Premium Essay

Writing a Short Literature Review

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Erduo
Words 3181
Pages 13
Writing a Short Literature Review

William Ashton, Ph.D.
York College, CUNY

A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and perceptions of dangerousness. Working through PsychArticles she found three likely articles. When she read each, she wrote a paragraph description of each:
Alexander, L.A., & Link, B.G. (2003). The impact of contact on stigmatizing attitudes towards people with mental illness. Journal of Mental Health, 12,
271-289.
Alexander and Link (2003) examined the stigma of mental illness, perceptions of dangerousness and social distance in a telephone survey. They found that, as a participant’s own life contact with mentally ill individuals increased, participants were both less likely to perceive a target mentally ill individual in a vignette as physically dangerous and less likely to desire social distance from the target. This relationship remained after controlling for demographic and confound variables, such as gender, ethnicity, education, income and political conservatism. They also found that any type of contact – with a friend, a spouse, a family member, a work contact, or a contact in a public place – with mentally ill individuals reduced perceptions of dangerousness of the target in the vignette.

Corrigan, P. W., Rowan, D., Green, A., Lundin, R., River, P., Uphoff-Wasowski, K.,
White, K., & Kubiak, M.A. (2002). Challenging two mental illness stigmas:
Personality responsibility and dangerousness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 28,
293-309.
Corrigan, Rowan, Green, Lundin, River, Uphoff-Wasowski, White and
Kubiak (2002) conducted two studies to investigate the strength of the theoretical relationship between stigma and personality responsibility, and stigma and dangerousness. Corrigan et al. posited two models to account for stigmatizing reactions. In the first model, labeled personal...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Ernest Hemiway

...(Life’s struggle) This paper will focus on three different wars in Ernest Hemingway’s time frame by concentrate his life style and its influence on writing emotion through his way to the Nobel Prize. Body I. Early Life A. Birth Ernest Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in the family which father is the doctor and mother is a former opera singer. During his childhood, he loved sports, hunting and fishing at the family’s summer house at Walloon Lake, Michigan. He was a talented writer, even when he was teenager, he always kept note fill with his thought and observation about the world around him. Hemingway fear his mother. As Martha Gellhorn, Hemingway’s third wife wrote “Deep in Ernest, due to his mother, going back to the indestructible first memories of childhood, was mistrust and fear of women” (http://www.salon.com/2006/08/12/gellhorn.html) B. Family His father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor, and his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, a former opera performer, lived in Oak Park, Illinois. He is a second child born of family with have two sons and four daughter. His family shares the same gene in feeling depression and suicide. The result of his family strategic is still stay mystery as Ernest, his father, his brother and two of his four sisters commit suicide....

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Government

.... |   | Duration: 20 min | Scoring: 10 | Points Earned: _____ | Activity 1.2.5: Study - The Poet's Toolbox Applied | (Documents: Study Sheet) | Review some of the tools poets use to create meaning and achieve specific effects; apply those tools in order to analyze selections from the readings. |   | Duration: 40 min |   |   | Activity 1.2.6: Quiz - Comprehending the Study |...

Words: 4072 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Essay

...[pic] JPPSS ELA COURSE GUIDE 2011-2012 ENGLISH I The JPPSS Instructional Sequence Guides are aligned with the LA Comprehensive Curriculum. JPPSS Implementation of Activities in the Classroom Incorporation of activities into lesson plans is critical to the successful implementation of the Louisiana Comprehensive Curriculum. The Comprehensive Curriculum indicates one way to align instruction with Louisiana standards, benchmarks, and grade-level expectations. The curriculum is aligned with state content standards, as defined by grade-level expectations (GLEs), and organized into coherent, time-bound units with sample activities and classroom assessments to guide teaching and learning. The units in the curriculum have been arranged so that the content to be assessed will be taught before the state testing dates. While teachers may substitute equivalent activities and assessments based on the instructional needs, learning styles, and interests of their students, the Comprehensive Curriculum should be a primary resource when planning instruction. Grade level expectations—not the textbook—should determine the content to be taught. Textbooks and other instructional materials should be used as resource in teaching the grade level......

Words: 21740 - Pages: 87

Premium Essay

Undertaking a Literature Review in Marketing

...To start we need to understand some background to writing a literature review; this will ensure that when we write, we know our purpose. What is a...

Words: 8854 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

The Japanese Period

...The Japanese Period (1941-1945) Historical Background:     Between 1941-1945, Philippine Literature was interrupted in its development when the Philippines were again conquered by another foreign country, Japan. Philippine literature in English came to a halt. Except for the TRIBUNE and the PHILIPPINE REVIEW, almost all newspapers in English were stopped by the Japanese.   This had an advantageous effect on Filipino Literature, which experienced renewed attention because writers in English turned to writing in Filipino. Juan Laya, who uses to write in English, turned to Filipino because of the strict prohibitions of the Japanese regarding any writing in English. The weekly LIWAYWAY was placed under strict surveillance until it was managed by Japanese named Ishiwara.      In other words, Filipino literature was given a break during this period. Many wrote plays, poems, short stories, etc. Topics and themes were often about life in the provinces. A. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THIS PERIOD      The common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation was nationalism, country, love, and life in the barrios, faith, religion and the arts. Three types of poems emerged during this period. They were: 1. Haiku –a poem of free verse that the Japanese like. It was made up of 17 syllables divided into three lines. The first line had 5 syllables, the second, 7 syllables, and the third, five. The Haiku is allegorical in meaning, is short and covers a wide scope in meaning. 2....

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Report Guidelines

...Writing a Research proposal and Tips for Literature Review By: Shantiram Dahal 1. Background Human being is the unique product of the nature. In comparison with the other animals, they have most developed nervous and mental system which is very helpful to produce sounds and symbols (letters and numbers) that make possible the communication and recording of their questions, observations, experiences and ideas. To satisfy the curiosity and solving problems of daily life they involve in investigation. In modern times the complexities of human beings are increasing. To reduce such complexities, they have to conduct different research activities. Research is the essential part of graduate and post graduate program. Without conducting any academic research the objectives of the course will not be fulfilled. But conducting research is not as easy as we thought. It is a systematic investigation to acquire new knowledge, information's, facts, appropriate solution to a problem, deduce theory and generalization. It helps scholars to expand the area of knowledge and further study. There are various micro steps should be followed by the teachers for effective academic research. Before conducting research, the researcher have to submit the research proposal for approvable. When the research proposal is approved by the department then the research should be conducted consultation with the research guide. 2....

Words: 1547 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Knowledge Management

...There is more reading, more lab time, and more writing. The ideas, discussions, and questions are at a higher level. There’s a reason that not everyone does this! Entering your studies with a clear purpose and sense of direction, informed by a thorough understanding of new responsibilities and expectations, can help you to adapt better to the new demands of Masters and Ph.D. level research, organization, presentation, and writing. Perfectionism. Many academics would characterize themselves as perfectionists. To a certain extent, this is a healthy trait that promotes self-awareness and hard work. However, perfectionism can also be crippling as it can make you feel as if you can’t write a paper or make a comment unless it is absolutely brilliant. Remember, you are a student, not an expert. You are discovering new terms, concepts, and areas of study. Your first draft or class presentation will never be perfect, so don’t put too much pressure on yourself. The Counselling Centre offers excellent support for perfectionism. For more information, visit the Centre’s web site at: http://www.trentu.ca/counselling/ Your Key Responsibilities Common Challenges in Graduate Studies Finding Balance. It is easy to be pulled in one direction only to leave other responsibilities neglected. You may have research commitments in the lab, but you also need to complete course work, outline your proposal, and have a life!...

Words: 3573 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Moral Values in the Happy Prince by Oscar Wilde

...For some people, reading novel or short story is more than just about looking for the beautiful story or the greatnesses of the story. Yet, there are some people who only read novel without a deep understanding. Usually the readers will be facing some questions which have something to do with the author’s intention making story. Common question coming out automatically after reading novel or short story is such what is the author trying to tell us in the story or what the moral lessons of the story is. According to Nurgiyantoro (1995:66) to know of what the author feels like to convey in the story is the main task of reading fiction work, it is either Novel or Short story. As a matter of fact, there are a lot of advantages gained by reading fiction. According to Nurgiyantoro (1995:3) Fiction talks about various problems of life in terms of interaction with environment, ourselves, and our interaction with god. Fiction is the result of dialogue, contemplation, and author reactions of environment and life. Although it is fictitious, it is not true if fiction considered as the...

Words: 4043 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

How to Write a Literature Review

...How to write a literature review What is a literature review? The aim of a literature review is to show your reader (your tutor) that you have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in your field. This work may be in any format, including online sources. It may be a separate assignment, or one of the introductory sections of a report, dissertation or thesis. In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by your research objective or by the issue or thesis you are arguing and will provide the framework for your further work. It is very important to note that your review should not be simply a description of what others have published in the form of a set of summaries, but should take the form of a critical discussion, showing insight and an awareness of differing arguments, theories and approaches. It should be a synthesis and analysis of the relevant published work, linked at all times to your own purpose and rationale....

Words: 1203 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

T.C. Boyle

...Boyle is a writer of American Literature. He writes fiction in the form of short stories and novels. According to Charles, May; Rambo, Catherine: Satire is a dominating force in Boyle’s writing. He uses Satire to criticize socially, and make people think. He touches on real and controversial issues such as abortion and...

Words: 837 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Redragonswillkillyou

...writing reviews writing a journal article review You may be asked to write a journal article review. Although this may be an unfamiliar exercise, it is not as complex a task as writing an essay requiring a lot of library research, and not the same as a review in The Canberra Times which is written for the general reader. Your journal article review is written for a reader (eg, your supervisor, lecturer or tutor) who is knowledgeable in the discipline and is interested not just in the coverage and content of the article being reviewed, but also in your critical assessment of the ideas and argument that are being presented by the author. Your review might therefore be guided by the following questions: Writing a journal article review Objectives Theory Concepts Argument Method Evidence Values Literature Contribution Style Conclusion What does the article set out to do? Is there an explicit theoretical framework? If not, are there important theoretical assumptions? What are the central concepts? Are they clearly defined? What is the central argument? Are there specific hypotheses? What methods are employed to test these? Is evidence provided? How adequate is it? Are value positions clear or are they implicit? How does the work fit into the wider literature? How well does the work advance our knowledge of the subject? How clear is the author’s language/style/expression? A brief overall assessment. So how can you begin to meet these demands?...

Words: 963 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ecology

...In the textbook “Anthology of American Literature,” George McMichael and James Leonard included a literary criticism from Edgar Poe in “Twice-Told Tales” written by Hawthorne. In his review, Edgar Allan Poe set the rules of short stories. Also, the authors included Poe’ theory of poetry in “The Poetic Principle" and "The Philosophy of Composition" which contained the unified core and basis of Poe's critical theories and these two essays alone suffice to give one a full understanding of Poe's critical views. Edgar Allan Poe is considered to be America's first significant literary critic or, at least, the first major writer in America to write seriously about criticism, about the theory of composition, and about the principles of creative art. He was also the first to set down consistent set of principles about what he thought was acceptable in art and what should be essentially rejected in art. Poe's major theories can be found in the many reviews he wrote analyzing the writings of other authors; in this genre, his most famous review is entitled "Twice-Told Tales," a review of Nathaniel Hawthorne's short stories. Among Poe's greatnesses was his ability as an editor to recognize great literature and to dismiss insignificant works. Poe was the first major, or influential, writer to recognize the genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne. In his review of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales, Poe says that "Mr....

Words: 1494 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

History

...In the textbook “Anthology of American Literature,” George McMichael and James Leonard included a literary criticism from Edgar Poe in “Twice-Told Tales” written by Hawthorne. In his review, Edgar Allan Poe set the rules of short stories. Also, the authors included Poe’ theory of poetry in “The Poetic Principle" and "The Philosophy of Composition" which contained the unified core and basis of Poe's critical theories and these two essays alone suffice to give one a full understanding of Poe's critical views. Edgar Allan Poe is considered to be America's first significant literary critic or, at least, the first major writer in America to write seriously about criticism, about the theory of composition, and about the principles of creative art. He was also the first to set down consistent set of principles about what he thought was acceptable in art and what should be essentially rejected in art. Poe's major theories can be found in the many reviews he wrote analyzing the writings of other authors; in this genre, his most famous review is entitled "Twice-Told Tales," a review of Nathaniel Hawthorne's short stories. Among Poe's greatnesses was his ability as an editor to recognize great literature and to dismiss insignificant works. Poe was the first major, or influential, writer to recognize the genius of Nathaniel Hawthorne. In his review of Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales, Poe says that "Mr....

Words: 1491 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Kobra

...Summary This is individual work. Weighting: 50% Word count: 2000 words Submission deadline: 21st April, 2014 Learning outcomes evidenced by this assignment: 1. Gain a comprehensive understanding of the various theoretical influences (psychological, social and cultural) upon consumption as a practice 2. Synthesise the contemporary issues involved in consumption practice that have a broad societal relevance. 3. Analyse, evaluate and interpret consumer behaviour theories and models and apply them to professional marketing practice in order to take informed and effective decisions. 4. Develop the art of constructing and defending arguments related to the field of consumer behaviour, as well as undertake self-analysis, probing their own motivation and behaviour as consumers. 5. Plan, conduct and report research in the field of consumer behaviour to provide recommendations for effective marketing strategies 6. Develop the independent learning ability required for continuing professional development. Submission procedure: Work has to be submitted electronically via the turn-it-in link that has been provided for this component on the module site. It is the University s policy that all coursework assessments are submitted to Turn-it- in, our Plagiarism detection software. If you fail to submit to turn-it-in, then you will be awarded a mark of ͚0 . Return of feedback and marked...

Words: 1905 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Yec/Oec

...American Literature (0.5) Throughout the course of American Literature, students will be able to encounter and experience the full span of America’s rich literary history. The course begins with the literary contributions of America’s first settlers, and explores how their faith and difficult circumstances shaped their lives and the literature through which they captured these early moments of America. The course then moves through the Age of Faith, during which the core of American Literature was shaped by a strong and foundational faith, and then into the Age of Reason, during which the world of science and modern thinking started to shape the literature of the times. The study of literature then moves into the Romantic period, and then the Realist period, both of which shaped American Literature at its core and brought about significant changes to the style, structure, and purpose of literature. The introduction of Modern literature includes the literature of the early 1900s, including the Harlem Renaissance, and then Post-Modern literature brings students into the study of current day texts. Overall, the course includes literature spanning from the 1500’s to current day, and introduces students to some of the greatest authors and works in American Literature. Genres that are included are: nonfiction essays, diaries, sermons, letters, and...

Words: 1428 - Pages: 6