Premium Essay

Where Have You Been

In: English and Literature

Submitted By cwillis1012
Words 593
Pages 3
W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington were both black right activists. They both had received an education, they also believed in the importance of education and moving their race forward. Both being born in the U.S. they had both faced segregation and discrimination, but both had different approaches on how to go about fixing these problems.

Washington was born as a slave in Virginia. Although he had worked as a slave, he was determined to receive and education. Later in life, he was one of the most influential men for black rights and had founded Tuskegee University in Alabama. He believed that black people had to accomodate to the white people to receive respect and rights for his race; to be an accommodationist. His most famous speech "The Atlanta Compromise" had been a staple of his beliefs; 'Cast down your bucket where you are,' work behind the scenes, adjust to segregation, and abondon agitation. "It was about black people working but on white peoples terms" (Rivalry, 1:42).

One of those ways to 'accomodate' was for African Americans to get an education in agricultural farming. To learn normal farming skills rather than trying to become a doctor or lawyer. When Plessy V. Ferguson had deemed segregation constitutional the ruling "reinforced Washington's view that African Americans had best concentrate on economic progress, not legal and political equality. Frugality, intergrity, and job skills... would bring success in the only areas in which black Americans could control their destiny" (Carson, 326). Although Washington had been an accommodationist, when he died it was revealed that he had "secretly contributed to efforts challenging grandfather clauses,... met with industralists to improve conditions for black train travelers,... and donated money for court battles against segregation and disfranchisement (Carson 346-347). Like Du Bois,...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Where Have You Been Where Are You Going

...Ashland Rice Ryan Brown ENG 113 9/5/14 We have all been told about signs from God at some point in our life. It could be a person, certain place or thing that is sending this sign. In the short story, "Where have you been, where are you going?"  By Joan Carol Oates, Connie is the main character. Connie seems to con herself, for example, she met a guy named Arnold Friend at a restaurant and he shows up at her house one Sunday afternoon. Connie at first does not know who it is and then once she realizes who it is, she does not go straight out of the door with him, it takes her a while to actually goes off with him. “She pretended to fidget, chasing flies away from the door” (208). Her(Connie) name goes along with her personality great and this situation.   Where they first met, the restaurant is shaped like an old church and the background music is like that of a church sermon (206). The author uses this as a sign from God to Connie to warn her about Arnold but she does not realize it. It does not even dong on her that what’s really going on. In reality, Arnold is trying to figure out who Connie really is.   Later on, Oates describes how Arnold is dressed with great detail. A mask, dark clothes, and items stuffed into his boots to make him look taller. The way he is describing, it’s a little weird and creepy. “Tight faded jeans stuffed into black scuffed boots, a belt that pulled his waist in…”(208). I believe that Arnold is some sort of the devil, Satan. In the text,......

Words: 525 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Where Are You Going Where Have You Been

...How many young girls do you know who have had their innocence taken from them? A fifteen year old girl named Connie is forced to grow up entirely too fast by a man named Arnold Friend. Without meaning any harm, she flaunts herself around town acting like a mature woman, showing the world she thinks she ready to grow up. Joyce Carol Oates’s short story “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” illustrates how evil and manipulative one man is to a not so innocent Connie. Although Connie thinks she wants her independence as a woman, Arnold Friend, who is not who he seems to be, destroys her youthful innocence and introduces her to a world of evil. Connie begins to find independence in her appearance. She is constantly admiring herself in the mirror and being scolded for it by her mother. She tries to make herself sexually attractive in search of her own independence (SparkNotes Web). Connie goes out with her friends and flaunts her beauty and body, making herself look interested in older men; she thinks she is doing no harm when she is flirting. Like most teenagers, Connie wants to express her independence by going places alone with her friends. Being only fifteen, she is not able to drive, so she is dependent on the older people in her life. Connie is resentful of not having her full independence, but her family and friends constitute as the only life she knows. While Connie believes she is only making herself look older in order to appear beautiful, she is actually luring......

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?

...“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Summary In the short story “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” author Joyce Carol Oates presents the main character a fifteen year old girl named Connie who’s life is all about being pretty. Connie all ways casted two sides to herself. Her appearance and mannerisms would be displayed one way at home with her family, and entirely different when she was not. Often Connie and her friends would go to a shopping plaza, although they would wander across to a drive-in restaurant, which was a hangout for many of the adolescents. There one night Connie caught the eye of a boy with black hair in a gold convertible. The next day Connie was home alone, while her family was at a barbeque when she heard someone pulling into her driveway. She looked out the window to find that it was the boy with the black hair and gold convertible, which she had seen the prior night. She went to the screen door where the black hair boy approached her. He introduced himself as Arnold Friend and invites her to go for a ride. She replies no and Arnold starts to reveal that he knows much more about Connie than she is aware of. After conversing for a moment she realizes he is much older and steps back shutting the screen door. Arnold keeps suggesting that she step outside and go on a ride with him; however, Connie keeps insisting he leaves or she will call the police. She runs to the back room and picks up the phone, but is overcome with terror. She hangs up...

Words: 306 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Where Are You Going Where Have You Been.

...Symbolism of “Screen Door” “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” by Joyce Carol Oates, is packed with symbols that are very important to the meaning of the short story. There are several important symbols in the story that eventually leads up to Connie’s decision to give herself to Arnold. One of the crucial symbols in “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” is the screen door of Connie’s house. The screen door symbolizes Connie's transition from a teenager to a mature woman that is accepting her fate. Throughout the story Connie is scared to open the door and go outside, the closest she gets is when the boys first pull up and she “hung[s] out the screen door, [with] her toes curling down off the step” (Oates 508). Connie knows that Arnold won’t come in the house because he tells her several times, “I’m not coming in that house after you” (Oates 513). So in a way she feels comforted by the screen door that is separating them. The screen door is a boundary between Connie and Arnold, Connie stands inside the house as Arnold stands on the front porch with his arms open. If Connie opens the screen door to go out with Arnold she is excepting her fate but if she keeps the screen door shut and stays inside, she remains the fearful young teenager who is not ready to leave. By the end of the story Connie has made up her mind, “She put her hand against the screen door. She watched herself push the door slowly open as if she were safe back somewhere in the other doorway,...

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Where Are You Going and Where Have You Been?

...Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? In the story “Where are you going, where have you been” by Joyce Oates is about a beautiful young girl, Connie, that is trying to grow up too fast. She obsesses over her looks, friends, music, and day dreams about boys all day. She gets great pleasure in the fact that many boys of all ages find her very attractive. This though gets her in a lot of trouble with a boy name Arnold. This boy puts on a fake façade to get Connie to come to him. He manipulates her and deceives her. Arnold friend could also be interpreted as “Arch fiend” suggesting that he may be the devil. Many things that the author Joyce suggest leads the reader to believe that he may be the devil. For one his pale skin and his hair is wild, almost as though he is wearing a wig and hiding some horns underneath. When he walks he wobbles almost suggesting that he may have hooves as feet, just like the devil. Demon or not, however, his strangely mismatched appearance adds to the threatening quality of his calm voice and seemingly gentle coaxing as he tries to convince Connie to come outside. Connie at first is strangely attracted to Arnold in a very dangerous way. He is a very attractive, sexy older man that is showing some interest in her. He is also very alluring to her. Something about him keeps her interested. He offers to take her away from her very unhappy life and give her a better one in a field with flowers and sunshine. Soon though he beings to make threats and......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Analyzing "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"

...Richard McQuitery Analyzing “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” English 221 Westwood College “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” by Joyce Carol Oates is a story with connections to Bob Dylan, has themes of control and family, and has an antagonist that is believed to have been based on a serial killer. It is one of many stories of the ages that will be discussed for years to come. Joyce Carol Oates dedicated this short story to Bob Dylan. Oates admitted in an interview that after hearing Bob Dylan’s “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue” she was inspired to write the story. (Davidson, 1997) Leave your stepping stones behind, something calls for you Forget the dead you’ve left, they will not follow you The vagabond who’s rapping at your door Is standing in the clothes that you once wore Strike another match, go start anew And it’s all over now, Baby Blue (Dylan, 1965) After hearing these lyrics in Dylan’s song, it is very easy to identify the scene with Connie speaking to Arnold Friend through the screen door. The song’s eerie tone adds a greater depth to Arnold and Connie’s conversation. In an interview on Youtube, Oates was asked why she dedicated the story to Bob Dylan, and her response was: “…Dylan was in a phase where he was writing music like “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue” and that song, and some others on the same album were rather like fairy tales and nursery rhymes that had gone wrong. He had taken a kind of simplicity of......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Where Are You Going Where Have You Been Lit. Analysis

...Australian Aborigines say that the big stories—the stories worth telling and retelling, the ones in which you may find the meaning of your life—are forever stalking the right teller, sniffing and tracking like predators hunting their prey in the bush. Joyce Carol Oates is one of their lucky catches. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” was an enjoyable, well written story because the themes were strong, the mood and tone of the story grabs the reader and doesn’t let go, and is very realistic. One of the first things someone may notice directly after reading is the story’s strong themes, and the implanted ideas that Oates puts into the heads of her readers, that stay with them long after the reading is over. To say that the themes of this story were ‘good’ would be an understatement; this masterpiece of writing gave to its readers truly meaningful themes about real life that many people never get to learn in average life. One of the most powerful things the story showed was the illusion of adolescent invulnerability. Connie knew that she was beautiful; everyone around her did too, including her mother, who ‘had been pretty once too’ as the narrator puts it. Connie thought that her beauty would get her everywhere, do everything for her, which is why, she had the “habit of craning her neck to glance into mirrors or checking other people's faces to make sure her own was all right.” One is reminded of the story of Narcissus, the boy too beautiful for his own good. Connie......

Words: 764 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been Literary Analysis

...Milano 1 Elizabeth Milano English 1102 Professor Crowther 9/11/2014 " “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been” Literary Analysis “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been” is a story that all teenage girls can relate to. It really reminded the readers how difficult life can be for a teenage girl because of all the pressure and feelings that come along with these angst-filled years. “Her name was Connie. She was fifteen and she had a quick nervous giggling habit of craning her neck to glance into mirrors, or checking other people’s faces to make sure her own was all right” (145 para. 1). Joyce Carol Oates does an amazing job creating such scenes that do happen to girls in their early teens years. In the story, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?,” the main character Connie deals with many coming of age situations including her parents and sister, social situations, and Arnold Friend, a boy. Connie’s mother is always trying to bring her down. She always compares her to June, Connie’s older sister. “Why don’t you keep your room clean like your sister?…” (145 para. 2). This can lead Connie to having a horrible self esteem issue since her mother obviously does not see the best her youngest daughter can be. She is very jealous of how beautiful of a young woman Connie is becoming, and that gives her a reason to tear her down. “Her mother had been pretty once too…but now her looks were gone and that was why she was always after Milano 2 Connie.” (145 para. 1). Her...

Words: 1185 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Story Anaysis of Father and I and Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been

...shoveled in coal; sparks whirled out into the night. It was terrible. The driver stood there in the light of the fire, pale, motionless, his features as though turned to stone.,” represents death. We know this because the narrator uses words like “Pale, motionless,” and “Turned to stone.” These words, which are used to describe the driver, resemble words which would commonly be used to describe a corpse. Also, the mood and words of the second half of the story indicate fear and worrisome. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been Allusions to popular music reveal the shallow character of Connie and her friends in the short story, “Where are You Going, Where Have You Been,” by Joyce Carol Oates. “And Connie paid close attention herself, bathed in a glow of slow-pulsed joy that seemed to rise mysteriously out of the music itself and lay languidly about the airless little room, breathed in and breathed out with each gentle rise and fall of her chest.” In “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been” by Joyce Carol Oates, we find Connie and her friends are/seem shallow. We know this because they worship the Big Boy at the hamburger restaurant. Alternatively when she’s home alone, she’s always obsessed with the music as we are told by the narrator, “And Connie paid close attention herself, bathed in a glow of slow-pulsed joy that seemed to rise mysteriously out of the music itself and lay languidly...

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Candy Land: What Happens When Children Lack Subconscious Maps of the Real World as Seen in Oates’ “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”

... Candy Land: What Happens When Children Lack Subconscious Maps of the Real World as Seen in Oates’ “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Researchers have said for years that reading is good for you. It encourages the thought process and can relays methods of working through situations one has never encountered before; that reading is the difference between a smart well-prepared child and one set in stone for failure. This resonance is similar to that of Gretchen Schulz’s and R.J.R. Rockwood’s belief asserted in “In Fairyland, Without a Map: Connie’s Exploration Inward in Joyce Carol Oates’ ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” that, “The society depicted in ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’ has failed to make available to children like Connie maps of the unconscious such as fairy tales provide, because it has failed to recognize that in the unconscious, past and future coalesce, and that, psychologically, where the child is going is where he or she has already been” (1453). The point Schulz and Rockwood are making is that Connie’s generation and many following it, are neglecting to read fairy tales as bedtime stories and are consequently inhibiting the child’s ability to experience and work through problems he will encounter in adolescence. Whether we are aware of it or not, these stories have lessons that engrain themselves deeper than that on the superficial layer of a hero will save the......

Words: 1306 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Commuication

...https://three.maps-ict.com/ and sign in if you are already assigned to the website but if not then you can press on a hyper link stating register new account and fill in your details. Once on you can also assign into a class which is your teaching group and school. Now that you are a member of maps you can now upload your work by adding posts which the icon on the left. Before uploading the work it is essential that you give it a title and if you want you can write a message along too including how you found the task. When you click upload another webpage will open up which needs to be closed after you have done all your uploading. Once uploaded you are recommended to use Red Pen to mark you work, when you have marked your work using the red pen tool you can go back and make any changes to your work before getting it marked by your teacher. 1 1 The red pen tool is found under the icon tasks and then clicking on the task that relates to the work you have done. Move your curser over the uploaded work and a there should be an option list that will appear and on that option list there will be an option stating “RED PEN TOOL!” 3 3 2 2 After clicking on the red pen tool another web page should open which will allow you to mark your work and assess it yourself. The webpage should look something like this: The icons note, comment and audio allow you to leave a message for your teacher relating to the work in the form you want, whether it is writing a message......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Importance Of The Future

...newspaper and future is a question paper. Your three precise choices is to allow your solution to delineate you, destroy you or strengthen your life towards your future. Our mind-set has been introduced to an innovative year of new prospects and inventive dreams. A legendary Chinese philosopher named Confucius, once said one must “Study the past, if you would define the future.” This notable quote solely states that if you know the cause, you can predict the outcome and has motivated many individuals to only focus on their effects in life and not their previous position. Your past has the ability to overshadow your success to convey stress and discomfort among you. Although, in your belief, your past may determine your future, however, that is not always the upshot. Your past has been generated into a learning ground to...

Words: 737 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nothing

...with her first novel, With Shuddering Fall, in 1964. Soon after she wrote her most noted work, “Where are you going, where have you been.” She grew up in the Erie County countryside near Lockport, which provided the setting for some of her stories and novels. I believe that this area where she grew up was where she based her story “Where are you going, Where have you been.” She was raised in a catholic household, but now is an Atheist, which could be why in “Where are you going, Where have you been” she is portraying the battle between good and evil. Oates’s critics argue that this short story is about sexual innocence, but I believe that Oates is portraying the religious battle between good and evil and she describes real life in her fictional work. In “Where are you going, Where have you been,” Connie, the young girl, hates her mom because her mom is jealous that her daughter is so beautiful. So Connie and her mom are always fighting and arguing about how Connie needs to be careful. When Connie leaves her house and goes out with her friends she dresses modestly just to make her mom happy, but when her friend’s dad drops her off she rolls up her shirt so that she is showing off some skin. She and her friends go to a fly infested, drive-in hamburger joint and meet some guys there. Connie goes off with a guy, but as they are walking off another guy yells out to her “I am going to make you mine.” She just laughs about this and does not pay much attention to it, but when her......

Words: 1504 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Aha! Moment

...The Aha! Moment “You get the sense that the scene is an answer to something. It can be such an epiphany and that's what's so powerful about it. But the danger is that the very epiphany that you have initially can ultimately lead you into a trap, escaping life,” spoken by Greg Harrison. This quote underscores the nature of epiphanies as both the solution to a literary or actual problem and as a dangerous trap. In The Seagull Reader Stories,“Cathedral”, “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”, and “A&P,” all depict epiphanies. To have an epiphany, one needs to have an arrival of understanding and develop a new sense of intuitive realization. Epiphanies do not always have a bad ending with a trap, but each story has its own unique epiphany which creates vulnerability and or illuminates life lessons. During an epiphany, there is a sudden realization, often depicted in cartoons as a lit lightbulb floating over a character's head. Concommit with this realization, is an exposure and vulnerability to an ambush. Often, when the hidden knowledge is revealed, the discoverer is susceptible to the consequences of their  discovery. Sammy, the protagonist in “A&P” by John Updike, goes through an epiphany. Three girls walk into A&P, the grocery store where Sammy is a cashier. The girls are dressed in only bathing suits and the store manager scolds the girls for their attire. Sammy suddenly realizes that he didn’t want to work for a person that is rude to girls. Sammy quits his job in......

Words: 778 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Case Study

...running an IT based program for a company. It starts from the beginning to the end of the process and throughout the whole process even after the last step has been taken. You have the planning stage, and this will include what exactly what you are looking for and what you want the program to do and how it will operate. Who will be using this program and who will it be beneficial to. You will have to go and get bids or quotes from companies that can provide this type of service. Depending on what is being implemented you have to do weeks, months and even years of research to ensure that the program will benefit everyone involved and that time and money is not being wasted. A lot of the things that were done are this analysis did not follow the fundamentals of implementation. During the execution of the program there where many bugs that had to be fixed that could have been prevented if the right questions and queries where ran before going live. There should have been a trial or practice run before the whole system went live. And they should have not done it at all of the sites. Only a couple of the sites should have had the program and should have been using it to get the bugs out. There were way off budget and there were a lot of hidden details that should have been reported. At least this way there would have been a detailed or explained explanation of why the system is not functioning correctly and exactly how much more time and money will be needed to......

Words: 581 - Pages: 3