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World War 2

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Closed Source Vs Open Source
Pao Yang
POS/335
03/06/2013
Mr. STERNIERI

Closed Source Vs Open Source In the world of operating system we have two options to choose from these is Unix/Linux which is an open source, meaning that its source code made available and licensed with an open source license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose. The other option is the closed source such as Microsoft’s Window which is software released or distributed without the corresponding source code. Generally, it means only the binaries of a computer program are distributed and the license provides no access to the program's source code. The source code of such programs might be regarded as a trade secret of the company. Access to source code by third parties commonly requires the party to sign a non-disclosure agreement. I also will like to discuss what source codes are and why having the right combination will give us free bees. What some of the major differences between an open source and a closed source? I see it all over the internet the heated debate of which is better open source or closed source and even though both sides have good supporting evidence to back up their claim about every from which is more secured to who has the better functional software.
The argument of Windows vs. Linux is a greatly debated one, and in recent years has become quite heated. Because Microsoft's attempt to recover from its bruises from Windows Vista. Microsoft, being a proprietary company, has dominated the computer market for well over a decade, and is now seeing increased pressure from open source Linux which is slowly eating away at its market share in several areas, along with Apple. More and more blogs, reports, research, and articles pop up daily on the Internet. Users of Microsoft Windows poise themselves against those that use Linux, each defending their operating system and software of choice. Microsoft itself will argue that Windows beats Linux at this and that. We can spend hours and days reading on the Internet about this subject. However, I find it quite comical that when Microsoft officially announces results in favor of their software, it is often times from a company that they sponsored to run the tests! Plus, if the research is done by setting up some systems and benchmarking them, great, but what about real case scenario where systems run for years doing normal everyday tasks? This is a difficult scenario to simulate in a lab. Fortunately for Microsoft this isn't the scope of these reports.
The principle of open source software is that as a user you have a right to access the source code, while on the other hand a closed source system, you don't have access to its source code. So why are source codes so important? Source codes are the building blocks that programmers compiled into executable code, creating the product that you ultimately run on our computers. With ambitious search online user can find temporal source codes for free limited use of Window 8, which if you think about you can just re download the temporal source code and have free use of Window 8 forever.
What some of the major differences between an open source and a closed source? While closed source operating systems are typically developed by corporations and worked on only by people within the organization there are many closed source systems in use. Microsoft Windows and Apple OS X operating systems are closed source, and both platforms provide software for a variety of computing contexts, including personal, server and mobile. The most widely used operating systems on personal computers, particularly desktop PCs; tend to be closed source, although open source alternatives are on the rise. /open source systems tend to be developed by large communities. Because open source programs have visible code, users and consumers of the software are able to identify bugs, and even fix them. Because of this, open source systems are often updated more regularly than closed source systems. A number of open source operating systems are in use for desktop, server and mobile devices. Although most personal PCs run a closed source system, a substantial portion of the Web servers in operation run an open source platform, particularly Linux, which is the most common open source system in use as of 2011. The increase in mobile computing has also caused an increase in the use of open source operating systems, including Ubuntu Linux and Google’s Chrome and Android systems.
There is always going to be a heated and passionate debate over which operating system is better the open source kind or the closed source one. But no matter who side you think you might be on, there are just a couple of key points that we must consider, security issue or who is more secure, support(cause we are not all experts), cost and much more that I will not cover because it will go on forever. In an open source system security is a big issue because even though Linux operating system is text base, the source codes is out there for every hacker to see thus making security a really big issue and as such people can change your system from the inside out. While security for a close system would ideally be more secure due to that only a handful of people has the source codes and has the opportunity to alter it, but it is still not completely secured, thus the need for patch Tuesday. Support for an open system relies on a loyal and engaged online user community to deliver support via forums and blogs, but this support often fails to deliver the high level of response that many consumers expect (and can receive with proprietary software). These communities must also be found on the web and some would argue there is no incentive for the community to address a user's problem. While the support for closed source is an ongoing support which is a key selling point for users with little technical skills and one of the main reasons people choose closed source over open source software. Support includes user manuals and point of contact for immediate assistance from viable companies with experts who are intimately familiar with the products and services. Open source no over headed nor charges for the use of their software, but we know that this is only true in a perfect world, since we live in an imperfect world there are bound to be some cost though this will depend the user and the organization of the use of product. For the closed source there are several options for payment for business use and for personal use. Businesses payment option could range from as little as 10 thousand US to 1 million US depending on how big the business is. Personal payment option cost me about 4 hundred US, I think I paid too much, but I need the Microsoft office products.
Both products seem to offer up great service for the claim that they make. It is really up to the user and/or business to really determine exactly which source is correct for them or use them both. If we as users want superior products and services we have to pay for them eventually, because nothing in our world is free.

References

Miller, J., (2009, September) Open Source versus Closed Source Security.
Fahd Waseem, M., (2009, June) The pros and cons of open source software.
Azyan, L., (2012, April) PROS AND CONS OF OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS.

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