Free Essay

Warehouse Investment Justification

In: Business and Management

Submitted By PDock
Words 13440
Pages 54
Oracle® Inventory
Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide Release 12
Part No. B31583-01

December 2006

Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide, Release 12 Part No. B31583-01 Copyright © 2003, 2006, Oracle. All rights reserved. Primary Author: Susan Saperstein Contributing Author: Greg Comlish, Janardhan Gidijala, John Salvini, Lina Valesquez The Programs (which include both the software and documentation) contain proprietary information; they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use and disclosure and are also protected by copyright, patent, and other intellectual and industrial property laws. Reverse engineering, disassembly, or decompilation of the Programs, except to the extent required to obtain interoperability with other independently created software or as specified by law, is prohibited. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the documentation, please report them to us in writing. This document is not warranted to be error-free. Except as may be expressly permitted in your license agreement for these Programs, no part of these Programs may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose. If the Programs are delivered to the United States Government or anyone licensing or using the Programs on behalf of the United States Government, the following notice is applicable: U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS Programs, software, databases, and related documentation and technical data delivered to U.S. Government customers are "commercial computer software" or "commercial technical data" pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation and agency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, use, duplication, disclosure, modification, and adaptation of the Programs, including documentation and technical data, shall be subject to the licensing restrictions set forth in the applicable Oracle license agreement, and, to the extent applicable, the additional rights set forth in FAR 52.227-19, Commercial Computer Software--Restricted Rights (June 1987). Oracle Corporation, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, CA 94065. The Programs are not intended for use in any nuclear, aviation, mass transit, medical, or other inherently dangerous applications. It shall be the licensee's responsibility to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup, redundancy and other measures to ensure the safe use of such applications if the Programs are used for such purposes, and we disclaim liability for any damages caused by such use of the Programs. The Programs may provide links to Web sites and access to content, products, and services from third parties. Oracle is not responsible for the availability of, or any content provided on, third-party Web sites. You bear all risks associated with the use of such content. If you choose to purchase any products or services from a third party, the relationship is directly between you and the third party. Oracle is not responsible for: (a) the quality of third-party products or services; or (b) fulfilling any of the terms of the agreement with the third party, including delivery of products or services and warranty obligations related to purchased products or services. Oracle is not responsible for any loss or damage of any sort that you may incur from dealing with any third party. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Siebel are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents

Send Us Your Comments Preface 1 Overview
Overview of Consigned Inventory........................................................................................... 1-1 Using Vendor Managed Inventory with Consigned Inventory............................................... 1-2

2

Purchasing Material
Overview of Purchasing Consigned Material.......................................................................... 2-1 Defining Approved Supplier Lists........................................................................................... 2-2 Requisitioning Consigned Materials........................................................................................ 2-6 Using AutoCreate...................................................................................................................... 2-7 Using Automatic Document Creation Workflow..................................................................... 2-8 Entering Purchase Orders for Consigned Materials.................................................................2-8 Receiving Consigned Inventory............................................................................................. 2-11 Returning Consigned Inventory to Vendors.......................................................................... 2-11 Querying Consigned On Hand Quantities............................................................................. 2-11 Purchasing Intelligence and Consigned Inventory................................................................ 2-14 Using Retroactive Price Update.............................................................................................. 2-14

3

Consuming Material
Overview of Consuming Material............................................................................................ 3-1 Transferring Ownership of Consigned Inventory................................................................... 3-3 Aging Based Ownership Transfer............................................................................................ 3-4 Consumption Transactions....................................................................................................... 3-4

iii

Generating Consumption Advice............................................................................................. 3-4 Querying the Consumption Advice.......................................................................................... 3-7 Overview of Billing................................................................................................................... 3-8 Miscellaneous Transactions for Consigned Transactions........................................................3-9 Consigned Inventory Diagnostics............................................................................................ 3-9 Querying Inventory Aging Details......................................................................................... 3-13 Oracle iSupplier Portal............................................................................................................ 3-14 Inquiries............................................................................................................................. 3-14 Search - Consigned Items Windows............................................................................ 3-15 Consigned On-Hand Quantity Inquiry Window........................................................ 3-15 Consigned Shipments Inquiry Window...................................................................... 3-16 Consumption Advice Inquiry Window....................................................................... 3-16 Material Transactions Inquiry Window...................................................................... 3-17 Consigned Inventory Aging Inquiry........................................................................... 3-17

4

Costing and Accounting
Overview of Costing and Accounting in Consigned Inventory.............................................. 4-1 Accounting and Costing Transactions for Consigned Inventory............................................ 4-2 Return to Vendor Transactions (RTV)...................................................................................... 4-6 Retroactive Price Update........................................................................................................... 4-7

5

Setting Up
Overview of Setting Up............................................................................................................. 5-1 Related Product Setup Steps..................................................................................................... 5-1 Setup Flowchart and Checklist................................................................................................. 5-2 Setup Steps? 5-4 Creating Approved Suppliers................................................................................................... 5-7 Defining Consumption Transaction Rules...............................................................................5-9 Setting Up Self Billings........................................................................................................... 5-10 Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice Concurrent Program.................................................................. 5-12 Pay On Receipt Autoinvoice Parameters................................................................................ 5-13

A

Windows and Navigator Paths
Windows and Navigator Paths................................................................................................. A-1

Index

iv

Send Us Your Comments
Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide, Release 12
Part No. B31583-01

Oracle welcomes customers' comments and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this document. Your feedback is important, and helps us to best meet your needs as a user of our products. For example: • • • • • • Are the implementation steps correct and complete? Did you understand the context of the procedures? Did you find any errors in the information? Does the structure of the information help you with your tasks? Do you need different information or graphics? If so, where, and in what format? Are the examples correct? Do you need more examples?

If you find any errors or have any other suggestions for improvement, then please tell us your name, the name of the company who has licensed our products, the title and part number of the documentation and the chapter, section, and page number (if available). Note: Before sending us your comments, you might like to check that you have the latest version of the document and if any concerns are already addressed. To do this, access the new Applications Release Online Documentation CD available on Oracle MetaLink and www.oracle.com. It contains the most current Documentation Library plus all documents revised or released recently. Send your comments to us using the electronic mail address: appsdoc_us@oracle.com Please give your name, address, electronic mail address, and telephone number (optional). If you need assistance with Oracle software, then please contact your support representative or Oracle Support Services. If you require training or instruction in using Oracle software, then please contact your Oracle local office and inquire about our Oracle University offerings. A list of Oracle offices is available on our Web site at www.oracle.com.

v

Preface

Intended Audience
Welcome to Release 12 of the Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide.

Assumptions
This guide assumes that you have a working knowledge of the following: • • The principles and customary practices of your business area The Oracle Applications graphical user interface.

To learn more about the Oracle Applications graphical user interface, read the Oracle Application's User's Guide. See Related Information Sources on page viii for more Oracle Applications product information.

TTY Access to Oracle Support Services
Oracle provides dedicated Text Telephone (TTY) access to Oracle Support Services within the United States of America 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For TTY support, call 800.446.2398.

Documentation Accessibility
Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to

vii

evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/ .

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation
Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation
This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

Structure
1 Overview 2 Purchasing Material 3 Consuming Material 4 Costing and Accounting 5 Setting Up A Windows and Navigator Paths

Related Information Sources
Integration Repository
The Oracle Integration Repository is a compilation of information about the service endpoints exposed by the Oracle E-Business Suite of applications. It provides a complete catalog of Oracle E-Business Suite's business service interfaces. The tool lets users easily discover and deploy the appropriate business service interface for integration with any system, application, or business partner. The Oracle Integration Repository is shipped as part of the E-Business Suite. As your instance is patched, the repository is automatically updated with content appropriate for the precise revisions of interfaces in your environment.

viii

Do Not Use Database Tools to Modify Oracle Applications Data
Oracle STRONGLY RECOMMENDS that you never use SQL*Plus, Oracle Data Browser, database triggers, or any other tool to modify Oracle Applications data unless otherwise instructed. Oracle provides powerful tools you can use to create, store, change, retrieve, and maintain information in an Oracle database. But if you use Oracle tools such as SQL*Plus to modify Oracle Applications data, you risk destroying the integrity of your data and you lose the ability to audit changes to your data. Because Oracle Applications tables are interrelated, any change you make using an Oracle Applications form can update many tables at once. But when you modify Oracle Applications data using anything other than Oracle Applications, you may change a row in one table without making corresponding changes in related tables. If your tables get out of synchronization with each other, you risk retrieving erroneous information and you risk unpredictable results throughout Oracle Applications. When you use Oracle Applications to modify your data, Oracle Applications automatically checks that your changes are valid. Oracle Applications also keeps track of who changes information. If you enter information into database tables using database tools, you may store invalid information. You also lose the ability to track who has changed your information because SQL*Plus and other database tools do not keep a record of changes.

ix

1
Overview
This chapter covers the following topics: • • Overview of Consigned Inventory Using Vendor Managed Inventory with Consigned Inventory

Overview of Consigned Inventory
Consigned inventory from supplier exists when inventory is in the possession of one party (a dealer, agent, distributor, and so on), but remains the property of another party (such as the manufacturer or primary contractor) by mutual agreement. Consigned inventory from Supplier refers to one type of consigned inventory practice where you receive and maintain goods belonging to one or more of your suppliers. Both suppliers and customers benefit through a consigned inventory strategy: • Suppliers can compete on the basis of availability and delivery when finished goods are at the customer site, particularly when lead times are lengthy. Holding material on consignment reduces the lead time for items that might be required to fill sales orders. Customers experience increased inventory turns—thus, reducing funds invested in inventory. Financial resources are free until customer commitments are ensured, or items are used in production.





Consigned From Supplier Process Overview
Buyers or plant managers define the items and suppliers for which they have a consignment relationship. Buyers then create purchase orders for consignments in response to requisition demand. Goods are received against the order and held in consignment stock until they are actually consumed for usage. Upon consumption, ownership of the material is transferred from the supplier to the owning organization. A consumption advice document informs the supplier that consigned stock has been

Overview 1-1

consumed by the buying organization. After consigned stock is consumed, suppliers can invoice the buying organization. Optionally, if pay on use is used, the buying organization can create invoices on behalf of the supplier, and fully automate the payment process. Using Oracle iSupplier Portal, suppliers can view consigned stock balances and the transactions that affect it. They can also review automatically generated consumption advice transactions, and initiate the invoicing process. Warehouse personnel can transfer goods from consigned to regular stock using the Consigned Transactions window in Oracle Inventory, or through a mobile device that has been configured with Oracle Mobile Supply Chain Applications. Oracle Inventory also enables the automatic consumption of consigned materials, such as WIP issues, sales order issues, inter-organization transfers, and subinventory transfers. Using the Material Workbench window, you can query the status of consigned inventory at any time . You can also use the Material Workbench to view consigned on-hand quantities and inquire on consumed stock inventory.

Using Vendor Managed Inventory with Consigned Inventory
Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) is a procurement and planning practice in which a company delegates key inventory management functions to its suppliers. Suppliers initiate a replenishment request based on current inventory levels and the customer forecasts. VMI benefits customers through greater service levels and reduced risk of stock-outs. A successful VMI program can provide trading partners with greater efficiency and lower cost, by eliminating the need for repetitive manual tasks involved in ordering commonly required items.

VMI Process Overview
The VMI supplier monitors the current level of inventory items through access into the customer system (such as Oracle iSupplier Portal or Oracle Collaborative Planning). The view of inventory is restricted to items for which the supplier has VMI planning responsibility. The supplier can see the balance of on hand stock, in-transit quantities, open requisitions and purchase orders, and other information, such as forecasts. A request results in the creation of an approved purchase requisition. The buyer can manually assign these requisitions onto a blanket purchase order with the VMI supplier, or set up the system to have this process automated. The supplier ships upon approval of the blanket release. When the goods are delivered to your site, the receipts are recorded and the supplier tracks all stages through delivery into stock. The customer inventory or plant employees use material at any time. When the goods are transferred or placed into production, the material becomes part of internally planned goods—and the supplier no longer has visibility to that portion of stock. If the new VMI on-hand quantity is below thresholds, the supplier manually or automatically requests new shipments on behalf of the customer.

1-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Consigned and VMI Integration The Consigned Inventory from Supplier process is often combined with VMI; the supplier continues to own goods stored at the customer facility, and also determines the quantities and timing of deliveries. In this combined process, buyers or plant managers define the items and suppliers for which a VMI and consignment relationship exists, and establish minimum and maximum inventory levels for each item. Suppliers perform a material request manually or automatically through iSupplier Portal, according to agreed thresholds, forecasted demand, and other information. Purchase orders are created in response to supplier initiated requisition demand, and goods are received and stored in consigned stock. Alternatively, you can transfer the planning responsibility of goods from the supplier to the customer without involving consumption. In this way, the customer takes responsibility for planning the item even though ownership resides with an outside party. When materials are consumed implicitly, such as a work in process issue or sales order issue, the system automatically consumes and transfers the planning responsibility to the consuming organization. When the goods are transferred to regular stock, the planning responsibility also changes from the external planning party to the buying organization. For more information, see: Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) in Oracle Applications, in the Inventory White Papers on Oracle MetaLink.

Implementing Consigned Inventory from Supplier
Consider the following points when you implement consigned inventory from supplier: • Encumbrance accounting cannot be enabled in the operating unit in which consigned inventory from supplier is used. At minimum, consigned inventory requires the following Oracle applications: Oracle Purchasing, Oracle Inventory, and Oracle Payables. Using Oracle iSupplier Portal enables your supplier to monitor the goods sent to your premises on a consigned basis. You cannot use the following items with consigned inventory from supplier: • • • • • Outside processing items Expense items (Inventory Asset Value is No) ATO and PTO models EAM items Non-transactable items





Overview 1-3



Non-stockable items

1-4 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

2
Purchasing Material
This chapter covers the following topics: • • • • • • • • • • • Overview of Purchasing Consigned Material Defining Approved Supplier Lists Requisitioning Consigned Materials Using AutoCreate Using Automatic Document Creation Workflow Entering Purchase Orders for Consigned Materials Receiving Consigned Inventory Returning Consigned Inventory to Vendors Querying Consigned On Hand Quantities Purchasing Intelligence and Consigned Inventory Using Retroactive Price Update

Overview of Purchasing Consigned Material
The consigned from supplier business practice can be used for purchasing some or all of the materials in a warehouse. Material purchased on consignment is defined in the Approved Supplier List (ASL). After the decision to procure items on consignment has been made, and the consigned relationship has been defined, buyers use existing processes for requisitioning and purchasing consigned material. The requisitioning process is the same for both consigned inventory and regular procurement. Whenever you purchase goods on consignment, the goods must be delivered into inventory where they can be tracked, reported to the supplier, and consumed.

Purchasing Material 2-1

Note: Expense destination material is not purchased using consigned

inventory, because these goods are consumed immediately.

When a buyer determines that supply is required for items purchased on consignment, the relevant purchase order shipment lines are automatically flagged as consigned. Similarly, receipts are designated as consigned receipts, and therefore no accounting is performed. When consigned goods are delivered into inventory, they are stored as consignment material and the supplier and supplier site are listed as the owning party. You can report to the supplier all of the on hand balances of material held on consignment, including real-time information about consigned stock, consumption transactions, and invoices. This function is performed either through the Oracle iSupplier Portal or Oracle Inventory inquiries. If you and the supplier agree to change purchase prices after consumption transactions are executed, you can retroactively reflect these price changes on consumption advices

Defining Approved Supplier Lists
You can create consignment relationships with your supplier using the Approved Supplier List (ASL) window. Your purchasing suppliers are created in the Suppliers window, and they are associated with the items you buy using the Approved Supplier List window.

2-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Approved Supplier List Window

A consignment relationship can be established for a combination of Item, Supplier, and Supplier Site. Local and Global Approved Supplier Lists Your approved supplier can be either a local or global supplier. A local ASL is used only in the organization in which it was defined. A global ASL may be used in all organizations you specify.

Supplier – Item Attributes Window
You can enable the Consigned Inventory from Supplier feature on the Supplier–Item Attributes window.

Purchasing Material 2-3

Inventory Tab

On the Inventory tab, you can enable consigned inventory, indicate Billing Cycle Days, and define the Aging parameters. The Consigned from Supplier feature can only be enabled under the following conditions: • • • Encumbrance is not enabled in the operating unit. The ASL is being defined for a combination of Item, Supplier and Supplier Site. The Item for which the ASL is being defined is not: • • • • • Outside Processing Item Expense Item (Inventory Asset Value set to No) ATO or PTO Model EAM Asset Item Non-transactable or Non-stockable item

The validation for local ASL is done for the organization in which the ASL is being created. For Global ASL, this validation is done for all organizations under the same set

2-4 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

of books. • Billing Cycle (Days): Indicates how frequently you would like to group the consumption transactions into a consumption advice. Consumption advice is the document against which supplier can raise an invoice and gets paid for. The default is null. If the value is null, a consumption advice is created every time the Create Consumption Advice concurrent program is run. Last Billing Cycle Date: This is set to the system date when you initially set up Consigned Inventory from Supplier. It is updated each time a new consumption advice is created as per the billing cycle for this ASL. Billing cycle and last billing date in conjunction control the frequency at which the consumption advice is created. A new consumption advice is created when the following occurs: System date > Last Billing Date + Billing Cycle Days • Consume on Aging: In some consigned relationships, the supplier stipulates the maximum period for which he can make the material available at your site on consignment basis and you are required take ownership of any balance material after this period. If you are required to consume consigned material within such a stipulated time period, enable the Consume on Aging check box. Consigned Inventory Aging queries would report your commitments from such agreements. Selecting this option does not automatically transfer the ownership of the overdue consigned stocks; however, it enables you to use the Consigned Inventory Aging inquiries to identify the consigned stocks that are overdue for consumption. Aging Period (Days): Indicates the maximum number of days the material may be kept in consigned status by your supplier.





Purchasing Material 2-5

Source Documents Tab

On the Source Documents tab, you can associate specific quotations and blanket purchase orders agreements with the supplier and item combinations. This enables Purchasing to default source documents automatically. All consigned enabled suppliers must have a referenced blanket purchase agreement. However, only blanket purchase agreements may be used as source documents for consigned inventory. The blanket purchase agreement may be either local or global. When the consigned material is consumed, the system refers to the source document to retrieve the price applicable for the consumption. You can assign a specific blanket purchase agreement here, or set the profile option PO: Automatic Document Sourcing to Yes. Setting this profile option to Yes automatically makes the pricing information default from the most recently created blanket agreement. If the profile is set to No, the approved supplier list (ASL) is used to determine the blanket agreement.

Related Topics
Overview of Consuming Material, page 3-1

Requisitioning Consigned Materials
At the requisitioning level there is no difference between regular and consigned

2-6 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

material. You can create a purchase order from a requisition for consigned material, only if the corresponding requisition is a Purchase requisition and not an internal requisition. The requisition must have a destination type of Inventory. After the system generates your requisitions, you can use the AutoCreate or Workflow processes to create purchase orders. You can use Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI) in conjunction with consigned inventory, requiring your supplier to replenish your warehouse with consigned goods up to agreed upon levels. For VMI, the supplier creates the requisitions to ensure the replenishment of consigned goods according to agreed levels.

Related Topics
Assigning Sourcing Rules, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Assigning Sourcing Rules and Bills of Distribution, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide

Using AutoCreate
You can use AutoCreate to create standard purchase orders for consigned material from requisitions. With AutoCreate you can choose between manually or automatically creating a new purchase order, or adding to an existing purchase order. When creating purchase orders from requisitions for consigned material, AutoCreate performs the following actions: • • Determines whether a valid record exists on the Approved Supplier List. Removes document references on the requisition before creating the purchase order —including global agreements, and contracts. Reviews requisition line destination type—expense destination type is not used for consigned material procurement. If consigned relationship or VMI with consigned relationship is established on the ASL for the requisition line, then only standard purchase order is allowed as the document type. If the requisition line is for VMI-only material, then only blanket release is allowed as the document type.





Document References
When using either Manual Creation or Automatic Creation mode, you cannot use a document reference. Whether a document reference is associated with the requisition, or you attempt to add a document reference using the New Document window, the document reference is not copied on the purchase order. All document references must be removed before creating the purchase order because

Purchasing Material 2-7

consigned shipments are not releases against global or contract agreements, and should not be calculated in the amount released against those agreements. These references are automatically removed by the system. If you attempt to create a purchase order using the manual autocreate process, the system generates the following message:
Note: The document reference is not valid for consigned shipments and

will not be copied to the purchase order.

Using Automatic Document Creation Workflow
Oracle Purchasing is integrated with Oracle Workflow to create standard purchase orders automatically from approved requisition lines. This feature is also available for consigned purchase orders. Document references (contracts, price lists, and so on) are not permitted on orders for consigned material. If you use the AutoCreate or the Automatic Document Creation Workflow processes, all document references are removed before the purchase order is created.
Note: Automatic creation of purchase orders for approved requisitions

is enabled by setting the Release Method field on Item-Supplier attributes window of the approved supplier list to Release Using Autocreate. Also, ensure that the PO Create Documents workflow item attribute of Is Automatic Creation Allowed? is set to Yes.

Related Topics
Overview of Procurement Workflows, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Workflow for Creating Purchase Orders or Releases, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Choosing Workflow Options, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Setting Up Automatic Sourcing, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide

Entering Purchase Orders for Consigned Materials
Purchase orders for consigned material can be entered using the Purchase Orders window. The relevant purchase order shipment lines are automatically marked as consigned. When entering purchase orders for consigned goods, consider the following information: • Purchase Order Type Orders for consigned material are created as standard purchase orders.

2-8 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide



Organization Consigned materials are purchased in the context of a given warehouse or across warehouses. You enable consigned material for a warehouse or warehouses by establishing a local or global ASL entry.



Supplier This supplier and supplier site for the item purchased on consignment must be defined on the Approved Supplier List.



Item The consigned relationship should be established for the item, supplier, and supplier site on the Approved Supplier List for the receiving Inventory Organization.



Document Reference Document references (such as contracts and price lists) are not permitted on orders for consigned material.
Note: Oracle recommends that you do not use the header level

amount agreed for your blanket purchase agreement. Using this option limits your ability to consume material above agreed levels.

Purchasing Material 2-9

Shipments Window

You can view the shipment line details in the Shipments window. Shipment lines for consigned material have the following attributes: • Invoice Close Tolerance value is 100 percent because the consigned shipment is not invoiced. Match Approval Level value is 2 Way Matching, regardless of value entered on the Supplier window, because the consigned shipment is not invoiced. Invoice Match Option value is PO Based Matching, regardless of value entered on the Supplier window, because the shipment is not matched against an accounts payable invoice. Accrue on Receipt is disabled because financial liability is deferred until ownership is transferred to your organization. Consigned check box is enabled. Status values is Close for Invoicing.







• •

Distributions Window
The Destination Type for all consigned shipment distributions is always set to Inventory.

2-10 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Related Topics
Entering Purchase Order Shipments, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Entering Purchase Order Headers, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Creating Approved Suppliers, page 5-7 Entering Purchase Order Distributions, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide

Receiving Consigned Inventory
You receive consigned material in same way in which you receive regular material, except that there is no accounting event that might increase financial liability. When receiving consigned material, you never match a payables invoice to a consigned receipt. When receiving consigned inventory the following access information applies: • Advance Shipment Notices (ASN) Your supplier can view open shipments and select the shipments for placement on the ASN. However, your supplier cannot generate ASN's for consumption advice. A consumption advice is a billing-only document. • Advanced Shipment and Billing Notice (ASBN) Your supplier cannot create ASBN's for consigned material because consigned material does not contain billing information.

Returning Consigned Inventory to Vendors
You can return consigned materials to the supplier at any time. The return to vendor (RTV) process is same as that for regular material. No accounting entries are generated for consigned RTV transactions. However, if it is to be returned to the supplier, then any consumed material must be transferred back to consigned stock.
Note: For serial controlled items that are already transferred to regular

stock, ensure that they are first returned to consigned status before making a return to vendor transaction.

Related Topics
Accounting and Costing Transactions for Consigned Inventory, page 4-2

Querying Consigned On Hand Quantities
You can query and review Consigned and VMI on hand quantities using the Material

Purchasing Material 2-11

Workbench. Consigned and VMI stocks are identified by the owning party and planning party attributes on the on hand quantities. Select the Consigned/VMI Tab on the Material Workbench to search for inventory that is designated for Consigned or VMI. The Owning Party region is used to enter the search criteria, and can be limited to All Owning Parties, All Consigned Stock, or you can Select Owning Party. Use the Planning Party region to enter the search criteria and select either All Planning Parties, All VMI Stock, or Select Planning Party.

2-12 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Query Material Window

The search results display in the Material Workbench window.

Purchasing Material 2-13

Material Workbench Window

Note: Note that the concatenation of Supplier and Supplier site is

shown as the owning party for the consigned on hand quantities.

Purchasing Intelligence and Consigned Inventory
Purchasing Intelligence supports consigned inventory. As previously mentioned, consigned purchase orders cannot be invoiced or paid. The goods ordered are received into consigned inventory at the receiving organization, and then transferred to regular inventory when they are ready to be consumed. When the Consumption Advice is generated against a blanket agreement, the release can be invoiced and paid. Purchasing Intelligence addresses both standard and consigned purchase orders; it reflects these purchase order amounts in the appropriate reports and in the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Purchasing Intelligence support for consigned inventory includes price based measurements. All price based measurements such as PO Purchases, Contract Leakage, and Non-Contract Purchases will only reflect the purchase order amounts for the consumption advice purchase orders (bill-only purchase orders). Consigned purchase orders (receive-only purchase orders), will be ignored, because they do not represent a purchasing commitment to the supplier.

Using Retroactive Price Update
The process of applying retroactive price updates to purchasing documents for

2-14 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

consigned material is same as that for regular material. Consumption advices are retroactively update only when the profile PO: Allow Retroactive Pricing of Pos is set to ALL RELEASES. You can execute retroactive price updates either from the PO Approval screen or by submitting the Retroactive Price Update concurrent program. When using the PO Approval screen to make retroactive price updates, enable the Apply Retroactive Price Update to Existing PO/Releases check box.
Note: Retroactive price update only applies to the consumption advice.

Consumption transactions, for which consumption advices have not been created, will not be affected by retroactive price updates. Also note that Agreed Amount limit defined in the blanket purchase agreement (BPA) is not imposed when the price of the consumption advice is updated retroactively. The retroactive priced releases for consigned item are approved automatically, and are not submitted for approval checks even if it exceeds the agreed amount in the BPA.

Purchasing Material 2-15

3
Consuming Material
This chapter covers the following topics: • • • • • • • • • • • Overview of Consuming Material Transferring Ownership of Consigned Inventory Aging Based Ownership Transfer Consumption Transactions Generating Consumption Advice Querying the Consumption Advice Overview of Billing Miscellaneous Transactions for Consigned Transactions Consigned Inventory Diagnostics Querying Inventory Aging Details Oracle iSupplier Portal

Overview of Consuming Material
Unlike regular inventory, consigned inventory items remain the property of the consignor—even though the goods are at your site. Ownership changes from the supplier (consignor) to the customer (consignee), when the consigned stock is used by the production organization. This process is called consumption. Consumption involves the change of ownership from supplier owned stock to internally owned stock. The system automatically generates a transfer to regular transaction whenever consumption takes place. Consumption transactions are performed either explicitly or implicitly. Explicit consumption is performed whenever the user specifies the external owning party (the consignor) whose goods will be transferred to the internal organization. Explicit consumption is performed by using the consigned transactions window and performing a transfer to regular transaction. Implicit consumption refers to any type of consumption in which the system automatically determines that

Consuming Material 3-1

consumption is necessary, and selects the owning parties whose stock will be used up to complete the required transaction. So, for example, when you issue material from consigned stock to a discrete job, an implicit consumption is triggered automatically to transfer the stock from consigned to regular before it is issued to the job. Some transactions always consume consigned materials. These transactions include the following: • • • • Sales Order issues WIP issues Inter-organization transfers Miscellaneous issues

Other transactions can be set up to consume according to rules in the Consumption Transaction Setup window (located in Oracle Inventory). These transactions include Subinventory Transfers, Move Orders, Backflush Transfers, and others. In Oracle Inventory, you can use both consigned and regular stocks in the same subinventory or locator. When both the stocks are used, at the time of issue no preferential treatment is given to either stock - material quantities are selected on a first in, first out (FIFO) basis. When consigned inventory is consumed, explicitly or implicitly, the system accesses the relevant blanket purchase agreement to determine the price that is in effect at the time of consumption. Consumption transactions are grouped into consumption advice based on the billing cycle defined in the approved supplier list. The consumption advice is a purchasing document that provides evidence of consumption to the supplier, and can be used to match invoices. Creating and matching invoices against the consumption advice generates the corresponding inventory accounts payable accrual reversal. This matching process performs in the same way as standard functionality. After consumption occurs, it cannot be reversed automatically. For example, if you perform a work in process component issue and later reverse the operation through a component return transaction, the consigned attribute is not restored to the material. After materials are consumed and the consumption advice is generated, you can use any supported method for paying your supplier.

Related Topics
Defining Consumption Transaction Rules, page 4-2 Transferring Ownership of Consigned Inventory, page 3-3

3-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Transferring Ownership of Consigned Inventory
The Consigned Transactions window in Oracle Inventory can be used to transfer ownership from your supplier to your internal organization. You enter the transaction type, transaction source, item, subinventory, owning party, and quantity information.
Transfer to Regular Window (Consigned Transactions)

The consumption of Lot/Serial controlled items can be completed with some restrictions. The Lot/Serial button is unavailable when you enter consigned transactions. To consume serial controlled items, you can perform the consigned transaction in a serial triggered mode. Similarly, you can enter consigned transaction for each lot number separately. You cannot enter the transfer to regular transaction for a range of lots/serial in a single transaction. When you complete a transfer to a regular transaction, the ownership of the material changes from supplier to your internal organization. Two Transfer to Regular transactions are created for each ownership transfer: the first transaction represents the issue of stock from supplier ownership (owning party is supplier) and the next transaction represents the receipt of stock into your internal organization (owning party is the inventory organization).
Note: Whenever both the VMI and the consigned relationship are

applicable and a transfer of ownership occurs, then planning transfer also takes place simultaneously, and the planning organization is

Consuming Material 3-3

changed to your internal organization.

Related Topics
Transferring Consigned and VMI Material, Oracle Inventory User's Guide

Aging Based Ownership Transfer
In some consigned relationships, contractual agreements require that you purchase consigned stocks that have not been consumed within a stipulated time period. Use the Consigned Inventory Aging query to display consigned stock that is due for consumption based on aging requirements. Transfer ownership of consigned stock due for consumption with the Consigned Transactions window. Aging parameters for consigned material is defined on the Approved Supplier List.

Consumption Transactions
You can use document sourcing to source the blanket agreement to determine the relevant prices of goods during consumption. If you set the PO: Automatic Document Sourcing profile option to No, then you must indicate the Blanket Purchase Agreement on the Approved Supplier List Source Documents tab. If you set the Automatic Document Sourcing option to Yes, the system uses the most current valid Blanket Agreement as the basis for pricing goods consumed. The currency and unit of measure values of the blanket agreement may differ from the functional currency and the primary unit of measure values in the consuming organizations. In these cases, conversions are done at the time of consumption. For blanket agreements, the exchange rate type, exchange rate date, and exchange rate, default from the blanket agreement header regardless of the date of consumption. For global agreements, the exchange rate type defaults from the Purchasing Options of the owning organization's operating unit. Exchange rate date is the date of consumption. Exchange rate information is obtained by accessing exchange rate information in the Oracle Financials application.
Note: Oracle recommends that you do not select the header level

amount agreed for your blanket purchase agreement. Selecting this option limits your ability to consume material above agreed levels.

Generating Consumption Advice
Consumption Advice is the document used for billing consigned material. It is a formal document used to communicate to the supplier, the quantity and value of the consigned material consumed in a warehouse—based on the supplier who produces the invoice.

3-4 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

The Create Consumption Advice program is used to generate consumption advices which can be submitted from the Transaction Reports window in Oracle Inventory. The consumption transactions, over a period of time, are grouped together for the creation of consumption advice.
Create Consumption Advice Program

You can run the program for a particular supplier, site, item or inventory organization. You can indicate the Batch size and Max. workers or leave them blank, the default values are 1000 and 1 respectively. The specific duration in days, over which the consumption transactions are combined for billing by the Create Consumption Advice program, is called the billing cycle. Using the billing cycle, you can choose between the option of combining a number of consumption transactions into a single consumption advice, or having a separate consumption advice for each transaction. For example, if the billing cycle is zero days the consumption advice will group the consumption transactions based on the Create Consumption Advice concurrent program schedule. You can set up the billing cycle value and the other consigned attributes in the ASL. The value in the Last Billing Date field specifies the date on which the last consumption advice was created against this ASL. Billing cycle and last billing date in conjunction control the frequency at which the consumption advice is created. A new consumption advice is created when System date > Last Billing Date + Billing Cycle Days.

Consuming Material 3-5

Price information is based on the source document. The system retrieves this information from either the Blanket PO referred to in the ASL, or automatically from the most current Blanket Purchase Agreement (the profile option PO: Automatic Document Sourcing must be set to Yes). If the source document is a blanket agreement, the consumption advice is a blanket release. If the source document is a global agreement, the consumption advice is a standard purchase order. Consumption transactions are grouped into separate consumption advice documents based on the following grouping criteria. If the source document is a normal blanket agreement, then a separate release is created for the unique combination of the following: • • • • • • • • • Blanket Purchase Agreement Operating Unit Accrual Account Charge Account Variance Account Rate Type Rate Owning Organization (Supplier, Supplier Site) Need by Date: The Need by Date is used as the grouping criteria only if the profile INV: Summarize consumption releases by Need By Date is set to YES, otherwise the Need By Date is not used for grouping. Currency Code



If the source document is global blanket agreement, then a separate standard purchase order is created for the unique combination of the following: • • • • • • Blanket Purchase Agreement Operating Unit Accrual Account Charge Account Variance Account Rate Type

3-6 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

• • • •

Rate Owning Organization (Supplier, Supplier Site) Need by Date Currency Code

A separate shipment is created for the unique combination of the following: • • • • • • • • Inventory Item Organization Price Tax Code Recoverable Tax Non-recoverable Tax Tax Recovery rate ASL

The consumption advice has three control options: • • • Close Finally Close Open for Invoicing

If the purchasing source documents are not available, for example, the agreement is no longer valid, closed or cancelled, the transactions are not processed by the program. When the source document is a global agreement the consumption advice is created in the primary unit of measure of the consuming organization.

Related Topics
Defining Consumption Transaction Rules, Oracle Inventory User's Guide

Querying the Consumption Advice
You can query the consumption advices using the purchase order summary. To query consumption advices that are bill-only blanket releases, run the query by selecting the View Releases and Consumption Advice check boxes. For global agreements, the

Consuming Material 3-7

consumption advices that created are standard purchase orders.
Find Purchase Orders Window

To query the consumption advices that are bill-only standard purchase orders, run the query by selecting the Consumption Advice check box. Use the VMI and Consigned drop down boxes in the line regions to query shipments that are Consigned, VMI, or both. These attributes are not applicable for querying consumption advices.

Overview of Billing
You communicate consumption transactions to your suppliers on a periodic basis, by producing consumption advice documents. These purchasing documents can be sent to your supplier manually—or your supplier can view them online using Oracle iSupplier Portal. The consumption advice signals that consigned materials are ready for invoicing. You can choose either manual billing or Pay On Use, when procuring and using consigned material. Manual billing provides you with an invoice—electronic or paper— or you can enter data in Oracle iSupplier Portal. Pay On Use is a self billing technique that automates accounts payable invoice creation. Pay On Use enables you to automatically register invoices on behalf of your supplier. This decreases the cycle time between material consumption and payment to your supplier. Suppliers accept payment for goods after consumption, and then monitor the consignment status of

3-8 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

material in your warehouse.

Miscellaneous Transactions for Consigned Transactions
Miscellaneous receipts and issues can be entered for consigned stocks by specifying the owning party while entering the transaction. The owning party value is not available by default, so you should add it from the folder.
Miscellaneous Receipt Window

Related Topics
Setting up Self Billing, page 5-10

Consigned Inventory Diagnostics
When you receive consigned material from your supplier, you should ensure that the source document and all the other setups are defined before you can consume the consigned stock and generate consumption advice successfully. For example, you cannot consume the consigned stock if no valid blanket agreement is available or, for global agreements, no currency conversion rate type is defined on the financial options. Use the Consigned Inventory Diagnostics concurrent program to identify errors that prevent the consumption of consigned material or billing of consumption. This

Consuming Material 3-9

concurrent program identifies errors and provides you with information to resolve the problem: • The Consumption Diagnostics program reports the errors related to the consumption of consigned material. The Consumption Advice Diagnostics reports the errors related to the billing of consumption.



Optionally, you can send a notification to the buyer when exceptions are encountered.
Consigned Inventory Diagnostics Window

Modied Material Transactions Window
The Find Material Transactions window includes additional search criteria: • • Consumption Advice Status (Pending, Error, Created) Supplier

The Results window displays the Consumption Advice Status and Consumption Advice Error Explanation fields.
Note: The Consumption Advice field is enabled only when the

Transaction Type is Transfer to Regular or the Transaction Action is Ownership Transfer.

3-10 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Find Material Transactions Window

The results that display on the Consumption Advice tab provide information about consumption advice for each line.

Consuming Material 3-11

Material Transactions Window

Modied Pending Transactions Window
The Find Pending Transactions window includes additional search criteria such as the Error Code field (Ownership Transfer Error). This code limits the search to transactions in Pending status due to a failure during consumption of consigned material.

3-12 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Find Pending Transactions Window

Querying Inventory Aging Details
Use the Consigned Inventory Aging Inquiry to identify the consigned stocks that are due for consumption (the consigned stocks are defined by the aging periods set up on the ASL for the combination of Item, Supplier, and Supplier site). Using the simple search, you can view consigned stocks that are already due for consumption or will be due for consumption in the next week, 15 days, or in a month. Using the advanced search, you have the following additional options: • If the Examine option is selected as Material Subject to Aging Only then only those consigned stocks for which the Aging Period is indicated on the ASL are evaluated. If the Examine option is selected as All Consigned Material then all the consigned stocks are evaluated. For those consigned stocks for which the Aging period is not indicated on the ASL, the Consume Before and Days Before Consumption is Due columns appear blank. The Consume Before search parameter enables you to search for consigned stocks that would be due for consumption on a particular date.





Consuming Material 3-13

Consigned Inventory Aging Query

Consigned stocks that are past the consumed before date should be transferred to regular stock. Use the Advance Search option for additional search criteria.
Note: Please note that this inquiry does not report serial controlled

items.

Suppliers can monitor their consigned shipments using the iSupplier Portal.

Oracle iSupplier Portal
Your suppliers can use Oracle iSupplier Portal to access and review information about consigned stock and consumption advice data. The procurement process using iSupplier Portal is handled the same way for consigned material as regular inventory. Oracle iSupplier Portal provides the ability to initiate the invoicing process and to create Advanced Shipment Notices (ASN). Your suppliers can also review on-hand quantities, returns, receipts, overdue receipts, shipment schedules, and consumption advice information. When using iSupplier Portal to access consigned inventory data, the following access information applies: • Oracle Inventory All information available to your supplier on iSupplier Portal is linked to Oracle Inventory windows and inquiries.

Inquiries
Oracle iSupplier Portal provides the following inquiry windows for consigned inventory:

3-14 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

• • • • • • •

Search - Consigned Items Consigned On-Hand Consigned Shipments Consumption Advice Consigned Receipts Consigned Returns Material Transactions

Search - Consigned Items Windows
You use the Search - Consigned Items window to find a specific consigned item. You can search by Item, the item's description, the supplier item, the supplier, or the supplier's site.
Search - Consigned Items Window

Consigned On-Hand Quantity Inquiry Window
The On-Hand Items window provides a description of the consigned item, and its related quantity. You can also use this window to view the subinventory in which the consigned item is stored and also the aging details of the consigned on hand stock.

Consuming Material 3-15

On-Hand Items Window

Consigned Shipments Inquiry Window
Using the Consigned Shipments window, you can view information about the shipment status of consigned purchase orders. In this window, you can view the purchase order number, the quantity ordered versus the quantity received, and the ship-to location. You can also verify the status of a particular shipment.
Consigned Shipments Inquiry Window

Consumption Advice Inquiry Window
In the Consumption Advices window, you can review the consumption advices for a particular consigned purchase order. In this window, you can view the purchase order number, the order date, the buyer, and the amount of the order. You can also verify the status of a given purchase order.

3-16 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Consumption Advice Inquiry Window

Material Transactions Inquiry Window
In the Material Transactions inquiry window, you can view detailed information about the transaction status of any consigned item. This window includes the organization and location name for the consigned item. You can also view various information about the consigned transaction, such as the inbound and outbound quantities, the documentation type, and the document source.
Material Transactions Inquiry Window

Note: All supply intelligence reports exclude consigned inventory.

Consigned Inventory Aging Inquiry
This inquiry enables your supplier to monitor consigned shipments that the buying organization is required to consume within a stipulated time period. Using this inquiry, your supplier can find the shipments that are due for consumption and can subsequently follow up with the buyer to take ownership of the due quantities and make payments. You can also export this data.

Consuming Material 3-17

Consigned Inventory Aging Inquiry Window

Note: This inquiry cannot be used for Serial Controlled items.

3-18 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

4
Costing and Accounting
This chapter covers the following topics: • • • • Overview of Costing and Accounting in Consigned Inventory Accounting and Costing Transactions for Consigned Inventory Return to Vendor Transactions (RTV) Retroactive Price Update

Overview of Costing and Accounting in Consigned Inventory
Consigned Inventory from Supplier is fully integrated with Oracle Cost Management. Oracle Cost Management is a full absorption, perpetual and periodic cost system that automatically costs and values all inventory, work in process, and purchasing transactions. It supports all perpetual costing methods including standard costing, average costing, fifo costing, and lifo costing. Accounting and costing occurs at the time of consumption. At receipt: • Consigned goods are not accrued with financial implications. The owning organization is the supplier site. The cost manager identifies material transactions for consigned stock, but does not cost these transactions.



At consumption: • Material is transferred from consigned stock to regular stock by transferring the ownership from supplier to the inventory organization. When the goods are consumed, they are valued and accounted at the price that is in effect at consumption time. Sourcing rules determine the appropriate purchasing agreement.



Costing and Accounting 4-1

Consumption transactions are grouped at the end of the billing cycle by running the concurrent process.

Related Topics
Overview of Standard Costing, Oracle Cost Management User's Guide Overview of Average Costing, Oracle Cost Management User's Guide Overview of FIFO/LIFO Costing, Oracle Cost Management User's Guide

Accounting and Costing Transactions for Consigned Inventory
Although, consigned inventory accounting prevents the use of expense items—the Inventory Asset Value is disabled—you can expense a consigned item into an expense inventory account.

Standard Cost Accounting Entries for Consigned Inventory
The following table provides a summary of the accounting transactions for consigned inventory in a standard cost organization.
Transaction PO Receipt Regular Stock Accounts Debit: Receiving Inspection at PO price Credit: AP Accrual at PO price Delivery to Asset Subinventory Debit: Inventory at standard cost Credit: Receiving Inspection at PO price Credit: PPV at variance Delivery to Expense Subinventory Debit: Expense at PO Price Credit: Receiving Inspections at PO price None None Consigned Stock Accounts None

4-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Transaction Consumption in Asset Subinventory (Transfer to regular stock)

Regular Stock Accounts None

Consigned Stock Accounts Debit: Inventory at standard cost Credit: AP Accrual at PO price Credit: PPV at variance

Consumption in Expense Subinventory

None

Debit: Expense at PO price Credit: AP Accrual at PO price

Generation of Consumption Advice Generate invoice and match against consumption advice

Not applicable

None

Not applicable

Debit: AP Accrual at PO price Credit: Liability at invoice price Debit: Invoice Price Variance

Return to Vendor (RTV)

Debit: AP Accrual at PO price Credit: Inventory at standard cost Debit/Credit:PPV at variance

None

Transfer to consigned in Asset Subinventory

--

Debit: AP Accrual at PO price Credit: Inventory at standard cost Debit/Credit: PPV at cost variance

Transfer to consigned in Expense Subinventory

--

Debit: AP Accrual at PO price Credit: Expense at PO Price

Miscellaneous receipt into regular stock

Debit: Inventory at standard cost Credit: Miscellaneous account at Standard cost

Not applicable

Costing and Accounting 4-3

Transaction Miscellaneous receipt into consigned stock Miscellaneous issue from regular stock

Regular Stock Accounts Not applicable

Consigned Stock Accounts None

Debit: Miscellaneous account at Standard cost Credit: Inventory at standard cost

Not applicable

Miscellaneous issue from consigned stock (this triggers transfer to regular transaction and then miscellaneous issue from regular transaction).

Not applicable

Debit: Inventory at standard cost Credit: AP Accrual at PO price Debit/Credit: PPV at variance Credit: Inventory at standard cost Debit: Miscellaneous account at standard cost

Retroactive Price Update

Dr./Cr. Price Adjustment Cr./Dr. AP Accrual

Dr./Cr. Price Adjustment Cr./Dr. AP Accrual

Note: With Delivery into Expense subinventories, the expense account

is debited at the PO Cost and no PO Variance is recorded.

Average Cost Accounting Entries for Consigned Inventory
The following table provides a summary of the accounting transactions for consigned inventory in an average cost organization.
Transaction PO Receipt Regular Stock Accounts Debit: Receiving Inspection at PO Cost Credit: Inv. A/P Accrual at PO Cost Consigned Stock Accounts None

4-4 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Transaction Delivery to Asset Subinventory

Regular Stock Accounts Debit: Inventory at PO cost Credit: Receiving Inspection at PO cost Debit: Expense at PO cost Credit: Receiving Inspections at PO cost None

Consigned Stock Accounts None

Delivery to Expense Subinventory

None

Consumption in Asset Subinventory (Transfer to regular stock) Consumption in Expense Subinventory

Debit: Inventory at PO cost Credit: AP Accrual at PO cost

None

Debit: Expense at PO cost Credit: Inventory AP Accrual at PO cost

Generation of Consumption Advice Generate invoice and match against consumption advice

Not applicable

None

None

Debit: AP Accrual at PO cost Credit: Liability at invoice price Debit: Invoice Price at Variance

Return to Vendor (RTV)

Debit: AP Accrual at PO cost Credit: Inventory at PO cost

None

Transfer to consigned in Asset Subinventory

--

Debit: AP Accrual at PO cost Credit: Inventory at PO cost

Transfer to consigned in Expense Subinventory

--

Debit: AP Accrual at PO cost Credit: Expense at PO cost

Costing and Accounting 4-5

Transaction Miscellaneous receipt into regular stock

Regular Stock Accounts Debit: Inventory at miscellaneous cost Credit: Miscellaneous Receipt Account at miscellaneous cost

Consigned Stock Accounts Not applicable

Miscellaneous receipt into consigned stock Miscellaneous issue from regular stock

Not applicable

None

Debit: Miscellaneous issue account at Miscellaneous cost Credit: Inventory at Miscellaneous cost

Not applicable

Miscellaneous issue from consigned stock (Transfer from consigned to regular stock, the issue from regular stock)

Not applicable

Debit: Inventory at PO cost Credit: AP Accrual at PO cost Debit: Miscellaneous issue account at miscellaneous cost Credit: Inventory at miscellaneous cost

Retroactive Price Update

Dr./Cr. Price Adjustment Cr./Dr. AP Accrual

Dr./Cr. Price Adjustment Cr./Dr. AP Accrual

Return to Vendor Transactions (RTV)
Accounting and invoicing transactions for RTVs differ depending which material transactions have occurred. They can fall into one of several scenarios: • An RTV or adjustment prior to the consumption of material is performed in Oracle Purchasing. You first find the specific consigned shipment, and perform the adjustment. Since the original receipt was flagged as consigned, accounting or costing transactions were not created. Debit memos are not generated because invoicing transactions have not been performed. If the material has been consumed using the Transfer to regular transaction in the Consigned transactions window, and the consumption advice has not been created, the return requires an additional step—transferring the material back to consigned status prior to executing the RTV transaction.



4-6 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

You perform a Transfer to consigned transaction, this restores the material to consigned status. The reversal accounting entries are generated for the corrected quantity. The consumption advice will reflect the net quantity, and consequently no credit memos are needed. If the consumption advice has not been generated and you cannot locate the original consumption transaction, first perform a Miscellaneous issue from regular stock. Next, create a Miscellaneous receipt into consigned stock.
Note: Miscellaneous issue transactions are based on standard or

current average cost information. A manual credit memo must be created, and a manual adjustments to the Purchase Price Variance (PPV) account must be made.



If the consumption advice has been created, or consumption transaction have been generated implicitly, you cannot perform a Transfer to consigned transactions. To perform an RTV transaction: • Create a miscellaneous issue out of the regular stock area, and a miscellaneous receipt into the consigned stock area. Create a manual credit memo and match it to the appropriate consumption advice.



There is a current limitation in consigned inventory that prevents the use of expense items (Inventory Asset Value turned off). Nevertheless, a consigned item can be delivered into an expense Inventory. If you receive into an expense Inventory, the expense account assigned to the Inventory is used instead of the material valuation account. Subinventories containing consigned material must have the Quantity Tracked parameter enabled. This option allows the maintenance of on-hand quantities and is required in order to record consumptions properly.

Retroactive Price Update
Retroactive price changes updates AP Accrual, therefore there are substantial differences between regular materials and consigned materials. For regular materials there are two steps, PO Receipt and Delivery to an Asset Subinventory. Retroactive price update adjusts PO receipts only. Therefore Retroactive Price Adjustment journals are created in the operating unit where PO receipt has occurred. Retroactive price adjustment journals are imported from PO to the GL. Consumption of consigned material (a transfer to regular transaction) in an Asset Subinventory occurs in an inventory organization. When Retroactive price update is executed, a price update material transaction is created in an inventory organization

Costing and Accounting 4-7

and the distribution is created when the cost manager runs. Price adjustments journals for consigned materials need to be transferred from inventory to the GL.

Period End Case Study
If your accounting period is the same as Consignment Billing Cycle, you will need to bill against all consignment consumptions in the given period. The process is as follows:
1.

Verify that all WIP material/resource transactions or INV material transactions have stopped for the period Execute the WIP/Lot Move Transaction Manager, verify that it completes successfully. Optionally run the Material Transaction Manager (depending on TP mode), verify that it completes successfully. Run the Cost Manager, verify that it completes successfully. Optionally run the INV Physical or INV Cycle Count, approve and post adjustments. Run the Create Consumption Advice, verify that it completes successfully. Run Retroactive Price Update. Restart creating WIP material/resource transactions, and INV material transactions.

2.

3.

4. 5.

6. 7. 8.

Standard Cost Adjustment Case Study
If you run Standard Cost Adjustment including consigned items:
1.

Verify that all WIP material/resource transactions or INV material transactions have stopped for the period. Run the WIP/Lot Move Transaction Manager, verify that it completes successfully. Optionally run the Material Transaction Manager (depending on TP mode), verify that it completes successfully. Run the Cost Manager, verify that it completes successfully. Run Create Consumption Advice, verify that it completes successfully. Run Retroactive Price Update. Run Standard Cost Adjustment. Restart creating WIP material/resource transactions, and INV material transactions.

2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

4-8 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

In this case, consider a consignment consumption of item X, where purchase price = 10 USD, and unit cost = 10 USD Dr. INV Material 1,000 USD (100EA @ 10 USD) Cr. AP Accrual 1,000USD (100EA @ 10 USD) If the price is retroactively changed from 10 USD to 15 USD; Adjusted amount = New Line Amount (100EA x 15USD) – Old Line Amount (100EA x 10USD) Dr. Price Adjustment 500 USD Cr. AP Accrual 500 USD Unit cost is adjusted from 10 USD to 15 USD Dr. INV Material 500 USD (100EA @ 5 USD) Cr. Standard Cost Adjustment 500 USD (100EA @ 5 USD) Price Adjustment account and Standard Cost Adjustment can be netted if an item's • • Purchase price and unit cost are the same Price change and cost change are the same

Costing and Accounting 4-9

5
Setting Up

Overview of Setting Up
This section contains an overview of the steps to complete to set up Consigned Inventory from Supplier. Setup involves several phases, including setting up other applications including Oracle Costing, Oracle Inventory, Oracle iSupplier, Oracle Payables, and Oracle Purchasing. You may not need to perform some of the steps below if you've already performed a common-application setup.

Related Product Setup Steps
Oracle Cost Management
Set up Oracle Cost Management and ensure that all the following steps have been completed • • • Define cost types and cost elements Define resources, material sub-elements, overheads, and overhead defaults Define costs for your item numbers

Oracle Inventory
Set up Oracle Inventory and ensure that all the following steps have been completed: • • • • Create your organizations Define your organization parameters Define items and item costs Define your units of measure

Setting Up 5-1

• •

Define your subinventories Define your stock locators

Oracle Internet Supplier Portal
Set up Oracle iSupplier Portal and ensure that all the following steps have been completed: • • • Set Up Profile Options Enable Function Security Security

Oracle Payables
Set up Oracle Payables and ensure that all the following steps have been completed: • • Define payment terms Define suppliers

Oracle Purchasing
Set up Oracle Purchasing and ensure that all the following steps have been completed: • • • • Define purchasing options Define buyers Define approved suppliers Define receiving options

Oracle Workflow
Oracle Purchasing uses Oracle Workflow technology to perform document to handle requisition and purchase order approvals, automatic creation of purchase orders and releases, order changes, and account generation. Consigned Inventory from Supplier uses specific settings in these workflow automated processes. See: Setting Up Oracle Workflow, Oracle Workflow Guide, and Choosing Workflow Options, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide.

Setup Flowchart and Checklist
Some of the steps outlined in this flowchart and setup checklist are:

5-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

• • •

Required Required Step With Defaults Optional

Required Step With Defaults refers to setup functionality that comes with pre-seeded, default values in the database. You need to perform optional steps only if you plan to use the related feature or complete certain business functions.

Setup Checklist
The following table lists setup steps. After you log on to Oracle Applications, complete these required steps to implement Oracle Consigned Inventory from Supplier.
Step No. Step 1 Step Set Up Organizations

Setting Up 5-3

Step No. Step 2 Step 3

Step Set Up Oracle Inventory Items Set Up Oracle Approved Supplier List and Supplier Sites Set Up Profile Options Numbering Options Set Up Oracle Purchasing Blanket Purchase Agreement Define Consumption Rules (optional) Set Up Pay Options in Oracle Payables Set Up Oracle Workflows

Step 4 Step 5 Step 6

Step 7 Step 8 Step 9

Setup Steps
Step 1: Set Up Organizations (Required)
You may not need to complete this step if you have already set up or performed a common-applications set up, or installed Oracle Inventory. You first must complete the following tasks: • • • • • Define legal entities organizations. Assign business groups and operating units to responsibilities. Define organizations. Define organization lookups. Define business groups.

See: Creating an Organization, Using Oracle HRMS - The Fundamentals. Next, define one or more inventory organizations before using Oracle Inventory. Organizations describe distinct entities in your company and may include separate manufacturing facilities, warehouses, distribution centers, and branch offices. Because Oracle Inventory enables you to implement multiple sets of books with multiple

5-4 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

organizations, specify the set of books for each organization. Complete the following tasks: • • • • Classify the organizations as inventory organizations. Define accounting information for inventory organizations. Define inventory organization parameters. Define receiving options for the inventory organizations.

See: Defining Default Inventory Parameters, Oracle Inventory User's Guide.
Note: Consigned Inventory from Supplier is not used with Process

Manufacturing organizations.

Step 2: Set Up Inventory Items
You might not need to perform this step if you have already installed and set up Oracle Inventory or performed a common-applications set up. This step involves the following tasks: • • • • • Define organizations. Define items. Define units of measure. Define subinventories. Define WIP supply types.

Consigned inventory items are defined in the Master Items window with attributes Transactable, Stockable, and Inventory Asset Value set to Yes. For more information, see: Defining Items, Oracle Inventory User's Guide.
Note: Consigned Inventory from Supplier does not use Outside

Processing, EAM items, Configure to Order, and Assemble to Order items.

Step 3: Set Up Approved Suppliers and Supplier Sites (Required)
Set up Approved Supplier Lists specifying the supplier site and item combinations for the Consigned goods. See: Creating Approved Suppliers, page 5-7

Setting Up 5-5

Step 4: Set Up Profile Options (Required)
You need to define values for the profile options used in Oracle Consigned Inventory from Supplier to specify how the application controls access and processes data.

Step 5: Set Up Numbering Options in Oracle Purchasing (Optional)
Numbering options for requisitions, purchase orders, quotations, and RFQs are set in the Purchasing Options window. See: Defining Numbering Options, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide

Step 6: Set Up Blanket Purchase Agreements (Required)
Blanket purchase agreements provide the details of the goods or services you plan to buy from a specific supplier in a period, but you do not yet know the detail of your delivery schedules. Blanket purchase agreements specify negotiated prices for your items before actually purchasing them. A blanket release is used against a blanket purchase agreement to place the actual order. Payment option defaults are defined on fields in Oracle Payables, on the Suppliers window. You can change these options on your purchase order. See: Creating Approved Suppliers, page 5-7

Step 7: Define Consumption Rules (Optional)
The consumption setup window is used to specify additional Transaction Types for implicit consumption of the consigned stock. The consumption record is based on the transaction type used.

Step 8: Define Pay Options (Required)
Your pay options are defined on the Suppliers window in Oracle Payables. You can choose self-billing or automatic.

Step 9: Set Up Workflow Options (Required)
Consigned Inventory from Supplier uses the following settings for Oracle Purchasing workflows: • • Workflow: PO Create Documents Workflow. Attribute, Is Automatic Creation Allowed, is set to Yes. This enables automatic document creation for approved requisition lines. Profile option, PO: Allow Auto-generate Sourcing Rules—set to Create and Update. Profile option, PO: Automatic Document Sourcing—set to Yes.

• •

5-6 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide



Supplier-Item Attributes window: • • • Release Method: Release Using AutoCreate. Source Documents: Blanket purchase agreement required. Inventory tab: Enable box—Consigned Inventory from Supplier (for consigned items).

Creating Approved Suppliers
Your purchasing suppliers are created in the Suppliers window, and they are associated to the items you buy using the Approved Supplier List and Supplier–Item Attributes windows. The fields defined in the following way for consigned inventory from supplier.
Supplier-Item Attributes Window



Local and Global supplier lists Your approved supplier can be either local or global supplier. A local ASL is used only in the organization in which it was defined. A global ASL may be used in all organizations you specify.

Setting Up 5-7



Source Documents tab On the Source Documents tab, you can associate specific quotations or blanket purchase orders agreements with the supplier and item combinations. This enables Purchasing to default source documents automatically. All consigned enabled suppliers must have a referenced blanket purchase agreement. Only blanket purchase agreements may be used as source documents for consigned inventory. The blanket purchase agreement may be either local or global. You can assign a specific blanket purchase agreement here, or set the profile option PO: Automatic Document Sourcing to Yes. Setting this profile option to Yes, automatically defaults pricing information from the most recently created blanket agreement. If it is set to No, Approved Supplier List (ASL) is used to determine the blanket agreement.



Inventory tab On this tab, you can enable consigned inventory, indicate Billing Cycle Days and define the Aging parameters. The Billing Cycle (Days) value is used by the concurrent batch program, Create Consumption Advice, to generate consumption advice documents for billing records. The Last Billing Cycle Date field is set to the system date when you initially set up Consigned Inventory from Supplier. It is updated each time the program runs. The default is null. If the value is null, a consumption advice is created every time consigned material is consumed. The current system date is the default Billing Date, and this date is subsequently updated every time the Create Consumption Advice concurrent program is run. If you are required to consume consigned material within a stipulated time period, select the Consume on Aging check box. Indicate the maximum number of days material may be kept in consigned status using the Aging Period Days.

5-8 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Supplier-Item Attributes Window

Related Topics
Overview of Consuming Material, page 3-1 Defining Approved Supplier Statuses, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Defining the Supplier and Item/Commodity Combination, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide Defining the Supplier/Item Attributes, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide

Defining Consumption Transaction Rules
The Consumption Setup window is used to enlist additional transaction types for consigned inventory consumption. Implicit consumption occurs when these transactions—in combination with the specified organization, subinventory, location, and item—are processed.

To define consumption rules:
1.

Navigate to the Consumption Set Up window.

Setting Up 5-9

2. 3.

Select a value in the Transaction Type field, such as issue or transfer type. Optionally, select values in the Organization, Planning Party, and Owning Party fields. To restrict the consumption to specific items, subinventories, or locators, then select values in the applicable field. Optionally, you can enter a value in the Item field.
Consumption Set Up Window

4.

5. 6.

Select the Consume Consigned check box to generate a consumption record. Save your work.

Setting Up Self Billings
The process for enabling self-billing for material procured under consignment includes the following prerequisites and requirements:

Supplier Site Options
You enable paying your supplier by selecting a method on the Purchasing tab of the Supplier Sites window in Oracle Payables. When self-billing for the supplier site is enabled, you will create invoices automatically rather than wait for the supplier to bill you. All invoices for material purchased from this supplier and supplier site combination are automatically billed.

5-10 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Setting Up Self Billings

In the Self Billing region, select the following values: • Pay On Select a payment method. The supplier site must be a purchasing site. Receipt is used for material that is not consigned. Use is employed for consigned material, and Receipt and Use is for material that can be either consigned or non-consigned material. • Alternate Pay Site Optionally, you can select a different pay site than the supplier site. The supplier site is the default pay site. • Invoice Summary Level Enter the level you want to use for consolidating invoices for this supplier site when submitting the Pay on Receipt AutoInvoice Program. The invoice summary levels are dependent on the Pay On method selected: If Receipt and Use has been selected, the invoice summary level available is Pay Site. If Use has been selected, the invoice summary level options are Consumption Advice, and Pay Site. Pay Site summary level groups invoices together based on the following grouping criteria: • Currency

Setting Up 5-11



Payment terms

Consumption Advice summary level creates a separate invoice for every eligible consumption advice processed.

Pay On Use
Select Use in the Transaction source parameter when running the Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice concurrent program. An accounts payable invoice is created after consumption advice records are generated. When the concurrent program is submitted, it first identifies all eligible change of ownership transactions. Invoice records are created in accounts payable for the line matched with the corresponding purchase order or blanket release.

Pay On Receipt and Use
Select ERS and Use in the Transaction source parameter when running the Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice concurrent program. An accounts payable invoice is created after consumption advice records are generated. When the concurrent program is submitted, it first identifies all eligible change of ownership transactions. Invoice records are created in accounts payable for the line matched with the corresponding purchase order or blanket release. Invoices are created for receipt and consumption advice combinations.
Note: For additional information about pre-requisites, see: Purchasing

Region of the Suppliers and Supplier Sites Windows, Oracle Payables User's Guide.

Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice Concurrent Program
The Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice concurrent program automatically creates invoices from eligible consumption advice. The following rules govern this program: • In order to create invoices from consumption advice—self- billing must be enabled and the receipt type must be either Pay on Use, or Pay on Use and Receipt. Invoices are created for consumption advice in the same operating unit selected for the concurrent program. If the consumption advice is partially billed, an invoice is created only for the amount not billed. If an alternate pay site is specified in the Supplier Site, the invoice is created for the alternate pay site.







5-12 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide



Invoices are not created if the concurrent program fails. This is dependent on the Commit Interval parameter that is being used. For a consumption advice to be invoiced, the status must not be Finally Closed.



Payment Currency
If the purchase order currency and the supplier site currency are not fixed rate currencies, the purchase order currency is used. Otherwise, if the purchase currency and the supplier site are fixed rate currencies, the supplier site payment currency is used. If a supplier site payment currency is not specified, the supplier site invoice currency is used if it is fixed rate compared to the purchase order currency. If the supplier site invoice currency is not fixed rate, use the purchase order currency as the payment currency.

Payment Terms
Payment terms are derived from the following purchase order data: • • The payment terms specified on the order line are used first. If payments terms are not specified on the order line, the payments terms on the purchase order header are used. If payments terms are not specified on the purchase order header, the payment terms at the pay site are used.



Invoice Date
The invoice date defaults from the consumption advice if the invoice summary level is Consumption Advice. If the summary level is Supplier Site, the date of the invoice is the date of the latest consumption advice grouped onto the invoice.

Exchange Rate
The exchange rate defaults from the consumption advice if the invoice summary level is Consumption Advice. If the summary level is Supplier Site, the rate is derived from the latest consumption advice grouped onto the invoice. If the exchange rate is user specified, the exchange rate date and rate information are based on values specified on the blanket purchase agreement used to source the consumption advice.

Pay On Receipt Autoinvoice Parameters
The following parameters are used with consigned material: • Transaction Source: Select either ERS and USE, or USE when running the

Setting Up 5-13

concurrent program for the consumption advice. • Commit Interval: Required. The default is 1. The commit interval is a numeric representation of the number of invoices evaluated before they are committed. For example, if you have a commit interval of 10, after 10 consumption advice documents have been processed and invoices created, they are saved. If you then process another 5 and the concurrent program fails, only 5 will not be committed. The previous 10 will not be affected. Receipt Number: Optional. Enter a receipt number if you only want that receipt processed. If the value in this parameter is null, all receipts that have not been invoiced are processed. Aging Period: Optional. You may want to allow time for corrections or returns against the receipts before converting the receipts into invoices. The profile option PO: ERS Aging Period enables you to specify this delay period between the receipt date and the invoice creation date. See: Profile Options, Oracle Purchasing User's Guide.





5-14 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

A
Windows and Navigator Paths
This appendix shows the default navigator paths for windows used in Oracle Consigned Inventory and Vendor Managed Inventory. This appendix covers the following topics: • Windows and Navigator Paths

Windows and Navigator Paths
For windows described in other manuals:
Application INV iSP PO Description Oracle Inventory Oracle iSupplier Portal Oracle Purchasing

Although your system administrator may have customized your navigator, typical navigational paths include the following:
Window Name Approved Supplier List Navigation Path PO > Supply Base> Planning Approved Supplier List iSP > Home page > Consigned Items or INV > Reports > Consigned Inventory

Consigned Inventory

Windows and Navigator Paths A-1

Window Name Consigned Inventory Aging

Navigation Path INV>Reports>Consigned Inventory iSP> Home > Product > Consigned Inventory

Consigned Diagnostics Consigned Transactions Consumption Setup

INV>Reports>Consigned Inventory INV > Transactions > Consigned Transactions INV > Setup > Transactions > Consigned/VMI Consumption INV > On-hand Availability > Material Workbench > Query Material > Consigned/VMI tab > Find INV > Reports > Transactions > Create Consumption Advice (Name) PO > Purchase Orders > Purchase Orders PO > Purchase Orders > Shipments button PO > Supply Base > Approved Supplier List > Attributes button

Material Workbench

Create Consumption Advice

Purchase Orders Shipments Supplier-Item Attributes

A-2 Oracle Inventory Consigned Inventory from Supplier Process Guide

Index
A
Approved Supplier List window, 5-7 Approved suppliers creating, 5-7 AutoCreate, 2-7 Automatic document creation, 2-8 Vendor Managed Inventory, 1-2 VMI, 1-2 Ownership transfer, 3-3

P
Pay On Receipt and Use, 5-12 Pay on Receipt Autoinvoice Concurrent Program, 5-12 Pay On Use, 5-12 Purchase orders, entering, 2-8 Purchasing Intelligence, support of consigned inventory, 2-14

C
Consumption setting up rules, 5-9 transactions, 3-4 Consumption Setup window, 5-9 Consumption transaction rules, defining, 5-9 Costing transactions, 4-2 return to vendor, 4-6

R
Requisitioning consigned materials, 2-6

S I iSupplier Portal, 3-14 Self billing, 5-10 supplier site options, 5-10 Setup checklist, 5-3 flowchart, 5-2

N
Navigational paths, A-1

O
Overview of billing, 3-8 Consigned Inventory, 1-1 consuming material, 3-1 costing and accounting in Consigned Inventory, 4-1 purchasing consigned material, 2-1

T
Transferring ownership, 3-3

Index-1

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Samples

...Business Requirements Document Student’s Name Subject Title Instructor’s Name Submission Date 1. Introduction Data repository is a general term that is used simply to refer to the data storage points within an organization or system. This project seeks to put in place a more efficient and bugger repository to improve the performance of the existing information systems. This repository is aimed at making the organization grow relatively to greater heights in the next few years, probably by twenty percent annually. It is expected that the repository will put in place the current missing aspects of data properties that need to be included as important resources of the organization. The project seeks to take the minimum time possible, and to utilize the resources to the least standards to minimize on costs, and maximize on the net present value. 1. Project Evaluation This project will be evaluated using the financial aspects of the net present value. Using a discount rate of 20%, we expect that the discounted future values will be able to meet the user requirements. This evaluation will be done based on the forecasted future possible returns from the project activities, on a period of less than five years. The net present value method has been selected since it takes into account the time value of money. The needs resources required from the company to undertake the project will be deducted from the forecasted annual returns or yields expected from this project....

Words: 1279 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Zara, It for Fast Fashion

...financial position and leader in the marketplace, Zara will withstand the initial interruption of business to allow implementation of new technology due to their current solid financial position and leadership. KPIs are implemented to provide efficiencies within manufacturing, the DCs and sales to enhance the successful unique business model. ISSUE IDENTIFICATION The following are a list of issues/problems that must be addressed: • DOS system is no longer supported by Microsoft • In-house applications created by vendor • Writing applications versus buying applications • Transparency between stores • Order processing time • No formal IT process for setting budget or deciding on specific technology, investments or projects • Store managers scope of responsibility is high versus no discretion for store layout • No performance measures • No forecasting, buy and respond “on the fly” • Not high end fashion • High capital costs for DCs, manufacturing, and factories • Small batch production ENVIRONMENTAL AND ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS 1. DOS system is no longer supported by Microsoft since 2003. Zara chooses to write all their applications in house. This matches the philosophy for speed and decentralized decision making to ensure a stable, effective and easy roll out to each store and maintain. To support their in-house application writing process the IS department consists of 50 people and entails three groups –......

Words: 1742 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Tektronix

...Situation Analysis: Tektronix (est.1946) was a maker of electronic test equipment. It has grown to be $1.3 billion manufacturer of electronic tools and services. The business was split into three divisions, namely Color Printing and Imaging Division (CPID), Measurement Business Division (MBD) and Video and Networking Division (VND). Tektronix was the leader in oscilloscope, television set, monitoring equipment and color printer with divisions based in US and international presence in nearly 60 countries. Problem Identification: As the CFO of Tektronix, Neun had seen many problems and implemented strategies to overcome them. In the initial days, he resorted to making decisions of selling off businesses, changing business processes and increasing visibility in operations. However, due to lack of integration, Tektronix was facing some issues- * The management and the information system lacked integration and suffered from uncoordinated evolution. * Financial performance of the company was suffering * One of the major issues faced was the IT infrastructure using different application systems and technologies around the world. The systems were not standardized globally and there was no visibility in the inventory system. * Architectural problems were engraved in the patch work of the legacy systems. It also created the need for a sales order to be entered multiple times in systems as it made its way through the order cycle. This slowed processing and led to...

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Analysing Financial Information

...Introduction This 1200 words report will compare the performance of Bravo LTD for the past 2 years (2007 and 2008) by means of simple ratio analysis. This will be used to express the relationships between different performance in the company in both 2007 and 2008. The later sections of this report will give results of the various ratios, reasons for using ratio analysis, description of the ratios, findings, analysis and recommendation for Bravo LTD, limitations to the use of ratio analysis in this report and limitations to the use of ratio analyses in general. Refer to appendix for all calculations and data. Method In order to compare the performance of Bravo LTD in 2007 and 2008, ratio analyses will be used. The reasons for using Ratio Analyses Feldman & Libman (2007) defined ratios as a way to express a mathematical relationship between two data, this can be in form of percentages, rate or proportions, and it can be used to compare the performance of a business within a period of time. Financial ratio analysis uses ratios and relationship between various financial statements as a means of comparison in terms of operational, financial and investing performance of companies. Gowthorpe (2005) introduced the following 5 categories of ratios. These are • Performance ratios – This is used to measure success or failure of business performance • Liquidity ratios – Extent at which business can cope with its liabilities • Efficiency ratios – How efficient the assets...

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ikea

...530 073 016 030 072 779 030 Md. Tareq Rahman Shubro Barua Sanjana Mehnaz M Mazharul Arefeen Bhuiyan Sumayia Hassan Background of IKEA IKEA is a privately held, international home products company that designs and sells ready-to-assemble furniture such as beds and desks, appliances and home accessories. The company is the world's largest furniture retailer. Founded in 1943 by 17-year-old Ingvar Kamprad in Sweden, the company is named as an acronym comprising the initials of the founder's name (Ingvar Kamprad), the farm where he grew up (Elmtaryd), and his home parish. IKEA has 300 home furnishing superstores in 35 Countries and was visited by some 583 million shoppers. IKEA’s low priced elegantly designed merchandise displayed in large warehouse stores, generated sales of $21.2 billion in 2008, up from 4.4 billion in 1994. The fledgling company sold fish, charismas magazine, and seeds from his family farm. His first business had been selling matches, the enterprise Kamprad purchased them wholesale in 100 box lots and then resold individually at a higher mark up. Before long, Kamprad had added ballpoint pens to his list and was selling his products via mail order. In 1948, Kamprad added furniture to his product...

Words: 9302 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Information Technology

...nformation Technology for Management Transforming Organizations in the Digital Economy International Student Version EFRAIM TURBAN, University of Hawaii at Manoa LINDA V O L O N I N O , Canisius College with contributions by: CAROL POLLARD, Appalachian State University . JANICE C. SIPIOR, Villanova University DOROTHY LEIDNER, Baylor University LINDA LAI, Macau Polytechnic University of China CHRISTY CHEUNG, Hong Kong Baptist University DEBORRAH CRISTOBAL, University of Santo Tomas, Philippines WILEY & Sons, Inc. CONTENTS 4 Networks and Collaboration as Business Solutions 112 I IT Supports Organizational Performance in Turbulent Business Environments 1 Toyota Scion's Innovative Advertising Strategies 2 1.1 Doing Business in the Digital Economy 4 1.2 Information Systems and Information Technology 11 1.3 Business Performance Management, Business Pressures, Organizational Responses, and IT Support 13 1.4 Strategy for Competitive Advantage and IT Support 18 1.5 Social Computing and Networking and Virtual Worlds 25 1.6 Why Should You Learn About Information Technology? 29 1.7 Plan of the Book 30 1.8 Managerial Issues 31 Minicase: NHS Hospitals Adopt Wireless 35 G Information Technologies: Concepts, Types, and IT Support 38 Mary Kay's IT Systems 39 2.1 Information Systems: Concepts and Definitions 41 2.2 Classification and Types of Information Systems 42 2.3 How IT Supports People 52 2.4 How IT Supports Supply Chains and...

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Data Warehousing in Universities

...Implementation of a Data Warehouse Prototype for the University of Nairobi within the Context of Relational Online Analytical Processing (Data Analysis) PRESENTED BY: 1.  JORAM KIPLIMO D61/68960/2013 0724431978 . PRESENTED TO: Dr. Muranga Njihia Word count: 2752 ABSTRACT Data ware housing is a booming industry with many interesting research problem. The data warehouse is concentrated on only few aspects. The discussion here is about the data warehouse design and usage in the case of the University of Nairobi Environment. Data warehouse can be built using a top-down approach, bottom – down approach or a combination of both. In this research paper we are discussing about the data warehouse design process. Data Warehouse (DWH) systems are used by decision makers for performance measurement and decision support. Currently the main focus of the DWH research field is not as much on the interaction of the DWH with the organization, its context and the way it supports the organization’s strategic goals, as on database issues. The aim of the study is to emphasize and describe the relationship between the DWH and the organization with conceptual models, and to use this knowledge to support data interpretation with business metadata. KEYWORDS Data Warehouse (DWH) Data Mart Extraction, Transformation and Loading (ETL); Software that is used to extract data from a data source like a operational system or data warehouse, modify the......

Words: 2816 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Modeling Data Warehouse

...Question: 1. When developing a successful data warehouse, what are the most important risks and issues to consider and potentially avoid? Data warehouse projects have many risks. Most of them are also found in other IT projects, but data warehousing risks are more serious because data warehouses are expensive, time-and-resource demanding, large-scale projects. Each risk should be assessed at the inception of the project. When developing a successful data warehouse, it is important to carefully consider various risks and avoid the following issues: • Starting with the wrong sponsorship chain. You need an executive sponsor who has influence over the necessary resources to support and invest in the data warehouse. You also need an executive project driver, someone who has earned the respect of other executives, has a healthy skepticism about technology, and is decisive but flexible. You also need an IS/IT manager to head up the project. • Setting expectations that you cannot meet. You do not want to frustrate executives at the moment of truth. Every data warehousing project has two phases: Phase 1 is the selling phase, in which you internally market the project by selling the benefits to those who have access to needed resources. Phase 2 is the struggle to meet the expectations described in Phase 1. For a mere $1 to $7 million, hopefully, you can deliver. • Engaging in politically naive behavior. Do not simply state that a data warehouse will help managers make better......

Words: 2805 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Montero Grains and Livestock

...THE COMPANY MGL was incorporated as a family corporation in 1980 with a paid-up capital of P400,000 in csh. It was organized by Mr. Carlos Montero and his wife's family. The Company was located in Pangasinan. To increase its capital structure, members of management accepted additional investments in the form of fixed assets in exchange for shares of common stock and established a policy of giving priority in employment with the company to anybody who would invest a minimum of P20,000 in common stock. Mr. Montero explained, "Our parents never borrowed nor mortgage any of their properties to lending institutions. They acquired them through hard work and frugality and the attachment for these family assets is very significant in their lives. I have made a list of probable projects to make our company more viable, considering the type of business we are in , the place and the selection and design of our projects in the vicinity." LIST OF PROPOSED PROJECTS 1. Grain drier, furnace and accessories 2. Electrification of rice mill building and warehouse (installation of electric motors, wiring, panel boards, control switches, etc.) 3. Palay storage boxes (10 units) 4. Repairs of warehouse and Rice Mill Building 5. Construction Concrete of Concrete Solar Driers The practice of keeping in the payroll a few extra hands to help " poor relatives" also led to financial difficulties. The majority of the company's present employees were daily-paid laborers. Daily......

Words: 1970 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Cango

...Website/User Friendly ASRS 3 Issues facing CanGo from week 3 Jack’s justification for the new system (ASRS) - Caromill Almanzar Jack feels that the company should go under a new system to increase efficiency for their warehouse and inventor. Liz is concerned that the investment for the (ASRS) may not yield the necessary return to justify the investment. Jack’s argument is, the (ASRS) will help tremendously with the pickup station operators, to an extent that the station will be gone. Currently operators pick about 45 books per hour, the new system has the capacity to pick 360 books per hour. Liz isn’t convinced with Jack, She’s has doubt with the expense. She is also concerned about the integration of the system, the website, and their discount system. The only benefit that she sees with the new system is the reduction of labor. Recommendation: The ASRS is generally applied in applications where high volumes of inventory are moved into and out of manufacturing or distribution operation. The ASRS system typically is considered an alternative to fork lifting, and manual material handling. The system also saves space and building cost. The issue with this system will be with the process stability, capital effectiveness, and the elimination of any non-value adding cost. Reviewing the warehouse layout and production capacity for CanGo, The Company will increase expenses such as: warehouse restructuring, retooling and increase maintenance. We feel that CanGo......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Business Objects

.......................................................................................................... 5 BI 3.0 ......................................................................................................................................................... 5 Opportunities ............................................................................................................................................ 6 Challenges ................................................................................................................................................. 7 Critical Success Factors (CSF) .................................................................................................................... 7 Return on Investment...

Words: 6695 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

General Foods - Super Product

...Overview In 1966-1967 General Foods Corporation was considering introducing a new product called the Super product. This product was “a new instant dessert based on flavored, water soluble, agglomerated powder” to both the United States and foreign markets. The capital investment was projected to be $200,000, and it would leverage the existing facilities used by the Jell-O manufacturing unit that had an available under-utilized capacity of its Jell-O agglomerate. A Nielsen market survey was done that showed a powered desert which would contribute to a significant growth market. The results projected that the product would capture 10% of the market share; 8% percent would be from new growth while 2% would come from the cannibalization of the current Jell-O-sales. The evaluation process to determine the investment opportunity for the Super Project was based on the incremental cash flow analysis. Crosby Samberg, a manager and financial analyst for General Food Corporation felt that this model was flawed and that a new more “accurate” model had to be used to examine the returns on the Super Project. The first assessment model was using the General Food acceptable practice of incremental analysis. The incremental anlaysis determined that Super Project have an attractive return of 63%. The second mythology was to add the facilities' costs, which examine the opportunity costs of leveraging the available pre-existing Jell-O equipment. This model determined that the Super Project......

Words: 2778 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Guillermo's Furniture Store

...formats that threatens the growth of the business. The new competition entering the market forced Guillermo to evaluate his current operation and choose on of three alternatives that best suit him, that would allow him to remain competitive. Guillermo will need to decide if he wants to remain an independent manufacturer of his own furniture and continue his business operation as normal. His other options consist of investing in becoming a hi-tech manufacturer or becoming a broker and distributing furniture for other companies. A detailed analysis on all three of the options will be conducted. This analysis will allow the team to make a decision on which option will be the best for Guillermo’s business. The group will also present a justification for the final decision. Current Course Guillermo Navallez has made furniture for years in his home town of Sonora, Mexico. Sonora has a good supply of raw material and labor is relatively inexpensive. Beginning in the late 1990’s business started to weaken, globalization, mergers, and acquisitions in the worldwide furniture market, businesses, and operations need to change for Guillermo Furniture Company. The market brings together buyers and sellers in many forms (McConnell, Brue, & Flynn, 2009, p. 46). Some markets are local whereas others are national or international. For Guillermo, a new competitor has entered the furniture market. Their revolutionary high-tech approach is producing furniture to exact......

Words: 1963 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Scm Globe Simulation Paper

...ASCM 629 SUPPLY CHAIN LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT MID-TERM EXAMINATION Each essay answer for questions 1 through 10 is worth ten points. Please use a between 150 and 300 words per answer. Your answer may include content from text or readings, conference discussions, or relevant workplace examples. These must not be merely cut-and-pasted from other sources. Please do not contact a UMUC Reference Specialist in developing any answer, as discussed in the syllabus. The answer for question 11 covering the SCM Globe Simulation should be at least 500 words and will take as long as required to discuss and document your learnings during Weeks 1 through 6. This answer is worth 100 points and represents ten percent of your course grade. Please save the examination with answers as a Microsoft Word document under a new filename the includes your last name, section (either 9040 or 9041) and “midterm.” An example is \scheer9040midterm.doc . Please include your name and section number at the heading inside the document. Answers should appear in order, from one through ten. Please make sure you have an answer for each question before submitting it for grading. Completed exams are to be submitted in the mid-term examination assignments folder. These are due before Saturday, March 24, at 11:59 PM ET. Note that your assignments folder is locked after this time and the exam cannot be submitted. The test represents 30 percent of your total class grade, so please spend quality time in preparing answers. I......

Words: 2892 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

Inventory Management Systems

...basically had to write down all of the products they sold every day (Inventory Systems Blog, R. Lockard, 2012).” Automated inventory management systems would be advantageous to both the business owner and their customers. For the business the products can be monitored for their types, quantity, price, availability, cost, and trends. For the customer, reliability of the business to provide the latest trends, stock on hand, and price. In order to help my sister in creating an automated inventory system, converting from her manual inventory to an automated system on a small budget, would be to create a plan to identify what is needed. “Cost justification is the process of determining the return on a productivity investment. The savings are measured and evaluated relative to the cost of the system, in present value terms (Systems ID Warehouse, 2006).” The first would be to identify all aspects of the project for instance creating a list of the equipment, maintenance, and cost. Below is a spreadsheet identifying each item by name, cost, quantity, and total. Project Estimated Cost | | | | | | | Hardware | Item Name | Cost | Quantity | | Total | Dell Optiplex 9010 All In One Computer | 1,133.00 | 1 | | 1,133.00 | Symbol LS 2208 Handheld Barcode Scanner | | 94.00 | 2 | | 568.00 | NetGear N750 Wireless Dualband DSL Modem Router | 150.00 | 1 | | 150.00 | XEROX WorkCentre 3210 All-In-One Laser Printer | 230.00 | 1 | | 230.00 | | | | Hardware......

Words: 2215 - Pages: 9