Premium Essay

Varieties of English

In: English and Literature

Submitted By dushine
Words 507
Pages 3
Varieties of English

These refer to the different forms of English spoken by English speakers all over the world, in terms of pronunciation, grammatical features and distinct vocabularies. They vary from region to region and are also dependent on the social and educational standing.
All over the world, English is spoken in most languages, and even though the language is the same, it does not necessarily mean that everything about it is the same. What may look like a slightly difference, is actually a huge one. Pronunciation, grammar and vocabularies can make a language seem to change completely!

Standard varieties of English

These are the varieties of English that have become standard or most recognized and used in the majority of the world.
The main two are: English in England and American English.

English in England

Despite this being the origin of the English language, it does not mean the language is the same everywhere in England. The significant difference is in the pronunciation, as the accent and pronunciation of English in Britain is different from the one in Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
American English

When talking about American English, this is referring to mainly North America because in South America English is not the national language spoken. In North America, the accents of Canadians differ from Americans from the United States, Texas and so on. The largest difference is in American English and African American English, which is a sort of slang form of normal English, but has evolved to a category of its own.

Differences between British and American English

Pronunciation
There is a significant difference in the way the English pronounce words and the way Americans do. When spoken, words tend to sound different, such as the word “route”. In American English, it is pronounced as “Rawt” whereas in Britain it is pronounced...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

The English Language

...English around the world No one can deny that the English language is acknowledged as the dominant language all over the globe. It’s a language known for being easy to be learned, flexible towards new word entries, and its rich content. In fact, about 1.5 to 2 billion people worldwide speak English. It’s considered the language of education, communication, business, and politics. Actually, it took many centuries for the English language to develop into its modern form. In this essay, more focus is put on the English language through its formation and development, its status as an international language, its role in all life’s aspects, and the variety of English around the world. The diversity between the original version of English and...

Words: 1544 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Fadfafds

...forces people to find a way to communicate, without using | |their own languages, stimulates the creation of a Creole language. In the case of Creole languages in the Caribbean, the | |"upheaval" is the past history of slavery. Most Creole languages are based on one language. In Jamaica the African slaves were | |thrown into a situation where the only common means of communication was English, or at least broken English, therefor Jamaican | |Creole has a majority of its roots in English (Sebba 1, 1996). Essential words which people could not find an English name for, | |such as people, things (like plants and animals) and activities (especially religious ones) were taken from a variety of West | |African languages. | |As a result of patois not being an official language, a name for the Jamaican dialect has not been settled to this day. Common | |names such as Jamaican, Jamaican Creole, Jamaican patwa or patois, Black English, broken English and even baby talk or slang are | |all used to describe...

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Swedish Language Planning and Policy

...a level of prestige that is recognized politically. This essay will endeavour to examine the language planning policy of Sweden, and in particular evaluate such policy in its effectiveness as a language. English as a language has gained exponential attention world-wide for its dominance as a result of globalisation, this is particularly obvious when examining the language planning policies of the different nations of the world (Hult, 2012; Spolsky, 2004 in Hult, 2004). It can be argued that within Sweden the previously strong Swedish official language is now being threatened by the implementation of English (Hult, 2004). While Swedish is the singular recognized official language of Sweden, English has extreme prominence as a language of academic instruction and as aforementioned has been argued to be of threat to the Swedish language (Winsa, 1999). Since gaining membership to the European Union, the English vernacular has seen rapid growth within the nation (Hylenstam, 1996 in Winsa, 1999). The language is being used for academic instruction and has become a core subject within certain schools across the country (Hult, 2012; Winsa, 1999). This can be argued to give a level of social prestige as the language is being used in a formal environment. It is likely that English within...

Words: 1568 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Who's English Is Better?

...Christopher Barrett 05/30/2014 Who’s English Is Better? In technical writing circles, it was once held that there is one precise and correct means of expressing a given idea (truth) such that no misinterpretation is possible. Although not every user of English is destined to be linguistic, I wonder whether we should teach students about the variety of brushes available. Giving students the ability to write in their own way opens the gates for self expression, as well as giving students a way to write comfortably, following an easier understanding for some readers. Young writers automatically link to colloquial writing also known as Black American English simply because it is more convenient. Black American English also known as Black Vernacular, the dialect of English often spoken by African Americans in urban and southern regions, is also known an "African American Vernacular English. A lot of young people first come to creative writing because they have a burning desire to express themselves. Emotions are running high, ideas are flying, and opinions are in full supply. In the moment of writing the student will most likely write just as they speak. African-American dialects tend to drop the [t] from words like rest and soft. They likewise tend to drop the [r] sound in words like bird, four, door, and father. With this being so the writing, to scholars and educated readers, is perceived as improper and incorrect. Black American English often uses the emphatic done to......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

English

...English y the largest language by number of words; the Oxford English Dictionary lists 500,000 words, not including technical and scientific terms.[18][19] Contents [hide] * 1 Significance * 2 History * 3 Classification and related languages * 4 Geographical distribution * 4.1 Countries in order of total speakers * 4.2 Countries where English is a major language * 4.3 English as a global language * 4.4 Dialects and regional varieties * 4.5 Constructed varieties of English * 5 Phonology * 5.1 Vowels * 5.1.1 Notes * 5.2 Consonants * 5.2.1 Notes * 5.2.2 Voicing and aspiration * 5.3 Supra-segmental features * 5.3.1 Tone groups * 5.3.2 Characteristics of intonation—stress * 6 Grammar * 7 Vocabulary * 7.1 Number of words in English * 7.2 Word origins * 7.2.1 Dutch and Low German origins * 7.2.2 French origins * 8 Writing system * 8.1 Basic sound-letter correspondence * 8.2 Written accents * 9 Formal written English * 10 Basic and simplified versions * 11 See also * 12 References * 12.1 Notes * 12.2 Bibliography * 13 External links | [edit] Significance See also: English-speaking world and Anglosphere Modern English, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca,[20][21] is the......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Received Pronunciation

...PRONOUNCIATION Received Pronunciation is commonly referred to as “standard British” queen English oxford English or even “BBC English” .it was considered as the “standard English” accent although seen as a non-regional dialect of England. The Queen English was once considered to be way to speak and was thus used to teach pronunciation to foreign student of English. these days, its is mostly considered to be out of date and elitist. RP is a form of pronunciation of English language it is stated that its an account ,not a dialet and through many content, discuss its usage, how its has changed over time the change of its status and didractic charts of its vowels, consonants, diphthongs and triphthongs. Origin of Received Pronunciation RP was originally the accent of the East midlands region of England in the 15th century. It further spread due to the successful trade of that region, thus attainment of economic success. The accent stabilized in London since trade had spread toward the south of England . It was also believed to be the pronunciation of British England based on the speech of upper class of south eastern England. It was spoken at the public schools and at oxford and Cambridge universities. Until recently, it was the standard form of English used in british broadcasting. It is believed that only few people in Britain actually have an RP accent but it is the English that is spoken by the royal family and members of upper classes and the noble. RP......

Words: 898 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bilingual Education

...program. Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) are used to assess each Limited English Proficient (LEP) student. BICS is the language we need in order to be able to socialize in a social setting. CALP is the language needed for a student to read, listen, speak, write and understand in all subject areas in school. Teachers can also use informal assessments, which can be viewed as ongoing assessments, as a tool to target specific problems of areas, make the necessary adaptions to the student’s lessons, and give them availability to intervene with each student consistently. The primary goal of both English as a second language (ESL) instruction and bilingual education is to teach English each program just go about it in two different manners. English as a second language and bilingual education share the same focus of teaching students English, they are two different programs which some differences in how the class is conducted. English as a second language (ESL) instruction is used primarily in the Tennessee school systems. The ESL program is designed to teach children in English. Most of all their lessons and instructions will be provided primarily in the English Language and each student does not have to have the same native language. ESL programs can be designed in a variety of methods such as pull-outs, class periods, or resource centers. Pull-outs, which is generally used in the elementary educational level is......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mr Bettasso

...three aspects: Latest News, Editorial, and Sports the students will post the school newspaper on the school website. In the standard NYS Learning Standards: English Language Arts students will read, write, speak, and listen for information and understanding. Intermediate. Students will-compare and synthesize information forms different sources and use a wide variety of strategies for selecting, organizing, and categorizing information. They will distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information and between fact and opinion. The students will relate new information to prior knowledge and experience. They will understand and use the text features that make information accessible and usable, such as format, sequence, level of diction, and relevance of details and establish an authoritative stance on the subject and provide references to establish the validity and verifiability of the information presented. Develop information with appropriate supporting material, such as facts, details, illustrative examples or anecdotes, and exclude extraneous materials and use the process of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and proofreading (the "writing process") to produce well-constructed informational texts. Students will read, write, speak, and listen for literary response and expression. Intermediate Students will-use standard English effectively. Students will read, write, speak, and listen for critical analysis and evaluation. Intermediate. Students will:-analyze, interpret, and......

Words: 1590 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Thesis 2015

...styles; and, broader social themes and consequences that arise from media language. It uses a wide variety of real texts from the media specifically from Magazines. Boles (2012) believes that each magazine uses linguistic techniques these language features are creatively used in magazines by the writers to attract and entertain the target audience as they only have a small space and time to get the attention of the potential buyer of the product. Bell (2010) emphasizes the importance of the processes which produce media language, as stories are molded and modified by various hands. He stresses it is indeed stories that journalists and editors produce, not articles. These stories have viewpoint, values and structure that can be analyzed. He is concerned, too, with the role of the audience in influencing media language styles, and in understanding, forgetting or misconceiving the news presented to it. A feature story is a special human interest story article that is not closely tied to a recent news event. It focuses on particular people, places, and events, and it goes into great detail regarding concepts and ideas of specific market interest. The study primarily aims to provide a contrastive analysis between the use of the variety of english in love songs. The study specifically aims to (1) determine the commonality and differences between American and Philippine English magazine feature articles, and (2) determine the moves present in the sample feature......

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Code Statement

...In linguistics, code-switching occurs when a speaker alternates between two or more languages, or language varieties, in the context of a single conversation. Multilinguals—speakers of more than one language—sometimes use elements of multiple languages when conversing with each other. 1. Carol Myers-Scotton : Studies on codes witching, the use of two or more languages in the same conversation. 2. John J. Gumperz : On code-switching, as a speaker’s use of more than one language within a single conversation is known. This work, like his analysis of the Heathrow impasse, centered on the idea of using linguistics in the service of social justice. Though earlier accounts of code-switching had suggested that it was largely a random phenomenon — a speaker, the thinking went, might use a smattering of English followed by a smattering of Spanish in an amorphous linguistic soup — Professor Gumperz showed that this switching, however unconscious, had specific triggers, including the need to encode information about the social relationships underpinning the discourse. But though sociolinguistics as a whole embraces spoken language and the printed word, he concentrated on face-to-face verbal exchanges. 3. Maria Cecilia Velásquez : The relationship in a bilingual conversation between language choice and identity has been the subject of research in different disciplines such as sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, and second language acquisition among others. 4.......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Languages I Speak

...two types of languages I speak are English and Arabic. Even though Arabic is the official language in the United Arab Emirates, English is widely spoken throughout the country. There are several differences in tone and the type of grammar used in both languages. For a person who doesn’t speak Arabic, the language may be a bit intimidating and loud. The English language is bit more casual and friendlier. The Arabic language has a variety of phrases and is slightly more formal when compared to English. If I was working in the U.A.E and my boss happened to be an Emirati (local) I would try to speak in Arabic with him/her because in comparison to the English language, Arabic has a wide variety of formal phrases. This helps show more respect and dignity towards your superior. Also, since I am a local citizen who has the ability to read, write in Arabic and spoke English to another person who also is a local. I would probably come off as flashy or a person with attitude and so, it’s not wise to speak English at such occasions. English on the other hand is widely spoken with people who don’t speak Arabic. Speaking English to a non-local citizen it is just like speaking Arabic with a regular Emirati (local) and no bad impression is portrayed. The main reason for classification, is that one should know when and where which language is appropriate or accepted by a given set of audience. Even though I am fluent in both languages I prefer speaking in English because it helps me......

Words: 681 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Asianfanfics

...Canterbury Boys’ High School English 2014/15 Advanced Course The following information gives an outline of the Year 12 Advanced English Program for the HSC tested in 2015. The syllabus states that: The aim of Senior English is to enable students to understand, use, enjoy and value the English language in its various textual forms and to become thoughtful, imaginative and effective communicators in a diverse and changing society. The study of English involves exploring, responding to and composing texts • in and for a range of personal, social, historical, cultural and workplace contexts • using a variety of language modes, forms, features and structures. Meaning is achieved through responding and composing, which are typically interdependent and ongoing processes. In Year 12 time is allocated to certain issues and texts based on the time needed to cover the Board of Studies’ requirements for the fulfilment of the English outcomes. This program is based on the premise that: • students are required to experience literature in a variety of modes (short story, novel, poetry, non-fiction, film and drama) • there should be a continuing study of non-literary material (print and non-print, multi-media) • students should be encouraged to develop reading interests outside the classroom • there will be a continuing emphasis on oral English in class discussions, small group discussions, debating, public speaking, interviewing, dramatic......

Words: 1578 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Task 2

...visual aids, which can help students who have learning disabilities. The videos on Kahn academy are appropriate for gifted and talented students because the video is based on what the students is learning and what they know. This video is appropriate for students who have challenging behaviors because the video is active and can keep a students interest. The video is appropriate for English language learners because on the website you can choose a variety of languages to hear it in. The video on third grade math warm ups is not appropriate for students with hearing impairments because it does not have closed captioning as an option. The video was not appropriate for students with visual impairments because the video shows different math activities in step-by-step instructions. If a student cannot visually see the steps, I am not sure that the video will help them. Overall, I think that the Kahn academy video would be appropriate for most of the students. The second educational resource that I chose was the Scholastic website as a multi media file. This site has a variety of lessons that teacher’s can use with their third grade students. The lesson that I chose for this evaluation is called, Dinosaurs real or make believe. This question game lets the students know if they have the correct answer immediately. I believe that this resource is appropriate for early childhood because it is an interactive yet short lesson....

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

What Is Bilingualism and How Do People Communicate Bilingually?

...What is Bilingualism and how do people communicate bilingually? A critical analysis of the topic in the book “Academic Writing: Making the transition” by Steve Marshall. The book has a number of definitions for the term Bilingual. Edwards (1994), states that virtually all people were bilingual in nature. He stated that anyone who can communicate few words of another language is bilingual. This is to say that for example, if someone went on holiday to another country and could exchange a simple greeting in the foreign language, then he would be considered to be bilingual. The writer of the article states that the definition by Edwards is far from what most people consider to be bilingual because most people define bilingualism as the ability to fluently speak two languages. The problem with the Marshall’s statement is that he has not explained how he found out that most people define Bilingualism to be the ability to speak two languages fluently. He simply assumes this without giving conclusive evidence. It would have been better if he would have conducted a research or had the opinions of people on what they considered to be bilingual and would conclude based on the response by the people. Edwards’s definition is also ambiguous because the assumption that simply speaking a word of a foreign language makes one bilingual makes almost all people of the world bilingual because most people know few words of a foreign language and this would mean that everyone is......

Words: 1430 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ell Proficiency Standards

...Alignment of Academic Standards with ELL Proficiency Standards Laura Hardin Grand Canyon University ESL-523N May 8, 2011 Abstract This essay focuses on standards-based instruction and its effects on English language learners. Furthermore, this discussion will address the purpose for creating ELL Standards and the resulting benefits the standards provide both teachers and students within ELL departments throughout the country. As the amount of second language learners steadily increases, it is critical that the components necessary to decrease the language barriers, which can negatively affect students’ daily performance, be analyzed and modified as necessary. In 1983, a report titled, A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform, was released under President Reagan’s National Commission on Excellence in Education (“A Nation at Risk”, 2006). The statistical information gathered in this report compared the performance of American high school and college students to that of their peers in other advanced countries. This study identified several risk factors in regard to the public education system in the United States. For example, commission research found that American students failed to place first or second on any of the nineteen academic tests administered internationally and in fact placed last on seven of those nineteen assessments (National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983). In addition, the study showed a steady......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5