Free Essay

White Collar Crime Ca2

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ocarr2188
Words 836
Pages 4
Module 2, Writing Assignment 2

Essay Questions
1. Why is it helpful to have a topology of corporate crime, what are the main criteria used, and which criteria do you think are the most significant?
A topology of corporate crime can be extremely helpful in recording data for evaluation. The separate concepts and dimensions of each topology can narrow an inquiry to a very particular subset of activities, victims and practices. A database search on more information of topologies within this subset of White Collar Crime yielded very few results. The author examines this from two broad categories. accounting for several factors within criminology or social science to allow a better study of the topic, in a more narrow scope. From these typologies, we can also draw numerous scientific values.
The author uses the type of activity to study an area. The other typologies include, victims, such as the general public, consumers and employees. Another typology is the size of entity, such as the crime of a major domestic corporation. Thirdly, the product or service involved is another topology. Finally, the nature of the harmful activity. I believe the victim and type of activity are the most significant, because you will most likely have the most data to draw from. Victims will almost definitely report their loss if they suspect foul play; all the while the type of activity will be reported or derived from the victims report. These areas, in my mind, hold for quantitative data. 2. Identify and discuss how the corporate abuse of power, corporate fraud, and corporate economic exploitation are interrelated, and which segments of society suffer from these forms of White Collar Crime.
The corporate abuse of power, corporate fraud and corporate economic exploitation are interrelated by very undefined line. Based on my reading corporate abuse of power may be committed by a company who takes advantage of a tax break a local government may offer companies operating out of their jurisdiction. Also, economic exploitation seems to be when the corporation takes advantage of situations such as an ongoing war and/or demand for a particular product that they may be able to supply. The two aforementioned “White Collar Crimes” standing alone do not seem to be crimes at all. One is a smart business moving to an impoverished or growing locale while the other is a smart business in the employ of microeconomics’ supply and demand. Corporate fraud is what ties these all together. The corporation who bribes local government for the tax break and muscles its way into contracts, underbidding competitors seems to fit the bill. I do believe that the bigger the corporation the more opportunity they have to be able to take advantage of tax breaks, to be able to exploit supply and demand. The author doesn’t exactly say how something like that is illegal. I am familiar with Camden City, NJ who offers tax breaks to business within the City, such as Campbell’s Soup. I see how this benefits the City economy and employment percentage, but fail to see how something like this could cause harm.

3. What are the different types of retail crime and service fraud committed by small businesses?
Some different type of retail crime include Adulteration of products, such as tap water sold as spring water, “short-weighing” which seems to be when a retailer sells an item by the weight and distributes less than what was charged. (The reading suggests that this is a norm, I do not agree) Bait and switch tactics were mentioned. This was portrayed in popular film called “the Zohan” where a local shop owner advertises name brand products and sells a similar product for the same price. Some more disturbing crimes were the sale of expired food products which were fixed to appear normal and/or fresh to conceal growing mold or other defects. Service Fraud can be severe. Fake asbestos removal is something that can bear physical consequences to the employees and consumer, if proved well enough this would be a good case for manslaughter should someone pass due to asbestosis. Trusted professionals definitely take advantage of their positions when a pharmacist dispenses drugs that were not prescribed, or a more diluted drug.
4. Define occupational crime and avocational crime in the context of White Collar Crime, discuss the similarities and differences between the two, and identify the main groups that perpetrate them.
An avocation is a hobby or occasional occupation. Avocational crime refers to occasional economic crimes committed by respectable members of society outside of an occupational context. Occupational crime is a violation of the legal codes in the course of activity in a legitimate occupation. Our reading explores the level of respect of avocational criminals with regards to their occupation or the fact they may have a legitimate occupation. A carpenter working may commit several avocational or ‘folk’ crimes such as tax evasion using his status and modes of work to justify it. He may never be questioned because of his employment.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Unit 5 Bio Notes

...A2 Biology Unit 5 page 1 AQA A2 Biology Unit 5 Contents Specification Human Nervous system Nerve Cells The Nerve Impulse Synapses Receptors Muscle Animal Responses Control of Heart Rate The Hormone System Homeostasis Temperature Homeostasis Blood Glucose Homeostasis Control of Mammalian Oestrus Plant Responses The Genetic Code Protein Synthesis Gene Mutations Stem Cells Control of Gene Expression Biotechnology DNA sequencing Southern Blot In vivo cloning Genetically Modified Organisms Gene Therapy Genetic Screening and Counselling 2 4 6 0 14 17 24 28 30 33 34 38 42 44 48 50 54 57 63 66 71 76 80 85 89 92 Molecular Genetics These notes may be used freely by A level biology students and teachers, and they may be copied and edited. Please do not use these materials for commercial purposes. I would be interested to hear of any comments and corrections. Neil C Millar (nmillar@ntlworld.co.uk) Head of Biology, Heckmondwike Grammar School High Street, Heckmondwike, WF16 0AH Jan 2010 HGS Biology A-level notes NCM 8/09 A2 Biology Unit 5 page 2 Biology Unit 5 Specification Control Systems Organisms increase their chance of survival by responding to changes in their environment. The Nerve Impulse The structure of a myelinated motor neurone. The establishment of a resting potential in terms of differential membrane permeability, electrochemical gradients and the movement of sodium and potassium ions. Changes in membrane permeability lead to depolarisation and......

Words: 26586 - Pages: 107

Free Essay

Body Systeem

...How to go to your page This eBook set contains two volumes. The main content pages are contiguously numbered: use the Table of Contents to find those page numbers. The front matter pages and indices are labeled with the Volume number and page separated by a colon. For example, to go to page vi of Volume 1, type Vol1:vi in the “page #” box at the top of the screen and click “Go”. To go to page vi of Volume 2, type Vol2:vi in the "page #" box… and so forth. Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems This page intentionally left blank Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems VOLUME 1 Julie McDowell, Editor Copyright 2010 by ABC-CLIO, LLC All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data McDowell, Julie. Encyclopedia of human body systems / Julie McDowell. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978–0–313–39175–0 (hard copy : alk. paper) 1. Human physiology—Encyclopedias. I. Title. QP11.M33 2011 612.003—dc22 2010021682 ISBN: 978–0–313–39175–0 EISBN: 978–0–313–39176–7 14 13 12 11 10 1 2 3 4 5 This book is also available on the World Wide Web as an eBook. Visit www.abc-clio.com for details. Greenwood An Imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC ABC-CLIO,......

Words: 218741 - Pages: 875

Free Essay

Maglev

...*3963103* [3963] – 103 T.E. (Petroleum) (Semester – I) Examination, 2011 DRILLING & PRODUCTION OPERATIONS (2003 Course) Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 100 Instructions : 1) Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory. Out of the remaining attempt 2 questions from Section I and 2 questions from Section II. 2) Answers to the two Sections should be written in separate books. 3) Neat diagrams must be drawn wherever necessary. 4) Black figures to the right indicate full marks. 5) Use of Logarithmic Tables, Slide Rule, Mollier Charts, Electronic Pocket Calculator and Steam Tables is allowed. 6) Assume suitable data, if necessary. SECTION – I 1. What are different systems on a drilling rig ? Explain any one in detail with suitable diagramme. 18 2. a) Calculate Bottom hole pressure if well depth is 2500 m and mud weight is 1.2 gm/cc. b) Calculate mud weight if mud gradient is 0.87 psi/ft. ′ c) Calculate volume bbl/meter for drill pipe O.D. = 5′ inch and I.D. = 4.276 inch. 2 2 2 10 8 8 16 d) Draw circulation system on a drilling rig. 3. a) Discuss IADC classification of a bit in details. b) Discuss different factors affecting rate of penetration in details. 4. Write short note on : i) Coring ii) Fishing tools iii) BOP iv) Directional well P.T.O. [3963] – 103 -2- *3963103* SECTION – II 5. a) Discuss different types of casings and function of the casings in brief. b) Discuss different types of well completion techniques. 6. a) Discuss primary cementation process......

Words: 172166 - Pages: 689