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Women in Development: a Threat to Liberation by: Paul Simmons

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Women in Development: A Threat to Liberation by: Paul Simmons
-negative effects of development amongst women/ been ignored in development policies

-‘feminization of poverty’ was a direct result of women’s inclusion in the development process

-‘”’Development’ today implies a linear, evolutionary process – a single ‘progressive’ path along which countries are graded, according to per-capita income, gross domestic product or, more recently, literacy levels and child mortality rates” (244).

-economist believed that women’s productivity was being ‘wasted’ because it mostly flowed through informal channels, unaccounted for and unexploited by the world market.

-World Bank said that they raised demand for more female laborers yet didn’t take into consideration that they were actually displayed from their country’s discriminatory policies.

-Women are in fact displaced from their own land by discriminatory land reform policies and the expansion of cash crops, and to work as laborers.

-ignored in development projects for women: export-processing zones, sex tourism, agribusiness// sexual harassment and sexual exploitation are very common

-women ignored with the amount of work, 2x more than men ex) household and family while working, ‘considered always more of housewives than workers’ ‘isolated from one another’ (247).

-proposed to make women ‘visible’ workers a failed ‘remedy’ as a solution for the ‘side-effects’ cause by that very remedy

-women just wanted to be able to decide for themselves what was wrong and how to put it right/ ‘women are good to have around if you are involved in project development. It was a whole new lease of life for the flagging development establishment’ (249).

-Modernization only made violence towards women intensify.

-Women currently receive 10% of the world’s income and own 1 % of the world’s wealth as reward for...

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