Premium Essay

What Title ?

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By torresj22
Words 8052
Pages 33
The University Student Registration System: a Case Study in Building a High-Availability Distributed Application Using General Purpose Components
M. C. Little, S. M. Wheater, D. B. Ingham, C. R. Snow, H. Whitfield and S. K. Shrivastava
Department of Computing Science, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, England.

Abstract

Prior to 1994, student registration at Newcastle University involved students being registered in a single place, where they would present a form which had previously been filled in by the student and their department. After registration this information was then transferred to a computerised format. The University decided that the entire registration process was to be computerised for the Autumn of 1994, with the admission and registration being carried out at the departments of the students. Such a system has a very high availability requirement: admissions tutors and secretaries must be able to access and create student records (particularly at the start of a new academic year when new students arrive). The Arjuna distributed system has been under development in the Department of Computing Science for many years. Arjuna’s design aims are to provide tools to assist in the construction of fault-tolerant, highly available distributed applications using atomic actions (atomic transactions) and replication. Arjuna offers the right set of facilities for this application, and its deployment would enable the University to exploit the existing campus network and workstation clusters, thereby obviating the need for any specialised fault tolerant hardware.

Key words: available systems, distributed system, fault-tolerance, atomic transactions, replication.

1.

Introduction

In most British Universities, the process of registering all students as members of the institution is largely concentrated into a very short period of...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

What Title?

...1번 There are many HR policies and procedures in an organization. Some policies and procedures exist as a guideline for general awareness and practice which may not require daily attention while many of policies and procedures exist to be operational on daily basis. These are some examples of daily operated policies and procedures that affect the working of the employee. Attendance Policy - Regular attendance is essential to the Company’s efficient operation and is a necessary condition of employment. Overtime Record - Non-exempt employees are eligible to receive overtime pay if they work more than 40 hours in a given week. Health and safety - Legislation requires that health and safety incidents be recorded, notified and managed appropriately and within specified timeframes. Dependant on specific criteria, certain incidents must be notified to Workplace Health and Safety 4번 Human Resource Management becomes significant for business organization due to the following reasons. * Objective - Human Resource Management helps a company to achieve its objective from time to time by creating a positive attitude among workers. Reducing wastage and making maximum use of resources etc.  * Facilitates professional growth - Due to proper Human Resource policies employees are trained well and this makes them ready for future promotions. Their talent can be utilized not only in the company in which they are currently working but also in other companies which the employees......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Japanese Falling Asleep on Meetings

...Puente Gallegos Intercultural Management 2341 March 9, 2016 Bill Louden Why Do Japanese Fall Asleep In Meetings? According to Rochelle Koop the reason why Japanese fall asleep in meetings is because “Japanese believe that by closing their eyes, they can hear more effectively, because they are screening out the visual stimulus and focusing only on the sound” (Koop, 2011, p.109). After I was reading this case study, and I wondered what would be my reaction if people stayed silent after I spoke? A lot of things came through my mind. For example, as a Hispanic I would think that Japanese falling asleep during my speech is rude and disrespectful. Probably, I would walk away and leave the office. But I have to consider that not all cultures and customs are the same as ours. On the other hand, I would put my mind working and begin thinking that Japanese are probably evaluating my speech, are visualizing my ideas, or that like the author states, “I’m so boring that this key person is sleeping” ( Koop, 2011, p.109). I have to think that in the business world, I might find people that will like my speech and others that won’t. As I always say that this world everything......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hrm 598 Week 3 Case Study Job Evaluation at Whole Foods

...completed a job analysis and written job descriptions for Jobs A thorough Job I. Respond to the following: • Evaluation of Jobs and Job structure Evaluate the jobs listed in the case study and prepare a job structure based upon its evaluation. Assign titles to jobs, and show your structure by title and job letter. • Process, Techniques, and Factors Describe the process you went through to arrive at that job structure. The job evaluation techniques and compensable factors used should be described, and the reasons for selecting them should be stated. • Evaluation of Job Descriptions Evaluate the job descriptions. What parts of them were most useful? How could they be improved? You will need to follow APA style and format and have a title page, brief introduction and conclusion, centered headings for major parts, page numbering and page headers, and a reference page. The case study should be approximately 4–6 pages in length. The assignment will be reviewed using the following criteria: Written Case Study: Prepare a Job Structure rubric. Written Case Study: Prepare a Job Structure Rubric Possible Points Earned Points Comments • Evaluation of Jobs and Job structure • Assigned titles to jobs • Showed structure by title and job letter 30 • Process, Techniques, and Factors • Described the process went through to arrive at that job structure • Described the job evaluation techniques and compensable factors used • Stated reasons for selecting them 27 • Evaluation......

Words: 2173 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

A. Soriano and Smc Corp

...1. Name of the Company: SMC and A.Soriano Corporation 2. Timeframe: 1980’s 3. Point of View: Mr. Andres Soriano Jr., CEO 4. Summary * The two Companies, SMC and ANSCOR Group of Companies addressed a long felt need for an effective formal planning system. * The companies had developed their budgeting and long-range planning system. * They were not satisfied with their ability to respond to the rapid changes in the environment despite the advantages they gain from their budgeting and long-range planning system. * They sought the professional advice from a team of experts on strategic planning headed by Dr. Peter Lorange. 5. Statement of the Problem: What will be the best strategy that SMC and ANSCOR Group of Companies will take for them to be able to adapt to the rapid change in the environment? 6. TOWS Analysis THREATS | OPPORTUNITIES | WEAKNESSES | STRENGTHS | Rapid change in consumers preference | With the help of R&D, the company can improve their products | Poor strategic planning | Established its name in the industry | Highly competitive market | Exploring new markets for them to be the first in that market | Decentralization of the organization | They have hired qualified and experienced people | 7. ACA (Alternative Course of Action) a. The company need to give more attention in R&D for product improvement b. Centralization of organization for proper management c. Using machines instead...

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Dunno

...Start Your Cover Letter With a Bang © Written By Jimmy Sweeney President of CareerJimmy and Author of the new, Amazing Cover Letter Creator If you're still reading, then I've caught your attention with the title. You can do the same with your job-search cover letters. Whether you call it a title or a headline, this little 'weapon' will hit the mark, pulling your reader right through your written communication from the first word to the last. Here's how to strike gold each time. Open your cover letter with a 'big bang'––a powerful headline––and yours may be the only one that makes it past the 'scan and trash' syndrome. Hiring managers are inundated with cover letters each day. If you want yours to stand out, grab their attention from the start. Sizzling titles are like a magnet––attracting the reader to the point where he cannot get away from it. He wants to read on because the headline is so compelling. A clever title that 'jumps' off the page scores every time! Titles and headlines do the hard work for you. Imagine the fabulous results YOU could enjoy if your cover letter opens with an exciting, can't-put-it-down headline that is so irresistible and unique, the hiring manager is actually eager to keep reading? The big bang headline is your passport to more quality job interviews in a hurry. You may be thinking it's difficult or that you're not clever enough to come up with a great headline. Not true. It's actually quite simple. I've provided some great examples to......

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Randdd Zysd

...Blogging Directions * Go to www.atkinsow8asdfasnmafdfarketingassociation.com/wp-admin and login with your user name and password. * Click on posts and add new. * Enter title and write your post in the space below the title * Be sure to run spell check!!! * Chose a category or categories - On the right side column - that match with what you wrote about. If there is no category that fits, you must login as an admin and add the category. * On each and every post you want on the homepage, you MUST chose the “All Article” category along with your category choice. * Fill out the Headspace box with the title and short description of the article. * Add tags: Click the “Yahoo Suggest” button and chose the tags that make sense for your post. * Save your post, but don’t post it yet! * Custom Fields: This makes it so an image rotates through on the home page. * First, find an image that you like to go with your post, but preferably something at least 586 by 261 in size so that it fits snuggly on the homepage. * Save your image to your desktop. * Click on the “Media” tab on the left column and click “add new”. * Select the file (wherever you saved it). * Change the file title name and click “edit image”. * Then click the “scale” button. * Change the width to 586 or height to 261 depending on the image so that at least one dimension fills up the rotating image and save the image. *......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Econ

...Cultural Diversity If a United States business owner was to do business in China or France they would need to know a few helpful things. In China, being a guest it is important to know that they treat the guest with a great deal of kindness and respect. They allow the guest to do whatever they please because it is considered rude if they refuse a request they make; even smoking in their place of business if that is what the guest wanted to do. Chinese also believe the number four is bad luck so a person should avoid this number at all costs. If a person was to give a gift, the Chinese like things that are even numbers; except the number four. The numbers six and eight are considered very lucky, so if a person can incorporate those numbers they will do well. The personal space is a bit different, the Chinese get inside of your bubble. They stand very close, sit close, walk close to a person. The article on Chinahighlights.com says “In China a reasonable bodily separation may be virtually nonexistent. Therefore there is no “excuse me” or tap on the shoulder given when reaching across someone’s place at a table or pushing past on a crowded street.” Upon meeting someone in China shaking hands, nodding, or bow is also very common. Some instances when being introduced to a group the Chinese may greet you with applause, a person should applaud back. Also a person should greet the most senior person first and then descend from there. A person should not blow into a handkerchief......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ifrs

...Part I: Developing your Cross-Cultural Knowledge Country | Asia | Spain | Europe | Common Greetings | Man greeting Man –shake hands when greeting and departing, and they sometimes also nod their head.   | Man greeting Man - shake and maintain direct eye contact. A firm handshake is a sign of strength and honesty. The handshake is sometimes combined with slight touches on the arms and/or elbows.Good friends and family will engage in a hug combined with a few firm slaps on the back. | Man greeting Man –shake hands while maintaining direct eye contact.  Good friends and family will engage in a light hug.  Good friends and family may even exchange a kiss on each cheek. | Gift-Giving | Avoid gifts at first meetingGiving gifts of knives, scissors, or letter openers signify severing of a close bond. Clocks, cut flowers and anything in groups of four should be avoided.Gifts should be nicely wrapped and are not to be opened right away unless prompted to. Receive and give gifts with two hands. It is considered polite to refuse a gift several times before accepting.  | Avoid gifts at a first meeting. If invited to someone’s house, it is best to bring flowers, wine, and/or chocolate. Do not give anything that is obviously expensive because it could be looked at as a bribe. Expect gifts to be opened right away. Avoid gifts like a letter opener, knives, and or scissors because they mean a severing of relations. | Gifts are not given in business settings, unless there is an important......

Words: 1885 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

A Visit from the Goon Squad Commentary

...Egan manipulates PowerPoint through the positioning of text boxes, shading, and text to illustrate Ally’s devotion. Egan uses PowerPoint through the positioning of text boxes to show Ally’s desire to please. The structure of this slide is that it goes from title, to everything in the widest text box, to everything in the middle text box, to everything in the smallest text box. This creates a dynamic similar to that which one experiences when they visualize focusing. The titles of the text boxes help give a quick summary, and a general idea, of the flow of this slide. The title of the largest text box is, “I keep it on my windowsill. It’s made of apricot shells.” This text box is all about the thing itself, giving the reader all of the background knowledge necessary to understand what this toy horse is. The middle text box’s title is, “After Dad and Mom found each other again, she packed up her life in New York and met him overseas.” This text box tells the story of her parents in the past, giving the reader some more information. The smallest text box is titled, “I still play with the horse sometimes, alone in my room.” This text box shows the reader the present, and is the most focused box. As one can tell from the titles, the boxes become more and more focused, and Egan’s positioning of the boxes helps the reader experience this narrowing of focus by going from the outside to the core of the...

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Prop Outline

...Property Outline 1. Concept of Property a. Res = a thing or object, a piece of property b. 6 theories used to Justify the private property system i. The Economic Theory 1. Private rights arise in property based on external cost factors seeking to maximize societal efficiency ii. The Occupation Theory 2. Occupation or Possession of a thing justifies legal protection iii. The Labor Theory 3. Moral right to ownership or control over things produced from one’s labor iv. The Contract Theory 4. Private property is a result of contracts between individuals and the community v. The Natural Rights Theory 5. “natural law” dictates the recognition of private property vi. The Social Utility Theory 6. The law should promote the maximum fulfillment of human needs and aspirations, and private property is on of those needs c. The Bundle of Rights (D.U.P.E.D) vii. Property consists of the following rights in regards to a “res” or thing 7. Right to Dispose of property (alienate/transfer) 8. Right to Use how you want 9. Right to Possess how you want 10. Right to Exclude others from your property 11. Right to Damages from others who violate your bundle viii. The more of the above rights that one has in regards to a res, the greater the significance of...

Words: 5593 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Foreshadowing Evil to Win

...Foreshadowing Evil to Win In core, the definition of a utopia is extremely subjective. What would seem like a utopia to one may seem completely ambiguous to someone from a different (or even the same) culture. In consequence even though a utopia and dystopia are polar opposites by definition; the fine line that divides the two truly deserves its title. In Childhood’s End, Clarke explores the nature of the fine line by instigating the arrival of the superfluous Overlords, an advanced impeccable alien race who cleanses the world of inequality and creates a utopia of peace and stability which is evidently shown throughout the novel that they will be vanished. In the wake of reconstruction, Earth “by the standards of all earlier ages, it was Utopia. Ignorance, disease, poverty, and fear had virtually ceased to exist” (Clarke 64). Inequality is the greatest source of unrest and is the cause for all the aforementioned maladies of society. The suppression of inequality naturally brings content and harmony to society and its denizens and as a result “crime had practically vanished. It had become both unnecessary and impossible. When no one lacks anything, there is no point in stealing” (Clarke 65). With no fear to life or property, mankind thrives in a world of security and trust, defined only by the relative term “utopia.” Every action has an opposite, but equal, reaction. The consequence to ensured stability and equivalence is suppressed creativity and expression of spirit. ...

Words: 560 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Mia Business

...谷歌的员工坚持不懈地完善它的产品,补充新的特点,改进Gmail、搜索引擎和Android(开源手机操作系统)的实用性。这些小的措施可能带给谷歌巨大回报并提升其名声。同样重要的是,他们专注于把产品送至更多人手中。 5、持之以恒 Perseverance 佩奇花了大约6年时间为谷歌的数字图书项目雇得员工。这个图书项目可能考验了佩奇的毅力。出版商和作者攻击该项目,认为侵犯了他们的版权并使谷歌相较于竞争者有巨大优势。一位联邦法官驳回了谷歌(与出版商的)和解提议,称这样会赋予谷歌巨大的权利,未经著作权人许可就能利用所有图书。 谷歌街景地图的投产也花了几年时间。2009年他在谷歌高层会议上说:“我的汽车里有一台装置,并制作了地图。”在确信这么做是可行的后,他开始不断说服其他人。 The desired impacts from a compelling job title Compelling job titles are sales tools that can have five major results, including: 1. Confidence — the title gives the person hearing it confidence in the ability of the person in the job 2. Performance level – the job title may also infer a high level of performance 3. Understand the job — the job title, although unique, still unambiguously reveals what the job entails. The title also needs to be easily found with a job search string using traditional job titles. 4. It drives action — when a qualified person hears the job title, they instantly want to know more about the job and they should think “someday I’d like to have that job.” 5. The job description reinforces the action – the content of the job description equals or exceeds the selling power of the compelling job title....

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Beginner Essay

...| |What is the page number for the entry for the American (USA) periodical Arizona |Press Guide. | | |Gourmet Living? | | | |Who is the editor? |The editor of the Arizona Gourmet Living is Karrie | | |How often is it published? |Wellborn; it published quarterly and has a circulation | | |What is its circulation figure? |figure of 35,000. | | | | | | |Find a reference book by Janine Gibson (2007) in the library. |The title of the reference book by Janine Gibson is The | | |What is the title and shelf number for this book? |Media Directory. | | |Which national radio station had the highest listening figures for the second | | | |quarter of 2006? ...

Words: 1493 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Research Paper

...this document as both an instruction set and as a template into which you can type your own text. If your paper does not conform to the required format, you will be asked to fix it. I. Introduction This document is a template. An electronic copy can be downloaded from the conference website. For questions on paper guidelines, please contact the conference publications committee as indicated on the conference website. Information about final paper submission is available from the conference website. Before submitting your final paper, check that the format conforms to this template. Specifically, check the appearance of the title and author block, the appearance of section headings, document margins, column width, column spacing and other features. A. This Sub-Section for LaTeX Users Only If the appearance is different from what is shown in this template, then the cause may be the use of conflicting style files in your LaTeX document. An example of an incompatible style file is latex8.sty. You must remove all such conflicting style files. II. Page Layout An easy way to comply with the conference paper formatting requirements is to use this document as a template and simply type your text into it. A. Page Layout Your paper must use a page size corresponding to A4 which is 210mm (8.27") wide and 297mm (11.69") long. The margins must be set as follows: • Top = 19mm (0.75") • Bottom = 43mm (1.69") • Left = Right = 14.32mm (0.56")...

Words: 1877 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Sales of Mitsubishi

...Appendix ‘A’ FINANCIAL PLANNING 1. Library: 1. Books: |S.No. |Type |New Titles Required |Volume of New Titles |Cost per Unit |Total Costs |Remarks | | | | |Required | | | | |1 |Paper Back |1200 |1200 | Rs.1500/-Aprox cost | 18 Lacs | Common to ASAP | | | | | | | |& ASD | |2 |Electronic |  |  |  |  |  | 2. Journals: |S.No. |Type |New Titles Required |Volume of New Titles |Cost per Unit |Total Costs |Remarks | | | | |Required | | | | |1 |Paper Back | 4 | 4 | Rs.250/- | Rs.4000/- | Common to ASAP | | | | | ...

Words: 313 - Pages: 2