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Amyotrophic Lateral Disease

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1. What is the illness, condition or disease you intend to study?

Why did you choose this one? The illness that I have chosen is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis [Commonly known as Motor Neurone Disease]. ALS is a neurodegenerative disease that spontaneously breaks down the tissues in the nervous system;the causes are unknown. The cells in the Nervous System that help transmit nerve impulses that control voluntary muscle movements are called Motor Neurons. These Motor Neurons spontaneously degenerate which means that the connections from the brain to the muscles are lost . Without the pathways for the nerve impulses to travel down the muscles, the brain loses control of the voluntary muscles. Sufferers of ALS have virtually lost the …show more content…
What body system (or systems) does it affect? This disease mainly affects the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, the musculoskeletal system and the Respiratory System.

The Central Nervous system consists of the Brain and spinal cord and is responsible for all the body’s functions. The Peripheral system consists of nerves and ganglia which connect the limbs and muscles to the brain..These two Nervous Systems work together as pathway for nerve impulses to go to and from the brain and the limbs and muscles. This ailment affects the nervous systems because it results in the degeneration of Upper Motor Neurons [the Motor Neurons in the Central Nervous system] and the Lower Motor Neurons [Motor Neurons in the Peripheral Nervous System].

Sufferers of this disorder lose the ability to control voluntary muscle movement because the Motor Neurons degenerate and eventually die. Motor Neurons are responsible for the transmission of nerve impulses from the brain that control voluntary muscle movement. Without Motor Neurons, the connections between the brain and the muscles are lost which mean that the sufferers loses control over the voluntary muscles. Because the muscles are not being used enough, they rot after a

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