Free Essay

Wikipedia Faces Down Britannica

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By moeam3192
Words 594
Pages 3
Part 1

1. How could a business use information technology to increase switching costs and lock in its customers and suppliers? a. A useful investment in information technology can make customers and supplies more dependent on the use of innovative information systems. This allows the customer or supplier to become more reluctant to pay the cost in time, effort, and inconvenience that it would take to change to the competitor. Also, the relationship the business has with its consumers will deter them from leaving. 2. How could a business leverage its investment in information technology to build strategic IT capabilities that serve as a barrier to new entrants into its markets? b. By investing in more advanced computer-based info system to improve the overall efficiency, businesses will be able to develop newer products or services that could have not otherwise been possible without the information technology capabilities available. Also, by increasing the possible complexity of information technology, the business can often discourage other companies from entering the same market 3. How could a business use Internet technologies to form a virtual company or become an agile competitor? c. In order to form a virtual company, the business most form well developed internets, intranets, and extranets in order to affectively link the people, their assets, and ideas. In order to become more of an agile competitor, the business must follow the four basic strategies: customers must find the product a solution to their individual problems; cooperate with customers, supplies, other companies, and even competitors; the company must thrive off change and uncertainty, using flexible organization structures; and leverage the competitive impact of its people and the information recourses available. 4. MIS author and consultant Peter Keen says: “We have learned that it is not technology that creates a competitive edge, but the management process that exploits technology.” What does he mean? Do you agree or disagree? Why? d. Yes. The management of technology and the development of innovative ideas are the ingredients that lead to a successful company today. Technology will always be available, competitors will almost always posses the same technology as well, so in order to climb above you must recognize how to effectively use the technology and discover innovative ways to conduct business.

Part 2

a. How does the Wikimedia Foundation meet the criteria for an agile company? a. Wikimedia consumers find information available as solving their problems or questions at the click of a button, they thrive of changing stories and methods of adding new information from reliable peers, and they hold leverage upon their accuracy and free databases b. Wikimedia is an entirely virtual company. Their systems of internets and intranets are very well developed and able to handle massive loads of consumer usage at any given moment. This way, at any moment Wikimedia has the ability to link people all over the world. c. Most of Wikimedia meets the criteria of knowledge-creating companies due to its availability of explicit knowledge. d. Given that people can instantaneously find free information within Wikipedia, in order for Encyclopedia Britannica to adapt and deal with the threat is to have some sort of free, consumer developed, information site that can compete and perhaps be more reliable than Wikipedia. e. Wikiversity has the ability of connecting students with other students and teachers, while making available open courseware and material online and distance learning infrastructure so you can become able to get an accredited degree through a select group of universities that will provide credit for open learning materials ascertained through Wikiversity.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Slavery After the Emancipation Proclamation

...Sl Slavery after the Emancipation Proclamation in 1865 Kristina Kacanski HIST1030 – Life, Love, and Labour Prof. Rogers 211-565-827 "In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free - honorable alike in what we give, and what we preserve. We shall nobly save, or meanly lose, the last best hope of earth. Other means may succeed; this could not fail. The way is plain, peaceful, generous, just - a way which, if followed, the world will forever applaud, and God must forever bless." – Abraham Lincoln1 Throughout the presidency of Abraham Lincoln, he managed to accomplish many great things. However, the greatest feat he managed to procure was in 1865, specifically, the Emancipation Proclamation. Even though his life was cut short 7 months prior to the officially ratification of the 13th amendment, he was and will always be known as the driving force behind this movement. 2 "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." (13th Amendment)3 So with the new amendment came a new tide of change. Right? Not according to most Southern states that refused to collaborate with the new adjustment. The question we can pose is “why did race continue to be a fundamental social problem in the United States after the abolition of slavery in 1865?” Throughout the research paper, the answer will hopefully be......

Words: 2081 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Dieting and Exercise vs. Cosmetic Surgery

...blame some say, and others blame the advancement of science. Either way, a significant amount of people in this day and age have the desire to lose weight. Some people prefer the old fashion method of dieting and exercising and others, cosmetic surgery. Weight loss trends have transcended time from diet and exercise to cosmetic surgery. Despite any method of losing weight, diet and exercise remains most effective. Dieting Dieting according to (Encyclopedia Britannica 2013) is, “regulating one’s food intake for the purpose of improving one’s physical condition, especially for the purpose of reducing obesity, or what is conceived to be excess body fat. Time has revealed that image and other health factors are important. Dieting is now commonly promoted as a healthier way of losing weight. Personally, I am astonished that dieting has a lucrative selling market. For years, diets have been displayed as ineffective, unappealing, and unappetizing and torture. Dieting is not all about starving yourself to lose weight. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia defines dieting as: the practice of eating food in a regulated fashion to decrease, maintain or increase body weight. Out of numerous methods for losing weight, dieting is one of the most unsuccessful methods in most cases. These methods fail because most people either try to starve themselves or try to eat certain food groups that they believe is healthier and it sets them back. Eating a certain foods alone does not guarantee weight...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...sister and thinking, ‘Wow. This is beautiful.’ This movie really was where it started. I think for a lot of people, it began with this movie. This movie showed mermaids in this light of being beautiful and being able to love. As a child, this is a pretty cool thing. It feeds the wonder and innocence of a child. But that gets killed and shot down upon the arrival of Middle School. But that’s another story. Mermaids have always been something of wonder. Though I’m an eighteen year old college bound girl, I still keep that child-like sense of innocence alive. We really don’t know what there is in the sea. Most of it is unexplored because of the dangerous environments. The ocean is something of marvel, yet instills fear in me. I’m afraid of the ocean. I don’t like to look out onto the beach and see never ending water. I could never go on a cruise. It seems like an irrational fear, but I just can’t do it. I guess I’m at an inconvenience considering I live on Long Island, my home is less than a mile from the marina, and I’m doing mermaids as my topic for this midterm. Great decision making on my part, right? But to grow and learn, one must face their fears and overcome them. And I plan on doing that this summer. (Fingers crossed) So as far as a reason, I do it...

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Business Economices

...[pic]East West University ENG102 Term Paper: Concept of God Course Title : Composition & Communication Skills Section : 04 Submitted to : Farhana Farid Senior Lecturer Department of English Submitted by : Mahmudul Haque ID: 2008-2-10-049 Concept of God Whenever we get into any trouble, especially when we face it alone, and feel helpless, we remember and want help from someone, someone very powerful. Again, when we commit any crime, we feel guilty from our conscious mind but we also get a little frightened that someone is watching and that we will have to pay the cost of our actions to that someone. This super power being is God who is called by different names in different tribes but the concept is somewhat similar. For example, one thing common in all the Major Religions of the world is that the God they worship, they believe He is the same God for them as well as for the others. Initially, we will discuss the concept of God in major religions. First we will try to see the concept from the angle of the general followers of those religions. Then we will try to get a general concept according to the authentic sources of those religions. Concept of God in Hinduism: Hinduism is not actually the name of the religion. It is a geographical name but the British put this name forward for the religion to make a division. The actual name for the religion is ‘Veda’ or ‘Brahmanism’. It is a Non-Semitic, Aryan, Vedic......

Words: 3239 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Social Networking- a Menace to Student's English Language Profeciency

...INTRODUCTION With the advancement of technology and the leap the world has taken, everybody faced a drastic change in everything and the most evident thing is this so- called “alternative literacy” that has taken place. Generations are now typing, texting and tweeting their own unique language. This word abbreviated Morse Code like grammar sweeps from computer to phone on social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace and Twitter. “Written communication in instant messaging, text messaging, chat and other forms of electronic communication have generated a “new language” of abbreviations, acronyms, word combinations, and punctuation.” (Varnhagen et al., 2009, p. 1) According to media sources participating on social networking sites and instant messaging is having a negative impact on the use of the English language. Most at risk according to these sources are our younger generations. It threatens youth literacy because it creates and compounds undesirable reading and writing habits and because it’s particular lowbrow vernacular damages students’ abilities to employ regular formal literary skills.” (Craig, 2003, p. 118) This study aimed at determining whether networking sites has a positive or negative impact on young people’s English Language Literacy. I. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM With even more technological advances and the growth of Social Networking sites, people are communicating more by Internet using different sites, and also via their mobile phones, which...

Words: 4071 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Study Habits Related to Their Academic Performance

...broaden one’s horizon. Students learn to relate well and manage people, work in teams, and hone their skills and develop their ability to its maximum potential. Researchers acknowledge the growing recognition that today’s students in higher education are confronted with more demands and pressures (Pabiton, 2007). Likewise, Neville, Happner & Wang (1997), noted that most students, University/College life is usually considered a time when young adults struggle with newly found freedom and deal with developmental tasks of interpersonal relationships as well as academic concerns Attending college is indeed a preparation to the actual work that one must experience. It is a journey that young people need to undertake in order to be ready to face the challenges of life. It is one of the developmental tasks that they must overcome successfully; hence to be successful in this area will lead them to series of success in life. Education and multiple skills enhancement have become the principal vehicles in the creation of sustainable advantage in the competitive world market. Poor academic performance has been implicated as one...

Words: 3859 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Mp Company

...mentorship, and a safe cultural environment for every employee. Organizational Design MP is operating as a highly flexible and adaptable organization that can react and adapt quickly to change. MP adopted the adhocracy design with a flexible structure with only a few layers of management and a decentralized structure with minimal formalizations and orders. MP does not rely heavily on written rules and procedures. It creates procedures that work best as different situations arise. It has the ability to take on new tasks and to fulfill its mission regardless of the circumstances it faces. MP allows their employees to share knowledge and suggestions to keep them engaged, and empower employees to make their own common sense decisions to solve daily problems. This structure gives employees more responsibility and authority for their work. This also makes communication faster up and down the company chain to solve problems quickly. MP expresses confidence in their employees and sets high performance expectations. Employees’ role expectations are clearly defined and consistent to reduce stress and conflict. An employee’s skills and abilities are matched to...

Words: 2107 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Exploring Democracy, Democratic Consolidation and Democratisation

...The essence of this essay is to explore democracy, democratic consolidation and democratization. It further explains why democratization takes different ‘flight trajectories’ in different developing countries. It is difficult to reach a consensus on the definition of democracy. However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5th century BC. The Webster New Encyclopedic Dictionary (1995) defines democracy as a government in which supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through representation. According to Lindel, and Scott (1999), the term originates from the Greek word (demokratia) which simply means “rule of the people” and it was coined from (demos) “people” and (kratos) “power” or “rule” in the 5th century B.C. It is important to note that the political system postulated by the Athenians was such that democratic citizenship was exclusive to an elite class of free men only. Slaves and women were excluded from participation. Furthermore, in a lecture titled “What is Democracy”? Diamond (2004) gave an overview of what in his opinion is democracy. He describes democracy as a system of government with four key elements: a system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections; active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life; protection of the human rights of all citizens; and a rule of law in which the laws and procedures apply......

Words: 3633 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Success Factors of Crowdsourcing

...'Sucessful Crowdfunding campaign’ Introduction: Crowdsourcing: Crowdsourcing emerges as a new paradigm of organization used by companies to reach out to distributed talent in the context of a globally interconnected society (Villarroel et al 2007, 2011a, 2011b). Although the term “crowdsourcing” is relatively new (Howe 2006), and it has only received theoretical attention by management academics in recent years (Geerts, 2009) (Malone, et al., 2010), crowdsourcing initiatives led by companies have over two decades of existence, finding roots in the software industry (von Hippel & von Krog, 2003). Crowdsourcing offers a new business model that allows companies to gather faster and at a lower cost, the knowledge distributed among the population, specific to each one of us, the knowledge of time and place. (Hayek, 1945) (Schenk & Guittard, 2011)(Villarroel 2008, 2011c; Villarroel & Taylor 2007). (Malone, et al., 2010) Even though crowdsourcing is emerging recently to the understanding of a wider audience, it has stuck the eye of a few lecturers as early as 1998, whilst Thomas Malone and Robert Laubacher, noticed the organizational changes in motion and expected long term consequences (Malone & Laubacher, 1998). The Linux case has highlighted these new flexible businesses which might be assembled at some point of the initiatives and then are dissolved once the venture is done so staff can then seek for long term projects to paintings on. (Malone & Laubacher, 1998) This......

Words: 5780 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay


...NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS PROGRAM INTL 1101: GLOBALIZATION AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS MR 11:45 AM - 1:25 PM, 310 Behrakis SPRING 2014 INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION Name: Dr. Ioannis Livanis Contact info: 617-373-4697 E-mail address: Office: 210D Renaissance Park Office hours: Monday 2:00-4:00pm and Thursday 3:00-5:00pm ; and by appointment! TEACHING ASSISTANT INFORMATION Name: E-mail address: Office: Office hours: Course Content: The world is never a boring place, whether we are interested in politics, culture, history, security, or art. To understand the world around us, however, we must be engaged citizens of the world. We must try to put ourselves in others’ shoes, to develop a sense of how others perceive the world, what others experience, and to make connections with these differences. The study of international affairs trains us to think more carefully about global issues and encourages us to take action when needed. This course serves as an introduction to International Affairs, an interdisciplinary program that covers international politics, history, sociology, anthropology, language, and culture. This class is unique in that we will have lectures on a variety of topics, and watch films that enhance your understanding of globalization. You will be introduced to basic concepts of international affairs, including an introduction to the international system, globalization, and international organizations. We will explore global issues...

Words: 3448 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Social Media in Business‐to‐Business Branding

...Haakon André Elveslett Jensen    Social media in   business‐to‐business branding  How B2B companies can thrive in the new era of digital  communication            Master’s thesis  Trondheim, June 2010  Academic supervisor: Arild Aspelund      Norwegian University of Science and Technology  Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management  Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management              Executive summary  The objective of this study is to explore the implications of social media for business‐ to‐business brand management. Thought leaders of social media and branding in the  online environment are currently doing their work out in the field, whilst the  academics are lagging behind. In order to shed some light on issues regarding how  B2B companies should manage opportunities and challenges in the social media  space, this master thesis seeks to address the topic by conducting an exploratory  study on how B2B companies can utilise social media to enhance the brand.  The study is conducted using a qualitative approach. The purpose is to give an aerial  view of how B2B companies should approach social media, what opportunities and  threats exists, and how they should focus their online strategy to enhance the B2B  brand. The theoretical part of this study builds upon business‐to‐business brand  management due to the growth of B2C brands in social media. The empirical data of ......

Words: 40131 - Pages: 161

Free Essay

Business Assignment

...Alexander Fleming From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Alexander Fleming (disambiguation). Sir Alexander Fleming FRSE, FRS, FRCS(Eng) | | Born | 6 August 1881 Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland | Died | 11 March 1955 (aged 73) London, England | Nationality | Scottish | Fields | Bacteriology, immunology | Alma mater | Royal Polytechnic Institution St Mary's Hospital Medical School Imperial College London | Known for | Discovery of penicillin | Notable awards | * FRS (1943)[1] * Nobel Prize (1945) * Knight Bachelor (1944) | Signature | Sir Alexander Fleming, FRSE, FRS,[1] FRCS(Eng) (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist and botanist. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance penicillin from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain.[2][3][4][5][6][7] Contents * 1 Early life and education * 2 Research * 2.1 Work before penicillin * 2.2 Accidental discovery * 2.3 Purification and stabilisation * 2.4 Antibiotics * 3 Myths * 4 Personal life * 5 Death * 6 Honours, awards and achievements * 7 See also * 8 Bibliography * 9 References * 10 External links Early life and education Fleming was born on 6 August......

Words: 13076 - Pages: 53

Free Essay


...The Launching of Mozilla Firefox- A Case Study in Community-Led Marketingi Sandeep Krishnamurthy Associate Professor of E-Commerce and Marketing Business Administration Program University of Washington, Bothell Box 358533, 18115 Campus Way NE, Room UW1-233 Bothell, WA 98011-8246 Phone: (425) 352 5229 Fax: (425) 352 5277 E-mail: URL: Version 1.0 January 27, 2005 Usage Policy 1This is an early draft of the paper. I expect to revise it many times and submit it to an academic journal for publication at a later date. Your input is welcome. You are welcome to use the document in its current form for teaching or research purposes. If you use it in your classroom, e-mail me about how this was received and tell me how I can improve it. Always cite the original document when using. You may cite it asKrishnamurthy, Sandeep (2005), “The Launching of Mozilla Firefox- A Case Study in Community-Led Marketing”, Working Paper, Available at 4If you notice any errors or omissions in this document or if you have other suggestions for improvement or collaboration, e-mail me at 2- 3- 2 The Launching of Mozilla Firefox- A Case Study in Community-Led Marketing ABSTRACT Mozilla Firefox is a Free/Libre/Open Source (FLOSS) browser supported by the Mozilla Foundation. This browser was recently released and has met with considerable success- it has...

Words: 7053 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Race and Ethnicity

...l Race and Juvenile Delinquency by Dubien Tshimanga SOCIOLOGY & ANTHROPOLOGY CAPSTONE PRINCIPIA COLLEGE APRIL 2015 ABSTRACT Throughout history, the struggle of minorities has been seen in many facets of life such as in history, literature, music and film: Martin Luther King Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi fought for the right of unrepresented minorities. Books such as Too Kill a Mocking Bird spoke to the prejudices of a community. Movies such as Roots illustrated the hardship of the slaves. From the Roman’s persecution of Christians to today’s rap song lyrics about economic disparities the plight of the minority has been fought for millennium. This research examines the struggle of minorities within the juvenile justice system and the differential rates of adjudication and length of sentencing between the white majority and the black minority juvenile offenders. During the course of this research, additional insights were gained from an internship at a youth correctional center as well as drawing on my own personal experience as a refugee from Gabon. The findings of my research demonstrate that minority offenders do receive harsher sentences than the whites, and that there are several factors contributing to higher rates of juvenile delinquency among African Americans; primarily education and community. To consider the struggle of minorities is important because it creates awareness that the maltreatment of a minority group by the dominant majority often...

Words: 19434 - Pages: 78

Free Essay


...The Wealth of Networks The Wealth of Networks How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom Yochai Benkler Yale University Press New Haven and London Copyright _ 2006 by Yochai Benkler. All rights reserved. Subject to the exception immediately following, this book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, including illustrations, in any form (beyond that copying permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law and except by reviewers for the public press), without written permission from the publishers. The author has made an online version of the book available under a Creative Commons Noncommercial Sharealike license; it can be accessed through the author’s website at Printed in the United States of America. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Benkler, Yochai. The wealth of networks : how social production transforms markets and freedom / Yochai Benkler. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-300-11056-2 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-300-11056-1 (alk. paper) 1. Information society. 2. Information networks. 3. Computer networks—Social aspects. 4. Computer networks—Economic aspects. I. Title. HM851.B457 2006 303.48'33—dc22 2005028316 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. The paper in this book meets the guidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on Production Guidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1...

Words: 214717 - Pages: 859