Premium Essay



Submitted By HeyNursing
Words 4790
Pages 20
Prevalence of dementia in elderly patients with hip fracture.PUBMED.GOV
Hip fractures occur commonly and are a cause of disability for older adults and lead to increased dependence and requirements for social support. Dementia is one of the possible risk factors for falling and hip fracture, a potential source for complications during surgery and during the postoperative period, difficulties in rehabilitation and a risk factor for hip fracture reccurence. However, in previous studies of hip fracture patients, cognitive status has not been formally assessed during the inpatient stay and diagnosis was based only on previous history. Additionally, no previous studies have compared prevalence of dementia between elderly patients with hip fracture and patients with other surgical pathology. Our aim was to define whether dementia was more prevalent in older subjects with hip fracture than in other elderly patients undergoing surgery. In this study, we prospectively assessed all patients aged 68 and older admitted to our hospital for hip fracture surgery during a one year period and compared them with age and gender matched patients attending other surgical departments. 80 hip fracture patients and 80 controls were assessed for dementia. Dementia was common in both groups, presumably reflecting the advanced mean age of both groups and cognitive deterioration due to hospitalization-status. Dementia was significantly higher in the hip fracture group (85%) compared to the control group (61.5%; p=0.002). Dementia is very common in older patients admitted for surgery to a general hospital and extremely common in those with hip fracture. It seems that dementia is under diagnosed in elderly hospitalised patients. Our data confirm that dementia is a major risk factor for hip fracture in the elderly.
Seizures in elderly patients with dementia: epidemiology and management.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Waley Pa

...Republic of the Philippines Province of La Union DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM C E R T I F I C A T I O N To Whom It May Concern; This is to certify that Ms. Noemi A. Orio, a fifth year B.S. Architecture student of Saint Louis College, City of San Fernando, La Union, is hereby granted permission to design a proposed project to be located at Brgy. Urbiztondo, San Juan, La Union entitled: “SEBAY SURF CENTRAL REDEVELOPMENT” (3-Star Hotel, Resto-Bar and Grill, Surfing School with Water Sports) It is clearly understood that there will be no financial compensation given unto her on this project. Neither is there any obligation on our part to accept her design for use in order to pursue her project study and requirements which is to use for academic purposes only. This certification is issued this _________ day of ___________, 2015 at the Province of La Union. ____________________________________ DOT Region 1 Republic of the Philippines Province of La Union DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES C E R T I F I C A T I O N To Whom It May Concern; This is to certify that Ms. Noemi A. Orio, a fifth year B.S. Architecture student of Saint Louis College, City of San Fernando, La Union, is hereby granted permission to design a proposed project to be located at Brgy. Urbiztondo, San Juan, La Union entitled: “SEBAY SURF...

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Master Confucius

...Living up to the expectations of the Master in Confucius’ Analects demands extraordinary self-discipline. Throughout the Analects of Confucius it is apparent that morals and ethical behaviors plays a major role. Through the various Analects the master expresses to his readers the importance of Confucius’s philosophical wisdom. It is important to note that these very books still play a major role in our society today. It is said that Confucius’s vision of self efficiency has been influenced, and has profoundly been practiced all around the world. Now, with that said one would think that to follow the order of the Master would be fairly difficult, but in actuality it is very simple and easy to understand. Confucius believed that everything we do in life is a ritual. From the way we shake each others hand, to the way we mark ones life's important moments such as birth, death and so on. It is the actions, and decisions that we make in our every day lives that dictate our pathways, so to say. Now, those pathways include the following, to continue on a path towards self efficiency or stray from our path of enlightenment. It is said that one who can preform Confucius’s exemplary actions is known as the “Junzi” or the “superior person”. One of the best ways to exemplify these actions can be shown throughout the Jataka tales, more specifically the tale of the Golden Goose and The Monkey’s Heroic Self Sacrifice. As I mentioned before, the expectations of the Master in Confucius’s...

Words: 1566 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Explainthedistinctionbetweensī思(Thinking)Andxué學(Studying, Learning) Thatisdrawninanalects2.15and15.31.Towhatextent(Ifatall)Doestheanalects’ Focus on Learning Mean That We Should Just Follow Tradition, and Not Think Inde- Pendently?

...As for similarity, according to the Analects, thinking and studying attach both great importance. Thinking means we reflecting base on what we have learnt, especially from the ancient great figures. And studying means we absorb new knowledge and virtue. In Analects 2.15, the master tells two negative results in lacking either one of them when learning. This obviously shows they are both indispensable and interlocking. They play different role on learning. As long as people combine them and utilize them in moderate way, sī and xué can act as Complementarity. In Analects 15.31, the master did something extreme, which is to keep thinking without sleeping and eating, This certainly does not help facilitate learning. No matter from Analects 2.15, which puts sī and xué in theory or from Analects 15.31, which shows a practical application, both reflect we should weigh heavily in studying. Concerning difference, studying is an external way while thinking is an internal way. As the master says people would not born with knowledge (Analects 7.21). Studying is, without doubt, the prerequisite for learning. In Analects 7.1 the text shows the master stresses on tradition, the antiquity, respecting for the knowledge from ancient sages a lot. Thus having thorough studying is an overriding concern. As for thinking, it acts as catalytic, as well as facilitator for studying. We can liken the learning to a system, then studying is the input and thinking is the process. Having both of...

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Chinese Literature: a Lens for the Humanities

...Chinese Literature: A Lens for the Humanities Although the humanities are often a subject of bitter debate in school today, when the most important thing seems to be to acquire marketable skills, many people acknowledge the importance of the humanities to education and the world overall. Yet, too often, when people discuss the salient features of the humanities, they narrowly and overly focus on the Western traditions. However, many important characteristics of the humanities can be found in the Eastern tradition as well, and in Chinese literature in particular. This essay discusses how some common Chinese stories exemplify vital aspects of the humanities and consequently increase our understanding of culture. First, what are the humanities? According to Stanford University, “The humanities can be described as the study of the myriad ways in which people, from every period of history and from every corner of the globe, process and document the human experience. Since humans have been able, we have used philosophy, literature, religion, art, music, history and language to understand and record our world” (Stanford University). Often, humanities classes focus on these topics – yet all too often, students learn a narrow view of the humanities, one that seems to assume the world began in Greece and ended in America. Although people often viciously criticize the humanities, since the correlation between studying them and earning a big paycheck is a difficult logical leap for...

Words: 1101 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Confucius Tracy Chan Darlene O’Cadiz Dance 301-51: Cultural Diversity in Dance Section: 19100 “Don’t give a sword to a man who can’t dance” is a saying from a philosopher who lived more than 2000 years ago (Huang, 2013, p.1). This man is Confucius, he lived during the time of both Buddha and Socrates. His teachings have been studied throughout the centuries and has helped educate and guide people through life, even after his death (Chiang, 2004). Confucius stressed the importance of kind-heartedness and respectfulness towards others. He believed through the use of moral guidance and acts of kindness, society would better itself as a whole and the government would function more immaculately (Xu, 1993). He was a man who truly believed that people are born with compassion but a flawed society would corrupt it. Therefore, he lived his entire life trying to teach the younger generation the correct way to treat one another and showed them the true reward of being a gentle and thoughtful person. In the book Analects of Confucius, written by his students, it establishes how to treat one another and how to govern appropriately (Chiang, 2004). If there was a dance dedicated to Confucius, it would be meditation. Through meditation, a person can pray and chant his teachings and thus would hopefully inspire them to act honorably throughout life. With Confucius’s teaching on kindness and benevolence, it has helped shaped my own interpretation of a peaceful society, which might...

Words: 2329 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Eastern Business Leadership

...white answer but somewhere in between. It is essential for today’s business leader to understand this gray area where East meets West, especially in regards to leadership. While Western influences in leadership such as Plato, Shakespeare, Machiavelli, and others, have depicted the leader as having certain qualities, only some of these hold true in the Eastern concepts of leadership. What are the core leadership values as put forth by Confucius and Taoism? Foremost is morality. Confucius tells us: “He who rules by moral force (te) is like the pole-star, which remains in its place while all the lesser stars do homage to it.” (Waley, Confucius 88) Likewise, his feelings on governance were clear, "…govern them by moral force, keep order among them by ritual and they will keep their self respect and come to you of their own accord.” (Waley, Confucius 88) Here we find a leader, not only moral, but also respecting ritual and tradition in all aspects. Tradition was most important for Confucius. When questioned on leadership buy one of his disciples, Confucius replied: “…Approach them with dignity,...

Words: 1986 - Pages: 8

Free Essay


...agreed with Socrates to have the law obeyed and kill himself. Socrates, in his day of execution explains that soul is the main form of an individual. Soul does not die and is eternal and does not change. Just the same way it brings life, so must it not die despite the death of the body. Soul is therefore termed as immortal. He feels that dying does not destroy who he really is since in real sense, he will not be dead. Confucius, in his discussion with his disciples clearly does not exhibit any knowledge on this after-life and chooses to ignore it by saying that a man can just have knowledge about the dead after he has had absolute knowledge and understanding about the living. “Until a man knows about the living, how he can know the dead?” (Waley 2010, pg 32) this clearly shows that Confucius has his own...

Words: 1962 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

John Balliol Research Paper

...information contemporaneous Youth for Wallace, and place much reliance on the report of Blind Harry , written around 1470 , about two centuries after the birth of Wallace. He tells us that he was born in Ayrshire, his father was Sir Malcolm Wallace of Riccarton, and that he had two brothers, Malcolm and John. The name of William's father, according to a letter dated 1297, could also be Alan. William received his education from two uncles who were priests, and then enjoyed a higher than average culture of the time, knowing both the French that the Latin. Blind Harry does not mention the fact that he has never left the country, or that he had no military experience before 1297. A recording of August 1296 simply refers to a thief, a William the Waleys, in Perth. According to some historians, such as Andrew Fisher, Wallace would have had some military experience, probably as a mercenary soldier. Walter Bower says that Wallace was a tall man, with the body of a giant, strong arms and legs. According to Harry the Blind, Wallace was two meters tall. The following year, 1297 , saw the beginning of the rise of Wallace. According to local legend Ayrshire, Wallace was stopped by two British soldiers for the fish he had caught. The discussion degenerated into a real fight, with the result that Wallace killed the soldiers. A warrant for his arrest was issued shortly thereafter. True or false this story, it is clear that Wallace has long harbored a hatred for the British, based in part on his father's...

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...EALL 211 ­ Japan: A Cultural Odyssey Sam Orme Summer 2013 MTWR 2:00 ­ 4:20 Location: Pacific 110 Email: Office: UO Annex Office Hours: T 11:30 ­ 1:30 (or by appointment) Course  description:   From   the  burial  mounds  of  the  Kofun period  to  Hello  Kitty  and  Pokemon,  the  land  of  the  rising  sun has  had  a  culture  all  its  own.  In  this  course,  we  will  try  to unravel  the  mystery   of  Japanese  culture  in  order  to understand  what  makes  it  tick.  We will  trace the development of  the  Japanese  culture  from  its  origins  in  antiquity  to  the  present, touching on Japanese history along  the  way.  We  will  explore  the  influence  of  other   cultures  on  Japan over  time,  from  China and  Korea  to the  United  States  and  the  west.  We  will  also  consider  the role translation  plays  in understanding  what  will be,  to many of us, a foreign culture.  We will do so while thinking critically about   themes  present  throughout  Japanese   cultural  history,  making  use  of  many  different disciplines, such as literature, archaeology, film, and others. Prerequisites:  There  are  no prerequisites  for  this  course,  nor  is  any familiarity  or proficiency in the Japanese language required. Students will, however, be expected to keep  up with the pace of reading  assignments  and  be  able  to  contribute  meaningfully  to  class  discussions  about  those readings. Required  texts:  Students  are  not  required ...

Words: 1187 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Philosophy Socrates vs. Taoism

...Throughout history western and eastern philosophies have developed a vast segregation from one another. The geographical and cultural distance between eastern and western civilization determined massive differences between the two. On the other hand, the works of ancient Greek philosophers like Socrates, and some eastern philosophies like Taoism have many of the same or common ideas and concepts. Both eastern and western philosophies regardless of having similarities have distinctive differences when examining the view of the conception of the good. In this rgard, each philosophy is noticed to have beliefs that strive for followers to improve their lives and to be on a path of self-purification. This essay will primarily focus on understanding the basics of the conception of good in Taoist philosophy as well as the basic conception of good according to Socrates. While analyzing we will also determine if the Taoist conception of good is more reasonable than that of Socrates. In Taoism, the Tao is worshiped as the first-cause of the universe and is a developed philosophy, which promotes self-purification of an individual to meet Taoist ideals. Taoists believe that nature and the earth is constantly in flux. Simply, the only constant in the world is change. An essential element of the Tao is a term P’u or the un-carved block. P'u is translated to the words "uncarved wood" or "uncarved block." This is a metaphor that implies that each living being is given our personality at birth...

Words: 2561 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Drug Addiction

...CHAPTER 2. A HISTORY OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE IN AMERICA Written by: Tammy L. Anderson To appear in: Harrison, L., Anderson, T., Martin, S., and Robbins, C. Drug and Alcohol Use in Social Context. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing -1- A HISTORY OF DRUGS AND ALCOHOL IN THE UNITED STATES Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to review the history of drug use and its social control in the United States so that students can gain an improved and thorough understanding of today’s problems and policies. Our approach to this matter is sociological, i.e., exploring how the interconnection between culture, social institutions, groups, and individuals function to create drug-related phenomena. A sociological approach integrates many kinds of social, cultural, political, and economic factors that manifest themselves in everyday life. While pharmacology helps us comprehend how specific drugs impact brain activity, sociology can inform us about the social roots of drugrelated behaviors which ultimately shape beliefs and behavior and motivate social policy. Therefore, a review of drug use in the U.S. and the social response to it must consider many diverse phenomena. This broader framework will move us beyond domestic borders and into the international community, for the history of drug abuse is an international, socio-political marvel. Another idea warrants mentioning before we begin our history lesson. It centers on the idea that drug use and abuse are socially...

Words: 16400 - Pages: 66

Premium Essay

Doing International Business in China

...Doing Business in the 21st Century with the New Generation of Chinese Managers: A Study of Generational Shifts in Work Values in China Author(s): David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Sally Stewart, Robert H. Terpstra and Yu Kaicheng Reviewed work(s): Source: Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2nd Qtr., 1999), pp. 415-427 Published by: Palgrave Macmillan Journals Stable URL: . Accessed: 30/01/2013 16:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact . Palgrave Macmillan Journals is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of International Business Studies. This content downloaded on Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:57:29 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions Doing the A New Business Generation in the of 21st Century with Chinese Shifts Managers: in Study of Generational Work China Values in DavidA. Ralston* UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA P. Carolyn Egri** SIMON...

Words: 3458 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The “Amazing Warriors”in the University of the East – Caloocam Campus and Their Use of Gay Lingo

...The “Amazing Warriors”in the University of the East – Caloocam Campus And their use of gay lingo BY: DADOR, DIANE DE GUZMAN, PAULA DIANZON, RAFAEL EVANGELISTA, SHEENA ORBE, LOVELY PABLO, RUSHMON KYLE RAMOS, KRIZZIA ANNE PROF. PATRICIO LAZARO 2013 CHAPTER I Introduction The term Gay has been used loosely to include homosexuals, bisexuals, transsexuals, cross dressers, and effeminate men. Filipino gays are mostly stereotyped as effeminate, cross dressers, hair dressers, camp and ridiculed. Bakla or bading, are derogatory Filipino word gay, is commonly used. Tibo or tomboy has a similar function, and refers to lesbians, usually of the butch and masculine type. A more benign slang word for gay men is billy boy. For Filipino gays, the Tagalog phrase “paglaladlad ng kapa” (literally means “unfurling of the cape”) refers to the coming-out process. Although gays and lesbians are generally tolerated within Philippine society, there still widespread cases of discrimination. Sward speak is a vernacular language derived from Englog (English-Tagalog) and is used by a number of gay Filipinos. It uses elements from Tagalog, English, and Spanish and some are from Niponggo, as well as celebrities’ names and signature brands, giving them new meanings in the context of this unique language. Background of the Study Different research studies were made and yet there are many different results. Previous research has found numerous benefits to listening to music before performing...

Words: 3502 - Pages: 15

Free Essay


...Taoism Taoism (or Daoism) refers to a variety of related philosophical and religious traditions that have influenced Eastern Asia for more than two millennia, and have had a notable influence on the western world particularly since the 19th century.The word 道, Tao (or Dao, depending on the romanization scheme), roughly translates as, "path" or "way" (of life), although in Chinese folk religion and philosophy it carries more abstract meanings. Taoist propriety and ethics emphasize the Three Jewels of the Tao: compassion, moderation, and humility, while Taoist thought generally focuses on nature, the relationship between humanity and the cosmos (天人相应), health and longevity, and wu wei (action through inaction), which is thought to produce harmony with the Universe. Reverence for ancestor spirits and immortals is also common in popular Taoism. Organized Taoism distinguishes its ritual activity from that of the folk religion, which some professional Taoists (Daoshi) view as debased. Chinese alchemy (including Neidan), astrology, cuisine, Zen Buddhism,several Chinese martial arts, Chinese traditional medicine, feng shui, immortality, and many styles of qigong breath training disciplines have been intertwined with Taoism throughout history. Spelling and pronunciation In English, the words Daoism and Taoism are the subject of an ongoing controversy over the preferred romanization. The root Chinese word 道 "way, path" is romanized tao in the older Wade–Giles system and dào in the modern...

Words: 4425 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Evoluton of Homosexualty in the Philippnes

...Evolution of Homosexuality in the Philippines Introduction US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton once said: “Gay people are born into and belong to every society in the world. They are all ages, all races, all faiths. They are doctors and teachers, farmers and bankers, soldiers and athletes. And whether we know it, or whether we acknowledge it, they are family, our friends, and our neighbors. Being gay is not a western invention. It is a human reality.” Homosexuality can be tracked throughout history. In ancient Rome, philosophers, such as Socrates, were having sexual practices with their students. They believed it was a part of becoming a man. The Bible, one of the oldest books in literature, discusses homosexual practices among the citizens of Sodom and Gomorrah. Some of the most influential people throughout history were discovered to be homosexual: Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.), Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) and Tennessee Williams (1914-1983). Homosexuality is worldwide and has a global impact on society. It transcends borders, cultures, and governments. The homosexual society even bears its own international flag, a rainbow which signifies the bond between different people all over the world. The society shows how peace can be achieved throughout the...

Words: 4284 - Pages: 18