Premium Essay

With the Widespread Availability of Calculators, Is It Necessary for Students to Learn Arithmetic?

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Jakadenge123
Words 280
Pages 2
The use of technology plays an important role in the success of students. A good example is the use of calculators by students in solving mathematical problems. Calculators have enabled students to perform strenuous calculations with ease and speed. However, the future success of a student in mathematics is supported by a strong foundation in arithmetic. I think it is necessary for students to learn arithmetic despite the widespread availability of calculators. Calculators are supposed to enhance a student’s understanding of mathematical concepts. However, this does not mean that they can replace the learning of arithmetic. A calculator is a tool that helps a student who understands arithmetic concepts but has a problem remembering his times table. They also help students who make careless errors when computing arithmetic operations. This means that a calculator is only useful if a student has a strong foundation in arithmetic concepts. In arithmetic, students cover a number of crucial topics such as divisibility rules and reducing by factors that help them in making good decisions. Arithmetic concepts are based on the use of rules in solving mathematical problems. This is emphasized by teachers who rarely use calculators when solving mathematical problems during class sessions. As such, calculators are only required to speed up the process of problem solving. Arithmetic provides students with essential skills such as analytical thinking and reasoning which are very vital in their daily lives. They may apply such skills in real life situations when faced with a problem. On the other hand, calculators do not offer any skills that students may use in solving problems in real life situations and as such they cannot replace the learning of...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Term Paper on Computing Fundamental

...INTRODUCTION A. Origin of the report: This report on “Features, Advantages, Disadvantages and Price of Desktop Computer, Laptop Computer, Palmtop Computer, PDA and Mobile Phone” is submitted to Tahmina Khanam, course teacher of the course MGT 308 “Computing Fundamental” on July 02, 2009. The information of the report has been conducted under the direction of Lecturer Tahmina Khanam. B. Purposes: To find out the different features of different types of computer and latest technology and their advantages, disadvantages and prices. C. Scope of the study The frontier of the report is that it only discusses about desktop computer, laptop computer, palmtop computer, PDA and mobile phone. We have known a lot of things through the internet. D. The Limitations of the study The report has some limitations. The websites did not provide clear information about a lot of topics. Everything in there is very complicated. E. Methodology There are two types of method by which we have collected all the data and information. The first method is that we went to computer sales centre to know about the computers features and prices. The second is that we searched the internet for further information. The data and other analysis those have been done in this report are on the basis of the course “MGT-308 – Computing Fundamental”. F. Report Preview We discuss one by one the types of the computer. And we also include features, advantages, disadvantages and price with...

Words: 8668 - Pages: 35

Premium Essay

Technology and Computers

...others. Computers enable the efficient processing and storage of information. Do not think of a computer merely as the machine with the keyboard and the mouse, although that might be true for some types of computers. Embedded computers may be inside your household appliances, the video cassette recorder, the automobile, planes, trains, power plants, water purification plants, calculators, and even inside a few toys. These embedded computers are very small. They affect our lives each day. Why, even modern traffic lights operate with computers. They are all around us. Think of additional ways in which computers affect our lives each day. Every organization somehow use(s) a computer to run the organization. Some of the places are hospitals, schools, fire department, banks, stores or supermarkets, stock exchange, police department, insurance companies, transport companies, and government agencies etc. What is a computer? A computer is many things to many people, depending on what it is being used for. At one time the computer can be a machine which processes the payroll, then it can be a machine which tabulates students’ grades, then a machine which stimulates the loading on a bridge, then it processes insurance policies, then it plays chess, and so on. It is important to note that all the above tasks, and many more, can be performed by the same computer. Definition: A computer is an electronic device that performs four functions: it inputs data (getting information into the......

Words: 67033 - Pages: 269

Free Essay

The Role of Ict in Teaching and Learning of Mathematics

...TITLE PAGE THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (FCE), ZARIA KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA BY NAME | REG NUMBER | USMAN HAUWA | EZ/11/MACO/008 | MICHAEL GOTOM HELEN | EZ/11/MACO/036 | AKUBO OMERA ISAIAH | EZ/11/MACO/043 | SARKI DORATHY BELLO | EZ/11/MACO/089 | IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION (NCE), DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS, SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA JULY, 2014 APROVAL PAGE This project has been read and approved as meeting the requirement for the Award of Nigeria Certificate in Education in the School of Science, Mathematics Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria. ____________________________ _____________________ MAL. UMAR ISAH OHIMEGE DATE PROJECT SUPERVISOR _________________________ _______________________ MAL. SANI SAIDU DATE PROJECT COORDINATOR _________________________ _______________________ SHETTIMA MUSTAPHA DATE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT DEDICATION We whole-heartedly dedicate this research study to God Almighty for His guidance, protection, care and infinite mercy that He bestrode upon us throughout the period of our study, who is the sources of wisdom and knowledge. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We whole-heartedly thank God Almighty for the opportunity He has granted to us to complete this piece of work successfully and for his......

Words: 18299 - Pages: 74

Free Essay

Business Ethics

...Algebra for the Utterly Confused This page intentionally left blank. Algebra for the Utterly Confused Larry J. Stephens McGraw-Hill New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogotá Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Delhi San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 0-07-143095-4 The material in this eBook also appears in the print version of this title: 0-07-135514-6 All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps. McGraw-Hill eBooks are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs. For more information, please contact George Hoare, Special Sales, at george_hoare@mcgraw-hill.com or (212) 904-4069. TERMS OF USE This is a copyrighted work and The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc...

Words: 47988 - Pages: 192

Free Essay

Student

...CONCEPTS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES TENTH EDITION This page intentionally left blank CONCEPTS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES TENTH EDITION R OB E RT W. S EB ES TA University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Vice President and Editorial Director, ECS: Marcia Horton Editor in Chief: Michael Hirsch Executive Editor: Matt Goldstein Editorial Assistant: Chelsea Kharakozova Vice President Marketing: Patrice Jones Marketing Manager: Yez Alayan Marketing Coordinator: Kathryn Ferranti Marketing Assistant: Emma Snider Vice President and Director of Production: Vince O’Brien Managing Editor: Jeff Holcomb Senior Production Project Manager: Marilyn Lloyd Manufacturing Manager: Nick Sklitsis Operations Specialist: Lisa McDowell Cover Designer: Anthony Gemmellaro Text Designer: Gillian Hall Cover Image: Mountain near Pisac, Peru; Photo by author Media Editor: Dan Sandin Full-Service Vendor: Laserwords Project Management: Gillian Hall Printer/Binder: Courier Westford Cover Printer: Lehigh-Phoenix Color This book was composed in InDesign. Basal font is Janson Text. Display font is ITC Franklin Gothic. Copyright © 2012, 2010, 2008, 2006, 2004 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.......

Words: 142312 - Pages: 570

Premium Essay

Untitle

...Explaining Student Performance Evidence from the international PISA, TIMSS and PIRLS surveys Final Report November 2005 Explaining Student Performance Evidence from the international PISA, TIMSS and PIRLS surveys Jens Henrik Haahr with Thomas Kibak Nielsen, Martin Eggert Hansen and Søren Teglgaard Jakobsen www.danishtechnology.dk jens.henrik.haahr@teknologisk.dk This study was carried out on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Education and Culture. Views expressed represent exclusively the positions of the authors and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission. Contents Index 1. .......................................................................................................................... 2 2. 3. 4. Executive Summary................................................................................................. 4 1.1. Education Systems and Basic Skills................................................................. 4 1.2. Student Background Characteristics and Basic Skills.................................... 10 1.3. School Characteristics and Basic Skills ......................................................... 13 1.4. Individual Student Characteristics and Basic Skills....................................... 17 1.5. New Analysis and Data Collection Activities................................................ 19 Introduction........................................................................................

Words: 87738 - Pages: 351

Free Essay

Concepts of Programming Languages

...CONCEPTS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES TENTH EDITION This page intentionally left blank CONCEPTS OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES TENTH EDITION R O B E RT W. S EB ES TA University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Vice President and Editorial Director, ECS: Marcia Horton Editor in Chief: Michael Hirsch Executive Editor: Matt Goldstein Editorial Assistant: Chelsea Kharakozova Vice President Marketing: Patrice Jones Marketing Manager: Yez Alayan Marketing Coordinator: Kathryn Ferranti Marketing Assistant: Emma Snider Vice President and Director of Production: Vince O’Brien Managing Editor: Jeff Holcomb Senior Production Project Manager: Marilyn Lloyd Manufacturing Manager: Nick Sklitsis Operations Specialist: Lisa McDowell Cover Designer: Anthony Gemmellaro Text Designer: Gillian Hall Cover Image: Mountain near Pisac, Peru; Photo by author Media Editor: Dan Sandin Full-Service Vendor: Laserwords Project Management: Gillian Hall Printer/Binder: Courier Westford Cover Printer: Lehigh-Phoenix Color This book was composed in InDesign. Basal font is Janson Text. Display font is ITC Franklin Gothic. Copyright © 2012, 2010, 2008, 2006, 2004 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United......

Words: 142253 - Pages: 570

Premium Essay

What Are Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Student Performance

...Explaining Student Performance Evidence from the international PISA, TIMSS and PIRLS surveys Final Report November 2005 Explaining Student Performance Evidence from the international PISA, TIMSS and PIRLS surveys Jens Henrik Haahr with Thomas Kibak Nielsen, Martin Eggert Hansen and Søren Teglgaard Jakobsen www.danishtechnology.dk jens.henrik.haahr@teknologisk.dk This study was carried out on behalf of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Education and Culture. Views expressed represent exclusively the positions of the authors and do not necessarily correspond to those of the European Commission. Contents Index 1. .......................................................................................................................... 2 2. 3. 4. Executive Summary................................................................................................. 4 1.1. Education Systems and Basic Skills................................................................. 4 1.2. Student Background Characteristics and Basic Skills.................................... 10 1.3. School Characteristics and Basic Skills ......................................................... 13 1.4. Individual Student Characteristics and Basic Skills....................................... 17 1.5. New Analysis and Data Collection Activities................................................ 19 Introduction....................................................................

Words: 87837 - Pages: 352

Free Essay

Women Affair.Pdf

...WOMEN DEVELOPMENT AND NATIONAL POLICY ON WOMEN IN NIGERIA Olubunmi Aderemi Sokefun Abstract This paper discusses the document on women in Nigeria (National Policy on Women). Several past administrations in this country have treated women issues and affairs with calculated levity: Carefully side - tracking or blatantly refusing to accord it the necessary attention. It is now a thing to gladden the hearts of all women of Nigeria that, "after four attempts by four former heads of Nigeria's Government," Chief Obasanjo's administration finally granted government recognition to women's issues in this country. The official document .on Human Rights' issues as it relates to Nigerian women; this document is known as the NATIONAL POLICY ON WOMEN. This paper therefore focuses on the document which promises to bring delight to the heart of every woman in this country. Introduction When late Mrs. Olufunmilayo Ransome Kuti joined the vanguard team as the only nationalist and activist during the early struggle for Nigerian independence, hardly did .anybody realize then that she had a dream, a clear vision of a future Nigerian woman, that vision was crystal clear in her heart, and like a pivot, it stood firmly on three stand posts-known today as women's rights, women emancipation and women empowerment.. . Mrs. Olufunmilayo Ransome-Kuti later joined by some educated women of like minds, fought daringly and relentlessly for these three .pivotal goals of women emergency and relevance in the......

Words: 71889 - Pages: 288

Premium Essay

Business

...Equivalent annual annuity EAR Effective annual rate, EFF% EBIT EBITDA EPS EVA F Earnings before interest and taxes; operating income Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization Earnings per share Economic value added (1) Fixed operating costs (2) Flotation cost FCF Free cash flow FVN Future value for Year N FVAN g GAAP HVN I IFRS IPER I/YR INT IP IPO IRR LIBOR ln(P/X) Future value of an annuity for N years Growth rate in earnings, dividends, and stock prices U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Standards Firm’s horizon value at t ¼ N Interest rate; also referred to as r International Financial Reporting Standards Periodic interest rate Interest rate key on some calculators Interest payment in dollars Inflation premium Initial public...

Words: 199840 - Pages: 800

Free Essay

Thinking Fast and Slow

...In memory of Amos Tversky Contents Introduction Part I. Two Systems 1. The Characters of the Story 2. Attention and Effort 3. The Lazy Controller 4. The Associative Machine 5. Cognitive Ease 6. Norms, Surprises, and Causes 7. A Machine for Jumping to Conclusions 8. How Judgments Happen 9. Answering an Easier Question Part II. Heuristics and Biases 10. The Law of Small Numbers 11. Anchors 12. The Science of Availability 13. Availability, Emotion, and Risk 14. Tom W’s Specialty 15. Linda: Less is More 16. Causes Trump Statistics 17. Regression to the Mean 18. Taming Intuitive Predictions Part III. Overconfidence 19. The Illusion of Understanding 20. The Illusion of Validity 21. Intuitions Vs. Formulas 22. Expert Intuition: When Can We Trust It? 23. The Outside View 24. The Engine of Capitalism Part IV. Choices 25. Bernoulli’s Errors 26. Prospect Theory 27. The Endowment Effect 28. Bad Events 29. The Fourfold Pattern 30. Rare Events 31. Risk Policies 32. Keeping Score 33. Reversals 34. Frames and Reality Part V. Two Selves 35. Two Selves 36. Life as a Story 37. Experienced Well-Being 38. Thinking About Life Conclusions Appendix Uncertainty A: Judgment Under Appendix B: Choices, Values, and Frames Acknowledgments Notes Index Introduction Every author, I suppose, has in mind a setting in which readers of his or her work could benefit from having read it. Mine is the proverbial office watercooler, where opinions are shared and gossip is exchanged.......

Words: 189666 - Pages: 759

Premium Essay

Computer Organization and Architecture Designing for Performance 8th Edition

...COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE DESIGNING FOR PERFORMANCE EIGHTH EDITION William Stallings Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data On File Vice President and Editorial Director: Marcia J. Horton Editor-in-Chief: Michael Hirsch Executive Editor: Tracy Dunkelberger Associate Editor: Melinda Haggerty Marketing Manager: Erin Davis Senior Managing Editor: Scott Disanno Production Editor: Rose Kernan Operations Specialist: Lisa McDowell Art Director: Kenny Beck Cover Design: Kristine Carney Director, Image Resource Center: Melinda Patelli Manager, Rights and Permissions: Zina Arabia Manager, Visual Research: Beth Brenzel Manager, Cover Visual Research & Permissions: Karen Sanatar Composition: Rakesh Poddar, Aptara®, Inc. Cover Image: Picturegarden /Image Bank /Getty Images, Inc. Copyright © 2010, 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 07458. Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), write to: Rights and Permissions Department. Pearson Prentice Hall™ is a trademark of Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson® is a registered trademark......

Words: 239771 - Pages: 960

Premium Essay

Berk Demarzo

...Finance Alexander/Sharpe/Bailey Fundamentals of Investments Bear/Moldonado-Bear Free Markets, Finance, Ethics, and Law Berk/DeMarzo Corporate Finance* Berk/DeMarzo Corporate Finance: The Core* Berk/DeMarzo/Harford Fundamentals of Corporate Finance* Bierman/Smidt The Capital Budgeting Decision: Economic Analysis of Investment Projects Bodie/Merton/Cleeton Financial Economics Click/Coval The Theory and Practice of International Financial Management Copeland/Weston/Shastri Financial Theory and Corporate Policy Cox/Rubinstein Options Markets Dietrich Financial Services and Financial Institutions: Value Creation in Theory and Practice Dorfman Introduction to Risk Management and Insurance Dufey/Giddy Cases in International Finance Eakins Finance in .learn Eiteman/Stonehill/Moffett Multinational Business Finance Emery/Finnerty/Stowe Corporate Financial Management Fabozzi Bond Markets: Analysis and Strategies Fabozzi/Modigliani Capital Markets: Institutions and Instruments Fabozzi/Modigliani/Jones/Ferri Foundations of Financial Markets and Institutions Finkler Financial Management for Public, Health, and Not-for-Profit Organizations Francis/Ibbotson Investments: A Global Perspective Fraser/Ormiston Understanding Financial Statements Geisst Investment Banking in the Financial System Gitman Principles of Managerial Finance* Gitman Principles of...

Words: 195133 - Pages: 781

Premium Essay

Acquisition Law

...Principles of Project Management Course Outline Volume I About the Microsoft Project Screens .........................................................................iv Segment 1. The Background of Project Management (Includes PMBOK® Guide Chapter 1 & 2) ....................................................................................................... 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 Introductions, course materials, housekeeping & homework Definition, examples and characteristics of projects About Project Management Institute & other PM organizations Projects and emerging industries Programs & portfolios and project management office Environmental enterprise factors and organizational process assets Project & product life cycles Stakeholders Organizational structures & influences Segment 1 questions......................................................................... 22 Segment 2. The Gospel According to PMBOK® Guide (Includes PMBOK® Guide Chapter 3) ........................................................................................................... 27 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 3.1 PMBOK® Guide Organization Initiation processes Planning processes Execution processes Monitoring & controlling processes Closing processes Course Guide Exercise: Memorize the process matrix ............................................... 46 Project Assessment 3.1.1 Benefit Measurement Methods 3.1.1.1 Life Cycle Costing & Net Present Value 3.1.1.2 Internal Rate of......

Words: 67153 - Pages: 269

Premium Essay

Hello

...Engineering: An Introduction for High School Annapurna Ganesh Chell Roberts Dale Baker Darryl Morrell Janel White-Taylor Stephen Krause Tirupalavanam G. Ganesh Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) www.ck12.org iii To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other interactive content, visit www.ck12.org CK-12 Foundation is a non-profit organization with a mission to reduce the cost of textbook materials for the K-12 market both in the U.S. and worldwide. Using an open-content, web-based collaborative model termed the FlexBook®, CK-12 intends to pioneer the generation and distribution of high-quality educational content that will serve both as core text as well as provide an adaptive environment for learning, powered through the FlexBook Platform®. Copyright © 2011 CK-12 Foundation, www.ck12.org The names “CK-12” and “CK12” and associated logos and the terms “FlexBook®”, and “FlexBook Platform®”, (collectively “CK-12 Marks”) are trademarks and service marks of CK-12 Foundation and are protected by federal, state and international laws. Any form of reproduction of this book in any format or medium, in whole or in sections must include the referral attribution link http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (placed in a visible location) in addition to the following terms. Except as otherwise noted, all CK-12 Content (including CK-12 Curriculum Material) is made available to Users in accordance with the Creative......

Words: 61128 - Pages: 245