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Work-Related Stress

In: Psychology

Submitted By Yenly
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It is not unusual for people to feel stress in their everyday lives. Stress can be found in most aspects of people lives, including in their home, in their relationships, and even in the workplace. Some people even consider their job as the most stressful aspect of their lives. According to Robbins (2003), stress can be defined as a dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint or demand related to what he needs and for which the outcomes are perceived to be both uncertain and important.

When people feel stress, they will have several different symptoms. These reactions can be divided into three types, physiological, psychological and behavioral symptoms (Robbins, 2003). Physiological symptom is a condition whereby the stress felt by individual would affect the individual physically, such as headache, heart diseases and other physical discomfort. Psychological symptom is when the stress felt by the individual is affecting the individual psychologically or emotionally. When the individual feels stress, he would experience some psychological discomfort, such as anxiety which could lead to depression. Another symptom is when the stress affecting the individual in his or her daily behaviors or actions. In the daily lives, one symptom can lead to another symptom.

In 1954, Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-1970) suggested the “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs” theory. According to this theory, the most basic needs of humans are the physiological needs such as food, drink and oxygen. Maslow believed that if these basic needs are not yet fulfilled, the individual will not move to the higher stages. Once the physiological need of the individual has been fulfilled, the individual is now able to move to the second stage, which is the need of safety. When the basic physiological needs of an individual are taken care of, the next thing he needs...

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