X Is X

In: Film and Music

Submitted By saurav90kumar
Words 8558
Pages 35
The Power of Virtual
Integration: An Interview
with Dell Computer’s
Michael Dell
by Joan Magretta

Harvard Business Review
Reprint 98208

The Power of
V i r t ua l I n t e g r at i o n :
A n I n t e rv i e w w i t h
D e l l C o m p u t e r’ s
Michael Dell
b y J oa n M ag r e t ta

H

ow do you create a $12 billion company in just 1 3 years?
Michael Dell began in 1984 with a simple business insight: he could by-

pass the dealer channel through which personal computers were then being
sold. Instead, he would sell directly to customers and build products to order.
In one swoop, Dell eliminated the reseller’s markup and the costs and risks associated with carrying large inventories of finished goods. The formula became
known as the direct business model, and it gave Dell Computer Corporation a
substantial cost advantage.
The direct model turned out to have other benefits that even Michael Dell
couldn’t have anticipated when he founded his company. “You actually get to
have a relationship with the customer,” he explains. “And that creates valuable
information, which, in turn, allows us to leverage our relationships with both

ARTWORK BY NATALIE ASCENCIOS

Copyright © 1998 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved.

t h e p ow e r o f v i r t ua l i n t e g r at i o n :

suppliers and customers. Couple that information
with technology, and you have the infrastructure
to revolutionize the fundamental business models
of major global companies.”
In this interview with HBR editor-at-large Joan
Magretta, Michael Dell describes how his company
is using technology and information to blur the traditional boundaries in the value chain among suppliers, manufacturers, and end users. In so doing,
Dell Computer is evolving in a direction that
Michael Dell calls virtual integration. The individual pieces of the…...

Similar Documents

Project X

...Citizens Property Insurance Corporation, Project X Demetrius Norris Sr. LDR/531 October 10, 2012 Dr. Ferguson Citizens Property Insurance Corporation is Florida’s leading insurance company in the state of Florida. “Citizens is a not-for-profit, tax-exempt government corporation whose public purpose is to provide insurance protection to Florida property owners throughout the state. The corporation insures hundreds of thousands of homes, businesses and condominiums whose owners otherwise might not be able to find coverage.” Because Florida is prone to suffer from hurricanes, tornados, and floods, many other insurers have discontinued property policies in the state. Citizens have incorporated thousands of external customers and have rapidly grown into a huge corporation. Departments within the organization, believed the growth administratively, financially, and technological. Recently, top executives for the company tasked the information technology (IT) Department to expand its Data Center while migrating with two other centers. Demetrius Norris, the director of the IT department, accepted the task and immediately began planning. In the following paragraphs, Demetrius will demonstrate his strategies and ability to execute this year-long plan...

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Generation X

...Task of Today: Read the Story by D. Coapland and fill out the box below: Things I know about the story: | Things I think I know about the story but which I am not certain about: | Questions about the story which I would like to get answered: | The story is about a little poor girl named Linda. She was heiress to a big family fortune. Linda grew up happy, but it changes because her dad left and never came back. She never had a good relationship to her mom. She was sad and always drinking. And she never visited Linda. Linda became an unhappy woman. She felt like that her inherited could only bring her bad luck. Linda was smart and bright and she loved flowers and beautiful gardens. She often traveled alone to find new ideas, love and to read books. One day in Asia, Linda found what she was looking for. A religious sect of monks and nuns who had achieved an ecstasy-release- though She just never got to talk to them because there was a storm, and she was forced to turn home. When she turned twenty-one, she inherited the family fortune. In addition, she was splitted with her mom that day, because she did not have what she hoped for. After that, Linda was, left alone. She then decided to try the spiritual release of the seven years-seven month-seven day-method. And to do that she had to upgrade the security around her house. She then began to meditate for all that time. While her garden turned wild and she became older an older. Then one day this......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Malcom X

...MALCOLM X Learning to Read Malcolm Little, born in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1925, was reborn Malcolm X in his twenties while imprisoned for burglary. (He considered "Little" a slave name and chose the "X" to signify his lost African tribal name.) His conversion to Islam under the Nation of Islam and his rigorous self-education led him to a life ofpolitical activism marked by hatred, violence, and hope. For a time, as the foremost spokesman of the Nation of Islam, Malcolm preached a separatist philosophy with racist rhetoric; on breaking with the Nation of Islam and converting to orthodox Islam after a pilgrimage to Mecca, Malcolm again changed his name (to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) and philosophy, moving closer to the integrationist goals of the mainstream civil rights movement. Not quite a year later, he was assassinated. "Learning to Read" is an excerpt from The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965), which was written by Alex Haley from interviews completed shortly before Malcolm's death. While ghostwritten, Malcolm's fierce intelligence and passion are evident; it is easier to miss the sometimes surprising moments of humor, but look for them because they give a fuller sense of the man. It was because of my letters that I happened to stumble upon starting to acquire some kind of a homemade education. I became increasingly frustrated at not being able to express what I wanted to convey in letters that I wrote, especially those to Mr. Elijah Muhammad. In the street, I had been...

Words: 4075 - Pages: 17

Project X

...Project X is a movie about three seniors who fly under the radar in high school. Costa and Thomas are best friends. Costa is loud, outgoing, and wants more than anything to be popular and have people know his name. Thomas is quite the opposite, he is more reserved and only concerned about a girl he likes. Thomas’ parents decide to go away for the weekend, which leaves the house free for Thomas’ birthday party. Thomas has many reservations about the party but allows it thinking that the girl he likes will show up. After many invitations are extended people begin to arrive. Things go from a controlled environment to absolute chaos, with the use of sex, drugs, and alcohol. In this paper I will discuss the movie as well as its relation to drugs and alcohol have with Biology. Costa invites people over to Thomas’ to celebrate his eighteenth birthday. They have their friend Dax film it all. Costa believes that for the party they need alcohol and marijuana, so they have to find it and pick it up. While picking up the marijuana they steal a garden gnome from the dealer’s house not realizing what was inside. Back at the house people started to arrive and what begins as a small get together, quickly turns into a large gathering. All the kids are drinking alcohol, smoking marijuana, and partying; when one of them decides to try and hit to garden gnome with a baseball bat. As he tosses it in the air he swings and smashes it into smithereens, sending hundreds of ecstasy...

Words: 1315 - Pages: 6

Malcolm X

...The Angriest Man In America _______________ TERM PAPER Presented to Mrs. Richardson Billings West High School _______________ In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements for Senior English _______________ by Hunter Dixon 08 December 2013 Hunter Dixon Mrs. Richardson Term Paper Final Draft 08 December 2013 The Angriest Man In America Without a doubt, Malcolm X is one of the most iconic figures in the history of our country. He is best remembered for the passion and power he displayed during all of his speeches, but his legacy has roots so much deeper than just that. He was the self-proclaimed “angriest man in America,” and he even openly called white people devils. Malcolm spent his whole life preparing himself for an inevitable death (Malcolm X, A Leader of Black Pride). He wanted to get his message out to the world before his time came, and it came much too early for a man like him. Malcolm X will live on throughout history because he was so passionate in his beliefs; though they changed often, he always stood up for what he believed was right, and there is nothing more respectable than that. Even if the man’s beliefs were radical at times. Malcolm’s birth name was Malcolm Little. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska on May 19, 1925 to parents Rev. Earl and Louise Little, the fourth of eight children (The Autobiography of Malcolm X). When he was about a year and a half old, his parents decided it was best to move out of Omaha after a Klu...

Words: 2792 - Pages: 12

Malcolm X

...Malcolm X , I read the book The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told by Alo simply take my old paper, which was research based, and fashion it into an argumentative thesis. I am now more mature as a student and my perspectives and ideas regarding both the man Malcolm X, and his autobiography, have changed. Where I once thought he was a radical, and sought to prove why his earlier ideas were dangerous and violent, I have come to grow from emotionally reacting to his ideas with volatility to accepting them with a more open mind; I now want to examine the philosophical roots and the more psychologically significant events that he underwent during his life that justify his ideas. As one set of events happened, he’d be polarized in the direction of success in c of ma, but Malcolm X underwent sets of events in his life that caused him to bounce back and forth, radically so, between two juxtaposing constants—conformity and non-conformity. Though with most of his later life and political-religious endeavors he is largely rebelliouat I will pay close attention to. I will discuss these instances and how his personality served as proverbial gunpowder to the flames that were the rauses, I will argue that, throughout his life, he has steadily been climbing toward a psychological equilibrium. As each set of events shiftedemonstrated having multiple times throughout the book with every endeavor he sought was conducive to this process of polarization. The first instance of...

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Fragile X

...What is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome is a genetic condition that causes a range of developmental problems including learning disabilities and cognitive impairment. Usually, males are more severely affected by this disorder than females. Affected individuals usually have delayed development of speech and language by age 2. Most males with fragile X syndrome have mild to moderate intellectual disability, while about one-third of affected females are intellectually disabled. Children with fragile X syndrome may also have anxiety and hyperactive behavior such as fidgeting or impulsive actions. They may have attention deficit disorder (ADD), which includes an impaired ability to maintain attention and difficulty focusing on specific tasks. About one-third of individuals with fragile X syndrome have features of autism spectrum disorders that affect communication and social interaction. Seizures occur in about 15 percent of males and about 5 percent of females with fragile X syndrome. Most males and about half of females with fragile X syndrome have characteristic physical features that become more apparent with age. These features include a long and narrow face, large ears, a prominent jaw and forehead, unusually flexible fingers, flat feet, and in males, enlarged testicles (macroorchidism) after puberty. How common is fragile X syndrome? Fragile X syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 4,000 males and 1 in 8,000 females. What genes are related to fragile X syndrome...

Words: 749 - Pages: 3

Malcolm X

...The book that I read was The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Alex Haley. The book was published in 1965. The genre of the book is autobiography and biography. In this report I will be mentioning what the book is about and my opinion on the book itself. I will also be show the impact it left on me. The book is about the life of an African-American named El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz who later becomes Malcolm X. The book begins with his childhood and how his father was killed, his mother was thought to be crazy. Malcolm had to move with different residents due to the fact that the state took him and his siblings away. As Malcolm grew older he began to see how blacks were treated. In the 8th grade Malcolm was told by his teacher that it was foolish of him to want to be a lawyer. He said he should be a carpenter. Since then on Malcolm was never the same he decided to go live with his sister in Boston. There Malcolm become a hustler only being 16 he was already known in the streets. He began to sell dope, he became an addict & he committed armed robberies. Malcolm got arrested and was sent to prison. This is where his life changed. His brother sent him a letter telling him to become a Muslim and follow Elijah Muhammad. This opened Malcolm's eyes, this is where he began to see the real problem within blacks. He began to feel disgust towards the whites. In prison Malcolm read books after books on Muslim and any history that said the truth of how the whites treated the whites...

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Blood X

...Blood X (Blood Cross) Team Alpha Prologue: Alex’s POV January 1, 2015; Midnight; Philippines “Happy New Year!” I scream as the clock strikes 12. I look up to the sky from my window and watch as fireworks light up the sky. “2015.” I whisper. “I feel like something unexpected is coming.” BOOOOOMMMM!!! The ground started shaking. “What was that?” I asked myself. I go out of my house and stand beside my family who were watching the fireworks from outside of the house. We hear gunshots and screams coming from the city hall. I look at my mom. She knew exactly what I was going to do. She nods. I run to the city hall. That’s where my dad works. He’s the mayor of this city. I finally see the city hall. “No…” I watch as the city hall burns and crashes down to the ground. I run back to my house. “I need to tell mom.” I say again and again like a broken tape recorder. I gasp as I see armed humanoid robots take my family to a military truck filled with other families. The robots were 6 feet high. They were green and had red glowing eyes. They looked like the robots from the movie Terminator. Just the thought of that scares me. I turn around and start running. It wasn't long until I bump into one of those robots, and it bring me to a truck similar to where they brought my family to. Suddenly, the truck stops. The truck slowly tilts to the right until it completely falls. “Now’s my chance to escape.” I say. The robots guarding us were still struggling to get up, so I...

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Malcom X

... organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc. (Biography 9). After many repeated attempts on his life by the Black Muslims his enemies were finally successful as he was shot 15 times by three gun men at a speaking engagement in the Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, and he was pronounced dead upon arrival (Biography 13). Moving into Malcolm X’s third and final success in my opinion it would be the legacy he has left to African Americans all across the United States. Malcolm X has definitely left a permanent stain in African American history whether Black Muslims or Black Christians or just African Americans in general. Because of Malcolm X the Nation of Islam has attracted many followers, especially in prisons, where lost African Americans most look for guidance (US history 5). Malcolm’s belief that black people were no different than white people and that they shouldn’t treat white people like they are higher, pushed African Americans to fight for their rights more strongly (Blake 1). Malcolm was very important to the civil rights movement due to his powerful speeches and how he could invoke African Americans to listen and believe in what he was saying. He formed an organization that opened communications and improved relations between the black people in America and the black people in Africa and helped unite African Americans with their African history as well (Blake 7). In my opinion Malcolm X is to be remembered as great man due to his evolvement from a......

Words: 1094 - Pages: 5

Madame X

...Portrait of Madame X, painted by American artist John Singer Sargent in 1884, is the portrait of a young American expatriate and Parisian socialite named Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau. The sexual evocativeness of her pose and the pale color of her skin caused much controversy after its unveiling and forced Sargent to withdraw it from the Paris Salon. This ruined his promising career as a portrait painter in France and damaged Gautreau's reputation, yet today the portraits flawless technical skill and composition have made it a timeless masterpiece that makes us wonder how it could have ever been considered nothing more than trash. Gautreau was born in New Orleans, Lousiana, on January 29, 1859. After her father died in 1862 of wounds he received in the Battle of Shiloh, her mother took her daughters to Paris, where they established themselves in the highest ranks of French society. Gautreau grew up to become one of Paris' most celebrated beauties, something she prided herself exceedingly with. Sargent, like much of society, was fascinated by her looks and believed a portrait of her would launch his career as a famous painter. Thus begun his efforts to get her to sit for him. Chances that she would accept his request were slim, as Gautreau regularly turned down these types of inquiries. After two years of pleading on behalf of Sargent, she finally consented and chose him out of many other talented artists for the job. After studying Gautreau's beautiful hourglass figure...

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

Malcom X

...Ramon C. Marmol Darvay 2/9/16 Malcom X prompt Malcolm X said “A prison is a better place to learn than a university.” A university can be distracting and all your everyday responsibilities can be a difficult. As an athlete trying to juggle practice, conditioning, and school is tiring. I am not from Pueblo or Colorado so I do not have family responsibilities I need to take care of on a daily basis. However, my grandfather recently passed away and that meant I had to drive back and forth to my home to see him and then to attend the funeral. I had many responsibilities during that time and can see how that would add another layer to what I already have to do here at school. A prison seems like a place where there is solitude and you could get many things done in terms of studying and learning. I am a person that needs people around me or music while I am doing homework. I think young people today are used to so many sources of media that a prison would be too quiet. “If I weren’t out here every day battling the white man, I could spend the rest of my life reading, just satisfying my curiosity-because you can hardly mention anything I’m not curios about” (pg14 Malcom x).These words that Malcom said just spoke to me in many ways since I grew up in the Dominican republic and have many family members or friend in which are black. I feel like everyone deserve a chance and shouldn’t be battling anything especially the white man. The one word that stands out to me in...

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

Malcolm X

...Malcolm X Malcolm X in my eyes can be one of the most inspiring human in anyone’s life. When he was young he was adventurous and did not stay tied down to one city or town. He was born in May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. The family had soon moved to Lansing, Michigan where Malcolm spent most of his childhood. Soon after Malcolm dropped out of junior high, his sister Ella opened an opportunity for him to leave Lansing and go to Roxbury, Boston. Ella was a strong independent black woman, who supported Malcolm in any time of need. In Roxbury he meets Shorty, who becomes Malcolm’s best friend; also the man who got him his first job as a shoe shiner. This is when he first gets his experience in dealing with white customers. Slowly but steadily learning street knowledge from Shorty. Later he would move again to Harlem. There he met Sammy, who was a pimp. Sammy was able to read women like a book. Malcolm would learn how and use it to read people later on. He was fast on his feet and adapting and taking in anything he can benefit from to survive in Harlem. Soon after West Indian Archie ran him out of Harlem because of a bet that neither was sure of who lost or won. He was well known gangster who ran the numbers racket. This is the beginning as to where Malcolm’s life would change. He ran away to back to Boston and starting burglarizing the neighborhood. February 1946 Malcolm was sentenced to jail and sent to Charlestown state prison along with shorty. They had an eight to...

Words: 1675 - Pages: 7

Generation X

...The Generation X. INTRODUCTION Generation X includes those people who are born between the early 1960s(nineteen sixtys) and the early 1980s(nineteen eightys). This generetion is likely presented by our parents. Gen X are trapped by two much larger generations – the Baby Boomers ahead and the Millennials behind – that are completely different from one another. Gen X grew up in an era of emerging technology, political and institutional changes. This generation spent less time with their parents than previous generations of children had. They found themselves home alone and taking care of themselves and their siblings, while their parents worked. They were not coddled for every emotional need and want. IN WORKPLACE They learned independence early in life and turned it into a valuable hallmark as they progressed in the working world. In Generation X, we see a highly independent, outspoken, adaptable and fearless group of employees who can move your company forward with their ability to lead for example, their competence and their willingness to take risks necessary for corporate growth. The workplace challenges for this group are less likely to be related to independent project management or leadership. In addition to the workplace issues facing the general employee population, the Gen X worker will more likely struggle at work with: career development; conflict resolution and office politics; multigenerational team projects. Now I want to mention some of work style...

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

X 235

...Axia College Material Systems of Equations Appendix Buying a Home For most people, buying a house is a great investment that can offer security in an uncertain world, but buying a house is also a commitment. Application Practice Answer the following questions. Use Equation Editor when writing mathematical expressions or equations. First, save this file to your hard drive by selecting Save As from the File menu. Enter each answer in the Answers column. |Question |Answer |Instructor Feedback | |1.Imagine you are in the market for a new home and are interested |X + Y = 56 | | |in a new housing community under construction in a different city.| | | |The sales representative informs you that there are 65 houses for | | | |sale with two floor plans still available. Use x to represent | | | |floor plan one and y...

Words: 642 - Pages: 3