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World Cities

In: Social Issues

Submitted By flyingmonkey
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Pages 47
World Cities

The global pattern of urbanisation: millionaire cities, mega cities and world cities

• At a global scale, rapid urbanisation has occurred over the last 50 years.

• Almost 50% of the world’s population lives in towns and cities. 19% of the world’s population lives in cities of more than 1 million people.

• The most urbanised continents are Europe, North and South America and Oceania and the least urbanised continents are Asia and Africa.

• The number of urban dwellers is by far largest in Asia, with 1.4 billion people living in towns and cities (40% of the population).

• Urbanisation is increasing most rapidly in Africa and Asia.

• This trend is expected to continue so that by 2025 almost half the population of these continents will live in urban areas and 80% of urban dwellers will live in developing countries.

• Increased global urbanisation has resulted in the development of many millionaire cities.

• There is also a significant number of enormous megacities, some of which are classed as world cities.

❖ Millionaire cities are those with more than 1 million people. India and China have the most millionaire cities in the world.

❖ Megacities are those with more than 10 million people, of which there are 20 (15 in the developing world)

❖ World cities are those which have great influence on a global scale, because of their financial status and worldwide commercial power. Three cities sit at the top of the global hierarchy: New York, London and Tokyo.

Economic development and change related to urbanisation

• A consequence of the rapid economic development taking place in parts of China, India and southeast Asia is that the level of urbanisation will increase very rapidly here.

• Rates of economic development and rates of urbanisation are rising...

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