Throughout history there has always been social gaps. These are seen by rural and urban populations, and the upper and lower classes. In France in the nineteenth century, this was prevalent throughout the country’s provinces. The people spoke different dialects of French and they did not really identify together as a whole. The people were separated by both class and location through oppression and progress.
Hautefaye was a small village in France that was filled with agrarian peasants. It also had some aristocrats who mingled amongst the population without worry. This was controversial because the urban bourgeoisie did not socialize with the urban poor. The nobility that lived in Hautefaye had owned their property for generations. The rural village, like most villages in France, liked to host fairs where the peasants gathered in economic and social activity.
The fairs were supervised by government supplied gendarmes. Fairs were known for their violence. Men took part in fairs and they drank alcohol, which was the main festive beverage. For this reason, the alcohol sometimes got the best of the men and fights were common throughout the fairgrounds. Young boys got to follow their fathers around and learn the ways of a man. The economic activity that went on at fairs was stimulating to the community and helpful to those who took part.
Propaganda became a key source in swaying the masses. The bourgeoisie used it to portray the nobility as bad and arrogant. Our textbook says that Louise Napoleon ran a political campaign based on promises to every class. This means that he made promises to the lower classes, this is why the Hautefaye villagers had faith in him until the end. One of the state’s goals was to educate the rural masses. The republicans in the cities believed that peasants were still not able to comprehend certain things and make an ethical decision.…...