Premium Essay

Water Cooperation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By aaksi
Words 1729
Pages 7

Assignment I – CIA 1- 2013 is the International Year of water cooperation. Discuss the socio-political significance of water cooperation in India.

“Water is a key foundation, whose importance can hardly be overestimated. It is a common denominator of the leading global challenges of our time - energy, food, health, peace and security. Water management can reduce the risk of disasters, such as droughts and floods. With trans boundary river basins and aquifer systems representing almost half the earth's surface, water cooperation is vital for peace.” - Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General.
The fulfillment of basic human needs, our environment, socio-economic development and poverty reduction are all heavily dependent on water. Good management of water is especially challenging due to some of its unique characteristics: it is unevenly distributed in time and space, the hydrological cycle is highly complex and perturbations have multiple effects. Rapid urbanization, pollution and climate change threaten the resource while demands for water are increasing in order to satisfy the needs of a growing world population, now at over seven billion people, for food production, energy, industrial and domestic uses. Water is a shared resource and its management needs to take into account a wide variety of conflicting interests. This provides opportunities for cooperation among users at all levels. Water, a vital resource unlike any other knows no borders. For instance, 148 countries share at least one trans boundary river basin.
On 11 February 2011, the UN General Assembly decided to proclaim 2013 International Year of Water Cooperation. The objective of the Year is to raise awareness of both the potential for increased cooperation and the challenges facing water management in the context of greater demand for water access,...

Similar Documents

Free Essay


...LEARNING LOG RECORD SHEET: 1st November 2011, Neil Thomas. SOURCE/FULL REFERENCEZineldin, Mosad (2004) Co-opetition: the organisation of the future, Marketing Intelligence and Planning, Vol22, No7, pp.780-789 | DESCRIPTIONCo-opetition. The hybrid behaviour of competition and cooperation or Sleeping with the enemy? | ANALYSIS (CONCEPTS, EXAMPLES, STATUS OF SOURCE, CRITIQUE etc)Dr Mosad Zineldin is a Professor of Strategic Marketing and a Master in Psychology. He has wrote and published several books and articles in many different international journals, notably his book on TRM, the first in the world to outline the framework of relationship management.However, his article “Co-opetition: the organisation of the future” (marketing, intelligence & planning, Vol 22 No7, 2004 pp.780-789) suggests that this is a new concept of cooperation between companies or has Zineldin linked this to support his work on TRM? Co-opetition is qualified for the first time by Nalebuff and Brandenburger (1996) which surprisingly Zineldin fails to recognize in the article! But even these esteemed authors cannot take credit for the concept of Co-opetition; this accolade is accredited to Mr Ray Noorda, who in 1983 brought together hardware and software companies to work together in a networked environment, a “culture fit” which supports Bengtsson and Kock (2000). “co-opetition thus implies that organisations can interact in rivalry due to conflicting interests, and at the same time......

Words: 1210 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...can help an organization in its endeavors to be beneficial. Truth be told, ethics and conduct are generally as essential to most organizations as execution as high confidence and cooperation are two elements for achievement. Each business in each industry has certain rules to which its representatives must follow, and every now and again framework such angles in worker handbooks. Conduct All organizations indicate what worthy conduct is, and what is not, while contracting a representative. Numerous even outline expected behavior in sets of responsibilities or amid the meeting procedure. Conduct rules regularly address subjects, for example, badgering, work clothing and dialect. Honesty A key part to working environment ethics and conduct is uprightness, or being straightforward and making the best choice at all times. For instance, human services representatives who work with rationally or physically tested patients must have a high level of uprightness, as the individuals who oversee and work principally with cash. Responsibility Assuming liability for your activities is another main consideration with regards to working environment ethics and conduct. That implies appearing on booked workdays, and additionally touching base on time and investing a legit exertion while at work.. Cooperation An indispensable part of the working environment is cooperating with other people. That incorporates everybody from companions to chiefs to clients. While not all......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cover Letter

...the matches, concerts and other actions on the Stadium “Donbass Arena”, I know that understanding how to work with clients of varying ages, nationalities, and languages is essential for any librarian working in your department. I improved my customer service skills, while working with a diverse client base. From the course of Accounting I know the theoretical basis of Accounting and Taxation and practical questions of the economic activity in Ukraine, as cooperating with State tax service, State statistics service, clearance of primary documentation, proper paperwork in accordance to the legal acts of Ukraine, the program 1C programming and 1C Accounting. As I have listened to the course of Customs: registration and cooperation. I know the procedure of cooperation with national and foreign customs. Moreover I was an intern on the company that imported the products from Russian Federation. I have also passed the course of Accounting in International Economic Activity/ Konti Group has an excellent reputation and is my first choice in work settings. Your company has a variety of activities that is connected with international economic activity and Accounting. I thank you for your time and look forward to scheduling an interview with you. My phone number is 0999815729, and my email address is alina.olkhova@gmailcom. I will contact you in a week to see if you received my cover letter and résumé....

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Conflict Management

...Weaknesses Accommodation Emphasis on cooperation is high Emphasis on Assertiveness is low Collaboration High on cooperation, Emphasis on assertiveness is high, An emphasis on a mutual positive outcome is high Very rarely comes around to this situation, because these perfect conditions are not very common Competition Emphasis on assertiveness is high; short term outcome Emphasis on cooperation is low; not sustainable in the long run Compromise Used as a last resort; intended to allow others to consider other views and opinions Everyone involved gives up something, so the intentions are not always that great Avoidance Allows for parties to not be involved with each other in the event of flared tempers No cooperation No assertiveness 2. Which of the available conflict management strategies is most appropriate for the current situation with David and James? Provide your rationale, including what factors you considered in making your selection. Your response should be at least 100 words. The most obvious choice to me would be the collaboration conflict management plan. However, this situation is highly unlikely because it involves full cooperation for all parties involved. Therefore, I would have to fall back the accommodation conflict management plan. The problem with David and James is that they are not cooperating together and their communication to each other is lacking. This plan involves cooperation. These two would need......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Global Marketing

...University of Twente – NIKOS, Dutch Institute for Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship, Postbus 217, NL-7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands c ¨ University of Liechtenstein, Furst-Franz-Josef-Strasse, LI-9490 Vaduz, Liechtenstein & Utrecht University, Janskerkhof 12, NL-3512 BL Utrecht, The Netherlands KEYWORDS Internationalization; SME; Trust; Cooperation; Entrepreneurship; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovenia Summary Self-commitment is the willingness of individuals to commit to cooperation with a partner without the safety net of controls or sanction mechanisms. This article shows the unique performance contribution of self-commitment in the context of cooperative internationalization of SMEs in several ways: First, we use a multiparadigmatic approach to cooperation theory to argue why self-commitment as a coordination mechanism is particularly relevant in the context of cooperative internationalization. Second, we develop a new operationalization of self-commitment which takes the context of international cooperations into account. Third, we show empirically that self-commitment is particularly important in international cooperations by applying a PLS analysis to a sample of 146 Austrian, Czech, and Slovenian cooperating SMEs. ª 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction Internationalization is an issue that – until recently – was in most cases only relevant for large companies (Wright et al., 2007). A major reason for...

Words: 9885 - Pages: 40

Premium Essay

Selfless Gene

...Enerolisa Paredes ENG 111 Prof. Bryant The Selfless Gene In "The Selfless Gene," Olivia Judson's fundamental point is to demonstrate how altruistic behavior is something that is not adapted, but rather is an inborn hereditary characteristic. When talking about selflessness in term of how animals behave and conform to their norms it is somewhat instinctual to assume that selflessness in a gene that is carried down generation to generation. In the case of humans selfless is more of a complex term simply because they are complex creatures. Altruism is something that sometimes is applauded in society but it can also be associated with stupidity. It is human nature to evaluate the circumstances that surrounds us. We are evolutionarily designed to steer away from danger in sight of self-preservation. As intelligent creatures we have the capability of overwriting this desire if the situation presents with the need of being selfless. Even thought Judson considers altruism to be hereditary, there are reasons to believe there are environmental and educational factors, as well as moral principles that shape it. Judson refers to William Donald Hamilton, a developmental researcher who asserted that these qualities that express selflessness would get by in gatherings of creatures that lived together. He illustrated this point by explaining how bees defend their hive by sacrificing their lives. He also added how some animals helps others offspring instead of having some of its own. Under......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...We all have aspirations to be successful, but imagine your dreams slowly drifting off and your goals suddenly unattainable. But fear not, for living amongst us are those who put aside their needs to help others attain their goals in the face of hardships. We call them selfless. The woman who flashed a pleasant smile as she held the door open for you on your way out from a tough day at work; the friend who comforted you in a time of need although he was struggling with troubles of his own; the first respondents to the tragedy that was 9/11 and hurricane Katrina. Without a rigid set of guidelines to define the word, selflessness or altruism can take many different shapes and sizes depending on the situation at hand and the willingness of the selfless. But a definition that encompasses all acts of selflessness can practically be found within the word itself. Selfless. The suffix "-less" means without, so selfless can be thought of as “without oneself”. That woman, that friend, that brave firefighter or Red Cross volunteer acted with the best interests of the other in mind, no matter the consequences their actions may have brought upon themselves. It is this loss of self that characterizes selflessness best. The goal of the altruistic is to help those in need as best they can, but just as no two keys fit the same lock, selflessness, in a general sense of the word, is not adequate to solve each of our problems. So it makes sense that, in a world where our problems are as diverse......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT JOB ADVERT THE INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (C&D) IS A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION WORKING IN KARAMOJA CARRING OUT ITS ACTIVITIES IN VARIOUS DEVELOPMENTAL SECTORS. C&D IS CURRENTLY IMPLEMENTING YOUTH VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROJECT AND IS LOOKING FOR COMPETENT AND SUITABLE CANDIDATES TO FILL THE POSITIONS AS LISTED BELOW: Position: Data officer Job descriptions * Prioritize and perform data entry clerical duties in an organized manner. * Process paperwork and enter data in appropriate databases. * Administer data and implement various solutions to increase efficiency of project team.  * Process and manage data relating to students’ progress and other records. * Keep confidentiality of the information availed to you by virtue of your position. * Perform analysis on all data relating to the programme. * Retrieve data and share it as may be required with the guidance and counselors. * Resolve discrepancies by using standard verification procedures. Qualification And Requirements. * Diploma certificate in computers related courses * Experience of working with Microsoft Access & Excel, and SQL Ability to work as part of a team and Independently * Flexible approach towards working patterns and environment. * Experience of dealing with large scale data analysis * Experience in ensuring the standards of data protection and......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...I was very lucky to be born in Tashkent. My city is mostly warm, sunny, very hospitable place. There are very different people living here who make it amazingly diverse among any other place of Uzbekistan. Tashkent is full of colors, with its historical atmosphere as well as modernization. Out of all those places, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, this is very important to me personally. I walk near it every day and every time I am filled with pride and sense of happiness. Shanghai Cooperation Organization- is a regional- international organization founded in 2001. SCO includes countries namely China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Then Uzbekistan became a Commonwealth country and became the member of Shanghai Cooperation Orgnization. SCO is not a military alliance (such as NATO) or regular open meeting of safety (such as ASEAN). The main objectives of the organization are to enhance stability strength and security in a wide area. The United States of America – is the participant fighting against terrorism, separatism, extremism, drug trafficking and the development of comprehensive economic, energy, scientific and cultural cooperation. The total area of the SCO member countries is 30 million square kilometers; it is 60% of the territory of Eurasia. The total population of the SCO is about to 1 billion and 445 million people (2007); it is the fourth part of the world's population. The economy of China- is the second in the world GDP, after the United......

Words: 972 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Water and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Arab Region

...WATER AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARAB REGION Introduction Climate change (CC) refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. It refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (IPCC ,2007). Science established a causal effect between the acceleration of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and CC effects (IPCC ,2007), Global GHG emissions due to human activities have grown since pre-industrial times, with an increase of 70% between 1970 and 2004. Among the world’s regions, Arab region is especially vulnerable to climate change. It is one of the world’s driest, most water-scarce regions, depends on climate-sensitive agriculture. Per capita renewable water resources in the region, which in 1950 were 4,000 m3 per year, are currently 1,100 m3 per year. Projections indicate that they will drop by half, reaching 550 m3 per person per year in 2050.( World bank, 2006). In addition, climate-induced resource scarcity could further tensions in the region’s conflict-ridden areas, potentially escalating violence and political turmoil even beyond the region’s boundaries. This is supported by the fact that 80% of surface water resources and 66 % of total water resources in the Arab region is a shared water esources. Climate change is putting......

Words: 2328 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

River Transboundary Summary

...TRANSBOUNDARY WATER MANAGEMENT; ISSUE OF GOVERNANCE LEADING TO A STALEMATE Abstract: In an era of globalization with regional states in Asia growing up to compete against the developed nations, regional powers trying to assert its regional influence over one another is raking up the old issues of control of water. These issues of controls over water had arises from its need to fulfill the growing demand of power shortages and its ambition of supply on upstream and downstream. This paper aims to study the reasons behind the reemergence of this water dispute which had previously had been put through cooperation or arbitration for sharing. Also it will analyze the problem of managing the river transboundary in the South East Asia. INTRODUCTION...

Words: 1689 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Maritime Industry Case Study

...important. Therefore, both marine transportation and shipbuilding sector is restricted or regulated by international and national rules. As a result of this, The Republic of Turkey has been legalized its own environmental regulations by the national legislation. All commercial and industrial companies working under the flag act in accordance with the restrictions imposed by the legislation. In addition to the national legislation, Government of Turkey is obliged to comply with the decisions, directives or regulations taken for the prevention of marine pollution by the European Union, because of its strategic location and place in international trade, and is obliged to adapt own rules to the national criteria to the extent possible. The cooperation of the Republic of Turkey with neighbor states based on common rules is very important to show the competitiveness of the country's political and commercial purposes. As a result, the control of marine pollution by law even restricting greatly contributes to raise the level of our country in the global market in order to demonstrate the importance of the environment in the shipping industry and maritime trade according to international standards. 1.1 Turkey-EU process and its relationship to the environmental problems It was decided to start negotiations with Turkey by 2005 with decisions taken at the EU Council about Turkey's accession to the European Union in Brussels in 2004 and Turkey was granted the status Accesion......

Words: 7283 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

The Clean Water Act (CWA)

...For our environmental ethics paper, we decided on the Clean Water Act (CWA). The history behind the CWA goes back longer than one might imagine. Most people think the CWA was originally started in 1972 when Congress passed the Federal Water Pollution Contract Act Amendments, which would commonly be referred to as the Clean Water Act. The CWA was originally passed under President Harry S. Truman in 1948 as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act designed to control water pollution. The original 1948 Federal Water Pollution Control Act “authorized the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service, in cooperation with other Federal, state and local entities, to prepare comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate...

Words: 932 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Flood as a Social Problem

...areas, that is why in Philippines flood is a major problem. Many people die every year because of this natural disaster. Most floods take hours or even days to develop, giving residents ample time to prepare or evacuate, but not in Philippines floods develop in a shorter period. Others generate quickly and with little warning. These flash floods can be extremely dangerous, instantly turning a babbling brook into a thundering wall of water and sweeping everything in its path downstream. There are many causes of flood. Typhoons may cause flooding to coastal areas. When there is a typhoon, the atmospheric pressure is low. Sea level rises and affects the volume of water flowing from the river to the sea. This indirectly leads to flooding. Flooding always occur in coastal areas. Because whenever there are high tides or storms, the sea level will raise. If the sea level is higher than the level of the coastal lowland, flooding will occur. Heavy rainfall raises the water level. When the water level is higher than the river banks or the dams, the water comes out from the river, there will have flooding. But even small amount of rainfalls in our country may cause flood. This graph says that ten percent of the fatalities during natural calamities are caused by flood. 788,572 are the number of people who are affected by this phenomenon. This tells that almost two million dollars cost of private and agricultural properties are damage and devastated Most flood destruction is......

Words: 1157 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Why Can’t Malaysia Be a Major Consumer of Biofuel?

... Most Malaysian do not realize that Malaysia will run out of oil in 19 years if alternative energy sources such as biofuels are not used. (Prime Minister’s Department,2005,p.22) b Dissemination of information about the benefits of using biofuels is less widespread in the media causing fewer people to take note of the biofuel industry. (Bentley Motors,2008,p.3) B Another reasons is the issue in ecosystem services. 1 Soil erosion and deforestation a Trees are cut down and forests are cleared for plantation of commodities which are biofuel sources.(Wikipedia,2012) b Demand of biofuel lead to the clearing of palm oil plantation. (National University of Singapore,2009) 2 Bad effect on water resource a Fertilizers and pesticides used for biofuel agriculture may run off the groundwater resources.(Nick,2008) b A...

Words: 563 - Pages: 3