What Is Meant by "Pork Barrel Politics", and What Is Its Significance in Congress?

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Jennie
Words 412
Pages 2
Pork barrel politics refers to the mechanism by which Congressmen can add amendments to a Bill that directly benefits their state or district. For example, in 2008 the Gravina Island Bridge in Alaska was pushed for by Republican Senator Ted Stevens. The project cost $398 million yet only benefited around 50 people living on the island. The objective of doing such a thing would be to improve re-election prospects and show to their constituents that they can deliver things such as economic or employment opportunities in their state or district.
This can be seen to be significant to Congress as it enhances incumbent advantage. Incumbent advantage is the advantage existing candidates have in elections against challengers and means that it is difficult for anyone to contest an existing congressman. Pork barrel politics will make this worse as it will increase the incumbent’s record of getting things done for their constituents such as Ben Nelson who was able to get “pork” into the Obamacare bill for his state and was re-elected in 2012. This may not be such a bad thing in of itself but it has a direct effect on Congress as it means that the same people will be elected over and over again and this can hinder change and could prevent other, potentially better, candidates from winning the seat. However, it can be argued that despite this, each incumbent still has to stand in elections and it is still the electorate’s decision whether or not to re-elect them.
Another reason pork barrel politics is significant in Congress is that it increases government debt. If every congressman wants added benefits for his or her state, those benefits are going to involve costs that the government can’t afford. A good example of this is the $398 million project that only helped 50 people in Alaska. Pork barrel politics adds to the economic crisis that is hitting the global economy and…...

Similar Documents

What Is Meant by 'Counter-Terrorism'?

... with terrorists will encourage them further, but Crenshaw (1998) postulates that it “is widely believed that giving into a terrorist’s demands encourages them to continue in their activities, but evidence for this proposition is weak”. This type of policy is very contentious, with even pacifist scholars such as Gurr (2003) arguing that it will be difficult to find concessions that are satisfactory to dissidents, as they often have objects that are far beyond the tolerable level of states. An example of this was seen recently between the Tamil Tigers and Sri Lanka – when the Sri Lankan government offered autonomy, the Tamil Tigers would not accept anything except complete independence. Once again, like all policies related to terrorism, they need to be applied and moulded according to each individual situation. It would be foolish to completely rule out negotiation and reform from a counterterrorism grand strategy. The 1992 and 1994 bombings in Buenos Aires demonstrate the difficulty of policing terrorism worldwide - Pillar (2001) states that Argentina as a country had no special significance beyond convenience. The ability for terrorist to strike anywhere they deem convenient is troubling for authorities worldwide. A way in which to react to terrorism is to have a grand strategy for counterterrorism, that is, the processes by which a state’s resources can be adapted to effectively fight terrorism. This essay has defined what counterterrorism is, defined a distinct......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7

What Is Meant by "Pork Barrel Politics", and What Is Its Significance in Congress?

...Pork barrel politics refers to the mechanism by which Congressmen can add amendments to a Bill that directly benefits their state or district. For example, in 2008 the Gravina Island Bridge in Alaska was pushed for by Republican Senator Ted Stevens. The project cost $398 million yet only benefited around 50 people living on the island. The objective of doing such a thing would be to improve re-election prospects and show to their constituents that they can deliver things such as economic or employment opportunities in their state or district. This can be seen to be significant to Congress as it enhances incumbent advantage. Incumbent advantage is the advantage existing candidates have in elections against challengers and means that it is difficult for anyone to contest an existing congressman. Pork barrel politics will make this worse as it will increase the incumbent’s record of getting things done for their constituents such as Ben Nelson who was able to get “pork” into the Obamacare bill for his state and was re-elected in 2012. This may not be such a bad thing in of itself but it has a direct effect on Congress as it means that the same people will be elected over and over again and this can hinder change and could prevent other, potentially better, candidates from winning the seat. However, it can be argued that despite this, each incumbent still has to stand in elections and it is still the electorate’s decision whether or not to re-elect them. Another reason pork...

Words: 412 - Pages: 2

Pork Barrel Scam

...REACTIONS PAPERS ABOUT INTRAMURAL 2013 Early morning in the day of Wednesday September 18 in the morning we are preparing for the parade of every department and the parade start exactly 8:00 am we are already proceed to the formation of lining of our department we are walking slowly even if the sun is shining and we are irritated because of the intense sunlight. After the parade we proceed to the field of oval and we shout loud ICT every department make a Yale about their department if what can you say about your courses. After that the program will start some of teacher give a short message about intramural, the important of intramural and why we have an intrams in our life. After that is performing the peeps squad, the ICT department only the one who perform. They perform it successfully and beautifully because they make an effort on doing this and have a nice wearing customs. Finally the peeps squad is done, we will be the next to perform our preparing presentation the flash mob of all the block of BSIT fourth year. I feel so nervous slight because I was thinking what if I forgot the steps and what if we are not performing it well and not doing it on timing to the music. But no I’m wrong because we perform it well and some of the faculty teacher is satisfied to our presentation and congratulate Mrs. Chua Razo by having this presentation. Finally we are done we proceed to the games some of my classmates joining the games football but I am not joining because im......

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Pork Barrel

.... This also included the pork barrel funds of President Aquino that amounted to several billions of pesos. The Million People March which occurred on August 26, 2013, National Heroes' Day in the Philippines, called for the end of "pork barrel" and was joined by simultaneous protests nationwide and by the Filipino diaspora around the world. Every single solon or government official connected to the latest pork barrel scam is trying to make us (the public) believe that he or she has got nothing to do with it at all. This scandalous pork barrel issue is history in the making. It is a problem and it is bigger than what it seems. Imagine how many senators, congressmen and government agencies are allegedly involved in it? How can they have processed the projects without knowing that they gave our money to a fake NGO that didn’t even deliver? How could the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) and Commission on Audit (COA) have approved the many transactions that took place under their very noses? There’s been a lot of anger expressed regarding Janet Nápoles, her family’s lavish lifestyles, and the Pork Barrel scam that funded it all. Everyone seems to be screaming about the need to abolish the Pork Barrel, which today bears the official name “Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF). But before jumping into the “abolish the Pork Barrel” bandwagon, it is necessary for Filipinos to first understand why the Pork Barrel system exists, and why it was institutionalized the way......

Words: 2424 - Pages: 10

Pork Barrel

...Before I start with my speech let me greet everyone a pleasant morning. Let me start with telling you what is a Pork barrel. In the Philippines, the term pork barrel is used to mean funds allocated to the members of the Philippine House of Representatives and the Philippine Senate to spend as they see fit without going through the normal budgetary process or through the Executive Branch. It can be used for both hard projects, such as buildings and roads, and soft projects, such as scholarships and medical expenses. We are not speaking about 100pesos amount of money or 1000pesos, we are speaking about millions and billions of money here, so, don’t be amaze if the persons holding this big amount of money tend to be a greedy one. I will give you some reasons why pork barrel should be abolish, the People of the Philippines cannot monitor what happens to their money, we cannot monitor if our money really goes to where it should be, if it really used for the convenient of the many or by few only, we cannot monitor what really happens to our money. Another reason is that this pork barrel system can easily be used for corruption, in the means of allocating millions of pesos for a road or building projects but instead of using competent materials they used sub-standards ones so that they can filch some of the money allocated for the project. Another reasons is the congress can manipulated the money and make it disappear little by little until its gone, then they will make some report......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Pork Barrel

... Philippines’ pyramid of political patronage, so has the final say on whether other politicians get their pork. When he was member of Congress, he received pork-barrel funds. In the absence of an effective political party system, the pork-barrel arrangement gives Mr. Aquino a degree of influence over Congress. The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF), a government program, has institutionalized pork barrel in the Philippines. Each of its 24 senators receives 200m pesos ($4.5m) per year and each of its 300-odd congressmen receives 70m pesos ($1.6m). The scheme has its merits. Roads get paved. Poor students receive scholarships. Politicians are supposed to use the fund to finance their pet projects, but some use it to enrich themselves at public expense. The arrangement shores up a political establishment made of powerful families that monopolize elective positions generation after generation. Pork barrel' scam issue sparks online outrage and flak. Janet Lim-Napoles now centered on controversy is the alleged 'brains' behind the P10-billion scam or miss-use of Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) by some lawmakers and the P900-million Malampaya Fund issues. This scandalous pork barrel issue is history in the making. It is a problem and it is bigger than what it seems. Imagine how many senators, congressmen and government agencies are allegedly involved in it? How can they have processed the projects without......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

What Is Meant by Liquidity

...What is meant by liquidity? Liquidity is the ability to pay current obligations or a company’s ability to meet current (short-term) obligations. What metrics can be used to assess improvement or deterioration in liquidity? Liquidity is measured with several financial statement metrics (financial statement ratios). The metrics that can be used to assess improvement or deterioration in liquidity are current ratio, working capital, the quick ratio (acid-test ratio), accounts payable turnover (APT), and the cash conversion cycle (CCC). The financial analyst may regard poor scores on liquidity metrics (or ratios) as a signal that the company is unable to invest in research and development that it needs in order to remain competitive. Or, poor liquidity financials can mean that the company will have to cut corners on infrastructure maintenance, or reduce advertising and promotion expenses (thereby cutting into future sales). How is liquidity influenced by debt? Liquidity is important for both individuals and companies. While a person may be rich in terms of total value of assets owned, that person may also end up in trouble if he or she is unable to convert those assets into cash. The same holds true for companies. Without cash coming in the door, they can quickly get into trouble with their creditors. High liquidity means a company has plenty of cash and cash-like assets to pay off its debts. Low liquidity means a company is short on cash and may be unable to pay...

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Pork Barrel: to Be Abolished or Not

...A RESEARCH PAPER PORK BARREL: TO BE ABOLISHED OR NOT OUTLINE Thesis : The recent scandal of government officials allegedly channelling their pork barrel funds to fake non-governmental organizations with nothing but ghost projects to show for has yet again raised the issue of abolishing the pork barrel. I. Introduction to Pork Barrel A. Definition of Terms B. PDAF in the Philippines C. Importance of PDAF II. PDAF scam A. People involved B. Reactions and Protests III. Abolishment of Pork Barrel A. Benefits B. Consequences C. Alternatives D. Opinions about the issue E. What the government will do after abolishing the Pork Barrel IV. Conclusion  V. Recommendation I. Introduction to Pork Barrel A cure, a treat, an alliance, a devastation or just a play. What do we really know about that so called Pork Barrel? A. Definition of Terms The Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) is a discretionary fund in the Philippines available to members of Congress. Originally established as the Countrywide Development Fund (CDF) in 1990, it is designed to allow legislators to fund small-scale infrastructure or community projects which fell outside the scope of the national infrastructure program, which was often restricted to large infrastructure items (Nograles and Lagman ). The PDAF is commonly called the "pork barrel", and has been the subject of much public criticism following exposés on abuses perpetuated by members of Congress on use of the...

Words: 4110 - Pages: 17

The Civil War and What It Meant to Be Civilized

...During the period of 1861-1865 that is commonly known as the Civil War, both the northern and the confederate states exhibited variegated forms of what it means to be civilized. At the bottom of it, the Civil War exhibited the most bloodshed on American soil at a singular point in time. For this reason it must be stated that both The Union and The Confederates both acted out bloodthirsty and carnal impulses. The difference that was displayed was that the liberalism and regard for expanded civil rights that was the basis for The Union’s war stance was countered by a stalwart reactionary ideological platform that The Confederacy clung to. Essentially, civility was at an all-time low during the bloodshed of the Civil war. Over 500,000 lives were claimed, however the etiquette and ideological platforms of both sides proved to be The old world charm of the South was encapsulated by John Mosby and his revenge against a Union trooper killing a young child in front of the child’s mother. Mosby exclaimed that revenge was not a primary, or even a secondary motivation. He honestly believed that he had to kill in order to stop the killing (Civil War Times, 31). This etiquette and honor displayed during the bloodshed was in contradistinction to the crass and needless killing committed by the Union soldier. This shows how oftentimes ideologies can mask the deeper, truer feelings...

Words: 3276 - Pages: 14

Pork Barrel

...The Priority Development Assistance Fund scam, also called the PDAF scam or the pork barrel scam, is a political scandal involving the alleged misuse by several members of the Congress of the Philippines of their Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF, popularly called "pork barrel"), a lump-sum discretionary fund granted to each member of Congress for spending on priority development projects of the Philippine government, mostly on the local level. The scam was first exposed in the Philippine Daily Inquirer on July 12, 2013,[1] with the six-part exposé of the Inquirer on the scam pointing to businesswoman Janet Lim-Napoles as the scam's mastermind after Benhur K. Luy, her second cousin and former personal assistant, was rescued by agents of the National Bureau of Investigation on March 22, 2013, four months after he was detained by Napoles at her unit at the Pacific Plaza Towers in Fort Bonifacio.[2] Initially centering on Napoles' involvement in the 2004 Fertilizer Fund scam, the government investigation on Luy's testimony has since expanded to cover Napoles' involvement in a wider scam involving the misuse of PDAF funds from 2003 to 2013. It is estimated that the Philippine government was defrauded of some ₱10 billion in the course of the scam,[1] having been diverted to Napoles, participating members of Congress and other government officials. Aside from the PDAF and the fertilizer fund maintained by the Department of Agriculture, around ₱900 million in royalties......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

What Is Meant by Hypnosis

... the client to a ‘special calming, peaceful place’ whether that be a place from memory or imaginary. Summary In summary my understanding and learning from the first classroom session is that various forms of hypnosis have been employed over the centuries, Mesmer laid the foundations in 1774 for what is known as hypnotherapy today, along the way Faria (1814) introduced the idea that the ‘suggestive comments’ Mesmer used were the real key to a successful treatment. Dr Jacobson (1929) expanded on this work further through the role of relaxation and Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) with his patients. Today people still cannot agree on the definition of hypnosis. Each person’s experience of hypnosis may differ dependent on their background, culture, beliefs or education. I would describe hypnosis as ‘a state of deep relaxation where the subconscious mind is alert and open to suggestive messages’. Furthermore when hypnosis is used in a therapeutic setting the subconscious mind is able to be retrained so that it can cope with previous fears or anxieties that could have been present since a negative childhood experience, hypnotherapy can also be employed to eliminate bad habits and treat numerous psychological issues as mentioned previously. To enable clients to get the most benefit from hypnotherapy the physical and psychological state of the client must be in the right condition. The client should be fully relaxed (physical) and the subconscious mind has to be open to the......

Words: 1499 - Pages: 6

‘Explain What Is Meant by Socialisation’

... permitted to interact with “gender-neutral” toys. The parents gave reasoning behind the fact of not wanting to discriminate their child just because of societies norms and the stereotyping fitting with it. The couple wanted their child to fulfil its childhood whether that meant going back and forth between female and male personas; purely because they were certain it didn’t matter in the child’s upbringing. ‘What might stop people joining a self-help group?’ A self-help group is a sorority; willingly managed by and for individuals and peers that have and who share comparable health complaints and those with social troubles. Modern day self-help groups are typically based and organised for particular and specific themes or issues for these individuals. Reasoning behind having a self-help group is that they administer knowledge, support amongst others and learning experiences first handily from those part of the organisation. Despite self-help groups having positive outcomes for some people, on the other hand its patent that they just aren’t suitable for others in spite of a professional in the health pathway suggesting these self-help groups. There are simple barriers as to why individuals don’t want to belong to or aren’t able to fit into these type of groups. Examples of this could be – • The discussion of personal and private concerns amongst what are essentially strangers. Many individuals feel comfortable sharing concerns with family members; people who know......

Words: 934 - Pages: 4

What Is Meant by ‘Pork-Barrel Politics’, and What Is Its Significance in Congress?

...What is meant by ‘pork-barrel politics’, and what is its significance in Congress? Pork Barrel politics is a common practice in us congress where congressmen attach funding to a project that specifically benefits their constituencies or special interest groups. By attaching pork, or earmarks, to bill, politicians have an active track record of how they have benefited their constituents or the interest groups that they are supported by. This money is therefore traded for voter support and also campaign donations. Senator Thad Cochran was labeled ‘King of Pork’ in 2012. The practice has been criticized, most notably by those on the right, for encouraging wasteful spending. As earmarks circumvent the traditional method of receiving appropriations for bills, there has been a spiral of politicians attaching unnecessary earmarks to their project that do not benefit a wide range of people. Pork barrel spending peaked in 2006 with about 14,000 projects receiving 30 billion. Fiscally conservative Republican’s, who are concerned with lowering federal spending and lowering debt, insult the practice. This has lead to speaker John Boehner introducing a ban on earmarks, so to improve the trust between the public and legislators. This ban however has proved somewhat ineffective, many legislators finding ways in which they can bypass the restrictions. By subtly hinting to agencies where money should be spent when writing up a project, there has been a growth in so call ‘zombie...

Words: 393 - Pages: 2

The Effect of the Proposed Abolition of the Pork Barrel

... control of local appropriations (Wikipedia.org) In the Philippines, "pork barrel" is the common term that refers to the Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) which is defined as a discretionary fund allocated to the members of the Congress - Philippine House of Representatives and the Philippine Senate - to spend as they see fit without going through the normal budgetary process or through the Executive Branch. This pork barrel system was stopped by President Ferdinand Marcos during his dictatorship but was reintroduced by President Corazon Aquino in 1986. It is also known as the congressional pork barrel and is a lump-sum appropriation in the annual General Appropriations Act or the National Budget. It is used to fund priority development programs as well as the projects of the government. The PDAF was originally established as the Countrywide Development Fund (CDF) in 1990 and is designed to allow legislators to fund small-scale infrastructure or community projects which fell outside the scope of the national infrastructure program, which was often restricted to large infrastructure items. The program has had different names over the years. To emphasize its focus on the rural areas, it was called Countryside Development Fund (CDF). It was also known as the Congressional Initiative Fund (CIF). When this name became odorous, it was changed to Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF). The pork barrel funds account for a little over 1 percent of the national budget...

Words: 3029 - Pages: 13

To What Extent Is Congress a Broken Branch

... an appropriate use of a filibuster, however that is up to political opinion. Statistically this is somewhat of a rarity as the GOP have been responsible for the outright majority of filibusters during the Obama administration, ranging from legislation acts to prohibiting Obama from nominating circuit judges. Obama accused the Republicans of filibustering around 500 bills since 2007. In 2011 shortly after the Republicans had gained a majority in the House, filibustering was quick to be used on the American Jobs Act; Obama’s administration proposed a 50 per cent cut in the payroll tax for workers, and a similar cut for small businesses, as well as aid to states to pay teachers and other workers. Even with a successful vote within the Senate, this bill was short lived. President candidate Ted Cruz has even criticized the use of filibustering in the past, however despite this and the Democrats best efforts, any efforts to abolish filibustering has had the door slammed on it by the GOP. What many view as a fair legislative process I view as petty games to gain dominance within parliament, signifying a break within congress. Gun laws and regulations within America at this present time are at a crucial turning point after one of the most shocking periods in American gun violence history, causing extreme controversy on the debates regarding gun ownership within the states. People are accusing congress of not acting quick in response to wide spread shootings across America, however...

Words: 1979 - Pages: 8