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Wabash Watershed

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John Stuart Mills is probably one of the most influential philosophers that have contributed to the moral theories of utilitarianism. Born in London in 1806, Mills was known as a philosopher, economist and political theorist. He has produced several philosophical writings during his time. His most influential contributions in relation to ethics was about Utilitarianism.
Utilitarianism is a moral theory with a basic principle of utility (Well-being or happiness: that is conductive to the happiness and well-being of the greatest number) or the greatest happiness principle that should be accomplished from ones actions. For example, we ought to do that which produces the greatest amount of happiness or pleasure for the greatest number of people. (Mackinnon, 2013, p.33)
Another principle of utilitarianism is the consequentialist principle, meaning that someone’s personal action would result in a consequence. In this theory the nature of act or motives are not considered in the end result. Pain is also acceptable as long as it results in the greatest amount of pleasure and happiness for the greater good.
How is the greatest good for all determined? The theory of utilitarianism uses five elements to calculate whether a person’s action will produce the greatest good. The five elements include the amount of pleasure or happiness, its intensity, the duration, its fruitfulness, and the likelihood of an act to produce it. (Mackinnon, 2013, p.36) In order to determine what is best for the greatest good utilitarianism uses the mathematical approach to determine this. In calculating the measurements for example, pain or pleasure may be calculated as bits or units. For example, you have twelve units of happiness and six units of unhappiness and subtract them which would leave you with six. On the other hand, you have ten units of happiness and one with unhappiness would...

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