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Why Is the Global Literacy Rate Higher for Boys Than for Girls? What Beliefs Do Such Literacy Statistics Reflect?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By aysha123
Words 1625
Pages 7
Aysha Qureshi
Teacher Faisal
HSC4M

Why is the global literacy rate higher for boys than for girls? What beliefs do such literacy statistics reflect?

Worldwide, only 30 percent of all girls are enrolled in a secondary school. The cause of the low literacy rate for girls has been due to global issues such as gender inequality. In most countries around the world girls are brought up with the mindset that they must not think like a man rather a mother and a wife. This has brought about a decrease in the number of girls being allowed to go to school. Early marriages also have a great impact on the decrease of literacy rates among girls. The global literacy rate that has been higher for boys than for girls is a result of girls not being allowed to go to school, being married at an early age and compelled to have the attitudes of a mother and wife.

In many countries around the world, girls are not allowed to go to school for various reasons. One such reason is the society's mentality, that boys are superior to girls. Quite a few people out there-- mostly men-- think that girls can never, and should never compete with boys. Even in countries with high literacy rates for girls, boys still can’t get used to the idea of having a female boss. Patriarchal societies discourage the idea of girls getting an education, because they know that if these girls become educated, they will fight against the injustice done to them.

The high[->0] [->1]rate[->2] [->3]of[->4] [->5]child[->6] [->7]marriage[->8]s in numerous countries results in many girls not having the opportunity to go to school or being forced to drop out of school at a young age. The reason behind early marriages may be a cultural reason or poverty. In many cultures it is believed that as soon as a girl hits puberty, her parents should begin searching for her life partner. They believe that the earlier a girls gets married, the better. Poverty also compels many parents to get their daughters married early as they can no longer accommodate her.

Throughout history, men have been the breadwinners of the family. It is thought that boys are more powerful and capable than girls in financial matters. Many girls are raised with the mentalities that their only job is to do household chores. They are told that after marriage their responsibility is to look after the house and the kids and all chores outside the house are for boys, including jobs. When these girls are not raised to do jobs, their parents see no reason for them to gain education.

Feminist perspectives have played an important role in exposing gender inequality in education. The key to social, political, and economic progress is education and without providing girls with adequate education they will not be able to contribute to global progress. I believe that girls can easily compete with boys in education and doing jobs. The society needs to change its point of view about considering boys as more superior to girls in financial matters and stop restricting girls to doing household chores and raising kids.

References

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