Spartan Heat Exchangers Inc

  • Spartan Heat Exchangers

    1. Spartan Heat Exchanger currently manufactures specialized industrial heat exchangers. The new business strategies for Spartan are emphasized on reducing product variety and standardize the product line. There are various implications associated with this strategy; firstly, Spartan’s current product line is based on job shop manufacturing operation where individual parts are produced in several departments and finally assembled in assembly area. Secondly, Spartan has multiple vendors

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  • Optimization of Heat Exchanger Network

    of exchangers is determined through Sequential Quadratic Programming. Genetic algorithm uses these values for the determination of the fitness. For assuring the authenticity of the newly presented method, two standard heat exchanger networks are solved numerically. For representing the efficiency and applicability of this method for the industrial issues, an actual industrial optimization problem i.e. Aromatic Unit of Bandar Imam Petrochemistry in Iran is verified. The results indicate that the

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  • Spartan Heat Exchangers Inc.

    Group Case Study Spartan Heat Exchangers Inc.   Current State Spartan Heat Exchangers Inc. has been a leading designer and manufacturer of specialized industrial heat transfer equipment for more than 10 years. The company’s primary products are transformer coolers, hydro generator coolers, air-cooled heat exchangers and transformer oil coolers. Their USP are Fin tube type heat exchangers and long lasting products. “… A heat exchanger is a device that is used to transfer thermal energy

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  • Heat and Temperature

    Running head: Study Of Heat Heat and Temperature Marcus A. Bullock SCI 110 Intro to Physical Science The Study Of Heat and Temperature Heat is a function of the velocity of all the molecules of a substance. Kinetic theory and heat transfer are both in motion, in Kinetic theory all states of matter are in vigorous motion and heat transfer is associated with the motion of atoms or molecules. The kinetic theory of matter says that all matter is made of particles that are

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  • Nernst Heat Theorem

    Nernst Heat Theorem Introduction : In the chemical thermodynamics, it was difficult to find a quantitative relation between ∆G and ∆H in chemical reaction. & To find out ∆G from thermal data i.e.… ∆H Various attempts to relate ∆G & ∆H are as follow (1) Joule-thomsan concept : They found that ∆G & ∆H values are same in case of Daniel cell :: they proposed that ∆G & ∆H are identical. (2) Berthelot’s concept : He

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  • Heat

    Running head: HEAT 1 Heat Adrienne Branch Professor Olivia Uitto Science 110- Introduction to Physical Science April 27, 2012 HEAT 2 How does the study of heat relate to the kinetic theory of matter? The philosophers Democritus and Lucretius stated that matter is composed of particles. They also believed that these particles were in constant motion and in the state of solid, liquid, or gas (Gibbs, 2010). They called this

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  • Sci110 - Heat Energy

    Heat, Temperature and the Kinetic Theory of Matter The Kinetic Theory explains the differences between the three states of matter. It states that all matter is made up of moving particles which are molecules or atoms. In solids, the particles are so tightly bound to each another that they can only vibrate but not move to another location. We also known there are different phases of matter the three are highlighted in are text, they are solids, liquids and gases. In liquids, the particles

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  • Heat

    reactive or energetic depending on the technique they capture, transfer, and dispense sunbeams. Electrical energy originates from power companies that make use of water, gas, oil, solar, nuclear or wind energy to supply lighting or heating to various items. The refrigerator, air conditioner, and space heaters are the most common items in a household that make use of heat exchangers (Sources of Energy, 2008). American’s and Canadians’ are back tracking to the olden days by using updated wood

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  • What Is Heat

    Intro to Physical Science Assignment # 2 Johnnie Currie JR. November 8, 2011 Strayer University 1. How does the study of heat relate to the kinetic theory of matter? Theory for ideal gases makes the following assumptions the gas consists of very small particles, all no zero mass. The number of molecules is large such that statistical treatment can be applied. These molecules are in constant, random motion. The rapidly moving particles constantly collide with the walls of the

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  • Heat

    First discuss how energy can be converted from one form to another, giving specific examples. The seven major forms of energy are: sound, chemical, radiant (light), electrical, atomic (nuclear), mechanical, thermal (heat). Remembered as “SCREAM Today” The two states of energy are potential and kinetic. (Clarkson, edu.2008). Energy can be converted to useful forms by various means. Energy and its conversion between forms can be expressed quantitatively. When converting energy, a

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  • Heat and Temperature

    Heat relates to the gases that consist of great numbers of molecules moving in all directions. When they impact on the surface they cause the gas pressure to move, this is what we feel as heat it is basically kinetic energy of motion. Heat is made up of massive numbers of small particles of single atoms or molecules in continuous motion. It’s the behavior of matter in an object and the movement that heat produces. It’s also the connection between pressure, temperature and volume properties

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  • Heat Exchanger

     ................................................................................................................................................. 11      2    Executive Summary  In order to design a good system for heat recovery from exhaust air, optimization on  cost and performance is the most important. To maximize the performance and reduce the  heat cost and annual cost on the recovery system, heat exchangers are the main part for the  optimization. The use of the Newton‐Raphson method is

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  • Heat Transfer Problem

    1370oC, while the temperature T3 on the outside of the steel plate is 37.8oC. The heat loss through the furnace wall is expected to be 15800 W/m2. Determine the thickness of refractory and insulation that results in the minimum total thickness of the wall. Given thermal conductivities in W/(m K): Layer k at 37.8oC k at 1093oC Refractory 3.12 6.23 Insulation 1.56 3.12 ________________________________________ Solution. Click here for stepwise solution Click here for stepwise solution

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  • Heat

    *  SCI-110 QUIZ 1. Michelle Flores  1. Information given as measurement and used to describe something is called: d) data   2. One-half liter of water has a mass of  c) 500 grams   3. considering that a very small portion of a material that is the same throughout with that of a larger portion of the same material, the density of the small sample will be:  c) much less   4. A scientific law can be expressed as:  d) all is correct  5. When a scientist measure volume as a property of it is

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  • Heat Transfer Basics

    Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, & Radiation 1 Heat Transfer Basics Tami L. Donnell Humanities 300, History and Methods of Science Professor Datte February 7, 2007 Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, & Radiation 2 Heat Transfer Basics What is Heat Transfer? Heat Transfer is the movement of energy due to a temperature difference. In my paper I will discuss Heat Transfer Basics and will address three physical mechanisms of the movement

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  • Heat Changes Experiment Report

    Aim: To investigate the correlation between the concentrations a base and enthalpy change in a heat of neutralization reaction. Variables: * Independent: mass of baking soda (NaHCO3) * Dependent: temperature of the product * Control: concentration of CH3COOH (0.4mol), volume of CH3COOH (100ml), volume of water (10ml) Theory: Q = mc T and H = - Q/n The enthalpy change, H is the amount of heat released or absorbed when a chemical reaction occurs at constant

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  • Specific Heat

    on the high-pressure side of the cycle, the purpose of the generator is to deliver the refrigerant vapour to the rest of the system. It accomplishes this by separating the water (refrigerant) from the lithium bromide-and-water solution. In the generator, a high-temperature energy source, typically steam or hot water, flows through tubes that are immersed in a dilute solution of refrigerant and absorbent. The solution absorbs heat from the warmer steam or water, causing the refrigerant to boil

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  • Specific Heat Capacity Experiment

    Experiment Aim: To find the specific heat capacity of three different metal using the method of mixtures. Specific Heat Capacity – It is the amount of heat (thermal) energy required to cause a rise in temperature by 1°C in a solid of 1kg. Apparatus: 1. Metal cubes (3) 2. Beaker 3. Water bath 4. Thermometer (L.C. 1°C) 5. String 6. Digital Balance Risk Assessment: 1. Wear a lab coat to prevent any substance from falling you and potentially harming you

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  • Latent Heat of Ice

    Executive Summary The goal of this experiment was to measure the latent heat of ice. The value of the latent heat of ice was obtained by measuring the amount of boiling water needed to melt a given mass of ice. After repeating the procedure three times, the latent heat of ice was calculated for each test, and then averaged. The heat released by the boiling water is the product of specific heat, mass, and temperature change, while the heat required to melt the ice is the product of the mass of

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  • Heat Treatment

    HEAT TREATMENT REPORT By RUSSELL SMITH 2060345 For ARNOLD ROWNTREE of SWINBURNE UNIVERSITY DUE DATE: 12/4/13 SYNOPSIS The heat treatment report contained within these pages is the result of a lab practical where two samples, ‘as is’ and ‘quenched’, are tested for hardness using the Vickers method. The data obtained from these samples was, ‘as is’ HV204.9 and ‘quenched’ 472.0’. This quantified data has been analysed and discussed. Comparisons of this data have been made, and have

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  • The Specific Heat of Lead

    Tracey Hoel Mr. Smith AP Chemistry 28 November 2012 I. Introduction A. Reference: Mr. Smith’s Instructions B. Problem: To calculate the specific heat of Lead. C. Hypothesis: If the heat absorbed by water when lead is added is known then the specific heat of lead can be calculated. D. Theory: i. In this experiment it is assumed that the density of liquid water is 1.00 g/mL ii. The equation qlost = -qgained can be applied when the change in temperature of the

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  • Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems

    Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems Clinton Ward COM155 February 17, 2013 Joyce Keeling Air Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems Air conditioners and heat pump systems are used by most people in the world today. They are used to cool in the summer time and to heat in the winter time. These machines are bought and used when most people do not even understand the principle on which they work. The machines are expected do what they are designed to do, and when they cease to do this

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  • Heat Transfer and Its Applications

    Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy and heat between physical systems. As such, heat transfer is involved in almost every sector of the economy.[1] Heat transfer is classified into various mechanisms, such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation, and transfer of energy by phase changes. Engineers also consider the transfer of mass of differing chemical species, either cold or hot

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  • Heat Exchangers

    their heat to water in order to achieve evaporation, may be described as a fired heat exchanger. However, the term is often more specifically applied to shell and tube heat exchangers or plate heat exchangers, where a primary fluid such as steam is used to heat a process fluid. A shell and tube heat exchanger used to heat water for space heating (using either steam or water) is often referred to as a non-storage calorifier. (A storage calorifier, as shown in Figure 2.13.1, is constructed

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  • Heat Pump

    /or absorb heat and as such do not require air cooled condensers or cooling towers. This is made possible because ground temperatures are stable, remaining relatively constant throughout the year. During summer when space cooling is required, heat is removed from the building and transferred to the ground. In winter the reverse occurs, with heat being removed from the ground and supplied to the building. Environmental Benefits • Water Efficiency – Ground heat exchangers require no make up

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  • Heat Transfer

    The most important concept to understand within the fire phenomena is heat transfer. Heat transfer is everywhere within the aspects of fire, such as fire development. Before the three types of heat transfer can be explained, a few more things need to be understood. Such as heat is the transfer of energy based on a temperature difference between two objects. Also that temperature is a measure of kinetic energy of the molecules in an object. Now the three types of heat transfer and first up

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  • Heat Capacity Ratios

                        The  Experimental  Determination  of  Heat  Capacity  Ratios  of  Gases,   N2,  CO2  and  Ar,  by  the  method  of  Adiabatic  Expansion                                                                       ABSTRACT     The

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  • Process Heat Treatment

    1. The type of heat performed on the steel is called annealing which involves the heating of a metal to a suitable temperature for a certain time called “ soaking “, and gradually cooling. The soaking time is calculated using this formula: Soaking Time = (1Hr)(tmax) Where tmax is the maximum thickness (in inches) of the steel. And our tmax for this experiment = 0.372in as shown in Table 3. Therefore, Soaking time = (1hr)(0.372") = 0.372hr = 22.32minutes Shorter soaking times can be used

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  • Heat

    What is Muscular Christianity? It is a Christian commitment to devotion and physical health, basing itself on the Ten Commandments, which sanctions the concepts of character and well-being. I knew that James Naismith was in some way responsible for promoting Muscular Christianity and I wanted to know what made him invent a game that involved a religion which spread like a virus once introduced. Description of activities and lessons in this unit * KWL Chart (Know – What you Want to Know

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  • Heat Absorbtion

    HEAT ABSORBATION BY DIFFERENT COLOUR It is a known fact that all objects gives off energy. At the same time, all objects takes in energy, too. The color of an object affects what colors of light the object gives off and what it absorbs. The color of an object relies on the wavelengths of colors reflected from the object. A red apple has a red color because the red wavelengths in white light are reflected and other wavelengths are absorbed. But if a red apple were to be illuminated by light

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  • Heat

    . Calculate the heat (q) transferred, in kJ, from the water to the ice using q = mH CH∆T where the heat capacity (C) for water is 4.18 J/K∙ g and the mass, m, is for the water in the calorimeter. 99 Virtual ChemLab: General Chemistry, Student Lab Manual/Workbook, v4.5, Third Edition, by Brian F. Woodfield and Matthew C. Asplund. Published by Prentice Hall. Copyright © 2013 by Pearson Education, Inc. Colligative Properties

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  • Athenian Sea Power Superior to Spartan Infantry

    a strong navy was especially significant to the Greek nation of Athens. Many nations during that time would say that a superior navy was far more important than having superior land forces. With Athens and Sparta fighting countless battles for control over Greece a superior Athenian navy was more effective in war than a superior Spartan army. There were numerous reasons why Athens was able to have superior naval forces, but the largest reason was money. According to Anna Maria Gillis of

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  • Specifc Heat Capacity Lab for Water

    Toronto Collegiate Institute SPH 3U1 Practical Examination Specific Heat Capacity of TCI Tap Water Date: 14th July 2014 Title: Specific Heat Capacity of water Purpose: To find the specific heat capacity of TCI tap water Hypothesis: I hypothesize that the specific heat capacity of water will be 4200 J/kg°C because water is known to have a high heat capacity Apparatus: * Top Pan Balance * Kettle * Alcohol Thermometer * Pencil * Paper * Water Procedure: 1

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  • Heat Conversion

    Heat Conversion Name Institution Heat Conversion Matter refers to any substance that occupies space and has weight. It comprises of atoms and molecules that are constantly in motion due to energy that they possess. Energy is present in all matter mostly in form of heat energy. Energy takes various forms and can change from one form to another form. Other than heat energy, various forms of energy include electrical, light, mechanical, chemical, sound and nuclear energy

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  • Heat and Mass

    Reynolds Number for Cross Flow Heat Exchangers with one to six rows. PRECAUTIONS: 1. Study the unit and schematic diagram to identify all switches and controls. 2. Check all the connections are well fitted and tighten. 3. When active heated element is removed from the duct, it should always be held by the insulated portion. ANALYSIS

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  • Windows and Heat Transfer

    Control in Homes --- Windows 1. Abstract: The window insulation always plays an important role in building design and thermal comfort, it is one of the main parts needed to be optimized in building envelop. Window insulation is a basic element which can decide the insulation capacity. The large heat loss from the window is the main part of wasting energy, and simultaneously, there is also difficult to explore the new energy source and to improve the current heat generation device

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  • Heat Transfer Studies

    Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION The project ‘Heat Transfer Studies on a 7.5 Watt LED Lighting Load using Finite Element Analysis’ is mainly concerned with the heat generated by an LED lighting load and its dissipation to the surrounding such that the LED junction temperature is maintained low. The LED chosen for this project is 7.5 Watt, which has a maximum operating temperature of around 80°C, exceeding which the LED will fail. The LED is best operated at room temperature conditions and may be just

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  • Specific Heat

    Chemistry Lab Chemistry Lab Aim: To investigate the specific heat capacity of water, copper and aluminium by using a caloriometer. Results: 1. Ohms Law: I=v/r, equation 3 = E=vlt hence you get E= v2t/r when ohms law is applied to equation 3. 2. De ionized water is used as it is the purest form of water, as it doesn’t contain ions from the soil like normal water which allow the conduction of electricity as normal water allows electrons to flow, thus preventing any extraneous

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  • Heat Exchanger Lab

      School of Mechanical and Design Engineering   Dublin Institute of Technology Bachelor of Engineering Technology in Mechanical Engineering   Laboratory 2 Plate Heat Exchanger Assignment Robert O’Donovan Student Number: C12756051 Due Date: 24/10/2014 Lecturer: Jim Ffrench Dublin Institute of technology Bolton Street, Dublin 1. I.  Abstract   Heat exchangers are a piece of process equipment used for heat transfer between two media. The media do not come

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  • Mode of Heat Transfer

    HEAT TRANSFER Modes of Transferring Heat Heat is always transferred when a temperature difference exists between two bodies. There are three basic modes of heat transfer: Conduction involves the transfer of heat by the interactions of atoms or molecules of a material through which the heat is being transferred. Convection involves the transfer of heat by the mixing and motion of macroscopic portions of a fluid. Radiation or radiant heat transfer, involves the transfer

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  • Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger

    S H E L L- A N D - T U B E H E AT E X C H A N G E R S Effectively Design Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers To make the most of exchanger design software, one needs to understand STHE classification, exchanger components, tube layout, baffling, pressure drop, and mean temperature difference. Rajiv Mukherjee, Engineers India Ltd. T hermal design of shell-and-tube heat exchangers (STHEs) is done by sophisticated computer software. However, a good understanding of the underlying principles of

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  • Classification of Heat Exchangers

    Classification Of Heat Exchangers Introduction Heat: is energy in transit from one mass to another because of a temperature difference between the two. A form of energy associated with the motion of atoms or molecules and transferred from a body at a higher temperature to one at a lower temperature. Heat energy will move from a high energy state to that of a lower energy state. The process will continue until a state of equilibrium is reached. Equilibrium is the energy state where the

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  • Heat Transfer

    Specific Heat and Heat Exchange Problems 1. How much heat is required to raise 80.0 g of aluminum from 12°C to 46°? [2 448 J] 2. How much heat is required to raise 30.0 kg of iron from 40°C to 180°C ? [1 620 kJ] 3. How much heat must mercury lose so 290 g cools from 116°C to 31°C? [-3 451 J] 4. What temperature results when 500.0 J of heat are added to 50.0 g of silver at an initial temperature of 25 °C? [67°C] 5. What mass of copper at a temperature of 15°C must be

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  • Mechanism of Heat Transfer in Rocks

    BENSON KILONZO MBITHI MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER IN ROCKS THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF ROCKS Thermal conductivity of a rock (������) is defined as the heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time when a particular temperature difference exists in a unit length perpendicular to the surface. It depends on following factors:- Chemical composition of the rocks (rocks are aggregates of minerals) 1. Water content of the rock 2. Temperature 3. Pressure 4

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  • Heat Project

    To find the tube-side heat transfer coefficients; Nu=hDοk=CRen Pr0.33 Re=DοVmaxρμ (Retrieved from: ) Assumption; Do=do=0.02m Di=di=34×0.02=0.015m (34"outer diameter is one of the common size used) l=Sn-Do or cl=Pt-Do Pitch (Sn@Pt) = 0.025m Clearance=0.025-0.02 =0.005m Sn=Sp In order to find Vmax, find the cross-flow area first; cross-flow area=shell IDDs ×baffle spacingB×clearance(cl

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  • Heat Exchanger Design

    Design of heat exchangers required for a 50-100kW superheated Rankine cycle MECH 421 Huzeyfe SHAHIN Gokce SAGIR Usman Arshad SHAH 28th December 2015 Table of Contents 1. ABSTRACT .............................................................................................................................................. 3 2. INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................... 3

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  • Spartan Civilization Paper

    World Civilization 101 Jeremy Haskett 5/3/15 Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece. The empire peaked after defeating Athens, in the Peloponnesian War. Culture in Sparta focused on loyalty to the state and military service.  Sparta had three main groups: the Spartans, the Helots and the Perioeci. Spartans were full citizens of Sparta, while the Helots were slaves. The Perioeci, however, were neither. The Perioeci, worked as craftsmen and traders. They crafted the Spartan weapons

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  • Spartan Plastics Executive Brief

    SPARTAN PLASTICS 1) Consolidated Shipping LLC (CS): Saint Louis (MO) to Lansing (MI)= 487x6=2922+250per stop= $3172 Lansing (MI) to Detroit (MI) = 88x6 = 528 + 250 = $778 Detroit (MI) to Toledo (OH) = 65x6 = 390 + 250 = $640 Total Shipping Cost = $3172 + $778 + $640 = $4590 Amalgamated Integrated Services (AIS): Saint Louis (MO) to Ypsilanti (MI) = 521x6= $3126 Ypsilanti (MI) to Lansing (MI) = $500 Ypsilanti (MI) to Detroit (MI) = $500 Ypsilanti (MI) to Toledo (OH) = $500

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  • August Heat Analysis

    Mark Dumont 11-7 Writers Mrs. Rizzone 3-30-16 Suspense Suspense is a unique factor in writing. In Harvey’s story he uses suspense to convey a consistent energy. The energy adds to the strength of the story and compels readers to keep reading. The effect of suspense keeps readers on the edge of their seats and wanting to find out what will happen next. The mood throughout the story is surprisingly light hearted. The mood of “August Heat” enhances its suspense and ominous foreshadowing

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  • Cogon Grass as Heat Insulator

    substitute as thermal insulator as compared to other traditional thermal insulating materials. Specifically, this study aims to:   1. determine the thermal resistance (R) of Cogon grass as thermal insulating material;   2. determine the thermal conductivity (k) of Cogon grass as thermal insulating material;   3. determine how much heat (Q) trasmit to the layer of the Cogon grass per second; and,   4. determine how much is the temperature gradient or temperature difference per unit thickness

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