Epidemiology

Epidemiology

The Effects of Hypertension

Gladys is an African American female is about 5 feet, 3 inches tall and weighs 158 pounds. Gladys has a family history of hypertension, her father and mother both had uncontrolled hypertension, suffered from strokes and kidney failure, she was diagnosed with hypertension in her early twenties, Gladys is however on medication to control her hypertension, her blood pressure reads 140/90 nearly every day. According to Medical News Today (2012), "a normal blood pressure is generally below 120/80, which Gladys pressure apparently high. Gladys is employed and lives in a low income area. It does appear that she eats three meals a day.
The nutrition-related risk factors that were identified in her eating habits, all came from bad fats. There are good fats as well as bad fats that are consumed by individuals, and almost all of Gladys' meals consisted of saturated fats, Trans fat, which are all bad fats, no dietary fiber, and little or no unsaturated or polyunsaturated fats, which are the good fats, there does not appear to be any fresh fruit or vegetables in her diet. According to Battle (2009, p.130),"one of the most important determinants of blood cholesterol levels is fat in the diet; this is not total fat, but specific types of fat".
Gladys has a body mass index of about 28.0, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2011), "anyone with a BMI over 25 would be classified as overweight and anyone with a BMI over 30 would be classified as obese". So it appears that Gladys is statistically overweight and almost near obesity. The contributing factors that may have lead to her having hypertension is: emotional and environmental stress, no exercise, weight and poor die, and possible kidney problems since there is a family history.   There are other causes of hypertension, alcohol intake, depression or other medications, which she does not exhibit any signs of having.
Ways in which Gladys can help herself, and possible...

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