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‘to What Extent Was Superior Military Leadership the Main Reason for the Success of the First Crusade?

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‘To what extent was superior military leadership the main reason for the success of the First Crusade?’

In 1099 the First Crusade had succeeded their objective and captured the Holy City of Jerusalem. The use of military leadership provided by key figures including Bohemond of Taranto, Raymond of Toulouse and Adhemar of Le Puy were considered a main reason for the crusaders success. Due to the failure of the First Wave it was considered by the Muslims that the crusaders will no longer be a threat to them.

Strong Military leadership was a large part for as to why the First Crusade was such a success. Without strong leadership from Bohemond and Adhemar leading the troops, the Western forces would have most likely fallen apart and turned against one another and their Eastern allies. This was key during the Battle of Dorylaeum where the crusaders were confronted with a barbaric and alien type of warfare, this is where Bohemond showed his true light as a good leader as he was able to keep his forces disciplined and in check, longs enough for Godfrey of Bouillon and the other princes to come and help them. In the crusade Adhemar was always recognized as the spiritual leader of the crusade. He fought a crucial role in the Battle of Dorylaeum and was responsible for sustaining the morale during the Siege of Antioch by doing several religious rites include fasting and special observances of holy days.

However it could be considered that good military tactics were a key reason for why the First Crusade was a success, as the core of the army was of heavily armoured knights who wore chain mail, helmets and shields. The crusaders most effective tactic was the charge this was used with heavy cavalry and was a serious threat in any confrontation. The shock tactics that were used was dependent on the heavily armed knight with lance and sword on horse-back bearing...

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