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Why the North Won the Civil War

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Why the North Won the War | There are several factors that contributed to the downfall of the South in its ill-fated pursuit of victory over the North in the Civil War – not the least of which was arrogance. This arrogance was widely on display as the southern way of life supported an antiquated belief system that not only prejudiced them against people of color, but anyone who adopted a separate philosophy. If the Confederacy fails, there should be written on its tombstone: Died of a Theory. -Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America "In all history, no nation of mere agriculturists ever made successful war against a nation of mechanics. . . .You are bound to fail" -Union officer William Tecumseh Sherman to a Southern friend. The North also had undisputable advantages in moving soldiers and equipment. As they held control of 20,000 miles of railroad track while the South possessed half that total. In order to continue to supply a great deal of soldiers with food and equipment, the South needed to protect this valuable asset while capturing and destroying the North’s access to this lifeline. In the end, they accomplished neither. The simple truth remained – the South was not prepared to combat for any extended period of time. Their soldiers will to fight shrank as belts tightened and food ran out. Diet, which led to disease and eventually many deaths among the confederate army, was yet another contributing factor in losing the war. The confederate death toll reached 258,000 - 164,000 was attributed to disease. The Union forces, which totaled over 2,500,000, could absorb more losses than the Southern forces which totaled around 1,000,000. The confederates lost over one-quarter of their...

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