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Weber and Bureaucracy

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Weber’s name synonymous with bureaucracy Whether we live under most totalitarian despotism or under most liberal democracy, we are governed to considerable extent by some form of Bcy… De Gourney coined the term in 1745… Initially it meant Government by Officials… Marx’s critique of Bcy precedes Weber’s formulation… Bata K Dey views on Bcy… Structural, Behavioural, Purposive aspects Structural-> Value Neutral… Phenomenon associated with any large scale orgn Behavioural-> showing some functional and pathological symptoms Purposive-> Orgn that maximizes efficiency

Rise of Bureaucracy Max Weber 1. Creation of Money Economy… System of rewarding Bcrats by land etc tended to turn Bcy feudal and led to its disintegration…. Money Economy permits payment of secure regular salaries 2. Emergence of Capitalist Economy… Created needs that only Bcratic. orgn. Could satisfy… Capitalism requires abd encourages government based on Bcratic. Orgn. Also not only govt. but pvt. Enterprise also started following Bcratic principles to enhance rationality… 3. Trend towards rationality in Western Countries… Protestantism, Devt. Of Science and Technology, Capitalism etc. 4. Democracy… Elimination of traditional rule of nobles and feudal elements and encouraging education and appointment to office on basis of Knowledge 5. Growth in Population… Larger orgn. Tend to assume Bcratic. Forms 6. Govt becam Complex… Like constructing waterways, provision of social services etc. 7. Modern forms of Communication facilitated growth of Bcy GENERAL CAUSES 1. Centralization… Increase in power of kings as compared to Church and Nobles… Military, Judicial and other functions previously carried out independently by these domains now came under state monopoly… Eg Napoleon Bonarparte and his centralized, hierarchical admn

2. Rationalization Trend… Prussia 1st to introduce system of entrance…...

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