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ABSTRACT: Businesses all over the world today are extending their frontiers beyond domestic markets. In this global business environment, cross cultural negotiation becomes a common field of research. This is primarily due to the fact that the negotiating parties are often from different countries, with different cultural values and beliefs which they usually bring with them to the negotiating table. What is communicated, how it is communicated, how people think and behave during negotiations can differ across cultures. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of culture on negotiation and suggest ways to deal with cross cultural problems in international business negotiations. An analytical approach is applied in this research. The conclusion reached is that effective international negotiators need to know not only the fundamentals of negotiation, but also how culture can influence the negotiator’s behavior and the negotiation agreement. Understanding, accepting and respecting the cultural values of the other parties is very important as it will lead to a more successful outcome.


The Author is a legal practitioner and holds an LL.B (Hons) from the Igbinedion University, Okada. She is currently a postgraduate student of CEPMLP University of Dundee, Scotland, where she is pursuing an LL.M Degree in Energy Law and Policy.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABBREVIATIONS INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………… CHAPTER ONE 1.0. 1.1. 1.2 1.3 . Negotiation – An Overview……………………………….……………… Negotiation Strategies…………………………………….………………. Stages of Negotiation……………………………………….……………... Principled Negotiation……………………………………….…………… 5 5 7 8 4

CHAPTER TWO 2.0. 2.1 Culture……………………………………………....................................... Cultural Dimensions…………………………………….………………… 9 10...

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