter what. This will please the customer more by having some continuity. If the thickness issue still exists, then the next logical step to take would be to test the soak time. If the observes notice that the logs only soaked for thirty minutes before being peeled seem to run a bit thicker than the others then the soak time should be increased. However, the soak time does not have to jump all the way to sixty minutes. A new test can be run using five or ten minute increments starting at forty minutes to test out whether there is a definite need to wait for the full sixty minutes or not. This will give the managers a better idea of how busy they will be able to keep the peelers. While the need to keep them busy is a lot of pressure, the quality that the customer gets is more important. If there is some down time for the peeler, that individual could be doing thickness checks more often than every fifteen minutes. Lastly, the soak temperature does not seem to be a dependent variable in this situation. This can simply be resolved by having the peelers clean the heating coils between every soak, ensuring a constant temperature. Taking these steps listed from the experiment and only testing small areas can help conserve as much wood as possible once the corrections are made. Trees are extremely valuable and cannot afford to be wasted. Standards and regulations are set up in a lot of different companies in order to ensure great quality success. It is imperative to follow these rules and standards in order to deliver the best the company can offer.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Independent Variables

...Variable Independiente Una variable independiente es la variable de la que podemos tener el control, podemos escoger manipularla, y usualmente es lo que uno piensa que puede afectar a la variable dependiente, en algunos casos, no es posible para la persona manipularla, Puede que sea algo que ya esté completamente “arreglado”, algo que se puede evaluar acerca de cómo afecta a otras cosas como la variable dependiente ya sea por ejemplo color, tipo y tiempo. Etc. Ejemplo: Una persona está interesada en como el estrés afecta el corazón y sus latido en los humanos. La variable independiente sería el estrés, y la variable dependiente sería los latidos del corazón, se puede deducir directamente los niveles de estrés en los humanos y el efecto de los niveles de estrés en el cambio de la calidad del corazón. En la verificación experimental, el investigador intenta reproducir artificialmente los fenómenos que se dan de forma espontánea en la realidad y que desea comprender; cuando dispone de una hipótesis que establece un supuesto vínculo causal entre un objeto, proceso o característica (supuesta causa) y el objeto proceso o característica que exige una explicación (el efecto), manipula experimentalmente la primera para ver si se produce el efecto que la hipótesis describía. La variable que manipula el experimentador recibe el nombre de variable independiente. El objeto, proceso o característica a estudiar y que modifica su estado con la modificación de la variable independiente (es...

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Variables

...VARIABLE Trochim (2006) defined a variable as an object, event, idea, feeling, time period, or any other type of category you are trying to measure. On the other hand, Moore and George (1993) defined a variable as any characteristic of a person or thing that can be expressed as a number whilst Frank, Little and miller (200) defined a variable as any factor that can change in an experiment. Anything that can vary can be considered a variable. For instance, age can be considered a variable because age can take different values for different people or for the same person at different times. A value of the variable is the actual number that describes a particular person or thing (Moore and George, 1993). For example, Height and sex are variables that describe people. Moore and George (1993) continue to say that there are two types of variables and these are quantitative variables and categorical variables. A quantitative variable takes numerical values for which arithmetic operations such as differences and averages make sense. A categorical variable simply records into which of several categories a person or thing falls. Variables measured as numbers in a scale of equal units, such as height in centimeters are quantitative variables. Examples of categorical variables include sex and age. INDEPENDENT VARIABLE An independent variable is exactly what it sounds like. Moore and George (1993) defined independent variables as explanatory variables. On the other hand,......

Words: 409 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Global Variables

...Global Variables Global variables are used in applications in programming. There are advantages and disadvantages to using these variables. Using global variables has its advantages in some forms of applications, while using them in others would make using them more difficult. Global variables are useful when you need to share a function with all functions in an application. Global variables can be easier to identify in an application by giving them a unique name, so that other programmers can see they are working with a global variable when maintaining your application. On small programs such as widgets or gadgets it may be easier to use global rather than passing around local variables. Using a global variable means that other functions cannot update it. Another advantage to global is that they can be accessed from anywhere in the program. Some are also disadvantages to using global variables. Global variables can create mutual dependencies, with an increase in dependencies the complexity of the code increases. Any function can access a global variable in the program so a change in the program at one point can change values everywhere. Global variable also slow down performance speed a little. Using global variables makes reusing parts of the script impossible. Global variables also make tracking a bug much harder. When declaring a global variable in a flowchart, you would but the variable in the main part of the program, hence the box the other functions branch off......

Words: 258 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Variable Annuity

...Variable Annuities—An Analysis of Financial Stability Ma rch 201 3 The Geneva Association (The International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics) The Geneva Association is the leading international insurance “think tank” for strategically important insurance and risk management issues. The Geneva Association identifies fundamental trends and strategic issues where insurance plays a substantial role or which influence the insurance sector. Through the development of research programmes, regular publications and the organisation of international meetings, The Geneva Association serves as a catalyst for progress in the understanding of risk and insurance matters and acts as an information creator and disseminator. It is the leading voice of the largest insurance groups worldwide in the dialogue with international institutions. In parallel, it advances—in economic and cultural terms—the development and application of risk management and the understanding of uncertainty in the modern economy. The Geneva Association membership comprises a statutory maximum of 90 chief executive officers (CEOs) from the world’s top insurance and reinsurance companies. It organises international expert networks and manages discussion platforms for senior insurance executives and specialists as well as policy-makers, regulators and multilateral organisations. The Geneva Association’s annual General Assembly is the most prestigious gathering of leading insurance CEOs......

Words: 30988 - Pages: 124

Premium Essay

Variable Costing

...Chapter 12 Variable Costing (Direct Costing) is a method of recording and reporting costs which regards only the variable manufacturing costs as product costs. Fixed manufacturing costs are written off as period costs. It includes only variable production costs in product costs. DM, DL and VMO costs would ordinarily be included in product costs under variable costing. FMO is not treated as a product cost under this method. Underlying Concept: * Proponents of this product costing method maintain that the fixed part of factory overhead is more closely related to the capacity to produce than to the production of the specific units and therefore should be charged off as expense in the period incurred. * Variable Costing is for Managerial decision making purposes. * Not acceptable for financial reporting or tax purposes. * Absorption Costing is for external reporting purposes. * Not intended to discourage to the use of Variable Costing for internal management purposes. Advantages of Using Variable Costing It meets the THREE OBJECTIVES of management control system; * By showing separately those costs that can be traced to; * Controlled by each strategic business unit (SBU); * Net income using variable costing is not affected by changes in inventory levels because all fixed costs are deducted from income in the period which they occur. Disadvantages of Using Variable Costing 1) Variable costing may encourage a shortsighted......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Variables and Research

...requires research because it is important that we figure out whom and what is responsible for costing the store money. Because it is not information that is easily given up, I must conduct research that begins with my ultimate goal or question, establishes a hypothesis, determines the variables, and figures out the ethical considerations. Research Question The research question that I ask myself when researching the high number of alcohol cost is who is responsible? The next research question I ask myself is How can I determine who is responsible? The final research question is when all of this information is figured out, what can I do to fix it? Hypotheses The hypothesis in my unique organizational example is that I always expect to find that bartenders are most often giving away free drinks in hopes of making more financially from the customers. The background behind my hypotheses comes from many years in the restaurant industry and being shown this to be true often. Unfortunately, when it comes to money, greed comes in to play and proper ethics and morals go out. The reality that this might not be the case is known, but it continues to remain my hypotheses, none the less. Variables The variables in this issue are the different people that work different shifts, the other coworkers that also have access to the liquor and beer, the prices of the drinks during different times of the day, and the different way that each drink is poured. There are six different bartenders......

Words: 456 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Macroeconomic Variables

...Macroeconomic Variables MBA -502 Economics for Business The financial services industry is influenced by a vast number of variables. These variables affect the way people invest their money, how much they invest, what types of investments they choose, etc. The Principal Financial Group is not immune to these variables. Some of the macroeconomic variables that directly affect the products and services Principal offers are unemployment, inflation, government regulation, interest rates, and consumer income. Unemployment will affect the services and products that are provided by the Principal because those individuals who are not making a steady income will most likely not be customers. By the same token, customers who were employed that have become unemployed will either cease to be customers of Principal or may withdraw money from existing accounts. While these loans will be paid back with interest, they diminish the amount of money the Principal has to place that money in more lucrative investments. According to Stephen D. Simpson “… the experience of unemployment (either direct or indirect) can alter how workers plan for their futures…”. Inflation will cause the price of goods and services to rise. For the average consumer, this means that the more they spend on food, gas, housing, etc. the less money they have to spend on investments. While retirement savings are an important part of saving for the future, high inflation causes day to day living......

Words: 897 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Random Variables

...Topic # 3: Random Variables & Processes & Noise T1. B.P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 3rd Edition, Oxford University Press, 1998: OR 4th Edition 2010 Chapter 8, 9 & 12 T2. Simon Haykin & Michael Moher: Communication Systems; John Wiely, 4th Edition OR 5th Edition, 2010, 5/e. : Chapter 5 R1.DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS Fundamentals and Applications: ERNARD SKLAR and Pabitra Kumar Ray; Pearson Education 2009, 2/e. : ( Section 5.5) August 11- 18, 2014 1 What is Noise ? Desired Signal : The one that is needed. Effect of Noise : Since the noise adds to the signal, it lives with it. Neither amplification nor the filtering can alleviate the effect of noise on the desired signal. Undesired Signal : The one that gets added to the desired signal when the desired signal is passing through the medium, amplifiers, mixers, filters and other parts of the communication channel between the source and the destination. Noise : The undesired signal that adds to the desired signal and reaches the destination. The only way to keep away from the effects of noise is to see that less amount of noise, relative to the desired signal, is present at the destination Interference: Intentional or unintentional un desired signals that interfere with communication process. 2 ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS COMMUNICATION INSTRUMENTATION Noise Sources Externally Generated Internally Generated  Thermal noise : Random Motion of electrons due to temperature in...

Words: 1408 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Variable Pay

...implemented some type of variable pay program for the non-executive employee population (Merriman and Deckop, 2007, p. 1027). The high percentage of firms deploying variable pay programs clearly demonstrates that there is sound business benefits associated with the practice. The focus of this work is to discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of linking pay to objective organizational measures. The study includes analysis of plans at the individual, team and organizational levels. Advantages (pros) According to Gerhart, Rynes and Fulmer (2009) aligning pay to objective criteria has demonstrated the capacity to improve firm performance by as much as 30 percent over firms without incentive programs (p. 254). From an organizational perspective, variable pay programs linked to objective criteria have a motivational effect on employees by changing the amount or intensity of work output and can serve to move the workforce navigationally in the right direction to achieve critical near-term operational targets (Merriman and Deckop, 2007, p. 1028). Expanding on the theme of operational targets, by enabling the workforce to consolidate efforts on key objectives organizations can drive cost-savings initiatives, maximize profitability, and pass some portion of those savings back to the employee. This process becomes a key behavioral lever for firms by recognizing behaviors that lead to the right results and therefore becomes repeatable. Another benefit of variable pay......

Words: 894 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Variable

...correlation between two variables. The following paper will go in to more depth on what was discussed and what we learned as a team as well as individuals. The team also was able to go over the Mystat lab that we were assigned in the individual assignment. In step one a team would state a null hypothesis as well as an alternate hypothesis. The null hypothesis is used only for testing. We either reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis. The alternate hypothesis is accepted if sample data provide enough evidence that the null hypothesis is false. No matter what the problem looks like the null hypothesis will always contain the equal sign. This is true because since the null hypothesis is being tested there is a need for a specific value to be seen in the calculations. When comparing the means of two or more groups the team must state the null hypothesis. Random samples of each population must be chosen to show the formula in a working status. To get a more accurate sample a higher number of the populations should be used. An independent sample T-test is used to compare the means of two or more groups. Pooled variance can be used if the variances of the two populations being tested are constant. The correlation between two variables describes the likelihood that a change in one variable will cause a proportional change in the other variable. A high correlation between two variables suggests they share a common cause or a change in one of the variables is......

Words: 352 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Variables

...difference is a matter of timing. From what I am understanding variable and absorption are two different costing methods. Practically all successful companies in the world use both the methods. Variable costing and absorption costing cannot be substituted for one another because both the systems have their own benefits and limitations. These costing approaches are known by various names. For example, variable costing is also known as direct costing or marginal costing and absorption costing is also known as full costing or traditional costing (2015). From my understanding the variable costing method is mostly used by internal management for decision making purposes. Absorption costing provides information that is used by internal management as well as by external parties like creditors, government agencies and auditors etc. (2015). When making strategic managerial decisions I would chose to use variable costing. One reason is because, variable costing does not take into account fixed or absorption costs; therefore profits are likely to increase by the amount earned through the sale of the additional item. Variable costing is referred to as direct costing, whereas absorption costing is known as full costing and allocates all manufacturing costs to products (Schneider, 2012). Schneider (2012) defines “variable costing as an approach to product costing that assigns only variable manufacturing costs to items produced” (Schneider, 2012).......

Words: 334 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Variables and Concepts

...Types of Variables, Conceptual and Operational Definition A variable is a concept – noun which stands for variation within a class or objects (Ariola, 2006; Catane, 2000). Variable refers to characteristic [condition or attributes] that has two or more equally exclusive values or properties (Sevilla and Others, 1988 as cited in Ardales, 1992). Ariola (2006) states that variables can be manipulated, selected, controlled and observed by the researcher or experimenter (p. 121). Therefore variables can “vary”; it is a tool in measuring the values and determination of quantity of datum for the conducted research. According to Calmorin et al. (2007) a variable is defined as a quantity susceptible of fluctuation or change in value or in magnitude under different conditions (p. 14). The term variable has the correspondent term variation, which means difference and relationship per se. In mathematics, variables are use for graphing, problem solving, statistical computations, algebraic expression, and various kinds of equations, different functions, relations and measurement to analyze and interpret certain data. It is the same with social research but those attributes apply and take different form, thus they can belong to different levels of measurement ("Variable and attribute," 2011). Variables operated or utilized as a tool of measurement is for throughput which leads to conclusion of the study. Based on Ariola (2006) the variable classified into two such as: The......

Words: 1304 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Variables in Research

...Variables in Research In research, variables are any factors in the experiment at hand, whether they are the factors being measured, the factors being changed by the researcher, or the factors which are kept constant in order to ensure consistency in at least one area of the study, which leads to increased reliability of the study (Shermerhorn 2014). These variables which are kept constant throughout the experiment are arguably the most important, but how can something which is never changed make such an impact to the results of any research. The importance of these unchanged factors, or constant variables, stems from their ability to isolate the independent variable, or the variable which is intentionally changed by the researcher. An example of this would be in the very simple experiment of measuring the bounce of a ball when dropped from different heights. The measured variable in this experiment is the height of the bounce of the ball, the experimenter is interested to see the effect on the rebound height, due to changing the drop height. In this example, the must obvious factor in the experiment which needs to be maintained is the type of ball, if this variable were to be changed, all previous data gathered will become irrelevant, as the results would all be in reference to a different ball, whose rebound heights have no connection to that of the new ball. Therefore, it is plain to see how useful control variables can be when used properly to isolate the variable which...

Words: 271 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Variables

...VARIABLES Variables • anything that can take any value • conditions which you manipulate or vary Types of Variables A. Based on Cause and Effect 1. Independent/Manipulated • the “cause”; factor that is being tested or manipulated (can be controlled); the cause/condition that you provide for. 2. Dependent/Responding • the “effect” or “observed”; the response to the manipulated factor; factors that are there inherently and are not changed/manipulated. 3. Extraneous/Constant • all other variables other than the Independent Variable and the Dependent Variable that are kept constant in the experiment. example Problem: The Effect of Classical and Rock Music on the Growth of 45-Day Chicken IV: -Types of music, classical and rock music DV: -Growth in terms of mass of chicken EV: -age and mass of chicken at the start of the experiment -number of chicken per cage/treatment -environmental conditions -amount of feeds given -frequency of feeding -amount of water given, etc. B. Based on the value taken by the variable 1. Continuous Variable - with fractional values (as in ratio and interval); has values in between whole numbers - examples: mass of chicken, age of chickens, temperatures, pH, etc. 2. Discrete/Discontinuous Variable - assume exact values; fixed (as in nominal and ordinal) - examples: number of chickens, number of types of feeds used, number of cages,......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Independent Variables

...Independent variables are variable that stand alone and are not changed by the other variables that are being measured. Independent variables are used to predict a response or result (Fink, 2002). Dependent variables could change depending on the results. The writer’s objective is to measure teachers’ perception of the principal’s role in technology implementation. This objective is a descriptive objective because the writer is measuring the teachers’ perceptions of the principal’s role in implementing technology. The dependent variable is the teachers’ perception of the principal’s role in technology implementation. The type of data for the dependent variable is nominal. The survey requires teachers to list what type of technology they use in the classroom and list how the principal implements technology. The objective compares teachers’ perception of the principal’s role in implementing technology. To analyze the results the writer will analyze frequencies. Reference Fink, A. (2002). The survey handbook. (Vol. 1). In A. Fink (Ed.), The Survey Kit (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Ok Tracy. First, this is simply a descriptive objective as you simply want to measure teachers' perceptions of the principal's role. So there is only one variable, what is it? How will you be measuring this variable? With the answer to Question 20 on your survey? If so, then you are correct that this would be nominal data (though I think this would be a stronger question...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2