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Working with Children

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The main current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK home nation for Safeguarding children and young people. (REF 1.1)

The main current legislation for safeguarding children and young people are:
- Children Act 1989
- The Children Act (Every child matters) 2004
- Protection of Children Act 1999
- Data protection Act 1998
- Safeguarding vunerable group Act 2006
- Sexual offences Act 2003
- Criminal justice and court services Act 2000
- Equalities Act 2010
- Data protection Act 1998 non-statutory guidance
- United Nations Convention on the rights of the child

The main current guidelines for safeguarding children and young people are:
- Working together to safeguard children
The main current policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people are:
- Child Protection Policy

Child protection is part of the wider work to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are suffering from any form of abuse or neglect. It also involves protecting children and young people from maltreatment and preventing impairment of a child’s health and development by ensuring children are raised in positive circumstances by providing safe and caring environments. Parents or carers who fail to protect or care for their children could then be taken to court and the child be then removed from the home and placed into care.
Wider forms of safeguarding also include; risk assessments such as providing a safe environment inside and outside a school setting. Adhering to school policies, procedures and legislation i.e. health and safety, fire drills and missing children.
Keeping up to date with training in safeguarding issues. Encouraging learning and development of children and young people.
Assessing observations to identify additional support needs a child or young person will need (CAF) which is a common assessment framework,this system enables multi agencies to access and add information about children.

Safeguarding is an umbrella term that involves everything we do in the setting to ensure children are kept safe and healthy. It means a whole range of policies and procedures. Child protection is one aspect of this and is how our setting ensures children are protected from abuse.

The 2008 Statutory Guidance for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is underpinned by the positive outcomes of Every Child Matters and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) (UN,1989) which places a duty of care on Early Years Practitioners and Managers to Safeguard children and young people and promote their welfare. This is evident in raising a CAF on a child due to observations in setting then working as part of a mulit agency team that acknowledges if children and families' health and wellbeing are affected they may not have the emotional and physical health to learn.

Safeguarding children is a social priority and underpins every aspect of our setting's policy, planning and curriculum. In the last year our setting has developed practices to include ways of prompting the importance of safeguarding through including policy discussion as an agenda item at meetings, devised a policy questionnaire in the setting induction procedure so we can assess the practitioners awareness and understanding of our procedures, at planning meetings including discussion prompts for awareness of the signs and symptoms and now use long and medium term plans to look at ways to encourage an awareness of keeping safe from harm. This related directly to the statutory framework for the EYFS (DCSF 2008) and to the ECM (DFES, 2003) framework. We are working to develop communication with parents to include ways of promoting children's welfare and keeping them safe and healthy.

The Data Protection Act, 1998, sets out lawful boundaries for sharing information, so practitioners must record parental consent before sharing information in a CAF, or any other document with other professionals. The exception of this is if a child may be put at risk of significant harm, where a professional made a referral through the Safeguarding children procedures set out by the Local Safeguarding Children Board (LSCB) and in our settings policy. When working on the CAF we would explain to the child and family how we would initially share their information, with reasons explaining how we hope this would benefit them and how the document we had written would be shared with other professionals, within confidential boundaries. The Government Strategy to improve outcomes for children (DFES,2006) suggests a key element is sharing information early to aid intervention to help those who can benefit from additional services, closing the gap from the inequalities faced by disadvantaged children.

Ideally children can begin to experience participation at a very early age. It can begin within their own families, if they are adequately listened to and their opinions are valued. Through increasingly meaningful and active participation in decision-making children can develop their own identity, a sense of belonging and usefulness. This encourages them to respond to educational opportunities and enter more fully into life at school. A child, whose active engagement with the world has been encouraged from the outset, will be an adolescent with the confi dence and capacity to contribute to democratic dialogue and practices at all levels, whether at a local or an international level


Victoria Climbie, an 8 year old from the Ivory Coast, died in London in 2000 after months of malnutrition and torture. A post- mortem found 128 seperate injuries on her body.
After her carers were jailed for life, a public inquiry under Lord Laming identified at least 12 occasions where she might have been saved by social workers, police or NHS staff.
Victoria was known to 3 housing departments, 4 social service departments, 2 GP's, 2 hospitals an NSPCC run family centre and 2 police child protection teams across several London Boroughs.
Lord Laming concluded that there were failures at every level and in every organisation. His key themes were lack of clarity of roles and lack of responsability within agencies.
This is what I put for 026 task A Section 1. Hope it helps.
Policies and procedures for safeguarding and child protection in England and Wales are the result of the Children Act 1989 and the Children Act 2004 which introduced further changes to the way the protection system was structured. The Children Act 1989 aimed to simplify the laws that protected children and young people. They were thought of as a serious shake up and made it clear to those who worked with children what their duties were and how they should work together in cases of child abuse in Working Together to Safeguard Children 1999. The tragic death of Victoria Climbie at the hands of her carers in 2000 highlighted the dysfunctional way in which services for children were happening. The Laming report of 2003 examined this and produced the green paper/policy Every child matters which in turn instigated extensions to the Children Act 1989 creating the Children Act 2004, all of which support the UNCRC's articles e.g. 19, 32, that give children the right to be protected from harm and to have protection procedures in place that enable care for a child that safeguards their well-being. The Children Act 2004 focuses on:
• The integration of children’s services and the introduction of children’s directors with responsibility for local authority education and children’s social services.
• Lead councillors for children’s services with political responsibility for local welfare.
• The establishment of Local Safeguarding Children’s Boards (LSCB) with statutory powers to ensure that all services work together to protect vulnerable children.
• A new Common Assessment Framework to assist agencies in identifying welfare needs.
• Revised arrangements for sharing information.

Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006 added an update on safeguarding following the Laming and Bichard Inquires and a national framework to help agencies work together. There are many other acts designed to protect children: Protection of Children Act 1999, Data protection Act 1998, Safeguarding vulnerable group Act 2006, Sexual offences Act 2003, Criminal justice and court services Act 2000, Equalities Act 2010, Data protection Act 1998 non-statutory guidance and United Nations Convention on the rights of the child.

Local Safeguarding Children Board’s (LSCBs) have been established by the government because The Children Act 2004 places a duty on children’s services to establish local boards and sets out the agencies that will be ‘Board partners’ on the LSCB. The Act also places a duty for the authority and Board partners to cooperate with each other. This is to ensure that organisations work together effectively to safeguard children and promote their welfare. In Bedfordshire this includes social care services, education, health, the police, probation, the voluntary sector, youth offending team, Connexions, early years services as well as District councils and Yarlswood.
In October 2009 a vetting and barring scheme was introduced designed to prevent unsuitable people from working with children and vulnerable adults. From July 2010, by 2015, anyone working with children or vulnerable adults will need to be registered with the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA). Using a range of resources the ISA will prevent unsuitable adults working with children and vulnerable people. One resource they will use is the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) which processes applications and continuously monitors individuals against any new information. This means an individual’s full criminal record and other information is available to employers so they can make informed decisions before hiring someone.

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