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Women Empowerment In India

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Empowerment Status of Women Presidents of Village Panchayats in Tamil Nadu and Kerala: A Comparative Study
The 73rd constitutional amendment act is open an alleyway for a growth model with inclusive democracy in Indian political development. Therefore people are participated in the political affairs regardless of gender, race and other identities, because the seventy- third constitutional amendments act providing the devolution of power to the people. The basic indent includes thirty three per cent seats for adult females, similar reservation for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in proportion to their population, statutory requirement to hold periodic elections under the supervision of State Election Commissions, transfer of funds
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So this is the landmark issues women empowerment. Most parts of India are patriarchal; in the sense that women are being denied to participate in the public life and that important issues associated with local politics have been an area of men, women and organizing them (Mishra, 1999). The patriarchal political system will deter the political empowerment of women beyond a level (HDRC, 2001). It will tolerate them to take part, but will not let them to rule in a patriarchal society women experience various kinds of oppressions in varying shapes and several grades of saturation (Ritzer, G., 2007). Kudva (2003) argues that gender quotas in elections are an important strategy to empower women through increased participation in the political system. But in the India village society was not prepared for such a deep-seated transformation for the inclusion of marginalized. In such special provisions much …show more content…
So Kerala village Panchayat is seen as an urban feature. In the villages of Kerala women are trained and they are permitted to run freely. Political parties are real powerful in village government. Because in Kerala many panchayats are Village Politics are dominated or monitoring by national political parties. Caste does not play a major role in the village politics of Kerala unlike in many other states in India. In Kerala caste institutions do not rule the personal affairs of the individual in the village panchayat. They are rarely dominated by the family members and other people.
Comparison of village panchayat structures between Tamil Nadu and Kerala States
Sl. No Tamil Nadu village panchayat Kerala village panchayat
1. The size of Panchayats are tiny interms of population (approximately 3000 per panchayat ) The size of Panchayats are large interms of population (approximately 30000 per panchayat)
2. The Panchayats are in village / hamlet level The Panchayats are in cluster level
3. Caste based Panchayats Party based Panchayats
4. Presidents Centric System People Centric

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