Free Essay

Wall Coverings

In: English and Literature

Submitted By saraalramli
Words 434
Pages 2
a very brief wallpaper history….

wallcoverings
• a finish material used to cover the construction wall surface
• all encompassing - paint, wallpaper, mirrors, wood, metal etc…..
• we will focus on paint, wallpaper, and resilient wallcoverings
• wall “paper” - use of terminology

wallpaper terms today, huge variety of products available...not all terms apply to all products • strips
• vertical butt joint
– vertical strips meet edge-to-edge, no overlap • 200 BC – China, primitive rice-paper
• 16th century - first manufactured papers, from France (marbleized)
• 17th century – flocked papers.... “poor man’s tapestry” • 18th century – pictorals from French arch. • wallpapers were hand-painted or hand-blocked until.....

• Industrial Revolution saw the industry revolutionized by machine printing
• mid 20th c. – silkscreening allowed mass-production of high quality papers; demand rebounded wallpaper terms
• pattern number
• dye lot
– numbered for a particular production batch: all rolls exact match – slight variations can be found between batches

pattern match/repeat
– distance from beginning of pattern to point where it starts again
– larger repeat = greater amount of waste in installation single/double/triple roll
- waste product in installation

straight-across match – each strip same at ceiling

wallpaper terms random match – no match necessary at ceiling half-drop match – alternates same at ceiling every other strip; diagonal progression

1

wallpaper terms







pre-pasted washable scrubbable strippable semi-trimmed pre-trimmed wallpaper types paper – lowest grade, wide variety of quality levels
– paper with printed pattern; sealant holds ink

vinyl-coated paper
– paper with printed pattern
– surface coating of vinyl
– usually scrub- & strippable

paper-backed vinyl / fabric-backed vinyl
– paper or fabric laminated to sheet of decorative vinyl (pattern is in the vinyl)
– durable, resists moisture & stains

wallpaper printing
• roller printing
– most common, least $
– cylinder process w/ heat drying for speed

• block printing
– labour intensive, each colour dried

• silk-screening
– frame screen for each pattern part
– more $ than roller but better quality of printing

wallpaper effects camouflage: wall defects unattractive architecture construction oddities
(large patterns, heavier textured papers)

make a small room feel more spacious – small patterns, light colors, horizontal line to widen make a large room seem more intimate – warm, dark colours, large patterns raise the ceiling: vertical lines, light colour lower the ceiling: dark patterns, top borders

embossed
– chg. in surface texture; can be paper, vinyl, fabric etc.

other resilient wallcoverings
VWC - vinyl wallcovering • commercial product
• 54” wide
• usually large % vinyl component • heavy
• non-pasted

other resilient wallcoverings paintable wallcovering – Anaglypta grasscloth fabrics (linen, silk etc) cork / fabric- or paper-backed wood veneers glass beads, capiz shell metallic foils digital images, flexi-whiteboard handmade paper, mica recycled newspapers embroidered fabric water hyacinth & other plant leaf products
…….

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