Free Essay

Week 4 Psy300

In: Science

Submitted By hclover07
Words 1372
Pages 6
Life Span Development & Personality
Haley Clover
PSY/300
February 25, 2013
Kaisa Freeman

Life Span Development & Personality
The individual I chose to do my life span development and personality paper on is Marilyn Monroe. I have always been very fascinated with Marilyn Monroe. She is an American icon but did not lead the life of glam and glory that she led people to believe. Inside she was a very troubled, sad and insecure woman. In this paper I am going to explore the personality and background of Marilyn Monroe from the viewpoint of developmental psychology. In my exploration of Marilyn Monroes’ background and how I can point out what impacted the young stars life from the viewpoint of developmental psychology I will focus on the influences of her heredity and environment. As well as what family and social support systems influenced Marilyn Monroes’ developmental growth and adjustments. I will also address two different theories of personality I have tied with Marilyn Monroe and lastly I will explain which theoretical approach I believe best explains Marilyns’ achievements and behaviors. I believe that the early childhood development, or should I say lack of played a key role in Marilyn Monroes’ life and her unhappiness. Marilyn Monroe, who was actually born Norma Jean Baker was born into a family that had a long line of mental illness. Marilyns’ great grandfather commited suicide, her uncle went on a run for errands one day only to never be seen again and her mother who had been married and divorced twice prior to Marilyn left her two eldest children to be cared for by neighbors. When Marilyn was only two weeks old her mother left her in the care of foster parents. Marilyns’ biological father is unknown since her mother put false information on her birth certificate. In Marilyns’ early childhood she felt very lonely and unwanted. She would call her foster mom mother and was told to only call her ‘Aunt Ida’ leaving the young and impressionable Marilyn to feel very rejected. I think that this treatment caused Marilyn a great deal of pain and left her feeling unstable. It caused Marilyn in her older years to become extremely clingy and it may be one of the main reasons why she constantly seeked everyones approval. It is my opinion that Marilyn was very neglected as a baby and during her oral stage she did not feel the love and comfort a baby should get between the ages of a newborn to eighteen months. I think this, as well as the neglect she suffered during her phallic stage, ages three to six are significant in why Marilyn was so clingy and never felt fulfilled. During Marilyns’ phallic stage, this is a time where a child relates the most to the parent who is of the same gender. Marilyn was passed around from foster home to foster home, had a brief stay with her mother who then turned around and abandoned her again and stayed in an orphanage during her teen years. Marilyn did not have a mother to set an example for her so she could truly find her identity. I believe this caused her great stress. She often times heard saying things relating to putting on the Marilyn show for people, and disassociating her true self with the iconic Marilyn image. There is no doubt in my mind that the lack of support and love Marilyn experienced in her younger years set her up to be a very vulnerable and clingy woman with her relationships in the future. It is rumored that Marilyn was sexually assaulted twice by people close to her in her early childhood. I believe that this led Marilyn to disassociate sex and emotion in her future relationships. This led to three failed marriages for Marilyn due to adultery as well as her lack of confidence in herself. Marilyn did not have a support system. She was abused as a child and her managers had an identity for her that she was to uphold that was not Norma Jean Baker, but Marilyn Monroe. I believe it to be a very sad case because the iconic Marilyn Monroe we all know was just an act that Norma Jean Baker had to put on to please those around her. Marilyn Monroe was raised without rootedness, which is the feeling of belonging somewhere, she was rasied without feeling relatedness which is feeling connected to other individuals and caring for them. She grew up with no sense of her own identity and did exactly what those around her told her to do in order to become the Marilyn Monroe the public eye knows today. Fromm was quoted saying “we either die or become insane” when those basic needs are not met (Engler, 2009, pg 137). Next I will discuss the two different theories I have associated with Marilyn Monroe. The first personality theory I tie to Marilyn is the psychoanalytic theory. The second personality theory I see in her is the social learning theory. I think both of these theories played a major role in her development and the way she conducted her life. With the psychoanalytic theory you have the id, the ego and the superego. These all develop and regulate your instincts and your personality. In this theory Freud compared the human mind to an iceberg. The smaller part which you can see with your eye represents your conscious experience. However the massive iceberg beneath represents the unconscious mind. It is where all of our impulses, passions and basic instincts come from. Marilyns’ childhood set her up to always have it in the back of her mind that she was not good enough, and she developed a defense mechanism of a fantasy world which would later turn Norma Jean into Marilyn Monroe. She created an external reality and hid her internal reality. All of her marriages ended in failure because these men married Norma Jean Baker, not Marilyn Monroe and eventually they discovered her internal reality. The second theory I will discuss is the social learning theory. This theory is based on how Marilyn learned to cope in her environment growing up and learned behavior patterns because of it. Marilyn was known for showing off her body and always wanting to be the center of attention. She was so insecure that on movie sets she wouldn’t be involved if another blonde was on set. It was reinforced over and over again not only in Marilyns childhood but also in her adult life after she was rejected and her eyes not good enough for anyone to stick around time after time. Early on Marilyn developed the idea that she had little worth and had to have constant reassurance that she was pretty and liked, even though the entire world saw her as a goddess she looked at herself as nothing, right up until the day she died. I believe that the theoretical approach that best pertains to Marilyn is the psychodynamic theoretical approach. Most of Marilyns behavior stemmed from her early childhood and her lack of roots. She unconsciously seeked and needed constant approval from everyone she encountered. In turn she hid her true identity, I’m not even sure if she knew what her true identity was and formed the iconic Marilyn Monroe. She developed instinctual drives to become a sex symbol and to show of her body because she thought that was all she was worth. In conclusion we have covered how the influences of her history of family mental illness and her unstable environment, as well as her lack of support from her family and society shaped her into the woman we know, or thought we knew of today. We discussed two different types of personality theories, the psychoanalytic theory and the social learning theory and how they apply to Marilyn. Lastly we discussed the theoretical approach of psychodynamics that played a big role in Norma Jeans early childhood which developed her into the legendary and iconic Marilyn Monroe.

Works Cited
Engler, Barbara. (2009). Personality Theories. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Spoto, Donald. (2003). Marilyn Monroe: The Biography. New York: Harper Collins.
Sullivan, R. (2009, July 24). Remembering Marilyn. LIFE, 9(6), 6-124

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Project: base calendars and resource calendars. Base calendars define the working days and working hours for a project or a set of resources. Resource calendars define the working days and working hours for a specific resource. The default base calendar (also known as the project calendar) is called Standard. This standard calendar is usually set as an 8-hour day, 40-hour week, Monday through Friday, with no holidays. However, you can modify this standard calendar, but it is not recommended. MS Project also comes with two other base calendars: a 24-hour calendar and a night shift calendar. You can also create your own base calendars. You can manipulate such options as default start time and hours per day. Note: Resource calendars are updated automatically when the base calendar assigned to the resource changes. But changes to the default calendar options are not automatically displayed in the base calendar. When we first set up this project, MS Project assumed the Standard calendar. As we entered task duration, MS Project calculated the amount of work based upon 8 hours a day, 40 hours per week, Monday through Friday. So when we entered 2 days for the task, Inventory Current Equipment, prior to any resource assignment, MS Project calculated 16 hours of work (8 hours per day), to start at 8 AM, Wednesday morning and concluding 5 PM, Thursday evening. When we assigned resources, each resource was by default also assigned a standard calendar. However, if......

Words: 3132 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Week 4

...WEEK FOUR HRM/531 September 30, 2013 Week Four While implementing a Performance Management Framework (PMF) for Landslide Limousine Service, who intends on expand their business to Austin, Texas, it is important for the company to understand why it is not only important, but necessary to implement this particular framework as a part of the company’s organizational business strategy. When establishing a new business, we highly recommend you start building this business venture by creating a framework for performance management. It’s vital that the framework include relatable employee job skills, the methods used for measuring these skills, the process for addressing skills gaps, and the approach for delivering effective performance feedback. Alignment of Performance Management Framework In Oder for any business to become successful it is important for companies to implement a performance management framework. A performance management framework (PMF) allows the companies to ensure goals are met and internal decisions are made based off of employees work performance. Performance management aligns with the business strategy because the business strategy displays the vision and goals set by the company and the performance management framework is another tool. This tools is use to measure and ensue these goals are understood and employees are given the best chance to succeed and help the business achieve their goals. Organizational performance...

Words: 1519 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Week 4

...that was given to ALS last week for flexible benefits strategies, are the main components that ensure attracting experienced and seasoned employees in ALS’s line of business. Performance is defined as, “A way to ensure that individual employees and teams know what is expected of them, and that they stay focused on the effective performance by paying attention to goals, measures, and assessment” (Cascio., 2013). Taking the definition of performance into consideration, a performance management plan is the blueprint guidelines that will support ALS’s strategic and operational goals to make the business successful. The first step in the performance management plan is to assess the employee aptitude and understanding of the limousine industry. When onboarding, each hired employee will take an assessment that will gauge his or her knowledge of the industry. Once an assessment for knowledge is completed, the training will be customized to meet individual needs to develop his or her experience. Focusing on appearance, customer service and satisfaction, increasing new and recurrent customer base, excellent interpersonal skills and communication, knowledge of customer base, knowledge of local area servicing, and scheduling and pickup will ensure a successful employee. The second step will be to initiate role-playing and the new employee to ride with a top employee to observe outstanding service. The employee will role-play two hours a day for four weeks. Atwood and Allen......

Words: 799 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Week 4

...CHAPTER 2 After reading chapter 2 I found that I really like how it shows you what learning style you are on the Multiple Pathways to learning exercise. I found I was an intrapersonal learner, but verbal-linguistic, visual-spatial, Logical Mathematical, and Bodily-kinesthetic came in a very close second. I was really not too surprised by the results. Now the personality spectrum was kind of a surprise though I scored highest in the organizer section. This section just does not seem to describe me. I would have pegged myself as scoring highest in the giver section. The giver section just sounds more like me. There was only a 4 point difference so I guess I was not too far off. Did anyone else find the result to be on point or were you really surprise you with the results? CHAPTER 4 After reading chapter 4 I have learned better ways of studying and how the size of your vocabulary makes a difference. I liked how the reading suggested to work on speed reading and try to read 15000 words a minute. I have a very hard time imagining reading that many words in a minute even 500 word a minute sounds like it is a whole lot and I am not sure if I could really retain anything I read at that speed. Do you think it is possible to comprehend at 500 words a minute? I also like how the hammer on the issue of broadening your vocabulary by using context clues, the prefixes and suffixes, using a dictionary and using the glossary in the back of the book. TEAM PROJECT So I was just......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 4

...WEEK 4 SYNOPSIS Does strategic human resource management matter in high-tech sector? Some learning points for SME managers. Karami, A, Jones, BM, Kakabadse, N, (2008), Does strategic human resource management matter in high-tech sector? Some learning points for SME managers, Corporate Governance, Vol 8, (1) Outline: The purpose of this article is to observe the influence of human resource capabilities and strategic involvement, on the firm´s performance. In order to analyse the impact, the authors carried out a research based on a survey questioner in which a sample of 500 CEO´s of small to medium sized enterprises in the electric and electronic manufacturing sector, were inquire about the importance of incorporate HR in the process of strategy developing and how it would affect the performance of their companies. The survey was based in two specific hypotheses: H1. Increasing Hr capacities of the firm will positively correlate with the increasing performance of the firm. H2. In the high performance firms, human resources have been more involved in the process of formulating strategy than in low performing ones. According to the results obtain by the analysis of the questionnaires the authors conclude: Firstly that the performance of the companies is highly linked to the increase of Hr capabilities. Therefore, it is essential that firms in the electric and electronic sector consider investment in increasing HR capabilities as a managerial strategy in order to......

Words: 461 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Final Business Model and Strategic Plan Graciela Venegas, Christopher Nieto BUS 475 Claudia Camacho 2-23-2015 Table of Contents Abstract 3 Executive Summary 4 Strategies 6 Conceptualizing in Business 7 SWOTT Analysis 11 Balance Scorecard 17 Reference 23 Abstract Our final business model will be discussed in this paper. We will emphasize the important factors that will contribute to the completion of our intended service. It is important to understand our mission, in order to understand the importance of our new service. We have gathered all of the relevant information which starts from describing our product to describing the necessary tools to properly implement and create this new service for Apple, Inc. Executive Summary Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops and sells consumer electronics, computer software, online services, and personal computers. We will be focusing on Apple, Inc. to create a new service that will not only impact Apple's reputation in a positive way, but it will also promote more success. Apple, Inc. has many innovated products that have been popular in our industry, we have decided to incorporate a system in this particular company as popularity, and business success is part of it. We have decided to launch a service to customers with disabilities, this will be intended to help them get...

Words: 4742 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Week 4 Case Study Adam Careaga Shorter University BUS 6750 ONLH2 Bill Carson April 5, 2014 Chinese Tires In 2008, the United Sates imported 46 million tires from China, three times as many as it did in 2004. China’s share of the American market leaped from 5 percent to almost 17 percent over the same period, while U.S. employment in the tire industry fell by more than 5,000 jobs and domestic production slumped from 218 million tires to 160 million tires. The Chinese import was causing a market disruption and the U.S. implemented a three year tariff on imported tires. The tariff consisted of a 35 percent tariff for the first year followed by a 30 percent tariff the second year then a 25 percent tariff the final year. The tariffs were place on top of an existing 4 percent import tariff. (Hill, 2011) In the scheme of all the tariffs and arguments over the imports the better question would be who benefitted from this high tariff and who suffered? Tire imports from China show clearly why international economics is different. Consumers should be looking for good-quality products at low prices, but when their purchasing shifts toward more imports of foreign products, it can become a controversial political issue. National government officials have the power to enact policies that can limit international transactions like importing. If the whole world were one country, the issue of shifts in purchasing would be left to the marketplace. Within a country...

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Week Four Reflection Week Four Reflection In this week’s reading assignment, our team learned some useful information about this week’s learning objectives that we apply to our daily jobs. In our conversation we also discovered that each team member has either experienced or witnessed some of the influences that can have an emotional impact on organizational structure, organizational culture and power and politics within our own individual organizations. Our team had some interesting thoughts about what influences organizational structure can have on behavior as well as what influence organizational culture can have on behavior and most importantly how power and politics can have an influence on behavior within the workplace. Organizational Structure on Behavior Organizational Structure can be found in every organization regardless of the size of the business. Organizational Structure defines how the job responsibilities will be assigned to each employee. This can have an influence on an employee’s behavior, for example being in the military every position within the organization is clearly outlined and defined, which allows the organization to be disciplined and controlled. In the business world some managers follow six stages when putting their company’s organizational structure in place which also contributes to the influence of the employee’s behavior. Six Elements Work Specialization clearly outlines......

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Week 4

...| Debit | Credit | Payroll tax | | 352.16 | FICA tax | 198.40 | | State Unemployment tax | 133.92 | | Federal unemployment tax | 19.84 | | | $352.16 | $352.16 | E10-6 E10-8 1. True 2. True 3. False 4. True 5. False 6. False 7. True 8. True 9. True 10. True E10-18 A. | Debit | Credit | Cash | | 562,613 | Discount on Bonds Payable | | 37,387 | Bonds Payable | 600,000 | | | $600,000 | $600,000 | B. | Debit | Credit | Cash | | 27,000 | Bond Interest | 28,131 | | Bonds Payable | | 1,131 | | $28,131 | $28,131 | C. | Debit | Credit | Bond Interest Expense | 28,187 | | Discount Bonds Payable | | 1,187 | Bonds Interest Payable | | 27,000 | | $28,187 | $28,187 | 10-3A A. | Debit | Credit | Cash | | 600,000 | Bonds | 600,000 | | | 600,000 | 600,000 | B. Bond Interest Expense 27,000 Bond Interest Payable 27,000 C. Bonds Payable 600,000 Discount on BP 600,000 D. Bond Interest Expense 27,000 Cash 27,000 E. Bond Interest Expense 27,000 Bond Interest Payable 27,000 F. Loss on Bonds 12,000 Bonds Payable 600,000 Cash 612,000 10-6A A. Cash 2,000,000 Bonds Payable 2,000,00 B. | Interest to be Paid | Interest expense to be recorded | Premium Amortization | Unamortized Premium | Bond Carrying Value | Issue Date | | | | $271,813 | $2,271,813 | 1 | $100,000 | $90,873 | $9,127 | $262,686 | $2,262,686 | ......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Week 4

...Weeks 1 and 2 Discussion Team B: Jonathan Baker, Jamie Barto, Jennifer Beatty, Carlos Gallagher, Jared Greiman University of Phoenix Applied Economics in Business ECO 415 Neal Johnson, Ph.D. November 14, 2011 Weeks 1 and 2 Discussion Team B focused the majority of our discussion around the concepts from week one including plant closings and the reasons behind them, supply, demand and price. We also discussed the different types of market types and understanding the differences. The discussions were focused around week one concepts and how to put them into practice. Plant Closings We focused our discussion around how managers can make the difficult decisions of laying people off. We discussed the business circumstances that can cause these unfortunate decisions. We found out what the government definition of unforeseeable emergency was by looking at the government website. It talked about the fact that this type of emergency cannot in any way be planned for (DOL, 2011). We also discussed if there was any correlation between how companies should report financial losses due to an unforeseeable emergency. We also discussed how laying people off may actually cost more money in unemployment benefits than actual salaries. Supply and Demand We all seemed a bit confused over the concept of the competition models. It seems that each of us struggle in our own ways but as we discussed the fact that they have multiple components makes it......

Words: 546 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Visitors Bureau, city and state manufacturer directories, pertinent telephone directories, city directories, world convention dates, a directory of associations, and a standard directory of advertiser reference : Walker, John R. Hotel & Restaurant Mgmt for Devry Ebook. Wiley Custom Select, 7/4/09. VitalBook file. 3. What information should be included in a function book entry? - Lists all group business and the guest rooms, meeting space, and other items the hotel has committed for a particular period. Cancellations on a tentative or a definite booking should carry the notation. 4. Why is a one-stop service contract important for an association executive? - In most case, catering manager is a one-stop service contract. This person who will become the main contact, act as representative of the hotel and make all arrangement. The one-stop contact makes communication between association executive and hotel easier and more convenient and save time. 5. What is room pickup, and why is it important to a convention hotel? - Room pickup is the progress of guaranteed reservations received against the number blocked out. All group blockings, including conventions, are subject to a two- week cut off date which mean hotel has no obligation and issues no guarantee on reservations received after the cutoff date. Hotel should clearly print this specific date on all convention confirmations and all reservation cards to avoid future conflict. This process help confirm the......

Words: 1724 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Week 4

...rest of my life. Making sure that all my bills are paid, having money in case of an emergency. The ability to save towards a future. Being responsible is the way I would explain the value of financial planning to my friends and family ensuring you know where every dollar needs to be and having enough money that way if something did happen that required funds you had them saved for that use. The topic I found most helpful for my life right now is learning how to create a budget and sticking to it. Completing the personal cash flow assignment in week one. I saw that as long as I pay the bills and add to my savings; I was budgeting properly. After completing this assignment it showed me how much money I am spending that is unnecessary, and how much I could save if I budget properly and stopped spending when I didn’t need to. The most challenging topic for me was the entire week five which involved taxes and insurance. I learned in week not only do we require to have insurance and pay our taxes but that these things are very costly and if not budgeted for can really do a number on your financial life. After I graduate I plan on pursuing a job in law enforcement or the military, I a plan to work for a company or the government that gives me the ability to work all over the world so I need to be financially ready for the financial differences all around the world. I thought it was going to be very simple with money and saving. Now I see how complicated things can get when it......

Words: 415 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 4

...1. In distributive bargaining, negotiators view tradeoffs as a "zero-sum" game. a. True b. False 2. A "win-win" negotiation goal would best describe the integrative negotiation style. a. True b. False 3. Which one of the following is an effective technique for dealing with hard-ball tactics? a. Fight fire with fire b. Threaten and bluff until the other party is intimidated c. Plead for mercy d. Complain to the other party's constituents e. Ignore them 4. Which of the following approaches is inconsistent with interest-based negotiation? a. Separating the people from the problem b. Identifying shared interests c. Fully exploring the problem d. "Low-balling" and "high-balling" opening offers e. Inventing options for mutual gain 5. All of the following are well-regarded approaches to ethical reasoning, except: a. Duty b. Social contract c. "Personality" ? d. End results e. Absolute ethics 6. The following are true of coalitions, except: a. They rarely start with a founder b. They build by adding one member at a time c. They need to achieve critical mass d. They exclude members e. They sometimes form quietly and disband quickly 7. Which of the following would be an incorrect statement about multi-party negotiations? a. The number of parties greatly influences the process b. Information exchange tends to be more complex c. The social environment remains static d.......

Words: 791 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Week 4

...In week 1, my expectations were to build on what I already knew about the Sarbanes-Oxley Acts from work experience. My expectations were met and even exceeded my expectations. I came into the week with some unanswered questions and after the reading and discussion questions, they were answered. I had a broad understanding of the Sarbanes-Oxley from work experience and never got into the details, which this class allowed me to get into and really grasp what was put into the Acts and how to fully apply the Acts to real experience. Going into the week, I wasn’t really expecting much for budgets but by the end of the week I realized I didn’t know that much about the different kinds of budgets out there. It has helped me in my current positions because we do quite a bit of budgeting for some of our clients. My week 4 expectations were fairly low because of the audits I was a part of during my audit days. I do very little audit work nowadays but it was a great refresher to keep it fresh. Everything that I read during this week I knew and just reaffirmed my knowledge. We would split the audit up and my sections were the sections we covered during this week. When I first started auditing I had no accounting experience, I didn’t have any classes to fall back on. After the reading I felt really comfortable because I was performing the audits right and going into the audits with the right mind set and asking the right questions....

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 4

...Kimmel, & Kieso., 2008). The purpose of subsidiary ledgers is so you do not have to list every customer’s account in the general ledger, which would take up a lot of space. All the information from the subsidiary ledger is entered as one figure in the general ledger. All the details are found in the subsidiary ledger. To keep a general ledger free of details we will use a control account; which is a summary account in the general ledger. Details of each transaction of a specific type of account(for example a control account could be accounts receivable) would be itemized on the control account and then entered into the general ledger for the time period the general ledger reflects. Entries would be total accounts receivable for that day, week, or month as opposed to every specific amount received. The two most common general ledger accounts which may act as control accounts for a subsidiary ledger are accounts receivable and accounts payable. The advantage of using subsidiary ledgers is to free the general ledger of detailed information which can be totaled from individual accounts and then entered into the general ledger as one figure. Resources Weygandt, J.J., Kimmel, P.D., & Kieso, D.E. (2008). Financial accounting (6 th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley....

Words: 334 - Pages: 2