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World Wars Analysis

In: Historical Events

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1914 western front
- schlieffen plan - mont volt changes the plan : equal strength for both countries - russians transerred quickier with the railway
- the battle of the marne (w.f) - Br. + fr. - bogged down
- dirty trench condition - wet (black toes) - zigzag (protection) - dug under no man's land (coal miners, mines) - attrition eastern
- tunnenberg - russians lost
- masurion lakes /
- russian gerneral: samsonov
- gr. gernerals: hindenberg, ludendorff

1915 gallipoli
- chruchil (br.gerneral) - lord of the admiralty
- kitchener - war secretary (overall command)
- difficult for br. to attack - turks well-prepared - br. managed to retreat middle east
- oil -important for
- suez canal /
- br. told arabs that br. would create independent arab contries if arabs help br. to attack turkies

1916 middle east
- fr. + br. (sykes-pilot aggreement) - agree to divide middle east equally btween them
- t.e lawerence war at sea
- blockades
- battle of jutland -both sides claimed victory - stalemate verdun
- "they shall not pass" versus "bleed them white" somme
- br. prime minister replaced because of heavy br. losses - asgwith --> lloyd george
- lloyd george (convoy system) - group together merchant ships, protected by battleships 1917 us enter the war - april - zimmerman telegram - asked mexico to help russia trying to get out of the war - lack of resources and food - tsar forced to give up his crown - formed a temporary gov't - communist revolution ----------------------------> lenin: -promise people peace, land, bread; -communist - treaty of brest-litovsk - peace treaty between gr. and russia - lost huge quantityi of land (russia) 1918 operation michale - last offensive - failed due to low morale - br. commander - foch - kaiser abdicate - temporary gov't - new leader: ebert
- nov. 11th 11am - armistace - no technical loser
Post WWII
-Poland went straight from “bogus coalition” to dictatorship without any genuine electoral success. -became a Stalinist democracy -Stalin’s statues everywhere; newly nationalized industries focuses on heavy industries; collective farms. -Poland dragged its feet no great famines, purges, or show trials
Church managed to remain the focus for spiritual and social life
-June 1956: Workers in Pozan revolted -Gomulka returned to politics as First Secretary
He was outlawed by USSR previously started de-Stalinization
-October 1956: Khrushchev flew to Warsaw mobilized USSR army onto Poland borders
Gomulka refused to be compromise but said he had no intention of taking Poland out of Warsaw Pact
-Khrushchev allowed him to remain in power -Significance: first time that the USSR compromised with another communist state!!

Out of Communism
-In late 1970s, economic situation in Poland got worse -frequent worker strikes -food shortages and industrial fails caused unrest
-1980: workers in port city of Gdansk went on strike -led by Lech Walesa Asked for the right to strike and form free trade unions
!!! eventually formed Solidarait Movement !!!
-1981: Solidarity movement had 10 million members! -USSR greatly concerned -sent troops to Poland’s border but did not invade
-General Jaruzelski became prime minister and declared martial law, banned Solidarity, and arrested thousands of activists
-Solidarity continued and in 1988 it was legalized
-1989: round table talks began -government tried to maintain control -needed a new leader
September 12 1989: Mazowiecki became president -first non-Communist leader in 40 years -formed free market and multi-party elections
2004:Joined European Union

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