While Bauckham attributes this Gospel to “the presbyter John” mentioned by Papias, the authors of this study show that the patristic evidence more likely seems to support
the authorship of John the apostle and that the literary device of inclusio in the
Fourth Gospel, astutely observed by Bauckham, also favors the authorship of John
the son of Zebedee.
Key Words: Fourth Gospel, Beloved Disciple, John, authorship, apostle, Zebedee,
John the Elder, Papias, Eusebius, Muratorian Fragment, Polycrates
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