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What Is Integration?

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Submitted By DanielaGhirasin
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What is integration?

European Integration is the process of industrial, political, legal, economic, social and cultural integration of states in Europe. European Integration has primarily come about through the European Union and the Council of Europe. Economic integration is abolition of various restrains of trade between nations. Economic integration occurs through the reduction of all obstacles to trade and to the free flow of capital and labor across countries, so when a group of countries abolishes all restrictions to trade and the free flow of capital and labor among themselves, they participate in what is called a common or single market. European economic integration begun in 1951 when trade restrictions on coal and steel were dropped between Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The advantages of becoming a member of a single market are: greater specializations and more efficient use of economic resources, cheaper products (through imports and increased competition) and easier access to foreign markets in which the home producer can sell. There are also disadvantages like bankruptcy of businesses that are not competitive in the world market; an example is the decline of the textile industry in North Carolina once trade restrictions were lifted with Mexico and a number of Asian countries. Another disadvantage is increased migration of workers from poor to rich countries as they search for relatively high paying jobs, although increased migration is actually a good thing in economic terms, it can be disruptive to the social fabric of both countries. The last disadvantage is possibility of greater inequality. In general, the benefits of joining a single market outweigh the costs for a country as a whole. Amy Medearis of the European Commissions reports that GDP in the EU increased nearly 900 billion € over the 10-year period of…...

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