Free Essay

Vitamin- Fluoride

In: Other Topics

Submitted By alphaboy
Words 1069
Pages 5
Fluoride Fluoride is mineral, traditionally known for its use in keeping our teeth clean, strong and preventing tooth decay. Although Fluoride helps our teeth, it does not help with the growth of our bodies, so is not practically considered a mineral essential for health and well being. It has been around for a long time and it is used in today’s society a lot. Fluoride was discovered by Henri Moissan in 1886, a French chemist that found fluoride in a hydrogen fluorine gas mix. It wasn’t discovered to help with tooth decay until 1936, when they did a study with fluoridated water in cities in Colorado Springs. Our bodies only need a small amount of fluoride in our bodies and 95% of that can be found in our skeletal system. The way fluoride helps our teeth is, by interacting with calcium and phosphate to help mineralize broken down tooth enamel. It has been found that children that consume a sufficient amount of Fluoride when their teeth are starting to develop and come through, have greater protection from tooth decay for the rest of their lives. Fluoride not only helps protect our teeth by prevent decay; it also helps strengthen our bones. Our body absorbs fluoride through the stomach and small intestine, for where it eventually ends up in our bloodstream. Once there it gets into our bones and teeth, and doesn’t build up in our soft tissue. Fluoride deficiency has been proven in communities where fluoridated water has not been introduced yet. It has been proven that in communities where the water has been treated with fluoride has had a decrease in tooth decay, than water systems where it has not been introduced yet. Deficiency in fluoride causes the enamel on the teeth to break down, therefore breaking down the protection teeth have against decay. When there is enough decay to the teeth it can cause numerous other health problems, like dead teeth and gum infection. Since fluoride also helps strengthen bones, when there is a deficiency the bones become brittle and in some cases can cause fractures. As well as these fractures, the bones can also develop osteoporosis, which is a disease where there is a decrease in bone density. Also from this in some cases, it can cause a curvature in the spine, but is generally seen in long term deficiency. The deficiencies of fluoride aren’t too bad but are a lot worse than fluoride at a toxic level. For Fluoride to be toxic to humans it has to be taken in amounts that are a lot more than that of normal dietary consumption. Too much fluoride can cause fluorosis to the teeth and bones. Fluorosis occurs only in the developmental stages of the teeth and in mild cases can cause little white dots to appear on the teeth of children. In severe cases the teeth develop permanent yellow stains, while also developing pits in the enamel. To prevent fluorosis, the fluoride consumption in children has to be monitored, as it irreversible it is a high priority to keep this from happening. Adults also can have fluorosis as the white, yellow or brown stain do stay with you for the rest of your life. Not only does fluorosis affect your teeth, but can also affect your body mostly the bones in your body. It can cause your body to produce bone spurs, calcify your tendons and ligaments, and cause premature onset of osteoporosis. In some cases it has been consider contributing to chronic fatigue syndrome To prevent consuming too much fluoride one must know where its coming from and sources you have to watch out for. Sources of fluoride in foods is very small but the foods that have the most fluoride content are fish, shellfish and tea. Most fluoride comes from the earth and water source, particularly water that has been fluoridated. Fluoridated water is also being used in some soft drinks and fruit juices. Also for people that are deficient in fluoride, there are supplements that can be taken to raise the body levels, but this recommended to people in areas that have fluoridated water, as that is sufficient enough. Other than the sources that are ingested there are the kinds that are used in dental hygiene, like toothpaste, mouth wash, mouth gels. The recommended D There have been a lot of discussion of fluoride being dangers and toxic to our bodies, but research has concluded that if consumed in small quantities it beneficial a health existence. The quantities that are being put in our water supply are also under scrutiny, as there have been some studies showing as much as double the recommended daily intake present in these waters. If this is the case it can be dangerous to our health, but this mistake is very rare. Then in recent studies the quality of fluoride being put in our water is quite questionable, as in some cases it is sodium fluoride. Sodium Fluoride is a byproduct of aluminum production and has been used as a rat poison, which isn’t much good for our health. From these studies 97% of western Europe have chosen to free their water ways of fluoridation. All in all fluoride is relatively safe, although there are many studies say opposite, there are a lot more that say it safe for use. From the information on fluoride deficiency and toxicity, it is clear that the benefits out way the risks. With our society consuming more and more sugar, the state of our societies teeth are at risk. Any little thing we can do, like adding fluoride to our water should be taken with open arms. Fluoride is not a very harmful mineral and it isn’t essential to our diets, so its significance in our lives is very small.

National Cancer Institute. Fluoridated Water: Questions and Answers. NCI, 29 June 2005. Web. 3 Oct. 2010. Path:

DeBruyne, Linda k., Kathryn Pinna, and Ellie Whiteny. Nutrition and Diet: Principle and Practise. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson & Wadsworth, 2008. 262-63. Print.

Whitford, Gary M. "THE METABOLISM AND TOXICITY OF FLUORIDE." International Society for Fluoride Research 30.2 (1997): 104+. Web. Oct. 2010.

Kaminsky, Laurence s., Martin c. Mahoney, James Leach, and Mary J. Miller. Fluoride: Benefits And Risks of. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Web. 4 Oct. 2010.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Time and the Machine

...In Aldous Huxley’s “Time and the Machine” the author is unenthusiastic with the use of the present generation’s use of time management as opposed to previous generations. In the past, people were more involved with nature, they enjoyed taking walks and kids ran and played outside more. Nowadays more children would prefer to remain in doors and play video games or surf the internet instead of a game of “jump rope.” Nature is relevant in this work due to the author’s frustration with time being spent elsewhere instead of with nature. Place is referred to how time is different between generations of the past and generations of the future. “Eco-Defense” by Edward Abbey was a very interesting periodical. Abbey stated that it is essential for people to care for and defend their wilderness as if it were their child because it is their home. He made reference to the government valuing more for their pockets/own personal gain and big business rather than the value of land and the people. His work was very interesting to me because God created Man from the dusts of the ground, so the wilderness is our “home.” Nature is represented by the wilderness and place is given presence by the difference of what we consider to be home. James, M. & Merickel, A. (2010). Reading Literature and Writing Argument (4th ed.). Prentice Hall. Mallory I really enjoyed reading Eco-Defense. Abbey’s call for people to defend their American wilderness was insightful and interesting, as he claims......

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Health and Flouride

...Health >fluoride Should Fluoride Be put In Our Water without Our Consent? This is a question that many of you might have asked themselves now that nearly a three-quarter of the population pays for their water. It is saddening to note that some of the days to day products that we use in USA have fluoride and other acids on them, and this possess a great risk to the users. For example, most of the tooth paste are made using the fluoride acid and it is a common practise that you will find a warning on the paste tube. However, this is never the case with the tap water. No warning is there to inform people that consumption of the acid beyond a certain level could pose harmful to them. Countries such as Sweden and also the Dutch have rejected the addition of fluoride on their water systems. It is a right of every citizen to get water in their houses that is pure and free from such acids that may later turn out to be harmful to their health. It more so possesses a greater risk to the younger children who are constantly drinking the water from the taps. A research was done back in 2006 by a panel of 12 scientist that came up with a review of the effects that are bound to happen with the excessive consumption of fluoride in water and it outlined effects that were never known before. It was stated that fluoride in water causes thyroid impairments, dental fluorosis, skeletal fluorosis, lower IQ and also brain damage in the long run. It is, however, more shocking to realise......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Maximum Contaminant Level (EPA)

...fluoridation has been identified by the CDC as one of 10 great public health achievements of the 20th century” (morbidity). Although one cannot argue that fluoride has been a contributor in preventing tooth decay and cavities since the 1940’s, one also must contribute equal amounts of positive dental health to an increase in dentist along with more public education on dental hygiene. In fact, many studies performed in the 1920’s-1960 showed increasing concern over health risks associated with varying levels of fluoride. By the 1940’s much research had shown that “Sodium fluoride is a highly toxic substance and that we did not yet know enough about the impact it might have on bones or other tissues and that there was evidence that drinking water with as little as 1.2 to 3.0 parts per million of fluoride had caused osteosclerosis, spondylosis, osteoporosis and guiter” (Public Health). In 2006, more than 60 years after these major concerns, 69% of the U.S. population received fluoridated water. The EPA currently does not regulate water fluoridation, it does however track concentration of naturally occurring fluoride and set a maximum contaminant level of 4.0. This MCL is nearly 4 times higher than the World Health Organization’s 1994 recommended range of 0.5-1.0 mg/l. Continually, the EPA has chosen to not regulate the fluoride levels being added...

Words: 729 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dangers in Drinking Water

... Retrieved from Knobeloch, L., Salna, B., Hogan, A., Postle, J., & Anderson, H. (2000). (Placeholder1)Blue Babies and Nitrate-Contaminated Well Water (Environmental Health Perspectives, 108, 7). Retrieved from Cristy Martin Your baby’s health is at risk * Prevent blue baby syndrome! Nitrates can decrease the amount of oxygen that your body will receive giving off a bluish gray appearance. * Avoid tooth decay in your baby. Keep your baby’s pearls pearly white. * High levels of fluoride can also be linked to bone cancer, dysfunctional thyroid, and kidney damage. Water &Your Baby’s Health Available Resources * EnviroFocus, Inc. – * South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control - * EPA - * Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention- The Effects Drinking Water can have on Your Baby: Water, yes water can have a negative impact on your newborn baby. This pamphlet will provide you with some information that every parent should read and take into consideration. Whether you are on city water, use bottled water, or get......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Team Debate

...modification that can or should be made to water. However, what if the waiter asked you, “Do you want some chemical in your water?” Many people would be shocked or even confused on how or what to answer. Still you have another group of people that would firmly say no, and those people may even wonder if they chose the right establishment to patronize. This is the decision that the city of Wichita is pondering. This decision is to decide whether or not to add the chemical, fluoride to the water supply. Fluoride is usually found naturally in low concentration in drinking water and foods. The concentration in seawater averages 1.3 parts per million (ppm). Fresh water supplies generally contain between 0.01–0.3 ppm, whereas the ocean contains between 1.2 and 1.5 ppm. In some locations, the fresh water contains dangerously high levels of fluoride, leading to serious health problems. (Wikipedia, 2012) Now if some location of the world have dangerously high levels of fluoride then it would be safe to say that fluoride in abundance is dangerous. This statement would then...

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Nutrients All differents types of nutrients:- Carbohydrates, Protein, Fat, Folacin, Niacin, Calcium, Iron, Zinc, Fluoride, Chloride, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybedenum, Phosphorus, Potassium, Selenium, Sodium, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K. Functions, Symptoms and Sources. Protein The function of Protein is building up tissue proteins, helps maintain fluid balance, it is a source of energy, helps in the formation of anti-bodies, maintenance of acid-base balance and an important part of enzymes and hormones. If your body has not taken the appropriate amount of protein it will experience Deficiency Symptoms such as Kwashiorkor-edema, reddish pigmentation of hair and skin, fatty liver, retardation of growth in children, diarrhea, dermatosis, decreased T-cell lymphocytes with increased secondary infections. You can obtain protein through food sources such as breast milk, infant formula, meat, fish, poultry, egg yolk, cheese, yogurt, legumes. Carbohydrate The function of Carbohydrates is protein sparing, it is the major energy source, also it is necessary for normal fat metabolism, glucose is the sole source of energy for the brain, many sources also provide dietary fiber. Lack of carbohydrates will result to Ketosis. Food sources of Carbohydrates are breast milk, infant formula, whole-grain breads, cereals, and other fortified or enriched grain......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...NUTR 3362 / Final Exam S2013 Name:____________________ The majority of food borne illnesses occurs from consuming food that is contaminated by: Insects Toxic chemicals Micor-organisms Fecal matter from rodents HACCP is made up of ____ principles. 5 7 9 11 The ground water has been contaminated by an industrial pollutant. Which of the following animals will have the greatest concentration of the pollutants? Water plants Large fish Microscopic animals Small fish Which of the following is a benefit of organic food production techniques: Maximizes farm workers’ exposure to pesticides Decreases quantity of pesticides introduced into food supply Insect tolerance application process Organic foods carry a similar risk of microbial food borne illness Environmental safety health hazard plan All of the following are preservation techniques that kill most microbes except: Canning Pasteurization Irradiation All of the following kill microbes Another term of this technique to keep food safe is called cold pasteurization Canning Freezing Irradiation Modified atmosphere packaging Genetically modified rice, called golden rice, is an example of how genetic engineering is used to Make a food more insect resistant Increase the shelf life of food Increase the......

Words: 2181 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Major minerals | | Mineral | Function | Sources | Deficiency | Sodium | Needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction | Table salt, soy sauce; large amounts in processed foods; small amounts in milk, breads, vegetables, and unprocessed meats | headache, nausea, slower development of the body, and disorders of the muscles. | Chloride | Needed for proper fluid balance, stomach acid | Table salt, soy sauce; large amounts in processed foods; small amounts in milk, meats, breads, and vegetables | cause a loss in appetite and muscle cramps | Potassium | Needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction | Meats, milk, fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes | weakness of the muscles, even paralysis. It may also cause brittleness of the bones, sterility and heart ailments. | Calcium | Important for healthy bones and teeth; helps muscles relax and contract; important in nerve functioning, blood clotting, blood pressure regulation, immune system health | Milk and milk products; canned fish with bones (salmon, sardines); fortified tofu and fortified soy milk; greens (broccoli, mustard greens); legumes | weakens bones and teeth, and causes osteoporesis. | Phosphorus | Important for healthy bones and teeth; found in every cell; part of the system that maintains acid-base balance | Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, processed foods (including soda pop) | weakening of the bones and teeth, and loss of weight. | ...

Words: 2166 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Crw's Feet

...after the homeowner was exterminated inside the tented house. The homeowner Elliot Beckman was found dead in his house. Sara, Grissom, and Greg from the crime lab investigator or the CSI, investigate the cause of death of the homeowner by entering the house of the victim and suspected that exterminators uses sulfuryl fluoride. A gas used as a structural fumigant insecticide to control dry wood termites. It can also be used to control rodents, powder post beetles, bark beetles, and bedbugs. Greg continues to investigate the other room obtaining a blue feather. Later, they found out that the feather was matched to a kind of bird called “Hyacinth Macaw”. They have 4 suspects including the two neighbors, namely Rory Kendell and Zach Alfano and the two fumigators, Ted Martin and Nate Allen. They examine the outside of the tented house by snapping photos of the tent, discovered a trail of sand leading from it and straight to the neighbor’s house. They interviewed Rory Kendell and found out that he haven’t left his place and has been laid up in his house for two days and asked for a urine sample to test if he is affected in the sulfuryl fluoride poisoning. In the laboratory, they found out that the termite fumigant enters the victim bronchioles causing his lungs to fill with fluid. They also noticed the bruise in the victim’s cheek. One of the chemist revealed that several prints of the clamps in the open window is matched to Zach Alfano. Brass then......

Words: 1624 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...“Vitamins were first introduced in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Fink (1884-1967). Nutrition is essential for growth, development and well-being. Behavior to promote good health should start early in life with breastfeeding and continue through life with the development of healthy eating habits. It is also the responsibility of the parents to continue to contribute to young people’s growing knowledge of nutrition, not only by providing nutritious meals in the home but also by periodically explaining the importance of vitamins, minerals and other essential vitamins. Too much or too little intake of vitamins can lead to serious illnesses. A person can become vitamin deficient if they are lacking the minimum amount of certain vitamins needed by the body to maintain regular good health. If long term vitamin deficiency occurs, a deficiency disease can develop, and this can also lead to probable death. Unlike some other food substances, such as protein and carbohydrates, of which the body needs to consume large regular quantities, vitamins are needed in small quantities. Hence, vitamins, minerals and supplements should be an important part of our daily diet in order to achieve a healthy lifestyle and to avoid vitamin deficiencies. According to researcher Meirner “a deficiency in either vitamin B12 or folate may due to inadequate dietary intake, malnutrition, chronic, significant alcohol intake, problems with gastrointestinal absorption, history of gastric surgery,......

Words: 1957 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...A Functional Approach: Vitamins and Minerals Understanding Nutrition, 11e Prepared by Michele Grodner, EdD, CHEs NUTRITION STUDENTS: IGNORE THE CHAPTER REFERENCE, THIS INFORMATION IS TAKEN FROM A DIFFERENT BOOK THAN “NUTRITION AND YOU”. BONE HEALTH Bone is active living tissue. Blood travels in capillaries through the bone, bringing nutrients to the cells that maintain the bone structure while carrying away waste materials from those cells. It picks up and deposits minerals as instructed by hormones and vitamin D. Several vitamins and minerals are essential to the growth and maintenance of healthy bones. Vitamin D directs the mineralization of bones, while vitamins K and A participate in bone protein synthesis. There would be no bone at all without deposits from the major minerals calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium that give the soft protein bone structure its density and strength. The trace mineral fluoride hardens and stabilizes the bone to maintain bone integrity. |Vitamin* |Function |Food Source |Deficiency Effect |Toxicity Effect |Chapter/Page Reference | |Vitamin K (fat-soluble) |Synthesis of proteins for bone |Green leafy vegetables, |Poor skeletal mineralization, |Interference with anticlotting |Chapter 11, pp. 383-85, 386 | | |mineralization and |cabbage-type vegetables, milk, ......

Words: 4468 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Water: an Overlooked Essential Nutrient

...Nutri, Health, & Wellness w/ Lab 8 February 2014 Water: An Overlooked Essential Nutrient Welcome, my name is Karina Padilla I am a registered dietician. I have invited you to lunch and learn about, what you will select for a yearlong beverage contract from these three choices water, Gatorade, and Powerade. The role of water in our body are giving cell life, where water is a carrier, distributing essential nutrients to cells as minerals, vitamins, and glucose. It also has chemical and metabolic reactions as it removes waste products including toxins that the organ cells reject and removes through urine and feces. Water is a transport of nutrients in the biochemical break down of what we eat. H2O regulates body temperature, it has a large heat capacity which helps limit changes in body temperature in a warm or cold environment. The elimination of water is an effective lubricant around joints and acts as a shock absorber for eyes, brain, and spinal cord. The goal of drinking fluids during exercise is to prevent dehydration and maintain performance. Fluids preferably with carbohydrates and electrolytes, should be consumed in small amounts every 15 to 20 minutes during exercise. Water and electrolytes serve very important roles in the functioning of the body and sweating can lead to excessive losses of both critical nutrients if not properly replaced. Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances can adversely impact health and exercise performance. The magnitude of......

Words: 2653 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Food on the Body

...substances that makeup the foods we eat and they are affected differently by the various biological processes in the body (Mosby's Medical Dictionary). Together, they give food theirs their distinct color, flavor and texture (Tull) There are six types of nutrients which are classified as: macronutrients, micronutrients and water. Macronutrients, as the term implies are large in size and are required in large quantities by the body to provide energy, growth, development and regulation metabolic functions. This group consists of protein, fat and carbohydrates. On the other hand, micronutrients are smaller in comparison and only a minute amount is required by the body to aid macronutrients in their various capacities. Micronutrients are made up of vitamins and minerals. Coherently, water is needed to...

Words: 6606 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Vitamins and Minerals

...Vitamins and Minerals Submitted by: Charmaine Jade A. Cano 10:30 – 12:00 TTh Submitted to: Mr. Allan Ramal Instructor February 4, 2014 FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS COMMON NAME | CHEMICAL FORMULA | SOURCE | DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS | Vitamin A(retinol)C20H30O | | liver (of any animal),paprika, red pepper, cayenne, chili powder ,sweet potatoes, carrots, dark leafy greens,butternut squash, dried herbs, lettuce, dried apricots, cantaloupes | * Night-blindness * Continuous headache * Decreased immunity against infections (especially of the airways) * Skin problems * Dry, breakable hair * Kidney stones | Vitamin D (cholecalciferol)C27H44O | | egg yolks, fish oils, and fortified foods like milk.* body manufactures it when skin is exposed to sunlight | * Rachitis * Pain in the bones * Muscle weakness and muscle cramp * Osteoporosis | Vitamin E ( D - alpha-tocopherol)C29H50O2 | | vegetable oils, nuts, and green leafy vegetables. avocados, wheat germ, and whole grains. | * Neurological problems due to poor nerve conduction | Vitamin K (phylloquinone)C31H46O2 | | herbs, dark leafy greens, spring onions (scallions), brussles sprouts, broccoli, chili powder, curry, paprika, and cayenne, asparagus, cabbage, pickled cucumber, prunes | * Dependent coagulation factors, causing defective coagulation and bleeding. | WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS COMMON NAME | CHEMICAL FORMULA | SOURCE | DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS | Vitamin C( ascorbic acid)C6H8O6 | |......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...Vitamins Absorption and storage Toxicity preservation in foods Overview: Essential organic substances Carbon- containing Needed in small amounts Essential: can’t be synthesized by body DO NOT provide energy To be a VITAMIN: 1. Body can’t make enough to maintain health 2. Absence-> deficiency-> cured with the vitamin Vitamins classification Fat-soluble vitamins: A D E K Water soluble vitamins & choline Thiamin/riboflavin/niacin/pantothenic acid/biotin/vitamin B-6/folate (folic acid)/Vitamin B-12/Vitamin C/choline Vitamins: absorption & storage Vitamin: A D E K Fat-soluble Absorbed with fat (40%-90% absorbed) ↓Fat absorption->↓fat soluble vitamin Stored in Liver and Adipose tissue B vitamins, Vitamin C, Choline Water-soluble: Absorbed in small intestine High bioavailability (50%-90%) Transported to liver-> body tissues Inside cells activated into coenzymes Storage limited Cooking issues: easily destroyed Water-soluble vitamins CHO, FAT, PRO metabolism: thiamin riboflavin niacin pantothenic acid tiotin Vitamin toxicity █Fat-soluble: Not excreted from body Toxicity by vitamin A most frequently observed █Water- soluble: Excess excreted in urine Exception: B6&B12 stored in liver Deficiency: more than 1d needed ie: thiamin(10d) Vitamin C(20-40d) Vitamin toxicity most frequently from supplemental sources: NOT FOODS Vitamin preservation in foods █Water-soluble destroyed by heat, light, air, cooking in water & alkalinity █More......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2