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Waqas

In: Business and Management

Submitted By wsahmed28
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Lecture 10: International banking The sessions so far have focused on banking in a domestic context. In this lecture we are going to look at the issues which arise from the internationalisation of banking, which has been a growing trend since the 1960s. After looking at the nature of international banking and reasons for its growth, we shall focus on risks. The most important risks are the problem of sovereign risk and the behaviour of the international interbank market (IIBM), although exchange rate risk can also pose difficulties.

Definition of international banking Banking transactions crossing national boundaries International lending: • all claims of domestic banks offices on foreign residents • claims of foreign bank offices on local residents • claims of domestic bank offices on domestic residents in foreign currency Deposits similarly classified (by residence of bank or depositor, or currency) Eurocurrency deposits – placed with banks outside the country whose currency the deposits are denominated in (not necessarily in euros!)

Features of international banking Key aspects: currency risk and complexity of credit risk besides typical banking risks Competition for market share among banks (typically spreads very narrow) Cyclical nature, with periodic crises Competition for bank loans from the international bond market (close substitutes for loans) Importance of international interbank market (IIBM) as source of liquidity and funding for banks, and risks arising Role of risk management activities (swaps, options, futures)

Historical evolution: Origin in Renaissance (lending to kings) Active international lending and bond market in the 19th century (also trade financing) Decline in 20s and 30s as governments restricted international trade and financing Growth of trade and multinationals (MNEs) postwar Development of euromarkets in the 1960s (owing to...

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