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What Was the Short-Term Significance of Ww2 on Indian Independence ?

In: Historical Events

Submitted By klaud98
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The Second World War had a great impact on India's fight for independence. At the start of the war Churchill expressed his reliance on India and commented that he wants “to see the British Empire preserved for a few more generations in its strength and splendour” which he wrote in a letter to the viceroy of India this suggests Britain’s need for a strong empire ruled by the British government with no space for independence. Churchill's views where also shared by the British public however the events of the war changed this view enabling India's independence. Indian congress suffered a split which improved its ability to gain support from the British government “India became a cornerstone for the decolonisation process after the spring of 1942”. The British public opinions also changed due to British economic situation as well as the pressure from the USA. Furthermore the uprise of the Indian National army and the Quit India movement also had short term significance.

At the outbreak of World War II, the Indian League voted for neutrality. When India came under Japanese attack, the Congress ordered for a democratic government in return for their cooperation in the second world war. The left wing of congress refused to support Britain during ww2 and staged a congress revolt while Bose raised the Indian National Army in order to gain Indian independence by supporting the Axis powers. This however weekended the position of the congress. The muslim league stayed loyal to the British. WW2 acted as a catalyst in the Muslim-Hindu divide.The League became increasingly powerful with a membership of over 2 million people.During The second world war it became know that independence could only be achieved if accompanied by a partition. “The Second World War had a profound influence on the British policy towards India.”India's problems during WW2 could not be described as inter-communal but rather international , the outbreak of the second world war highlighted India's problems to Britain. The differences between Hindus and the Muslims were so great that their union under one central government was full of risk “Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions,…they belong to two different civilisations that are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions.” In this speech given at the Lahore resolution by the Chief Minister of Bengal although the passing of the resolution marked the transformation of the Muslim minority in British India and bought about Independence Quaid, A. K. Fazl-ul-Haq had a hidden agenda when giving this speech as his personal believe for a separate government and therefor his opinion might be bias and incorrect.The arrests within the congress allowed Jinnah to strengthen his position and the muslim league.The Labour party supported the Indian claims for self-rule, and was elected to power in Britain in1945 after the war.The British government lifted the ban on Congress and elections were declared in India and allowed Indian leaders to come back ensuring that India had a stronger Independence movement which affected them greatly as just two years after the war India gained full Independence.

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