Premium Essay

A Philip Randolph

In: Social Issues

Submitted By druiz429
Words 1701
Pages 7
A. Philip Randolph
Daneka Ruiz

Born on April 15, 1889 in Crescent City, Florida, Reverend James W. and Elizabeth Randolph gave birth to their second son, Asa Philip Randolph. James worked as a tailor and minister, while Elizabeth worked as a seamstress. Both of his parents were supporters of equality for African Americans as well as general human rights. Being black during that era meant having to live through difficult circumstances while striving to survive. Through the guidance and nurture from his parents, Asa inherited his compassion and drive towards racial inequality. In 1891, the Randolph’s moved to Jacksonville, Florida, which had a positive, and well-established African American community.

Asa and his brother were superior students. Their parents always made sure that the boys had many books to read. The collection of books was small, but powerful. They were exposed to Charles Dickens, Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Charles Darwin, and many more of the greats. They attended the Cookman institute, one of the first schools of higher education for African Americans. Throughout his high school career Asa excelled in many subjects and was noticed for his articulate and confident voice, which he had inherited from his father. Reverend James continuously supported him by letting him know that he was gifted. With those gifts, Asa went on to pursue public speaking, drama, and singing. He graduated as class valedictorian.

James and Elizabeth instilled many important values onto Asa by teaching him that the color of someone’s skin was less important than their character. Staying humble was an important value for the Randolph family. His mother also made sure that he knew the importance of education and defending himself when need be. James’s ethical views helped him guide Asa towards becoming a well-rounded and confident individual. Though he wanted his son to...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Asa Philip Randolph

...ASA PHILIP RANDOLPH JONATHAN D. DUPREE WEBSTER UNIVERSITY HRMG 5930 DANNY KAIL, INSTRUCTOR ABSTRACT Asa Philip Randolph, civil rights leader and trade unionist, was born in Crescent City, Florida on April 15, 1889. He was the second of two sons of James, a traveling minister, and Elizabeth, a devoted member of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Both parents were strong supporters of equal rights for African Americans and had an overwhelming influence on Randolph. He and his older brother William would often play childhood games that included role playing in which they worked for African American rights. Randolph and his brother were both superior students and attended the Cookman Institute in East Jacksonville, the only academic high school in Florida for African Americans. Randolph excelled in literature, drama and public speaking. It would be Randolph’s strong family influence and academic ambitions that would provide the foundation for his journey on the quest for fair economic and trade rights and racial equality for African Americans. After graduating high school and working numerous odd jobs Randolph devoted his time to singing, acting and reading. Influenced by W. E. B. Du Bois’ “The Souls of Black Folk”, Randolph was convinced that the fight for social equality was more important than almost anything else (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._Philip_Randolph, 2011). Segregation and racial discrimination against blacks was increasing exponentially each...

Words: 2221 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Trust

...A. Philip Randolph At a time when protests were neither popular nor safe, the early 1920s, A Philip Randolph iniated the Brotherhood of sleeping car porters. A. Philip Randolph, born in in Crescent City Florida, was reared in the tradition of the abolitionists. This upbringing instiled in him a social conscience that led him to join the civil rights struggle. His career began when he ran for state office in New York on the socialists ticket. The brotherhood approached him about leading their efforts to unionize. Being an outsider he was immune from retaliation from the company. After strikes and boycotts he finally won representation rights for the brotherhood. This victory gave Randolph credibility which he invested in the civil rights movement.Randolph emerged as the premier civil rights leade and used this power to convice Roosevelt to pass execuve order 8802 which banned discrimination in the armed forces.He achieved this legislation by threatening a marach on washington. Later, in the 1960s he helped organize the march on washington for jobs and freedom. A Philip Randolph's public career helped to advance the cause of all people especially African Americans. However the writers of current history have almost ignored the accomplishments of A. Philip Randolph. This treatment is not suprising since the behind the scenes leaders of movements are often forgotten except by those who participated in the movement. Anyone present in the 1940s civil rights struggle certainly......

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

I Have a Dream Analysis

...time humiliate them, beat them, bomb their houses, and strip them of human dignity? No! Dr. King was preaching to all who listened, that now was the time to metaphorically cash this check, a check that will give them upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. But to do this, not with violence or retaliation, “we must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence.” (Carson, 1998, p225) This would be the way Dr. King would want to see his dream played out, with non -violence. Were all his efforts done in vain? On August 28, 1963, The March on Washington was organized by Bayard Rustin and led by union leader A. Philip Randolph. The backdrop ironically took place on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. President Lincoln was the man who issued the executive order, The Emancipation Proclamation, which theoretically freed the slaves but up to that point in time African Americans were still not free. At the march, 200,000 people attended. Black, white, ,celebrity, and clergy of every faith were present. This is where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his speech that is regarded as one of the greatest speeches ever given. (Stanford, N.D....

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Asa Randolph

...Asa Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a leader in the African American civil-rights movement and the American labor movement. Randolph was born April 15, 1889, in Crescent City, Florida, the second son of the Rev. James William Randolph, a tailor and minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, and Elizabeth Robinson Randolph, a skilled seamstress. Randolph attended the Cookman Institute in East Jacksonville, for years the only academic high school in Florida for African Americans. Randolph excelled in literature, drama and public speaking. He also starred on the school's baseball team, sang solos with its choir and was valedictorian of the 1907 graduating class. After graduation, Randolph worked odd jobs and devoted his time to singing, acting and reading. Reading W. E. B. Du Bois' The Souls of Black Folk convinced him that the fight for social equality was most important. At the age of 21 in 1910, Randolph joined the Socialist Party of America. He moved to New York City in 1911 where he met Chandler Owen who shared Randolph's intellectual interests and close collaborator. In 1913, Randolph married Mrs. Lucille Campbell Green who also shared his socialist views. With the help of the Socialist Party Of America Randolph and Chandler Owen founded the Messenger, a radical monthly magazine, which campaigned against lynching, opposed U.S. participation in World War I, urged African Americans to resist being drafted, to fight for an integrated society, and......

Words: 607 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Revisted

...I must admit most that I have learned about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. came during Black History Month. And during this time he cited for his speeches and his marches. So after reading “The Letter from the Birmingham Jail”, I felt compelled to delve a little more into this controversial figure. I knew that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a champion to the civil rights movement. What caught me by surprise was that this was a role thrust unto him. Dr. King came from a family of preachers but struggled with the idea himself. He knew he wanted to help his people but felt that being a lawyer or a doctor would best serve them. But under the guidance of several teachers, he realized that he was denying his true calling – the ministry. So at seventeen he became a minister. And it was as assistant pastor in his father church he honed his preaching skills and became know an excellent orator. Dr. King was also political involved having founded the Southern Christina Leadership Conference whose first purpose was to register black voters. So because of his political affiliations and speaking skills he was the one tapped when the civil right movement needed an effective leader. Dr. King had come to Birmingham to answer a call to arms for a recent bombing of one of his aides. Birmingham had long been an epitome of racial divide; Dr. King went there to shed light on the city. Upon reaching the city Dr. King was jail for civil disobedience. And while incarcerated a newspaper ad was......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Long Civil Rights Movement

...ideologically the Civil Rights movement began decades before the nation became aware of it. The work of civil rights activists such as A Philip Randolph, beginning in the mid 1920’s, affected change in the structure of government by pushing for anti-discriminatory legislation for Black workers. Further affecting structural institutions was the effect that World War II had on Black Americans, who were disillusioned by the hypocrisy of the United States fighting for...

Words: 1455 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Asa Randolph

...Asa Philip Randolph was born in Crescent City, Florida on April 15, 1889. He was a son of loyal supporters of equal rights and regular human rights for African Americans, his father was a methodist minister named, James Randolph, and a mother named Elizabeth. He and his family moved to Jacksonville, Florida in 1891. Asa spent most of his childhood there and ended up attending Cookman Institute which was one of the first institutions with a higher education for african americans in the country. He attended at Cookman until he graduated in 1911, he moved to a neighborhood in New York City called Harlem, with an idea of becoming an actor. He studied English Literature and Sociology at City College, here he held a variety of jobs, including an elevator operator, porter and waiter, as well as develop rhetorical skills. In 1912, Asa made one of his very first noteworthy political moves, he founded an employment agency with Chandler Owen a Columbia...

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

King Philip's War Analysis

...This bloody period of fighting was known as the King Philip’s War because Metacom, also known as King Philip, the chief of the Wampanoags, was one of the core leaders of the Native American Alliance (Foner, 2014). Though there were many injustices laid against the natives, King Philip’s War happened due to the English stealing land from the...

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The March on Washington

...have been stunted and delayed. Body Between 1940’s and 1963 there had been two marches organized on Washington the first was led by A. Philip Randolph whom was the consummate black political organizer of his age. He labored unrelentingly to get individuals and groups to put aside their divisive, parochial, and often petty concerns and close ranks in the formation of a mass movement for the common good. The foremost architect of the modern Civil Rights movement, he urged boycotts in the South against Jim Crow trains, buses, schools, and businesses. “Nonviolent Good Will Direct Action” is what he labeled his movement to gain social equality decades before Martin Luther King, Jr., and others emerged on the 1960’s political scene. If not the man himself, then his influence and ideas were at home at the forefront of virtually every civil rights campaign from the 1930’s through the 1960’s, including desegregation of public accommodations and schools, ending of restrictive covenants, the Montgomery bus boycott, and the 1957 March on Washington. Randolph is to be credited for his role in passage of the 1957, 1960, and 1964 civil rights acts and the voting rights bill of 1965 as well as one award stated: “No individual did more to help the poor, the dispossessed and the working class in the United States and around the world than A. Philip Randolph.”...

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Leaders and Legislation

...Black Power Movements Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification? What legislation was relevant during these critical times? Part I Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both the Civil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model. |Leader and Associated |Date(s) |Organization and/or Cause |Contribution | |Legislation, if any | | | | |A. Philip Randolph |1941 |Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which |His threat to march on Washington to protest | | | |fought Discrimination |discriminatory treatment caused former | | | | |President Franklin D. Roosevelt to react with | | | | |new policies on job discrimination. | |CORE |1942-1947 |(CORE) Congress of Racial Equality fought |This interracial group used sit-ins to open | | | |discrimination ......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

March On Washington Research Paper

...Philip Randolph, president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (“Jim Crow Laws Segregation and Labor). Similar to when President Kennedy endorsed the march in 1963, President Roosevelt, “feared the reaction an event like this could have on the image of the United States during the war and moved to stop the march” (“Jim Crow Laws Segregation and Labor”). President Roosevelt made a breakthrough in the civil rights movement when the Fair Employment Practices Committee was formed and became a way for African Americans to demands civil rights and punish companies that were badly segregated (“Jim Crow Segregation and Labor”). However in 1963 A. Philip Randolph and other activist leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Roy Wilkins the march was organized again and was executed on August 28, 1963 (“Jim Crow Segregation and Labor”). Before the march many African Americans faced heavy segregation in the workplace such as, “they could neither purchase nor eat their meals in the dining car, instead, they had to eat their food in the baggage car” (“Jim Crow Segregation and...

Words: 603 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

How Far Were the Actions of the African Americans the Main Reason for the Advancement of the Civil Rights in the Period 1865-1980?

...How far were the actions of the African Americans the main reason for the advancement of the Civil Rights in the period 1865-1980? “Power concedes nothing without demand, it never has and it never will”[1]. Said by Fredrick Douglass in 1857, an escaped slave who had bearded the brunt of the slave years. He had come to the realisation that African Americans had a fountain of “power”; however that power that they possessed would never establish anything without a “demand”. Fredrick Douglass awoke the conscious of African Americans to make them realise that wanting to be free and wanting to achieve full civil rights was not enough, neither was enduring a life under white supremacy waiting for life after death to see a new dawn .Believing and hoping was not enough. “Power concedes nothing without demand” the solution is to be willing to work hard to establish it yourself by demanding what belongs to them. However using power in order to concede civil rights was a struggle which was acknowledged by Fredrick Douglass “Without struggle there is no success”. To achieve advancement in African American Civil Rights, African Americans had to undergo a process of struggle. A rainbow is not made without rain; you can not want rain without thunder and lightening being accompanied by it. To achieve full civil rights African Americans had to pay the price along the way which was persecution, de-humanisation and scrutiny. Martin Luther King being inspired by Fredrick Douglass said......

Words: 4801 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Bayard Rustin

...Sir Parnell Stevenson HIST 300 Professor Katz December 11, 2014 Bayard Rustin and the Lost Prophet A master strategist and an activist for Civil Rights, Bayard Rustin is mostly remembered for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which has been one of the most famous of the non-violent marches in United States history. He had used Gandhi’s tactics of non-violence by introducing it to the American civil rights movement, while at the same time, bringing Martin Luther King, Jr. to the forefront as the focal point for nonviolence and peace. Despite the achievements that Rustin had accomplished during his career as an activist, he was beaten, silenced, imprisoned, and fired from different organizations mainly because of the fact that he was a gay man living at a time that homosexuality was not only frowned upon, but also it was outlawed. In this paper, I will explain all the contributions that Bayard Rustin had made to the Civil Rights movement during the mid to late 20th century and why he is not given credit for the other activities that he was responsible for. Writers and historians such as Lawrence Freedman have stated that Bayard Rustin was content with his status as an “intellectual engineer behind the scenes” 1. In their view, Rustin was a powerful man with such a powerful political philosophy that the leadership at the time had begun to constrict him. Other historians have argued that the main reason why Rustin was written out of the history books is......

Words: 4606 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Outline Of The Harlem Renaissance

...American writers, artists and musicians were renowned for their contributions to contemporary culture, crossing racial lines and for some, working towards the attainment of equality and civil rights. Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Langston Hughes were some of the leading figures notable during the Harlem Renaissance. Executive Order 8802: The Executive Order 8802 was signed and issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941. The order prohibited discriminatory employment practices pertaining to race and religion in the federal government and in defense industries. The issuance of the order was a result of pressure from civil rights leaders, particularly A. Philip Randolph, as he threatened to assemble thousands of African Americans as a means of protest. Therefore, the enactment of the executive order allowed Randolph to call off the march. The significance of the order was that it marked as the first intervening measure from the federal government that served to promote equal opportunity and prohibited employment discriminatory practices in the country. The New Deal: The New Deal was a collective series of federal programs and measures enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt following the stock market crash; measures of relief, recovery, and reform. Such programs formed in order to combat the economic crisis along with utilizing government spending with hopes of stimulating the economy. Some of FDR’s notable measures were the Conservation Corps, and the......

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

History

...Q1, 4-6 1. Term and people. A. Philip Randolph A.Philip Randolph and the significance with American in the home front is that he was an African-American labor leader, helped achieve equal rights in 1941. He declared that African American citizens would no longer be accepted as second-class citizens and demanded equality in the workforce during the 1940s. He even threatens President Roosevelt that, if the president doesn’t do anything about segregation he will hold a large peace protest. Executive order 8802 Executive order 8802 and the significance with American in the home front is that it was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941 to end racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal law to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States. This was intended to help African Americans and other minorities obtain jobs in the home front industry during World War II. Bracero Program Bracero Program and the significance with American in the home front is that it was a campaign that brought laborers to from Mexico to work on the West Coast to work on American farms, so they can harvest food to help Americans and the war effort. Internment Internment and the significance with American in the home front is that it was a temporally confinement of people, commonly in large groups without trial. This was a safety net for the Americans from saboteurs, espionage act or......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3