Premium Essay

World War Two 1942- 1943

In: Historical Events

Submitted By alda2726
Words 768
Pages 4
World War II in 1942 and 1943 Adolf Hitler and his faithful “true believers”; the Nazi party’s, idea of complete totalitarianism was in full effect during the years of 1942 and 1943. As Doris Bergen discussed in her book War and Genocide, World War II is usually not defined as the war itself, but the annihilation of the people Nazis considered their enemies above all the Jewish people. However without the military conquest of the Hitler and his Nazi party, which gave them the ability to reach the 95 percent of the Jews outside of Germany, was handed to them on a plate through their victories in war (172). These years of relentlessness killing however would eventually lead directly to the downfall of Adolf Hitler, his Nazi Party and bring about the end of World War II. Hitler’s inability to focus more on the war itself than the “Jewish problem” led him to lose control of Europe, through the battle of Stalingrad and his production of killing in the new killing centers. Prior to 1942 it seemed the defeat of the ever-powerful Germany was impossible, in 1944 though it seemed it was inevitable as the Allies and the Red Army pressured Germany from all sides. Before the German lose of World War II, The Nazi party was literally a killing machine. The special murder squads in 1941 that would first make people dig their own graves in which they would be shot into was now too traumatizing and insufficient for the Nazi armies (156). In response to this their most important advancement in the years of 1942 and 1943 was the effective and horrifying use of killing centers. Evolved from the T-4 program that granted mentally and physically handicap patients “…a mercy death” through gas chambers (130). Unlike the previous concentration and labor camp, these killing centers had one purpose; to kill the most amount of “undesirables” such as the Jews, Gypsies, handicap, homosexuals...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Film

...a medium of choice to present war information. War films has risen as a genre particularly depicting warfare using themes and concepts such as naval, air or land battles. War films also focus on the themes of prisoners of war, covert operations and military training. War films do not always, however, depict battles. Sometimes, war films may choose to focus on the day to day military or civilian life in wartime without necessarily depicting battles. War film may be fictional, based on history, biographical, alternative history, or even docudrama. Many historical events particularly since mid 1800’s to the end of the cold war have inspired this film genre. The shifting political climate in America in the last half of the 1930’s for instance influenced the rise of the war film genre (Maland 159). War films more often than not been categorized as wartime propagandas other than classic war films or historical documents. Maland also describes the shift of attention was a change in the Communist party's political strategy that influenced war films during that era. War films that rose in the Second World War era were particularly very much associated with war propaganda. Why we Fight (1942-1945), Air force (1943) and Men at War (1957) are three war films from this time that were thought to be tools of wartime propaganda. A famous actor during that era, Charlie Chaplin, depicted the role of Adolf Hitler in the war film The Great Dictator. "After the war broke out- and during the......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

World War2

...6.2.4 d World War II Timeline 1933 1936 November 9, 1938 Reichskristallnacht, Crystal Night September 3, 1939 September 10, 1939 October 1939 December 1939 April 1940 May 10, 1940 May 12, 1940 May 14, 1940 May 20, 1940 May 28, 1940 June 10, 1940 June 22, 1940 July 10, 1940 to October 31, 1940 November 1940 September 1940 June 1941 September 27, 1941 October 1941 November 1941 December 1941 December 7, 1941 December 1941 December 25, 1941 December 1941 1942 – 1944 1942 February 1942 Hitler comes to power in Germany. Hitler and Mussolini sign pact. Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues are looted and burned by Nazis. Many Jews are killed, and thousands are taken to concentration camps. France and Great Britain declare war on Germany. Canada declares war on Germany. Poland surrenders to Germany. First Canadian troops arrive in Britain. Germany invades Denmark and Norway. Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain. Germany invades France. Dutch army surrenders to Germany. German Army reaches the English Channel. Belgium surrenders to Germany. Italy declares war on Britain and France. France surrenders to Germany. Canada expands war effort. Battle of Britain begins: Canada participates in air fights over the English Channel. Troops and equipment from Canada start moving in carriers across the Atlantic. Battle of the Atlantic is underway. Italy......

Words: 718 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ap Eh Ch 27 Notes

...AP EH CH. 27---THE DEEPENING OF THE EUROPEAN CRISIS: WW II I. PRELUDE TO WAR (1933-1939) ---the efforts at collective security in the 1920s---the League of Nations, the attempts at disarmament, the pacts and the treaties---all proved meaningless in view of the growth of Nazi Germany and its deliberate scrapping of the postwar settlement in the 1930s ---World War II was largely made possible by the failure of Britain and France to oppose strongly flagrant German violations of the Treaty of Versailles A. The Role of Hitler 1. WW II in Europe had its beginnings in the ideas of Adolf Hitler, who believed that only Aryans were capable of building a great civilization 2. Hitler was a firm believer in the doctrine of Lebensraum which stated that a nation’s power depended on the amount and kind of land it occupied 3. Hitler thought that the Russian Revolution created conditions for Germany’s acquisition of land to its “racially inferior Slavic” east (Mein Kampf spelled out Hitler’s desire to expand eastward and to prepare for the inevitable war with the “Bolshevik Jew-led” Soviet Union) 4. Hitler always returned to his basic ideological plans for racial supremacy and empire as keys to the blueprint for achieving his goals 5. Hitler’s desire to create an Aryan empire led to slave labor and even mass extermination on a scale that would have been incomprehensible to previous generations of Germans (or anybody else......

Words: 5075 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Wwii

...CHAPTER World War II 24 Learning Outcomes After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following: LO 1 Explain the various causes of World War II. LO 2 Explain America’s foreign policy that developed after World War I and that was in place at the beginning of World War II, and describe how that policy changed as the war progressed. LO 3 Describe the events of World War II, both in Europe and in the Pacific, and explain why the United States acted as it did throughout the conflict. LO 4 Describe and discuss the American home front during World War II, paying special attention to long-term societal changes. LO 5 Explain how World War II was brought to an end, both in Europe and in the Pacific, and discuss the immediate aftermath of the war both in America and around the world. 9781133438212, HIST2, Volume 2, Kevin M. Schultz - © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. No distribution allowed without express authorization Just as World War II transformed the world, it also transformed the United States’s role in world affairs. “ ” If the New Deal could not end the Great Depression, a world war would. Beginning in the late 1930s, talk of war became more insistent and The Second World War can be seen as an energizing urgent in Europe. The finanevent in American history rather than a destructive one. cial uncertainty of the worldStrongly Disagree Strongly Agree wide depression had created 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 political vulnerabilities......

Words: 11653 - Pages: 47

Free Essay

Ww2 Op-Ed

...World War 2  The U.S. were right in getting involved in the second World War, in fact we should’ve been  involved earlier.  ● When war broke out in Europe, US President Franklin Roosevelt recognised that the  conflict threatened US security, and looked for ways to help the European democracies  without direct involvement in the war. (US).  ● After the bombing of the US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor in December 1941, only one  congressman opposed the declaration of war; the vote in the senate was unanimous. (US).  ● Hitler’s declaration of war on the US, which came four days later, enabled Roosevelt to  legitimately pursue a ‘Germany first’ strategy. In November 1942, Operation Torch, the  invasion of North Africa, became the first US military offensive of the war in the West.  Allied troops slowly cornered German forces in North Africa, gained public support  behind war efforts. (US).  ● By the time the United States entered the war in December, 1941, Germany had occupied  most of Europe and Japan was also starting to attack countries in Asia. But the US  decision to enter the World War meant that the entire country agreed to sending out  troops to sacrifice themselves for humanity’s sake. (US).  ● About 16 million Americans served in World War II from late 1941 to 1945. The total  population of the country at that time was only 130 million. More than 400,000 soldiers  did not return. Another 670,000 were wounded on foreign soil. (US). COUNTER  ● The involvement of the United...

Words: 798 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nazi Death Camps Paper

...(Wachsmann) German soldiers fed Jews false hope, thinking that the harder they worked the closer freedom would be when in reality freedom could only come with death. The world changed forever when an estimated 20,946,000 people died due to the world war ignited by Adolf Hitler’s Third Reich. The Third Reich was the name for Nazi Germany under Hitler’s National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) when it was a totalitarian state. Totalitarianism is a political system where the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever necessary. (Dictionary) Soldiers were killed in battle, Civilians in cross fire, and by starvation but nothing compares to the systematic execution and elimination demonstrated by the Third Reich sponsored death camps. Before the organized concentration camps that are well known throughout the world to have killed a countless number of people there were camps built in the early 1930’s when the Nazi’s first came into power. Earlier camps were temporary and were set up to confine, interrogate, torture, and weaken the Nazis' political opponents under the control of the Gestapo. The camps built later by The Reich between 1939 and 1942 were used to hold large groups of prisoners without trial including Jews, gypsies, Slavs, and prisoners of war. They were built killing centers for efficient means of mass murder unlike concentration camps which served as detention and labor centers. Millions of......

Words: 2592 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Appendix Cc

...Associate Program Material Appendix C World War II and the Atom Bomb Complete the charts in Parts 1 and 2 by providing the requested information. An example is provided in Part 1. Answer the questions in Part 3. Part 1: Western Front | | | | | | |Campaign |Dates |Allied objective |Major turning point |Outcome | |EXAMPLE: |October 1942 to May |Attack Germans from the southern side; |Battle at El Alamein: German forces driven|The American offensive finally drove the Germans from | | |1943 |expose the vulnerability of the Nazi |out of Egypt |Africa, allowing the Allies to move toward Italy | |North Africa | |empire | | | | |1943-1944 |Allies wanted defeat the German occupancy |Battle at Monte Cassion: Allies broke |The Germans and Italians were defeated on the Italian | |Italy | |of......

Words: 1622 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

World War Two

...World War II German Aggression The war in Europe began in September 1939, when Germany, under Chancellor Adolf Hitler, invaded Poland. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany but took little action over the following months. In 1940, Germany launched its next initiative by attacking Denmark and Norway, followed shortly thereafter by attacks on Belgium, the Netherlands, and France. All of these nations were conquered rapidly. The Battle of Britain Later in the summer of 1940, Germany launched a further attack on Britain, this time exclusively from the air. The Battle of Britain was Germany’s first military failure, as the German air force, the Luftwaffe, was never able to overcome Britain’s Royal Air Force. Greece and North Africa As Hitler plotted his next steps, Italy, an ally of Germany, expanded the war even further by invading Greece and North Africa. The Greek campaign was a failure, and Germany was forced to come to Italy’s assistance in early 1941. The USSR Later in 1941, Germany began its most ambitious action yet, by invading the Soviet Union. Although the Germans initially made swift progress and advanced deep into the Russian heartland, the invasion of the USSR would prove to be the downfall of Germany’s war effort. The country was just too big, and although Russia’s initial resistance was weak, the nation’s strength and determination, combined with its brutal winters, would eventually be more than the German army could overcome.......

Words: 714 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dunkirk

...the Second World War. Some trace it back to the anger created in Germany by the Treaty of Versailles. Some blame Neville Chamberlain and the appeasers for being too weak. Some ascribe it to Hitler's aggression. The war broke out when Hitler invaded Poland. Britain declared war two days later, on 3 September. At first there was a 'Phoney War' – nothing happened – but in 1940 the Nazis attacked. Their Blitzkreig tactics quickly destroyed the Allied forces, and the British army was evacuated from Dunkirk. For a while, Britain faced the Nazis alone, and had to survive the Battle of Britain and the Blitz. In June 1941 Hitler invaded Russia and in December 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought America into the war. The war became a truly global conflict. Meanwhile, in Europe, the Nazis implemented their 'Final Solution' to exterminate all Jewish people. The critical battles which changed the course of the war were at Midway in the Pacific (June 1942), El-Alamein in Africa (November 1942) and Stalingrad in Russia (January 1943). After that, the Allies never lost a battle. On D-Day (6 June 1944), the Allies invaded Normandy. The Soviet Red Army was advancing from the east. Hitler committed suicide, and Germany surrendered (7 May 1945). On 6 August 1945 the Americans dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, and Japan surrendered on VJ Day (15 August 1945). The Second World War took place on a global scale. You may wish to compare the Second World War to......

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Art History: Japanese American Internment

...individual begins to recognize their heritage and embrace their origin, Gayatri Spivak, “Acting Bits/Identity Talk”, Critical Inquiry would assert, “history slouches in one’s origins, ready to comfort and kill.” The consequences of history offer to narratives, peace and equality or secondly protest and pain. In America which operates on the principle of Democracy, people and citizens believe in fundamental rights as intuitively recognizable. These provisions are grounded in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution. During World War II these rights were quickly destroyed. Internment camp prisoner Henry Sugimoto and War Relocation Authority photographer Dorothea Lange’s; uncensored artwork and photography lifted the veil capturing the plight and destitute existence Japanese Americans citizens endured as a result of Executive Order 9066, issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1942. During World War II in America, the “Model Immigrant” citizen endured imprisonment, racism, discrimination, and censorship. Once the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 instantly anti-Japanese hysteria spread across the United States. The oppression began as 110,000 Japanese immigrants and Japanese...

Words: 1835 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Tuskegee Airmen

...time of progression in the black community and turmoil in the world. The Tuskegee Airmen represented the diverse and deeply patriotic African American population on an international front. After World War I, several studies were conducted, in reference to the role that African Americans played in the military. The results were biases and based in prejudice and stereotypes of the past. “The study concluded that black men were cowards, poor technicians and fighters, lacking initiative and resourcefulness. The study also stated that the Negro was a subspecies of the human population.” The study also reported that the average brain of a black man only weighed thirty-five ounces compared to the forty-five ounces of an average white man. These test results provided more than enough evidence for military leaders that the military need to continue its practice of segregation. With World War II quickly advancing on the heels of America, the War College was commissioned to do another study into the role of blacks in the military. This study did not differ very much from the previous report, but it did suggest that more blacks be allowed to join the Army. Despite the need for more soldiers, this did not change the positions that blacks were given and they were still not allowed to join the Army Air Corps. In September of 1938, it was clear that the United States that it would no longer be able to remain neutral in the war in Europe. President Franklin D. Roosevelt began to prepare......

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

World War 2

...the Nationalist regime of Chiang Kai-shek. The atrocities that followed shocked the world. Meanwhile, in 1936, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler moved aggressively into the Rhineland, previously a demilitarized zone, and in 1938, he incorporated Czechoslovakia and Austria into the Third Reich. By this time, the Western world was fully alert to the menace of the fanatically ambitious and confident Fuhrer. Then, in the early morning hours of September 1, 1939, Hitler sent his armies into Poland. Two days later, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. Within a matter of weeks the Soviet Union, which had recently signed a non-aggression treaty with Hitler, attacked Poland from the east. Within a month, Polish resistance collapsed, and Warsaw fell. World War II had begun. In general, the American people did not want to have any part in a European war. They felt protected by great oceans on both sides of the North American continent. And they felt that, in World War I, American boys had fought and bled in France mostly to make fortunes for munitions makers and arms merchants. Moreover, the United States had allowed its armed forces to wither in the 1920s and 1930, so that when World War II broke out in Europe, its army of 190,000 men ranked about eighteenth in the global rankings, about on a par with Rumania and Bulgaria. HIDE FULL ESSAY The United States might never have entered World War II if Germany, Japan, and Italy had stopped after their initial conquests. But......

Words: 5009 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

All American Girls Baseball League

...All American girls baseball League The United States entered World War 2 in 1941 it ended in 1945, because of this men were drafted into the military and forced to participate in the war. This took a high population of the men away from professional baseball. Major league baseball, being a part of America’s past time, was struggling with the decline of men in the league. In 1942 minor league teams were being disbanded due to the war and men 18 years and older were being drafted into the military services. Philip K. Wrigley, famous for Wrigley chewing gum and inheriting the Chicago Cubs major league baseball team from his father, didn’t want baseball to come to a collapse and sought after solutions to this dilemma (Lesko, 2013). Wrigley asked his committee to help come up with ideas. The committee recommended a girls softball league that would be established in the major league parks to help the decline in attendance due to losing quality players to attract crowds. Mr. Wrigley and the All American softball league emerged in the spring of 1943. The league was a non-profit organization and a board was formed which included Philip Wrigley, Branch Rickey, Brooklyn Dodgers President and General Manager; Paul Harper, Chicago attorney and trustee for the University of Chicago and Cubs attorney; and Ken Sells, who was named President of the League. This allowed a base structure for the league (Lesko, 2013). Jim Hamilton was a player, manager, owner and Chicago Cubs Scout......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Churchill: the Man, the Myth, the Legend

...Royal Society, Royal Academian) was a British politician. He was prime minister of the United Kingdom during most of World War II (1940-1945) and again from 1951-1955. His impact on World War II was almost immeasurably huge. He did after all lead the people of Great Britain against the Nazis, without him the Nazis would have been much harder to defeat, not only would Great Britain most likely have been knocked out of the war, the Nazis would have then been able to focus all their attention on the Soviets, which could have then proven too much for the Red Army to Handle. When Great Britain declared war against Germany, Churchill was made First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the War Cabinet, the same position he had held during the First World War upon being informed of this, the Board of the Admiralty the British Fleet a signal saying “Winston is back”. Churchill Argued for a preemptive occupation of Norway early on in the war, this was however shot down by then British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and the rest of the War Cabinet, such action wasn’t taken until after successful German invasion of Norway, an event it seems Churchill saw coming. On May 10, 1940, only hours before the German Blitzkrieg invasion of France, it became painfully obvious that the country had little to no faith in Chamberlain’s abilities to govern Great Britain during the war and so Chamberlain resigned. The most commonly accepted version of the events that followed was that the position......

Words: 1486 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Braceros Program

...entries, but it has not always been like this. In fact, during World War II and the years beyond that, the American government was in need of immigrants in order to get the economy going and to provide enough labor for the demand. Mexico was a neighbor country with lower wages, therefore an easier task for the government to deal with. The solution was to make a series of laws and political bilateral agreements with Mexico to import workers. But the Mexican Government was expected to lay down certain conditions for its approval of the American plan. Unregulated hiring of its citizens for employment abroad had been prohibited by Article 123 of the Constitution of 1917, which provided that such employment must be validated by local municipal authorities and by the employer’s consular representative, and on the basis of a formal contract, since American government had kicked out over 50,000 immigrants to Mexico due to the great depression. The demands for Mexican farm workers that were rejected by the United States Department of Agriculture and the Department of Justice in 1941 were happily established in the spring of the subsequent year. This program was called Emergency Farm Labor Program, popularly known as the Braceros Program; a name derived from the words “strong arms” in Spanish. Starting during World War II, it was one of the first legal guest workers program as a response to the labor shortages caused by the war and it encouraged many Mexican men to work in thousands......

Words: 2220 - Pages: 9