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What Is Hypnotherapy?

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What is Hypnotherapy? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy.

This essay will offer a definition of hypnotherapy and then proceed into a brief history of hypnosis. Afterwards, the aim is to describe what psychological and physical aspects appear within hypnosis including a few examples for illustration. The latter part of this essay will focus on the role of relaxation within hypnotherapy, finishing with an overall conclusion. To answer what is Hypnotherapy, firstly the term ‘hypnosis’ must be understood. Hypnosis is “a different state of consciousness which you can naturally enter so that, for therapeutic purposes (hypnotherapy), beneficial corrections may be given directly to your unconscious mind”, according to the BSCH at http://BSCH.org.uk/hypnotherapy.htm (2007). Therefore, Hypnotherapy appears to be the therapeutic work done between the client and the Hypnotherapist in order for advantageous changes to occur within the clients (unconscious) mind.
Ancient history highlights Hypnosis used by the Egyptians through pictorial evidence of people standing over another making what is assumed hypnotic hand motions, but interpretation of such is difficult, (Waterfield 2004). Modern history starts with Franz Anton Mesmer’s (1733-1815) early notions on ‘universal gravitational fluid’ whereby the planets influence fluid inside the human body. Initial healing used magnets owing Mesmer to change his terminology to ‘animal magnetism.’ Mesmer conceived that an individual would become well again through the transference of animal magnetism (from himself or a magnetized object) to the patient, restoring the flow. However, due to Mesmer being a faithful materialist, a failure to see the power of suggestion occurred, (Waterfield 2004).
Armand-Marc-Jacques Chastanet, Marquis de Puységur (1783) believed...

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