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Working Class Children

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Submitted By kamilkkax33
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‘’Assess the view that working class children under-achieve because they are culturally deprived’’
Cultural deprivation theorists argue that most of us are taught the attitudes and skills needed for educational success during primary socialisation. However, there are a percentage of students who do not have cultural capital, and are therefore deprived of what is needed to be successful at school – this percentage, according to cultural deprivation theorists, are working-class.
There are three main aspects of cultural deprivation: intellectual development, language, and attitudes and values. Cultural deprivation theorists argue that intellectual development plays a big part in the educational failure of the lower classes. Due to cost constraints, working-class parents are unlikely to buy educational toys which would stimulate their child’s mind, and intellectual development. This stimulation of the mind is vital for when a child begins their educational journey, as many middle-class mothers would say.
J.W.B Douglas found that working-class children tend to score less on tests of ability than middle-class students because working-class parents are less likely to support their child’s intellectual development – even by simply reading to them. Bernstein and Young also found that middle-class mothers are more likely to buy toys which encourage thinking and reasoning – skills which are needed for educational success.
However, although intellectual development may seem like a major aspect of an individual’s life which could affect their educational achievement, it is more likely to affect the start of the educational journey rather than the entire experience - school can teach and encourage the skills the child needs.
Another aspect of a child’s primary socialisation which can cause an individual to under-achieve is language. Basil Bernstein identifies the differences...

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