Premium Essay

Voltaire's Candide: The Worst Of All Possible Worlds

Submitted By
Words 831
Pages 4
Candide: The Worst of All Possible Worlds

In Voltaire’s book, Candide, the main character undergoes numerous hardships and grueling tasks that help support the fact that Candide does not live in the best of all possible worlds. A perfect example is that throughout the whole book, Candide is forced to kill multiple people. In the best of all possible worlds, Candide would have never needed to kill anyone. Also Candide was searching for Cunegonde almost the whole book, only to be disappointed with an ugly Cunegonde. Pangloss believes that they live in the best of all possible worlds. This statement is false. With all the events that have gone against this belief, there is no way Candide could possibly live in the best of all possible worlds.
In order to argue that Candide lives in the worst of all possible worlds, one must define what the best of all possible worlds is like. In a best of all possible worlds, Candide would have not encountered any of the negative and bad events along his journey. He wouldn’t have had to kill numerous people and to begin with the journey wouldn't have existed. This is because
…show more content…
Because Candide has to go on this journey to meet back up with Cunegonde, he encounters a lot of hardships along the way. One major problem Candide encountered was at the beginning of his journey when he joined the Bulgarian Army. Candide was forced to run the gauntlet. This is a gruesome event where the runner gets whipped by others. Candide was in so much pain he wanted to just die. “... Candide, able to bear no more, begged as a favour that they would be so good as to shoot him”(18). This just shows how horrible the gauntlet really is. In the best of all possible worlds, no one should have to endure the gauntlet. Candide lives in the worst of all possible worlds because he had to endure hardships such as the gauntlet on his

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Candide Term Paper

...Candide On the surface, Candide by Voltaire, tells the story of a man who goes through many hardships and challenges to chase after the woman he loves. If one just looks at Candide’s story they might only see a potential hero’s journey. How the story is written, is what gives it deeper meaning. Voltaire builds his story and message on irony, exaggeration, double-speak, name-dropping, and historical drama. All of those components make up Voltaire’s satirical novel and they indicate a criticism of the society that Voltaire lived in during his life. He used satire to criticize every facet of society including the hypocrisy of religion, other writers, treatment of women, and any contemporary issues of the time. The criticisms show that Voitaire did not see the era that he lived in as the best possible world, but one that is ruled by chance and human cruelty lived. To him there is no “perfect” society. Candide is about the illegitimate nephew of a German nephew, Candide, who is expelled from the baron’s castle when he is caught kissing the Baron’s daughter, Cunégonde. He grew up in the Baron’s castle under the watch of a scholar named Pangloss. Pangloss main teaching to Candide is to see the world they live in as the best possible world and to see the optimism even in the darkest of situations. The book highlights what happens after Candide is expelled from the baron’s castle. This includes his quest to marry the baron’s daughter. Many dark events take place in Candide’s story;......

Words: 2313 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Canadid

...CANDIDE By VOLTAIRE INTRODUCTION BY PHILIP LITTELL A PENN STATE ELECTRONIC CLASSICS SERIES PUBLICATION Candide by Voltaire, Introduction by Philip Littell is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. This Portable Document file is furnished free and without any charge of any kind. Any person using this document file, for any purpose, and in any way does so at his or her own risk. Neither the Pennsylvania State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone associated with the Pennsylvania State University assumes any responsibility for the material contained within the document or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Candide by Voltaire, Introduction by Philip Littell, the Pennsylvania State University, Electronic Classics Series, Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, Hazleton, PA 18202-1291 is a Portable Document File produced as part of an ongoing student publication project to bring classical works of literature, in English, to free and easy access of those wishing to make use of them. Cover Design: Jim Manis; Image courtesy Wikipedia: Voltaire at 24 years of age (c. 1718) by Nicolas de Largillière Copyright © 2007 The Pennsylvania State University The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. Voltaire CANDIDE By VOLTAIRE INTRODUCTION BY PHILIP LITTELL First Published by BONI AND LIVERIGHT, INC. PUBLISHERS NEW YORK Copyright, 1918, by Boni & Liveright, Inc. Printed in the United......

Words: 35676 - Pages: 143

Premium Essay

Philosophy

...e r : Brady McNamara pro d u c t i on m anag e r : Jacquie Poirier Cataloging-in-publication data has been applied for and may be obtained from the Library of Congress. ISBN 13: 978-0-8109-1493-3 ISBN 10: 0-8109-1493-x Text copyright © 2007 Thomas Cathcart and Daniel Klein Illlustration credits: ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/Bruce Eric Kaplan/ cartoonbank.com: pg 18; ©Andy McKay/www.CartoonStock.com: pg 32; ©Mike Baldwin/www.CartoonStock.com: pgs 89, 103; ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/ Matthew Diffee/cartoonbank.com: pg 122; ©The New Yorker Collection 2000/ Leo Cullum/cartoonbank.com: pg 136; ©Merrily Harpur/Punch ltd: 159; ©Andy McKay/www.CartoonStock.com: pg 174. Published in 2007 by Abrams Image, an imprint of Harry N. Abrams, Inc. All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. Printed and bound in the U.S.A. 10 9 115 West 18th Street New York, NY 10011...

Words: 41407 - Pages: 166

Premium Essay

Harold Bloom

...Benjamin Franklin The Brontës Charles Dickens edgar allan poe Geoffrey Chaucer George eliot George Gordon, lord Byron henry David Thoreau herman melville Jane austen John Donne and the metaphysical poets John milton Jonathan Swift mark Twain mary Shelley Nathaniel hawthorne Oscar Wilde percy Shelley ralph Waldo emerson robert Browning Samuel Taylor Coleridge Stephen Crane Walt Whitman William Blake William Shakespeare William Wordsworth Bloom’s Classic Critical Views W i l l ia m Sha k e Sp e a r e Edited and with an Introduction by Sterling professor of the humanities Yale University harold Bloom Bloom’s Classic Critical Views: William Shakespeare Copyright © 2010 Infobase Publishing Introduction © 2010 by Harold Bloom All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the publisher. For more information contact: Bloom’s Literary Criticism An imprint of Infobase Publishing 132 West 31st Street New York NY 10001 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data William Shakespeare / edited and with an introduction by Harold Bloom : Neil Heims, volume editor. p. cm. — (Bloom’s classic critical views) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-60413-723-1 (hardcover) ISBN 978-1-4381-3425-3 (e-book) 1. Shakespeare, William, 1564–1616—Criticism......

Words: 239932 - Pages: 960