Free Essay

Women and Minorities in Policing

In: Social Issues

Submitted By mekhi11
Words 303
Pages 2
Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement
Throughout policing history the roles of women and minorities have changed tremendously. In this paper I will discuss the role of women and minorities throughout policing history, how it has changed over time, how the change has affected modern policing agencies and compare women and men police recruits.
In 1972 the act “Tittle VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act” prohibited employment discrimination on the basis of color, race, religion or sex (Grant & Terry, 2008). Policing was considered to be a white man’s job and if any women were hired they were more like social workers. Because laws were created there was political pressure to hire women and minorities.
Overtime the role of women and minorities have changed because of the increase of hire rates among them. A major change in women policing is that women were assigned to patrol duty (Walker & Katz, 2011). According to Walker & Katz, Hispanic and African American officers are the majority in some departments today. There are also gay and lesbian officers.
The roles changing have affected modern policing agencies such as women and minorities holding high ranks. There has also been an increase in diversity among police departments which may have been difficult at times.
When the police were looking for recruits the males more than likely didn’t have a high school diploma and were only required to know how to speak, read and write English well enough to get by. The women recruits were different from men they had to have an education to a high school graduate.

References
Grant, H.B,. & Terry, K.J. (2008). Law Enforcement in the 21st century (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ Pearson/Prentice Hall

Walker, S., & Katz, C.M. (2011) The police in America: An introduction (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Women and Minorites in Policing

...Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement Women and minorities can be found in many policing agencies across the United States. Unfortunately the history of policing in the United States portrays how hard it was for women and minorities to become police officers. Additionally history also shows how the minorities and women rose up to earn an equal opportunity to represent their communities as police officers. An All White Male Club Police agencies in earlier years lack several elements that most present day police agencies have. In history most police agencies lack both ethnic and gender diversity (Grant, 2008). As the 1960’s and 1970’s pass through, many equal opportunity and equal rights movements occurred, which opened up opportunities for women and minorities. Legislation was passed such as the 1964 Civil Rights Act which helped minorities fight employment discrimination by policing agencies (Grant, 2008). Eventually Affirmative action was born, which made policing agencies overlook ethnic and gender criteria, and hire personal based on their performance and qualifications. Their Changing Role With an equal opportunity of becoming police officers, many women and minorities need to adjust to their new roles. Women in today’s policing agencies currently answer more domestic abuse calls because they have been statistically better at handling those situations then male police officers (Grant, 2008)....

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Role of Women and Minorities, Criminal Justice

...Write a 200- to 300-word response addressing the following questions:  Throughout policing history, what has been the role of women and minorities?  How has the role of women and minorities changed over time?  How has this role change affected modern policing agencies?  What comparisons can you make regarding the criteria for women police recruits and men police recruits? Throughout policing history the role of women and minorities were hired to police their own group of people and both were segregated within their departments. Both groups had to have higher qualifications than their white male counterparts did. One of the necessities for black males was a college education but both minority males and women were not allowed to be promoted farther than the rank of police officer. They seldom were considered for any special assignments unless that assignment dealt with their race and it was felt that they could be helpful for that type of case. Throughout history, policing in America is closely tied to local political shifts; therefore, the minorities and women positions were based on who was in office. Minorities and all women would be hired when local politicians felt that there was a need and they would be fired when new politicians took office. Over time, with the help of social changes and legal mandates minorities and women entered law enforcement in record numbers. Woman continues to leave their mark on the criminal justice system....

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Minority

...Week four Women and Minorities Throughout the history of policing the roles of women and minorities has been limited. Some roles of women and minorities throughout policing history include not being able to work a beat, not being able to be selected for higher ranking, Where there was a community made up of primarily minorities such as a Hispanic neighborhood more Hispanic police officers would patrol in that area and where there were more African Americans in a neighborhood that is where African Americans would patrol. The role of women and minorities has changed by the selection process, jobs that women and minorities can do, how high they can rank, and areas that they would normally patrol. These individuals are able to move up to as high as a chief of police and it is not based on their gender or race, but it based on tenure and performance. Women and minorities are also not being segregated against within their force or treated differently. Such as, women having to use the same locker room as men and now being able to have separated locker rooms. This role change has affected modern day policing agencies by making them more diverse instead of policing being dominated by the majority race and males. Individuals are not being hired based upon race or gender, but their ability to take the required written and physical exams as required....

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Women

...Checkpoint: Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement Response Shaketra Jones CJS/210 11/18/2011 Rick Jackson Throughout the policing of history the roles of women and minorities has been limited due to discrimination. Some roles of women and minorities throughout policing history excluded them from working many assignments, like patrol, and barred them from getting promotions. The African American police officers patrol in their community that consisted of African Americans families. As well as Hispanic police officers patrolling only in the Hispanic area. In the late 1960’s everything begin to change when the Civil Rights Act came into place. Employment discrimination suits under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act have been a major factor in increasing the number of minorities and women in policing. The women and minorities roles have changed over time. The women and minorities are allowed to patrol areas all over regardless of their skin color. They are able to rank higher in areas around the department and are equally treated fair among each other. Policewomen are able to perform the same job like the policemen. The role change has affected modern policing for the better. Everyone is able to come together as one to help out their community. Individuals are not being hired based on their race, height, gender, or they ability to perform their duties. The role change has made them diverse and equal....

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement

...Women and Minorities in Law Enforcement . Throughout policing history women and minorities have played roles in the equality opportunities in the workplace legislation. During the Nixon Administration the federal government began to push employers to make a "good faith effort" to employ women and minorities and to track their progress. In 1969 the act “Executive Order” was passed by President Nixon which stated that the federal government could not use sex as a requirement for hiring which changed policing within the Federal Bureau of Investigations and municipal police departments. In 1972 the act “Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act” prohibited employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, or sex (Grant & Terry, 2008). Before these acts were enforced, it was nearly impossible for women and minorities to get a job in policing. To improve and enhance the police community relations in minority communities, it was important to increase minority police officers in the law enforcement. Minority police officers have increased in modern times due to immigration and having an officer that can speak other languages has proven to be quiet useful to police departments. The increase of policewomen officers was important to improve police community relations in the communities after the civil rights movement. During World War II the number of women in the police force also increased (Grant & Terry, 2008)....

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Police Culture

...Police Culture Marissa Efros, Lysa Lawson, Awele Meju, Makita Walker, Joseph Washington CJA/214 May 24, 2012 Jesse Banks Police Culture The history of policing can be traced back to the beginning of time. When looking at the subject of police work there is a large culture and history that follows along with it. There are many topics that can be analyzed when identifying, and describing the elements and the significances that are associated with policing. A large element of the police job that plays a large factor in the work and attributes to the policing culture is the amount of stress that an office will face while performing on the job. Another part of the job that plays a large part in the culture of policing can be found when one examines how women and ethnic minorities have achieved equality in law enforcement. Finally, policing culture can be analyzed when looking at the internal and external mechanisms that influence and control police discretion. Police culture continues to puzzle the average citizen; not belonging to “the brotherhood.” Police officers command a certain respect simply by donning the uniform and carrying a badge. The police culture provides many benefits to individuals who belong to this private organization. Officers of the law have their own social circle that only persons with a badge and uniform are allowed to be a member of....

Words: 1344 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Minorities in Law Enforcement

...Minorities in Law Enforcement Christina Moore CJS/210 November 01, 2013 Jeffrey Scott Minorities in Law Enforcement Throughout the history of policing the roles of women and minorities has been limited. [ Some roles of women and minorities throughout policing history include not being able to work a beat, not being able to be selected for higher ranking, Where there was a community made up of primarily minorities such as a Hispanic neighborhood more Hispanic police officers would patrol in that area and where there were more African Americans in a neighborhood that is where African Americans would patrol. In the Past: Subjugated to a lesser status than men, paid less for equal work, unequally represented in governments and as CEOs. In the Present: They are rocking and still third world countries women are yet to be developed. This is possible only through education. In US policing there is typically a state police force, but crimes are usually handled by local police forces which usually only cover a few municipalities. National agencies, such as the FBI, only have jurisdiction over federal crimes or those with an interstate component. Funding by different levels of government determines jurisdiction. Sheer size: the smaller size of a woman allows for better use of cover and concealment.. Women have better vision in low light, better peripheral vision and better hearing. [ They can hear a broader range of sound frequencies and tones in the human voice....

Words: 288 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Women in Policing

...This paper will discuss the roles of women in the criminal justice system and will attempt to explain their struggles along with them entering into a leadership role. Throughout America history and policing history in general, the number of women employed in policing has been low. Women have performed various duties since the 1800s. such as spies, agents, detectives, and undercover agents, etc. for governmental and military intelligence organizations and for...

Words: 1666 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Midterm Essay Exam

...The purpose of the experiment was to focus on gun crime “hot spots” through problem-solving policing and directed patrol in high-crime areas. The overall goal was to prove that this style of policing would reduce crime by removing guns from the streets and deterrence through aggressive enforcement (Walker & Katz, 2006, p 295) Routine traditional patrol maintained in five beats, which included marked police cars, rapid response to calls, arrests and follow-up investigations. The final five beats involved in the experiment used a proactive patrol approach, increasing patrol to twice the norm. The extra officers worked from 7:00 pm to 1:00 am, seven days/week during the hours when the most gun-related crimes occur. Police officers assigned to the experimental area were those who had been patrolling it prior to the experiment, tended to be white, relatively young, and somewhat new to the police department. These officers focused solely on gun detection on target directed vehicles and did not answer service calls (George L. Kelling, 1974). Question 2 This experiment was a one-time special project. Could this approach be integrated into a...

Words: 1631 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Private and Public Security

...Private security and public policing Karen Swol I n recent years, both the number of police officers in Canada and the crime rate have been declining. However, the rates for many workplace or white-collar crimes, such as computer crimes, employee theft, and fraud, are increasing. Public police do not always have the resources to handle these “internal” crimes. In some cases, for example, a fraud of at least $100,000 must be committed for public police to give it priority (Gerden, 1998). With cutbacks to police budgets occurring just as the public’s demand for security seems to be growing, the use of private security has been increasing. Police officers differ considerably from private security personnel in the work they perform, the basic job requirements and training. Both police and private security play a role in society; however, the line between the two security professions is becoming less clearly defined. Police officers who walk the beat in front of commercial properties may now meet up with private security guards hired by shopkeepers to patrol their storefronts as a deterrent to theft and break and enters. In general, this type of private security does not require a police presence nor does there exist a potential for danger....

Words: 5214 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...The purpose of this essay is to analyse the relative response made by the police to crimes of domestic violence by examining the theories and statistics from the study of various criminology scholars as well as scrutinising the impact of any changes or improvement that may have since occurred in policing. The Government defines domestic violence (DV) as "Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are or have been intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality." This includes issues of concern to black and minority ethnic (BME) communities such as so called 'honour killings' [homeoffice.gov.uk]. In analysing the adequacy of police response to domestic violence, it is vital to firstly understand the scale of abuse against victims of DV. Several statistics, such as Stanko’s study in the year 2000, found that police in the UK received one call every minute for support concerning domestic violence. According to Dodd et al (2004), only 40.2% of actual domestic violence crimes are reported to the police. Moreover, 20 incidents of DV may have occurred before it is reported [Walby and Myhill, 2000]. As of 2005, 17% of all reported crimes were of Domestic Violence (Nicholas et al). What's more, even though the concept of domestic violence is not targeted at a particular gender, it focuses more on women....

Words: 2918 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Women and the Minorities in Law Enforcement Response

...cCheckpoint: Women and the Minorities in Law Enforcement Response In earlier times, women were pretty much compared to African-American men and minorities. Women needed much higher qualifications than the white men did to become police officers. Becoming a police officer was always looked at as a masculine job and was looked down on if a woman wanted to become a police officer; women never had the right to do what men did. So if a woman did end up getting the job they had limited duties, they were not permitted to advance beyond certain ranks and were rarely considered for special assignments unless their race was viewed as helpful for particular types of cases. Women police officers have helped police agencies across the world in a few ways. Sometimes there may be specific cases where a person would rather speak to a female officer than a male officer, they feel more comfortable telling a women officer what happened to them, or they feel safer. There are just many ways a women police officer can help out, men can help out too, but we need women in policing agencies these days. The employment of ethnic minorities along with women has greatly increased over the years, along with laws and different statistics. In the beginning it was hard for women and other ethnic minorities to become employed with a police department there were the obvious obstacles they have always faced with not meeting “requirements” to be employed....

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Jury Nullification Paper

...Policing in United States Benjamin Quek CJA 344 University of Phoenix Community policing is essential if law enforcement is to face the challenge of promoting greater racial harmony as the future grows nearer. Community policing also prevents the police from being misused and taken advantage of as they have been in the past (Trojanowicz, 1991). Community policing contributes to the developing and improving the racial development in obvious and subtle ways (Trojanowicz, 1991). Community policing changes the possible relationship between police and residents. Community policing can provide and develop a relationship of one with respect and truth (Trojanowicz, 1991). Community Policing takes a different role to crime, drugs, and disorder, one that can augment and enhance traditional tactics, such as rapid response and undercover operations (Trojanowicz, 1991). Community policing allows direct contact with the people to the community. It gives the average citizen by allowing him or her to join as partners with the police in efforts to make his or her communities better and safer places in which to live and work. This builds a more trustworthy partnership between the citizens, community police, and police. Community officers have a stronger relationship with the citizens of their area since they have that face to face factor every day. Community police are also there to listen to the needs of people within their communities....

Words: 876 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Science of the Stars

...MacDonald indicates that the reason crime rates are higher amongst minorities than whites is not because of racial prejudices. She says it’s because the vast majority of crimes occur in minority neighborhoods by minority criminals against minority victims. Therefore, this drives police officers to those areas to arrest the individuals committing crimes. In 1994, under the New York Police Department Commissioner William Bratton and Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, the proactive policing revolution began. The idea was to remain visible in so called hot spot areas to help prevent crime from occurring. This gave police officers the authority to question anyone that appeared suspicious. According to MacDonald, due to the implementation of this policy “over 10,000 black and Hispanic males are alive today who would have been dead,” but this type of information does not make front page news. It appears that information concerning the positives associated with proactive policing is another issue Ms. MacDonald feels is not being reported by the New York Times. She claims the Times reporter did not ask minority supporters their opinion on the proactive policing policy. She declares minorities are asking for more police assistance in their neighborhoods. But why do they need more assistance? What is the root cause for the crime patterns that are occurring in these areas? Ms. MacDonald’s article does not address this. However,...

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Correlation Between Race and Crime

...MacDonald indicates that the reason crime rates are higher amongst minorities than whites is not because of racial prejudices. She says it’s because the vast majority of crimes occur in minority neighborhoods by minority criminals against minority victims. Therefore, this drives police officers to those areas to arrest the individuals committing crimes. In 1994, under the New York Police Department Commissioner William Bratton and Mayor Rudolph Giuliani, the proactive policing revolution began. The idea was to remain visible in so called hot spot areas to help prevent crime from occurring. This gave police officers the authority to question anyone that appeared suspicious. According to MacDonald, due to the implementation of this policy “over 10,000 black and Hispanic males are alive today who would have been dead,” but this type of information does not make front page news. It appears that information concerning the positives associated with proactive policing is another issue Ms. MacDonald feels is not being reported by the New York Times. She claims the Times reporter did not ask minority supporters their opinion on the proactive policing policy. She declares minorities are asking for more police assistance in their neighborhoods. But why do they need more assistance? What is the root cause for the crime patterns that are occurring in these areas? Ms. MacDonald’s article does not address this. However, the...

Words: 1518 - Pages: 7