Free Essay

Adolescents, Depression, and Self-Esteem


Submitted By bradfotx26
Words 2074
Pages 9
Depression in adolescence has been recognized as a clinical problem for twenty-two years. Many believed that signs of depression were simple behavioral problems that the child would grow out of. Psychiatrists believed that children were both emotionally and cgnitively immature to endure depression. Childhood was considered to be worry free, no true concerns, happy time. Therefore, their problems were not serious enough to be labeled depression. There was never a clear understanding as to how abuse, divorce, and incest could have a long term effect on children. Childhood depression differs in many aspects from adult depression. Decrease in academic performance, withdrawal and rejection of friends and favorite activities are some of the main unrecognized signs. Some may also exhibit hyperactivity, while others complain of exhaustion and illness. Many times these symptoms are thought to be just a phase in their children, and observed as signs of depression. Children of all ages from infancy through adolescence can suffer from a disorder mood. The symptoms tend to change based on the child's level of development. Depression in infants is often determined based on the child’s failure to grow physically, act unresponsively, and inability to thrive. Although it is rarely seen in babies, it is often due to lack of nurturing relationship between the infant and the caregiver. Postpartum depression has the ability to affect the mood of the infant. It affects approximately 25-30% of mothers and is typically caused by a separation, illness, death, or a broken bond. These mothers tend to show less affection towards their child. Babies are sometimes rejected because they are unwanted, premature or abnormal. Preschoolers are more restless, self-isolating, aggressive, and overwhelmed by sleeplessness and nightmares and are less adaptive to make friends or follow rules when depressed. Older, school-age children may be reluctant to attend school, feel misdirected guilt and express their depression by changes in mood and behavior. One in every ten children 6-11 years-old is depressed. Family dysfunction and low self-esteem are the two major contributors of depression in children of this age group. Periods of sadness are a normal reaction to failure, distress, and disappointment. Inevitably, the period of sadness will last longer if due to major life changes such as death, divorce, or other major life stressors. There is a clear indication of depressed mood when the sadness lasts longer than it should. This is apparent once school, home, or peer relationships become affected. The diagnosis is typically made if an individual has a depressed mood or irritability for most days for a full year and exhibit at least two days of the following symptoms; insomnia or excessive sleep time, low energy or fatigue, poor appetite or overeating, inability to concentrate, low self-esteem, and a feeling of hopelessness. Children with a major depression are sad or irritable most of the day for at least two weeks and have lost pleasure or interest in activities they normally would enjoy, extreme weight loss/gain, lethargy/hyperactivity, feelings of unnecessary guilt, low self-esteem, indecisiveness or frequent thoughts of death are all symptoms. Another aspect of adolescence is alcoholism. Despite the problems caused to young and old by alcohol, society sends a mixed signal to its youth. The media presents beer drinking with peers as not only acceptable but almost mandatory in order to insure friendship and good times. Wine is presented as a sophisticated and romantic beverage, which is drunk in a setting of dim lights, soft music, and expensive decor. Hard liquor is portrayed as the perfect drink to top of the day and to be enjoyed with the glamorous company of the opposite sex. We joke and laugh about alcohol consumption, our own and others. Parents and teachers look forward to their "happy hour" at the end of the work day. We use euphemisms to avoid the reality of alcohol abuse. We rarely say we are going to get drunk; instead we talk about "partying." We prefer to say that we or someone else is turned-up, smashed, or wasted rather than to call it what it is, drunk. Drinking alcohol is presented as routine behavior in many television programs and movies. "Can I fix you a drink?" is a familiar opening line in television and movie conversation. Occasionally, movies present a stark and realistic picture of alcohol abuse. But most of the messages we send to children are mixed and confused. In fact, many adults' attitudes about alcohol are confused. Our schools reflect the confusions of the larger society in the messages they send to their students about alcohol use. Our curriculum guides in health talk about the responsible use of alcohol. We don't consider teaching the responsible use of marijuana, cocaine, or heroin. Society is not confused about what it wants its schools to teach its youth about these drugs. But alcohol is viewed differently. No other drug presents this problem to our schools and society. Another adolescence aspect as I mentioned above, is self-esteem. A large portion of adolescence's self-esteem is based on their perceptions of how the important adults in their lives judge them early on. The extent to which children believe they have the characteristics valued by the important adults and peers in their lives weighs greatly in the development of self-esteem.
Low self-esteem is the underlying cause of most cases involving: anger, anxiety, panic attacks, fear, depression, eating disorders, social anxiety disorders, avoiding personality disorders, dependent personality disorders, gang violence, relationship problems, domestic abuse, child abuse, and addictive behavior. Self-esteem includes the feelings and thoughts that we have about ourselves, how component we feel, and how optimistic we are that we can succeed.
Once low self-esteem is formed, the fear and anxiety that accompanies it affects everything a person thinks, says, and does. Many who have low self-esteem avoid seeking new jobs, initiating relationships, or learning new skills for fear of rejection or failure. Many avoid social setting and refrain from sharing their opinions for the same reasons. Some isolate, become people pleasers, and remain passive. Others get aggressive and cause chaos in their relationships. When people with low self-esteem do something they perceived as stupid or inappropriate, they instantly feel humiliated and suffer from self-esteem attacks. At these moments they desperately want to run and hide. They may even fall into depression and devastation episodes which may last for minutes, hours, days, or even weeks. Afterwards they feel even more embarrassed to face the people who they think are aware of their problem. The most effective and lasting treatments is a combination of working to improve one's self esteem along with learning techniques to manage anger. Majority of the time when people seek therapy or enter into anger management classes, self-esteem is not even discussed. Most emotional causes of low self-esteem are due to the children having insecurities about their appearance and ability. Low self -esteem is associated with emotions by many factors. A child who is abused may suffer from low self-esteem. Both physical and mental abuse can be detrimental to a child’s level of self-esteem. Emotionally, low self-esteem affects a child's development in many ways. If the child is insecure about his or her mental ability, then the child will not be confident in himself. This may cause the child to be easily embarrassed and shy. It may also cause them to withdraw from their peers and become isolated. Individuals incur various changes during the period of adolescence. These changes are all part of puberty, and for most adolescents this brings on a sort of embarrassment over their bodies growing and maturing process. Physical appearance may affect a child’s level of self-esteem because he or she may not be secure about themselves. Children and adolescents with low self-esteem are more likely to have problems with peers. Furthermore, they are more prone to psychological disorders such as depression. They are also likely to exhibit antisocial behavior. In addition, they tend to have poor school performance. Low self-esteem is formed in childhood as a result of negative situations the child experiences such as having parents consistently take the side of others against the child or having their feelings ignored and discounted. Also, being blamed for the parent's current problem or being threatened with abandonment may result in self-esteem issues. How can we help children develop a healthy sense of self-esteem?
Developing confidence and security will help children feel more secure about them. Parents may help their child feel lovable and capable, which are the two main ingredients of self-esteem. There are numerous ways a parent may help develop this characteristic. It is important to the child that the parent listens, takes his or her feelings seriously, and spends time alone with their child. They can also show their respect and support by allowing their child to make decisions, respecting their child's possessions, and expressing love with words and hugs. As children grow older, they begin to discover that they have special talents and interests. Parents can help by providing opportunities for children to experiment with different activities. Children who enjoy sports might be encouraged to try out a variety of activities such as football, basketball, softball, or swimming. An interest in music might lead to piano lessons or church choir. The focus is to explore a variety of interests while trying not to overdo any one thing at a particular time. Childhood should be a relaxed, stress-free time for discovery and experimentation. Parents can play an important role in strengthening children's self-esteem by treating them respectfully, taking their views and opinions seriously, and expressing appreciation to them. They may also find ways to expand adolescence confidence by encouraging them to believe in their own ability. Above all, parents must keep in mind that self-esteem is an important part in every child's development. In conclusion, I believe adolescence is a very difficult period of life. Therefore, parents should be very careful and observe difficult behaviors from their children. Problems should be tackled from the early stage otherwise they may cause too many problems for the children and their families. Although it is apparent that self-esteem sometimes reflects perceptions that may not be a reality. Majority of self-esteem issues can intensify by enduring a troubled family life, difficult school transition, or other stressful events. It is possible to improve levels of self-esteem by: identifying the cause of low self-esteem, providing social approval and emotional support, foster achievement, and help adolescents cope with the underlying issue. Although it may seem as if self-esteem issues are ongoing, some may only last for a period of time. Self-esteem may fluctuate throughout the life span. It is possible that one may develop higher levels of self-esteem with as they accomplish goals and reach a higher level of development. For instance a teen-age girl may be unhappy with her body, but has she fully develops she may learn to idolize more of her positive features. It has been proven that self-esteem increases with better job opportunities, marriage, better social relationships etc. However, they should not go unnoticed or left untreated. This may be a cry for help as adolescents have a difficult time identifying a solution to their problem. They may resist opening up initially, but will later be ecstatic to feel high levels of confidence.


Unknown, Anaclitic Depression. Retrieved on March 17, 2014 from

Michael Windle, Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence. Retrieved on March 17, 2014 from LeCrone, H. (2001). Nurturing you child's self esteem. MDAdive Retrieved on March 17, 2014 from

Marsh, H., Yeung, A. (1999). The ability of psychological ratings: The chameleon effect in global self-esteem. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,25, 49-64.

Sharma, V.(1999). The Negative Outcomes of having Low Self- Esteem. Mind Publications Retrieved on March 17, 2014 from

Yarnell, T. D., (1999). Build your Child's Self-Esteem. Psychology and You. Retrieved on March 17, 2014 from

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Concept Analysis

...Running Head: DEPRESSION IN THE ADOLESCENT ONCOLOGY PATIENT ​1       Depression in the Adolescent Oncology Patient: A Multidisciplinary Concept Analysis Joliette Tiffany Grice University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing               In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of N5327 Section 400 Analysis of Theories in Nursing Ronda Mintz-Binder, DNP, RN June 10th, 2012 Depression in the Adolescent Oncology Patient: A Multidisciplinary Concept Analysis We all go through up and downs in our mood, sadness is a normal reaction to life’s trials and tribulations. Many people use the word depression to explain these feelings, but depression is much more than just a feeling of sadness. According to Mosby’s Medical, Nursing, & Allied Health Dictionary (2002), depression is an abnormal emotional state characterized by exaggerated feelings of sadness, melancholy, dejection, worthlessness, emptiness, and hopelessness that are inappropriate and out of proportion to reality. Depression may be expressed in a wide spectrum of affective, physiologic, cognitive, and behavioral manifestations. A depressed teenager may be hostile, grumpy, or may easily lose his or her temper. Unexplained aches and pains are also common symptoms of depression in young people. The adolescent oncology patient may suffer from all of these symptoms due to the life altering circumstances that a cancer diagnosis brings. However, due to side effects of treatment...

Words: 4707 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Teen Depression

...feeling of carefree days, days with no or minimal responsibility and days filled with fun, laughter and joy. This reality is a fairytale for some teenagers. Adolescent depression is a real and growing problem in our society. Numbers of depression diagnosed in adolescents are on the rise. Is this because of more depressed teenagers, or is there an explanation for this. Are there underlying problems or causes for the high depression numbers? Is there something that we can do to help these teenagers. What are the symptoms and diagnoses. Factors contributing to this problem are all things that will be discussed in this paper. Definition Major depression disorder Definition: A mood disorder characterized by a depressed mood, a lack of interest in activities normally enjoyed, changes in weight and sleep, fatigue, feelings of worthlessness and guilt, difficulty concentrating and thoughts of death and suicide. If a person has experienced the majority of these symptoms for longer than a two-week period they may be diagnosed as having had a major depressive episode. If a person has had one or more major depressive episodes, has no history of mania, mixed episodes or hypomania and the symptoms are not due to another disorder, they may be diagnosed as having major depressive disorder.( Schimelpfenin,2013) Major depression episode Definition: A major depressive episode is when a person experiences 5 or more symptoms during most parts of the day for a two week period. The main...

Words: 3489 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Depression in Adolescents

...DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTS 2. Table of Contents Introduction …………………………………………………………………………….…....3. Background of Depression in Adolescence…….…………………………………………….4. Causes ...............................................................................................................................…...5. Symptoms………………………………………………………………………………….…6. Diagnosis….…………………………………………………………………………………. 7. Treatment……………………………………………………………………………………..7. Epidemiology of Depression in Youth……………………………………………………….9. Contextualised issues pertaining to Depression in Adolescence……………………………10. The impact of Culture on Adolescent Depression…………………………………………...10. Abnormal behaviours associated with Adolescent Depression….…………………………..11. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………...11. References…………………………………………………………………………………...12. DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTS 3. This research paper will address depression in adolescents. Depression is often labelled as ‘the sickness of our time’ due to its prolific nature. Some of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of depression in adolescents as well as the contextualised issues, cultural implications and other abnormal behaviour associated with the disorder will be discussed. DEPRESSION IN ADOLESCENTS 4. Background of Depression in Adolescence Adolescence is the period of transition from childhood to adulthood, a stage of major growth and development in which significant physiological, cognitive, psychological...

Words: 3461 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay


...Hanna Abstract Previous studies have shown that weight stigma and bullying can have detrimental effects on a person’s psychological well-being. Depression, self-esteem, loneliness, and perceived stress were measured as a result of personal experiences with bullying, specifically concerning weight stigma and weight based bullying, in comparison to other forms of bullying (e.g., being shy, having freckles). University students self-reported about times when they experienced bullying using an online survey and also completed measures of current depression, self-esteem, loneliness, and perceived stress. Consistent differences in current psychological well-being were observed when comparing responses from students who had been bullied to those from students who had never been bullied. However, no significant differences were found when comparing students who reported being bullied for different reasons. These findings suggest that bullying for any reason can be detrimental to several aspects of young adults’ mental health, including depression, self-esteem, loneliness, and perceived stress. Keywords: body weight, bullying, depression, self-esteem, loneliness, perceived stress Levels of obesity have been on the rise in adults, adolescents, and in young children, tripling over the past 30 years (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2010). According to the National Center for Chronic Disease...

Words: 4697 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Being in a Committed Relationship and Academic Performance in College Females Tania Jimenez and Ashley Tatem

...0 The Relationship between being in a Committed Relationship and Academic Performance in College Females Tania Jimenez and Ashley Tatem Abstract This correlational study investigated the relationship between being in a committed relationship and academic performance in college females. The study involved 60 female undergraduate participants from a small, private, Catholic women’s college in northeastern New Jersey. It was hypothesized that college females who were in a supportive committed relationship would have significantly higher GPAs than students who were in unsupportive relationships. The Psychosocial Intimacy Questionnaire (PIQ, Tesch, 1985) was used to measure intimacy, specifically romantic love, supportiveness, and communication ease in a participant’s committed relationship. A student’s current GPA and questions regarding course failure and academic probatio0n. This study investigated the relationship between being in a committed relationship and academic performance in female college students. College students refer to female undergraduates attending a small, private, Catholic women’s college in northeastern New Jersey, at any class standing (freshmen, sophomore, etc). Committed relationship refers to a monogamous, supportive relationship with the student’s significant other. Academic performance refers to the student’s GPA. A study by Bailey and Miller (1998) investigated if female and male undergraduates are more satisfied with their lives if they have more or less...

Words: 3228 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Bullying Report

...Bullying Report Lorrie George BSHS/325 September 15, 2014 Erin Jacobs Bullying Report Bullying has become a very serious issue that affects school aged children and adolescents in today’s society. Bullying can happen to any child ranging in ages from children in kindergarten all the way to seniors in high school, and can be done physically, emotionally, verbally. Bullying is not only limited to schools, it can also be done in the child’s home and where the child works. Studying the issue of bullying and how it affects human development is extremely important. It is also important to gain an understanding of the child’s life to understand why it is that he or she is bullying. Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD) reports that “studies suggest that kids who bully are more than likely to have been raised in a home where physical punishment is used as discipline” (n.d.). Learning which factors influence an individual to become a bully will allow the appropriate treatment to be administered to help the individual. Bullying not only hurts a person physically, mentally, and emotionally; it can also result in devastating consequences. Individuals who are being bullied have more negative health indicators that include violent behavior, depression and risk of suicide, physical health problems, poorer quality of life, delinquency, school and psycho-social maladjustment, and risk of future psychiatric problems and disorders than can possibly follow them into...

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Case Study of Healthy Child

...mother present. Her mother was then asked to leave to continue to interview. As a child she had normal childhood illnesses without complications. All of her immunizations are up to date. She had no injuries or illnesses requiring hospitalization. She started menstruating at the age of 12. She is still menstruating and has normal 3-5 day periods while on Nuva-ring and her cycle is every 28 days. She has started dating and has been sexually active off and on since the age of 16. Both her parents and one sister are alive. There is a history of alcoholism and depression on both sides of her parent’s family. Her parents are divorced. She lives with her mother and sister and states they all get along very well except for the occasional disagreement. She does not see or communicate with her father. She denies any drug or alcohol use. She states that she is usually happy but she is concerned about the depression and alcoholism that runs in her family. She has no suicidal ideation and has never been physically or sexually abused by anyone. She participates in the cheerleading program of her high school. She has a small group of friends that she socializes with a great deal. She also has a growing concern for her future and college preparation. She is interested in working with children but not sure of which direction to take – law or education. Her interest in personal appearance is also very...

Words: 1586 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Not Mine

...Soomro and Jane Clarbour Department of Psychology, University of York, USA The present study investigates the relationship between emotional behaviour and academic achievement in middle school children in Hyderabad, Pakistan. One hundred and forty-six students of grade 8 completed the Emotional Behavioural Scale for Pakistani Adolescents (EBS-PA; Soomro, 2010), and rendered measures of their social anxiety, malevolent aggression, and social self-esteem scores. These measures cumulatively represented emotional behaviour in these children, based upon Clarbour and Roger‟s (2004) model of emotional style, on which the EBS-PA scale is based. We then ascertained academic grades of these students from their school records and ran correlation between academic achievement (grades) and emotional behaviour measures. Results revealed academic achievement to be negatively associated with malevolent aggression, but positively related to social self-esteem. In addition, mediator analysis indicated social self-esteem to partially mediate the relationship between malevolent aggression and academic achievement. Keywords: emotional behaviour, academic achievement, adolescents, Pakistani There is robust evidence that emotional and behavioural problems are related with academic difficulties (Arnold, 1997; Hinshaw, 1992). These associations predict school drop-out rate, academic failure, delinquency, drug abuse, and unemployment which not only affect the individual but impacts the society as well...

Words: 5315 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Hlsc111 (28/40 My Mark)

...chronic medical conditions on adolescents (12-18yo) and identify ways of promoting resilience or positive development. Adolescence is a difficult time for individuals, according to Stage 5 of Erikson’s Psychosocial Development, this is a phase where individuals undergo identity difficulties. It is a period where the individual is undergoing transition and development, the individual also comes to terms with their new found sense of identity. In this stage the chronically ill adolescent attempts to differentiate between personal identity and the illness they have, and separate whether their condition is part of their identiy. (Vogel-Scibilia, McNulty, Baxter Et al, 2009). This essay will explore the adversity adolescents with chronic medical conditions must endure and overcome a series of obstacles in everyday mundane situations. This chronic medical condition becomes even more hindrance in the everyday functioning of the individual and for his or her family. However there are strategies that can be utilised to promote resilience and positive development for the individual. Adolescents with chronic medical conditions may have been affected cognitively, such as their perception on the world or their self-concept. Individuals with a chronic medical condition may have an altered perception of themself and hence result in them manifesting a low self-esteem. Chronically ill adolescents may have subsequently increasing the degree of separation between one’s self-concept and reality (Gil...

Words: 1229 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Mediating Effect of Relatedness Need Satisfaction to Facebook Use and Selfesteem

...and self-esteem Abellera, Nadine Angeli C. Department of Psychology, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines ( ISSN: 2243-7781 Online ISSN: 2243-779X Ouano, Jerome A. Department of Psychology, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines ( Conway, Gail D. Department of Psychology, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines ( Camilotes, Liza Mae C. Department of Psychology, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines ( Doctor, Hannah Mae L. Department of Psychology, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines ( Received: 10 November 2012 Available Online: 30 December 2012 Revised: 15 December 2012 DOI: 10.5861/ijrsp.2012.298 Accepted: 22 December 2012 Abstract Facebook, a popular social networking site, can serve as a venue for the enhancement of self-esteem. Why this happens remains unclear. Drawing from Positive Psychology and Self-Determination Theory, the present study investigated the effect of Facebook use on self-esteem as mediated by relatedness. Employing a cross-sectional non-experimental design, the mediation hypothesis was tested among 467 college students who agreed to answer the questionnaires. From the results of multiple hierarchical regressions, it was found out that Facebook use did not have a direct effect on self-esteem, but...

Words: 3008 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Cinderella Ate My Daughter

...discussed will specifically look at how media is effecting girls that fall into the youth and adolescent category, with girls as young as five years old. The first article to be discussed looks at peer and media influences on body image concerns in young girls...

Words: 1046 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Adolescent Depression

...CONTENTS 1. Definition of adolescence and adolescent depression 2 2. Adolescent depressive symptoms 4 3. Problems with diagnosis of depression in adolescents 4 4. Gender factors that may play a role in assessing depression 6 5. Contextual factors that may play a role in assessing depression 8 6. Suicide 9 ‘Like anyone else, I have always had times when I felt deeply depressed, but this was something altogether new in my experience – a despairing, unchanging paralysis of the spirit beyond anything I had ever known or imagined could exist.’ The author William Styron (1990). (Kring, Johnson, Davison & Neale 2012:132) 1. Definition of adolescence and adolescent depression Adolescence is the period of development marked at the beginning by the onset of puberty and at the end by the attainment of physiological or psychological maturity (Reber, Allen & Reber 2009). It is a period of transition from childhood into adulthood, involving changes in physical development, cognitive abilities, emotional adjustment and self esteem. Adolescence is a time of acute stress. It is a period of social sorting and identity formation. Erikson described development that occurs throughout the lifespan in his theory of psychosocial development. During the adolescent period, which Erikson called ‘Identity vs Role confusion’, adolescents need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. During adolescence...

Words: 2086 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

A Girl's Look Into Sports

...Name: A Girl’s Look into Sports North Carolina State University Self-esteem is defined as the confidence and satisfaction in oneself. One of the key elements in a girl’s adolescence is the proper development of self-esteem. Adequate self-esteem is a major component in the proper development of teenagers, especially females during the adolescent years. Without a good measure of self-esteem, young girls may grow up lacking basic skills needed to succeed in life; athletic involvement beginning at a young age is a good way to begin developing necessary social skills that will lead to greater self-esteem later in life. Although participation in sports can have a negative effect on teenage girls, the positive impact the sport has on them greatly outweighs the negative. Research has found that the most common negative effect of athletics on females is over training. Over training occurs when the body is pushed beyond its limits both physically and emotionally. The more females participate in sports, the higher the risk she has of obtaining a sports-related injury (Sabo, 1997, p. 38). The more competitive the sport is, the more training is needed in order to be successful, and this training can become risky to girls’ bodies. Girls tend to over-train under pressure, which in turn, leads to unnecessary injuries. Some of the most common injuries girls sustain due to overuse are stress fractures, kneecap disorders, and compartment syndromes (Storm & Jenkins, 2002, p. 164)...

Words: 2798 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...Cyber bullying is detrimental in adolescent development Consider how often you use the Internet or a cell phone. Over the last decade, technology has become ingrained in our daily lives, changing the way we work, communicate, and seek information or entertainment. At schools across the country, many students are accessorized with the latest cell phones and iPods. Children are especially tech-savvy, having grown up alongside computers, the Internet, and cell phones and many connect with friends several times a day through email, text messages, Web sites, or instant messaging. But along with the convenience and communication that these high-tech innovations provide, the potential for negative experiences has also emerged. Often, the parent-adolescent relationship is the one relationship that informs how a young person handles other relationships. Unfortunately, adolescents sometimes develop unhealthy relationships, and experience or exhibit bullying or dating violence. Friendships play a major role in the lives of adolescents. A circle of caring and supportive friends can have a positive influence on healthy development, and the absence of caring and respectful friends can have negative effects. Parents, teachers and other adult role models can help young people learn how to make and keep good friends. Still, forming and maintaining friendships during adolescence can be challenging. Peer pressure—good and bad—often affects decisions young people make. Adults can set good...

Words: 1746 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay


...peers. In this paper I will explore the probabilities of the following grievances experienced by the adolescent youth which are drugs, suicide, and homelessness. : : Body of the Essay : : Adolescence is the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood; it generally refers to a period ranging from teen years through 20s. As now life is growing more complex, however, adolescents are increasingly cut off from the activities of their elders, leaving most young people with education as their sole occupation. Inexorably, this has isolated many of them from the adult world and has prolonged their adolescence. Now almost all over the world the adolescent years have become marked by violence to an alarming degree. The phenomenon of teenage suicide has become particularly disturbing, but risk-taking behaviors of many sorts can be observed, including alcohol and drug abuse. Adolescents only want to have fun and go to parties. They get addicted to drugs and start to revolve their lives around drugs. Some get arrested and others encounter death. Addiction is so powerful that it takes control of people's brains and only tells them to do wrong. Drugs are highly Addictive, and most of the adolescents main goal is to fit in the group by doing what the whole group does, this is how they get into crack, booze, pot and crystal. Dr. Nowinski's book in which he states his study of Adolescents drugs and addicts describes...

Words: 1706 - Pages: 7