Free Essay

Writing Mechanisms

In: Business and Management

Submitted By brazaudj
Words 3087
Pages 13
Preparation Questions:

Item to Be Described (product and use)
The OLED, Organic Light Emitting Diode, is the newest addition to the LED line of equipment. This new piece of equipment is the first ever design that allows the capability for High Definition TVs to be 80 inches wide, less than a quarter inch, and be rolled up when you’re not using it. This possibility and many more are capable through the solid-state devices of OLED. Composed of thin films of organic modules, OLEDs create light with the application of electrify. With this process, LEDs are taken to the next level when it comes to clarity and power efficiency.

Audience (retail consumer, industrial expert, or other)
The intended audience will be a retail consumer who is an expert technician or an experienced user with similar equipment. The audience will have some background knowledge but they are uniformed of the actual makeup of the OLEDs. These individuals want to know the technology behind the OLEDs and if it is worth their while to purchase the equipment.

Purpose (Why is the document being produced?)
This document is being produced to better inform the above audience. The overall purpose is to fully outline the OLED Mechanism and to allow the above audience to understand the advantages of the equipment compared to others that are out in the market. At the end, by informing the audience of the complete layout of the OLED, their interest will have improved and their chances of purchasing the piece of equipment will have increased

Type of Document and Style (retail manual, industrial product description, other; second person friendly style, third-person indicative style, other)
The Mechanism report will be written in the style of a retail brochure. Not only will the brochure be informative, but technical terms will be clearly outlined so full knowledge of the OLED can occur. In addition, the format will follow a friendly tone

Outline:

Introduction

Purpose of the Report: To fully inform the intended audience about the significance and advantages of the up and coming technology of OLEDs, Organic Light Emitting Diodes. In addition to the detail surrounding the new technology of OLEDs, this report will tempt to persuade the intended audience to purchase this product for any of the applications that are using the current state of OLEDs.

Importance of the Item to the Reader: Due to the fact that the audience who will be a retail customer that has some knowledge on the product, the product will be a fascinating upgrade to what they are currently used to; LED or LCD display applications. The advantages heavily outweigh the disadvantages when it comes to the OLED technology and because this audience is already highly interested similar but not as potential products, the technology will spark their interest of purchasing.

General Description of the Item: OLEDs, Organic Light Emitting Diodes, is a product that can emit light in the response to an electric current. Less than the size of a piece of hair and working without a backlight, deep vivid colors can be generated that are much more enhanced of that of a LCD. Working with an anode, a cathode, and two organic molecular layers, negative charged electrons move through this device to produce the vivid light that was described. Currently OLEDs can be used in televisions screens, computer monitors, mobile phones, and PDAs. In addition, other applications include clothing in which these OLEDs can be rolled up.

List of Major Physical Parts 1) Clear Plastic Substrate 2) Anode 3) Cathode 4) Emissive Organic Molecular Layer 5) Conductive Organic Molecular Layer

Body
Part 1: Clear Plastic Substrate: This is the structure of any OLED. It supports all the layers and organic modules that make up the entire OLED structure. It is usually a clear plastic, glass, or foil substance that is applied to the layers by a variety of manufacturing techniques. There is also, in some particular situations, at top seal which is usually made of glass. Remember, the size of this is 100 to 500 nanometers thick.

Part 2: The Two Electrodes: These two components are the drivers of the OLED. The anode removes electrons in which the current will add holes into the organic molecular layer. This is possible when a current is running through the device and the anode is positive with respect to the cathode. A current of electrons will flow through the device from the cathode. (Electrons are negatively charged).

Part 3: Molecular Levels: These two layers, which consist of organic molecules and polymers that are made out of plastic, are placed in the middle of the OLED. One of the layers is a conductive layer that transports the electrons to the anode. The other layer, the emissive layer, is made of different plastic molecules that transport electrons from the cathode. This is where the light is created

Part 4: No Backlight: When it comes to an advantage, OLED do not need backlights to produce any light or power in screen applications. This differs from the LCDs, in which the light emitted from these screen applications comes from a backlight that hinders the true color of black.

Part 5: Device Architectures: The OLED has several different architectures in which different Applications can benefit from. For an example, Passive Matrix OLED, have strips of cathodes, organic layers and strips of anode, which create greater pixel resolution. Due to the high consumption in power, these types are used in cell phones and PDAs. There are several other architectures suited for everyone’s need.

Conclusion (How do the main parts and their most important characteristics contribute to the functioning of the mechanism?)

Point 1: By having the reduced size and flexible plastic molecular substances, OLED displays can be can be easily moved and new applications such as the roll-up screens embedded in clothes or other fabrics. Instead of being glass, this plastic substance also allows for great brightness and enhanced resolution.

Point 2: With the capability of not having a backlight, larger fields of view are possible. OLED can span to a 170 degrees view by producing their own light. On the other hand, LCDs work by blocking light so their viewing obstacle range is limited. In addition, with the function of no backlight, OLED consume much less power

Point 3: Because OLEDs can be produced with different architectures, several applications can be explored with OLEDs where LCD and LED displays could not function. A great example is clothing. OLEDs, due to their plastic and organic molecular substances, can be rolled up similar to the picture below. In The possibility for new applications is also based on the ease of production. Currently, OLEDs are easier to produce and with much larger sizes.

Flashlight Questions:

Before you begin writing the rough draft, consider the following document. It is the body of a report that was sent back for revision. It is supposed to be a mechanism description of a flashlight that was written to enable the Product Development Division to consider ways to design a new product.

Case

The case is the main body of the flashlight. It holds the contents of the light and protects them from damage. The case is usually made of metal or plastic.

Top

The top screws onto the case and holds the contents in the case. The top is made of plastic.

Switch

The switch is used to turn on and off the light. The switch connects the circuit together inside the light, which makes the light operate.

Spring

The spring is used to keep the batteries in contact with each other and also in contact with the bulb.

Batteries

The batteries are the power supply for the flashlight.

Bulb

The bulb may be the most important part because it emits the light and without it the flashlight would be worthless.

Bulb Keeper

The bulb keeper holds the bulb inside the reflector, and it also keeps it in the right position for the best reflection.

Reflector

The reflector focuses the light from a bulb into a directional beam.

Lens

The lens protects the bulb from being broken. The lens is made of glass or plastic.

The writer included the following conclusion:

Conclusion

A flashlight is a handy tool that enables one to see in the dark. I have discussed in this report the physical appearance and parts of a flashlight.

How would you suggest that the writer revise the body of this document in the following areas:

Style:
I would suggest writing the body of the document in a clear organized fashion in which each part of the flashlight follows a logical manner. The above descriptions are styled correctly, however they follow no logical manner. Grouping should be considered.

Physical Description:
Each part should be described in full detail but technical terms without definitions should be avoided. The body should be easily understandable and should contain all details about the associated parts of the flashlight. The above descriptions are too vague and the more detail is need. Dimensions, advantages, finish, and texture should all be included.

Paragraphing:
Each part of the flashlight should be organized in a fashion that follows suit with the collaboration with the other parts of the flashlight. Each paragraph could be designated to each part, however I believe this is not necessary.

Sentence Structure:
Sentences in the above body are short and right to the point. However, the sentences are too vague and offer very little description of the actual part. I advise to be more elaborate and expand upon the sentences that were listed. I also advise to incorporate lists with the details and to provide examples in the sentences to make the structure more profound.

Wording:
Like stated above, the wording is too basic. When I read the body, I asked myself, “How does this flashlight differ from others?” The wording offered no new description to the flashlight that caught my eye or interest. By providing more detail and improvement suggestions, the wording could have actually aided the Product Development Division revise a new product.

Why would you, as manager of the New Products Division, accept or reject this document?
If I was a manager of the New Products Division, I would reject the current state of the document. The current state is too vague and has not enough descriptive detail to lead me to believe that a new product can be derived from the information that was provided. Even though the author put some detail, there was no clear descriptive style that was prevalent in the writing. I did not know if the body was intended for retail or an industrial type of audience. Overall though, even though the nature of the description for the flashlight was presented with some detail, the overall body was very uninformative and I would have to reject the document.

(The introduction was consistent with the rest of the document.)

Rough Draft:

The evolutionary OLED, Organic Light Emitting Diode, has finally arrived. This solid and dependable product is unlike anything that has been developed before. With this brochure, you will be fully informed about the detail behind the OLED and what benefits there are with this device. Overall, the Molecular OLED is the newest addition to the LED (Light Emitting Diodes). With computer monitors, television screens, and other display applications in mind, the OLED will allow one to view a display with greater flexibility and clarity with the consumption of less power. Made of a solid state semiconductor that is 100 to 500 nanometers thick, this new product is smaller than a human hair. With this in mind, the OLED is fully equipped with the following components

• A clear plastic substrate (the supporting structure) • Electrons (The driver of the light) • The Anode (Positively Charged) • The Cathode (Negatively Charged) • The Emissive Organic Layer • The Conductive Organic Layer

The entire body of the OLED and how light is generated can be seen in figure 1 below. From a body standpoint, the entire OLED structure sits on a clear plastic substrate that is neutral to the whole process of the development of light. With an outside electrical current, electrons flow from the cathode, which is negatively charged in relation to the negative electrons, to the anode, positively charged. When these electrons are transferred, they flow through the organic molecular layers which are given to the emissive layer and are removed from the conductive layer. When these electrons leave the conductive layer, holes are left behind that need to be filled with electrons in the emissive layer. As the holes recombine with the electrons in the emissive layer, the electrons release extra energy in the form of light. Depending on the organic molecules used in the emissive layer, different forms of light can be seen when the electrons gives off its energy.
[pic]
Figure 1: HowStuffWorks.com “OLED Light Generation”

Other than the process of the OLED itself, there are many operational features that are very beneficial and have advantages over other similar products such as LEDs and LCDs. With its size being less than a human hair, the OLED is fully equipped with the following features: • No Backlight (Broader Viewing Range / Deeper color of Black) • Extremely Light Weight with Flexible Plastic Substances • Improved Brightness • Less Consumption of Power • Faster Response time

As the different layers are composed of organic, mostly carbon based, plastic substances, OLED applications can actually be flexible to the point where displays can be “rolled up”, similar to a piece of paper. See figure 2 below. With this capability, applications of OLED have expanded beyond belief. From paper thin 80 inch televisions, to screen displays on clothing, having OLED displays are beginning to outweigh the LED technology. Instead of glass, you have light weight flexible plastic. Instead of 2 and 16 ms response time, OLEDs have less than 0.01 ms response time. This provides an overall better resolution and picture display for viewing applications.

Figure 2: Sony.com “Demonstration of a 4.1” Sony Prototype”

The overall advantages will really make the viewing application process a better experience for anyone. All you have to do is sit back relax and enjoy the clarity of the OLED technology process. In addition, there are many different types of OLEDs to meet everyone’s needs. From Passive-matrix, to transparent OLEDs, limited applications have become a part of the past. Take advantage of this product so you can start enjoying the beneficial features now.

Final Draft:

The evolutionary OLED, Organic Light Emitting Diode is a one of a kind product that can be used for several viewing applications. This solid and dependable product is unlike anything that has been developed before. Overall, the Molecular OLED is the newest addition to the LED (Light Emitting Diodes). With computer monitors, television screens, and other display applications in mind, the OLED will allow one to view a display with greater flexibility and clarity with the consumption of less power. Made of a solid state semiconductor that is 100 to 500 nanometers thick, this new product is smaller than a human hair. With this brochure, you will be fully informed about the detail behind the OLED along with what benefits there are with this device and the associated applications that can be used. To start, the OLED is fully equipped with the following components

• A clear plastic substrate (the supporting structure) • Electrons (The driver of the light) • The Anode (Positively Charged) • The Cathode (Negatively Charged) • The Emissive Organic Layer • The Conductive Organic Layer [pic] • Figure 1: HowStuffWorks.com “OLED Light Generation”

An outline of the OLED structure and a step by step process of how light is generated can be seen in Figure 1 above. From a body standpoint, the entire OLED structure sits on a clear plastic substrate that is neutral to the whole process of the development of light. Think of it as the foundation for the OLED structure. When an outside electrical force flows through the OLED arrangement, electrons (negatively charged) flow from the cathode to the anode. When these electrons are transferred, they flow through the organic molecular layers which are given to the emissive layer and are removed from the conductive layer. As these electrons leave the conductive layer, holes are left behind that need to be filled with electrons from the emissive layer. While the holes jump to the emissive layer, they are recombined with the electrons in the emissive layer. With this reconnection, the electrons release extra energy in the form of light. Depending on the organic molecules used in the emissive layer, different forms of light can be seen when the electrons gives off its energy. This provides the color spectrum we are all aware of.

With this background knowledge and the understanding of the production of light from an OLED, there are also many operational features that are very beneficial. In addition, there are many advantages over other similar products such as LEDs and LCDs. With its size being less than a human hair, the OLED is fully equipped with the following features: • No Backlight (Broader Viewing Range / Deeper color of Black) • Extremely Light Weight with Flexible Plastic Substances • Improved Brightness • Less Consumption of Power • Faster Response time

As the different layers are composed of organic, mostly carbon based, plastic substances, OLED applications can actually be flexible to the point where displays can be “rolled up”, similar to a piece of paper. See figure 2 below. With this capability, applications of OLED have expanded beyond belief. From paper thin 80 inch televisions, to screen displays on clothing, having OLED displays are beginning to outweigh the LED technology. Instead of glass, you have light weight flexible plastic. Instead of 2 and 16 ms response time, OLEDs have less than 0.01 ms response time. This provides an overall better resolution and picture display for viewing applications.

The overall advantages will really make the viewing application process a better experience for anyone. All you have to do is sit back relax and enjoy the clarity of the OLED technology process. In addition, there are many different types of OLEDs to meet everyone’s needs. From Passive-matrix, to transparent OLEDs, limited applications have become a part of the past. Take advantage of this product so you can start enjoying the beneficial features now. Personally, I would recommend anyone to purchase viewing applications with the OLED technology. One won’t understand the true benefits till they have seen it up and personal.

Figure 2: Sony.com “Demonstration of a 4.1” Sony Prototype”

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hellenistic Medicine

...Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia, ruled an empire that stretched from the Balkans to the Himalayas and from Egypt to the Caspian Sea during the mid-4th century BC. But his empire soon fell apart after his sudden and unexpected death in Babylon. His goal of further conquest was thus cut short, and his empire was left without a successor. What Alexander left behind was not a huge empire, but the spread and intermingling of ideas among the areas he conquered. Some important advancement in medicine and science were thus made, owing to the collaborative work of many Hellenistic intellectuals from Alexander’s former empire. The source of Greek knowledge about medicine came from Egypt, which was fairly well-developed by the Greece was entering its Golden Age. Greek figures such as Pythagoras traveled widely, and picked up discoveries from places and brought them back to Greece. Thales gained first-hand experience of medicine when he was training in Egypt. Similar to Greek medicine, Egyptian medicine also lied in religion and spirituality. The Egyptian god of medicine was Imhotep, whose role was analogous to that of Asclepius. People would pray to him and other gods for healing, and it was believed that gods played a role in matters of health and disease. Despite these religious origins and beginnings, Egyptian medicine was rather rational and scientific. Blood was thought to be an important nutritive and regulatory substance, and the heart was considered to be the center of......

Words: 2680 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Case Studies

...When questioned later individually, it is learned that one of the girls had a rough phone call with her mother and found out her father would not be visiting her. Another of the girls had a similar experience, as her parents visited during the week and she did not "get along" with them. Finally, the girl accused of ruining the project was just admitted and angry at her parents for placing her in treatment. One of the behavioral techs redirected the girls to playing sports and painting. The girls seem to calm down and de-escalate. What defense mechanism (s) is the three girls utilizing and why? Explain. Are there any other defense mechanisms at work here? Explain. There are many different defense mechanisms out there so for the purpose of this assignment we will use Freud’s defense mechanisms in an attempt to explain the behavior. In this scenario, the three girls appear to be exhibiting the displacement defense mechanism. In displacement, the individual focuses unwanted feelings, urges, and emotions on someone or something besides the actual cause of said urge (Feist, 2009). In this example, the girls are angry with their parents, but do not want to admit this so they take out their anger on each other instead of feeling anxiety due to the true nature of their anger. The treatment option of the behavioral tech seems to be a form of sublimation because they direct the unwanted urges or...

Words: 1395 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Selflessness

...Is it possible for man to be completely selfless? A cynic may say not. But, selfless actions and thoughts are not only possible, but give a real sense of satisfaction and abiding happiness. What do we mean by real selflessness? Selflessness means we act without thought for how we will profit or be rewarded. If we give help to others, but expect recognition or the favour to be returned, this is not a selfless action. True selflessness means we would do the action, even if it was never know to anyone else. Selflessness means we identify with others. Our service to others is not an act of condescending charity in helping others, our action is motivated by a feeling of oneness. We help others because we identify with their problems and their suffering. Selflessness is its own reward. In a true selfless action we are not acting to feed our ego and receive the flattery of the world; we are not acting out of competition or desire to prove ourself to others. Selflessness means we act out of a motivation to do the right thing and help others. By definition, selflessness cannot involve inflating our ego, it does exactly the opposite. When we act only out of selfish motives we bind and limit ourselves. Every action, we calculate how we might benefit; this attitude hinders the intuitive and spontaneous feelings of the heart. When we act through selfless motives we are helping to expand our sense of self and sense of identity. This enables us to get joy from the achievements of......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Natalie

...A gorgeous sweet girl who many people mistake as being a supermodel. Has a rocking body with sexy curves, radiant soft skin and gorgeous thick hair which all guys want to run thier hands through. Can be shy at first but when people get to know her they will discover they've made a friend for life, a natalie is the bestest friend you could ever get, she has a hilarious sense of humour and often gives people stitches. Boys throw themselves at natalies, they love her delicious kissing, she's utterly deseriable and every guy wants a piece of her. They get lost in her big dazzling eyes framed by thick dark lashes. And can't help but kiss her when they see her full edible lips, they think she has the most beautiful captivating smile. Hates getting into arguements with people and has trouble with choosing the right friends. But when she does find the right friends she becomes bubbly,chatty and a laugh. Girls are jealous about her beauty probablly because she's one of the few girls who are beautiful inside and out. Is very hurt when she hears people talking about her behind her back and wonders what she ever did to them? At a party she captures everybodys eye with her foxy dress style, guys find her very alluring. She enjoys match-making her friends with hot guys, gives the best advice and is always there for a girly chat. A Natalie is everything a guy could want sexy, smart, funny, adorable and amazing in bed. She doesnt trust easily. She has a smile that can light up the whole room...

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Movie Guide Life as a House

...and Sam It is to observe a few different defense mechanisms in the relationship between George and Sam, such as: avoidance, distancing, reaction formation. On the scene when George told to Sam about his problem with cancer, Sam shows a mixture between distancing and reaction formation. Distancing is evident because Sam goes to looking for Alyssa, and we can observe the reaction formation the moment that Sam cries with Alyssa, a clear signal that shows his real feelings about George's problem. Those reactions avoid a closer encounter between George and Sam at the first time, but I guess that were important to Sam to take his time in order to clarify his ideas and feelings about the bad news and the future of his relationship with George. 2) Relationship #2: George and Robin George and Robin are divorced, at the beginning of the movie they had a distant relationship this situation change when George and Robin work together restoring the house. There are different deffense mechanisms in their relationship, such as: avoidance, sarcasm, formula communication. On the scene when George arrives to Robin's house looking for to Sam, the first conversation between George and Robin can be classified as a formula communication because they avoid a deep dialogue about Sam, and at the end of the whole scene when both are with Sam we can see a little sarcasm when Robin says that take to Sam such a good father. The deffense mechanisms present on the scene related, make the......

Words: 468 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Psychoanalytical Approach

...There are 3 parts to a person’s personality: the id, ego and superego. The super ego is the moderator of the id and handles the conscious. If the super ego is inadequate, then it can lead to delinquent behaviour and crime. A weak superego can lead to a lack of inhibitions while a deviant superego (identifying with a deviant model) can lead to a lack of understanding of what is right and wrong. A harsh superego can lead to a child seeking out opportunities to be punished which can include crime and delinquent behaviour. The psychoanalytical approach also says that defence mechanism can lead a person to commit crimes, for example: Denial can make a person so ignore the acts they are committing or neglect to accept the severity of them. Displacement is when a person takes their anger and frustration out on something or someone else than the person/thing that is making them feel like that which can mean attacking a stranger on the street. This theory also says that maternal deprivation can be linked to criminal behaviour as a lack of maternal affection can cause affectionless psychopathy which investigated in a study by Bowlby. He tested 44 juvenile delinquents for affectionless psychopathy. He found 14 cases of it within the delinquents, he then asked the families of said juveniles to see if there was a separation from the mother for an extended period of time. Out of the 14, 12 had spent long periods of time apart from the mother. This suggests that maternal deprivation can be......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Ego Defense

...Ego Defence Mechanisms Introduction Ego psychology embodies a more optimistic and growth oriented view of human functioning and potential than do the earlier theoretical formulation. It generated changes in the study and assessment process and led to an expansion and systemization Of interceptive strategies with individuals. It fostered a re-conceptualization of the clinic worker relation ship, of change mechanisms, and of the interventive process. It helped to refocus the importance of wok of with the social environment as well as work with the family and the group. Moreover, it has important implications for the design of service delivery, large-scale social programs, and social policy. DEFINITION OF DEFENCE MECHANISM Ego-defense mechanisms are learned, usually during early childhood and are considered to be maladaptive when they become the predominant means of coping with stressors.  What is EGO psychology? Ego psychology comprises a related set of theoretical concepts about human behavior that focus on the origins, development, structure, and functioning of the executive arm of the personality _the ego_ and its relationship to other aspects of the personality and to the external environment. The ego is considered to be a mental structure of the personality responsible for negotiating between the internal needs of the individual and the outside world. The following seven propositions characterize ego psychology’s view of human...

Words: 1900 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Corporate Psychological Defences: an Oil Spill Case

...Corporate Psychological Defences: An Oil Spill Case Author(s): T. Ketola Source: Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 65, No. 2 (May, 2006), pp. 149-161 Published by: Springer Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25123778 . Accessed: 03/12/2013 07:49 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. . Springer is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Journal of Business Ethics. http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 130.209.6.50 on Tue, 3 Dec 2013 07:49:34 AM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions (2006) 65: 149-161 Journal of Business Ethics DOI 10.1007/sl0551-005-4175-4 ? Springer 2006 Corporate Psychological Defences: T. Ketola An Oil Spill Case ABSTPJVCT. protect isational morality defences the Organisational self-esteem even This an oil and moral at the paper refinery psychological integrity expense analyses and of the its parent of defences the organ the of while concessions corporation imply that is......

Words: 9258 - Pages: 38

Free Essay

Time Management

...The 10 Most Puzzling Ancient Artifacts The Bible tells us that God created Adam and Eve just a few thousand years ago, by some fundamentalist interpretations. Science informs us that this is mere fiction and that man is a few million years old, and that civilization just tens of thousands of years old. Could it be, however, that conventional science is just as mistaken as the Bible stories? There is a great deal of archeological evidence that the history of life on earth might be far different than what current geological and anthropological texts tell us. Consider these astonishing finds: The Grooved Spheres Over the last few decades, miners in South Africa have been digging up mysterious metal spheres. Origin unknown, these spheres measure approximately an inch or so in diameter, and some are etched with three parallel grooves running around the equator. Two types of spheres have been found: one is composed of a solid bluish metal with flecks of white; the other is hollowed out and filled with a spongy white substance. The kicker is that the rock in which they where found is Precambrian - and dated to 2.8 billion years old! Who made them and for what purpose is unknown. The Dropa Stones In 1938, an archeological expedition led by Dr. Chi Pu Tei into the Baian-Kara-Ula mountains of China made an astonishing discovery in some caves that had apparently been occupied by some ancient culture. Buried in the dust of ages on the cave floor were hundreds of stone disks.......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Compassion Fatigue

...Week 5 1) Considering that burnout has been related to the amount and type of work done along with the type of work that you do or hope to do, are you at risk for burnout? Why? No, I do not believe that I am a candidate for burnout. I work with children and they change every year and there is never a dull moment so it doesn’t become monotone, boring, and repitious, which all is a clear description of burnout. 2) Describe some of the effects that secondary traumatic stress can have on professional capability. This can have detrimental effects on individuals, both professionally and personally, including a decrease in productivity, the inability to focus, and the development of new feelings of incompetency and self doubt. 3) Review the factors that contribute and explain burnout on page 89. Have you ever experienced these in your professional experience? I can honestly say that I believe everyone over some period of time experiences those symptoms or something similar to those symptoms. It is just a part of having a steady career that has to do with a repetitious field. How you handle the day to day or how you chose to see your daily career may make or break the fine line between a rut and burnout. Week 6 1) Describe some of the ways humor helps relieve stress related to trauma (physiologic and therapeutic.) I’ve independently read that laughing releases endorphins that help you calm and relieve stress. I have also learned that......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Organisation Change

...journal is available at http://www.emerald-library.com/ft Journal of Managerial Psychology 16,7 534 Received September 2000 Revised May 2001 Accepted May 2001 Resistance to organisational change: the role of defence mechanisms Wayne H. Bovey Bovey Management (Certified Consultants), Queensland, Australia Andrew Hede University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia Keywords Organizational change, Resistance, Defence, Humour Abstract Observes that the published literature on resistance to organisational change has focused more on organisational issues rather than individual psychological factors. The present study investigated the role of both adaptive and maladaptive defence mechanisms in individual resistance. Surveys were conducted in nine organisations undergoing major change and responses were obtained from 615 employees. The results indicate that five maladaptive defence mechanisms are positively correlated with behavioural intention to resist change, namely, projection, acting out, isolation of affect, dissociation and denial. The adaptive defence mechanism of humour was found to be negatively correlated with resistance intention. Identifies two intervention strategies which can be used by management to address the effects of defence mechanisms on resistance during periods of change in organisations. Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 16 No. 7, 2001, pp. 534-548. # MCB University Press, 0268-3946 Introduction Individuals go through a......

Words: 6068 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay

Big Bill

...The story that I like the most is “Big Bill”. The personality of each character, either the main or minor characters, is totally different and that made the story pretty interesting. The theme “friendship” made it even more appealing to me. Therefore, I had chosen this story to be the one that I will be writing about in this essay. The main character of this story is Tulsi Babu. He is different from most ordinary beings, as he is not surprised by almost everything. He thinks that “everything” has a reason behind it. This part in the story would convince you in that, “‘Tulsi Babu went back to his desk. ‘I can’t see what’s so special about a double rainbow. Even there were twenty rainbows in the sky, there would be nothing surprising about that. Why, one can just as well go and stare at the double-spired church in Lower Circular Road!’” Sometimes, he will add a little sense of humour that will make his words interesting. Tulsi is a part-time herbalist and an upper division clerk of Arbuthnot & Co Company. He is scrupulous in his work and the sentence “Baba gave adequate directions which Tulsi Babu noted down carefully.” tells us so. Not only is he hardworking, he also treats, Bill, his “ex-pet” very good. He gave Bill the best when it was in his house and he was really sad while saying goodbye to Bill the last time. He even lost his appetite when he sent Bill back where it had came from, although you cannot see from his facial expression. He is also very thoughtful......

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Friend

...My Crazy, Hilarious, Amazing, Cute, Friend: Kasey Mae Hayes Kasey Mae Hayes is not only my neighbor, but my best friend. She lives right down the street from me and I've known her for as long as I can remember. We both play soccer together and plan to play lacrosse and track together in high school, too. This year we have grown to become very close and so have our families she has one older sibling, Kyle. Her mom is an art teacher and her dad works from home. She is in my grade and although she's shorter than me, she's older, and I look up to her. I admire the fact that I can trust her, she can always put me in a good mood, and she is very confident in herself. One thing I admire about her is that I can trust her. Whatever I tell her, stays with her. She never gives my secrets away. This year, especially, has been hard for me. Things at home haven't been the best. I told her what had been going on and she was there for me. She said she would never tell anyone and it wasn't her place to, it was my personal business. Another way we have a trustworthy relationship is we tell each other everything even when it has to do with others. She also is always there for me and always gives good advice and supports me in whatever I do. For example, I really got to know a certain boy this year and really cared for him but he hurt me so many times and I didn't deserve it. Kasey was there for me and she had my back even though the boy is one of her best friends too. By far, she is one......

Words: 873 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Abcd

...imply trying to make someone else responsible for them.   Aim inhibition: Placing a limitation upon instinctual demands; accepting partial or modified fulfillment of desires. Examples: (1) a person is conscious of sexual desire but if finding it frustrating, "decides" that all that is really wanted in the relationship is companionship. (2) a student who originally wanted to be a physician decides to become a physician's assistant.   Aim inhibition, like the other mechanisms, is neither healthful nor pathological, desirable nor undesirable, in itself. It may be better to have half a loaf than no bread, but an unnecessary aim inhibition may rob one of otherwise attainable satisfactions.   Note that the first example could include the mechanism of displacement, and the second, rationalization. Up to a point, mutual idealization can make for a happy relationship; however, unrealistic expectations of another person based upon this mechanism can lead to serious disappointment.   Altruism: The individual deals with emotional conflict or internal or external stressors by dedication to meeting the needs of...

Words: 2694 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Anxiety

...Defense Mechanisms Mariel-Pauleane Gomez PSYC 393-2 September 29, 2015 My definition of anxiety is when you are experiencing an overwhelming amount of stress, but do not know the cause of it, to the point where it is interfering with your everyday activities. Freud’s understanding of anxiety is the feeling of fear without an obvious cause. My definition and Freud’s understanding of anxiety are similar to one another. Our definitions of anxiety both mention how when a person is experiencing anxiety, they not know exactly why they are experiencing it. Freud proposed that there are three types of anxiety: reality, neurotic, and moral anxiety. For myself, I think that there is only one type of anxiety, but there are different levels of it. I believe that it depends on how long the person copes or overcomes their anxiety. The longer it takes for a person to overcome anxiety, the more serious their anxiety is. When a person is experiencing anxiety, I believe that they are feeling helpless, like an infant or baby. Freud mentions that when one is experiencing anxiety, regardless of age, they are also feeling helpless. Freudian defense mechanisms ranked in order of primitive to more advanced: denial, repression, projection, reaction formation, regression, displacement, rationalization, and finally sublimation. I ranked denial as the most primitive defense mechanisms because I consider this the most generic defense mechanism because it underlies many of the other......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4