Premium Essay

Australian Gold Rush Research Paper

Submitted By
Words 327
Pages 2
The Australian gold rush was a period of time ( from February 1851- 1914 ) where an influx of people came to Australia, to make a fortune finding precious gold. Finding of gold had been a gift to the Australian government as they lost many workers to the previous California gold rush which created labour shortages leading to an economic depression. The gold rush in Australia was established when Edward Hargraves (gold prospector) who returned to Australia from the California gold rush, where he discovered gold near Orange in NSW, this discovery lead to the start of the Australian gold rush. This lead to an influx of immigrants from all over the world, this meant that the Australian population increased from 430000 in 1851 to a staggering 1.7...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Australian English

...INTRODUCTION The title of this work is “Australian English” The work which is presented deals with the study of the Australian English Language, about its pronunciation, regional variations, vocabulary. The Australian English is a language with its own peculiarities and it differs a lot from Standard English and the other variants because it has its own history and development. There appeared a large number of new words in each variety of the English language because of historical, political, different socio- economic events and of course it has affected to the Australian English. I wanted to learn more about the appearance, development and using nowadays of the Australian English language. The aims of this work are: -To study the difficulties of using and understanding the words in AusE -To define cultural peculiarities of AusE speakers The topicality of this work is explained by the interest to the difference of Australian English between the other English variants and to the practical usage of the vocabulary. The theoretical value of this work is determined by necessity of the comprehensive analysis of Australian English because every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, stylistic and others. It is very important to use up- to –date information of the western scientists who are concerned nearly to the English linguistics. The practical value is seen in rising interest to the......

Words: 9331 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Volvo-Integraated Marketing Communication Case Study

...The Use of Integrated Marketing Communications in the Volvo Ocean Race This following defines and describe marketing communications and the concept of integrated marketing communications, then moving on to a discussion of sponsorship Marketing Communications Definition Marketing communications: The communication of information which facilitates or expedites the exchange process. The role of marketing communications is to inform, persuade, remind, reassure the customers and differentiate the organisation in the minds of the customers. There are three requirements for successful marketing communications : RELEVANCE ORIGINALITY IMPACT Communication is about engaging with your target market; Sender encoding => Message (Medium) => Receiver encoding There are several categories of marketing communications, such as Advertising, Personal selling, Public Relations, Sales promotion, Direct marketing, Internet/Interactive, Post-Modern. In a group, these are known as the “Communication Wheel” Increasing focus on communications Traditionally, marketing communications were based on the premise that sale of a product must be immediate or direct for advertising to be considered effective. For example, a good advertisement should: • Attract attention (awareness) • Stimulate interest • Create a desire • Bring about action (AIDA......

Words: 3895 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Ethics of the Energy Industry

...! ! ! Group Project: Ethics of the Mining Industry Group 4 Business Ethics 04-71-300-02 Professor Singh Date submitted: March 19th, 2014 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !1 Executive Summary This report assesses the global mining industry from a business perspective. Firstly, it begins with the history of mining across the globe and the structure of the mining industry. It then analyzes the impacts of the mining industry globally. Lastly, it addresses the issues surrounding our land—the Canadian mining industry. The research shows that the history of mining goes as far as the Neolithic era. The mining value chain presented demonstrates the formation of a mining company to the extraction of the natural resources. Further investigation shows that the mining structure is an oligopoly. Methods of analysis include an environmental analysis using PEST and a stakeholder map, which focus on the performance of a world-renowned mining company TransAlta. The finding is that management’s role is to have efficiency and productivity while maintaining ethical practices. Ethical theories are then used to look at the social, environmental and economical impacts of the Canadian industry. It is concluded that each ethical theory presents a favorable solution to each impact. Social corporate responsibility is evaluated in the last ten years in Canada and around the globe. It is found that the industry has become one of the most safety-conscious industries within Canada. The companies......

Words: 8928 - Pages: 36

Premium Essay

Time Pressure

...Social Indicators Research (2005) 73: 43–70 DOI 10.1007/s11205-004-4642-9 Ó Springer 2005 ROBERT E. GOODIN, JAMES MAHMUD RICE, MICHAEL BITTMAN and PETER SAUNDERS1 THE TIME-PRESSURE ILLUSION: DISCRETIONARY TIME VS. FREE TIME (Accepted 6 October 2004) ABSTRACT. People’s welfare is a function of both time and money. People can – and, it is said, increasingly do – suffer time-poverty as well as money-poverty. It is undeniably true that people feel increasingly time pressured, particularly in dualearner households. But much of the time devoted to paid and unpaid tasks is over and above that which is strictly necessary. In that sense, much of the time pressure that people feel is discretionary and of their own making. Using data from the 1992 Australian Time Use Survey, this paper demonstrates that the magnitude of this ‘time-pressure illusion’ varies across population groups, being least among lone parents and greatest among the childless and two-earner couples. KEY WORDS: discretionary time, free time, leisure, time pressure, time use INTRODUCTION Being ‘money poor’ is a familiar phenomenon, a simple matter of not having enough money to meet one’s needs in any of the many ways those might be specified. Being ‘time poor’, by analogy, is a matter of not having enough time to do all the things one has to do (Vickery, 1977). It is said to be an increasingly common phenomenon in modern societies. There is some controversy over whether time in paid labour is actually increasing or......

Words: 11921 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

The Broadway Cafe

...The Broadway Café Final Project Abstract I inherited my grandfather’s coffee shop “The Broadway Café “ which is a family business coffee shop located in Atlanta, Georgia. Our business specializes in coffees, teas, full service bakery, and homemade sandwiches, soups, and salads.   It was once a hotspot for many years but for the past five years the business has been declining, due to using the old fashion method, and not using the most up to date technology to stay in today’s era with it’s other competitors. Although my grandfather had conducted a good business back in the 21st century, it now appears as though that new and improved methods need to be in place to his business booming. My grandfather had acquired a wealth of knowledge about the coffee business and unfortunately before he passed way he was unable to share the information with the family.       My grandfather had an exceptional memory where he kept a note pad that tracked all inventory, payroll, and store information. My grandfather’s only advertising method was by word-of-mouth, he never recorded any family recipes or made a client list. The café didn’t have a marketing scheme in place to attract new customers. In order to bring the business into the 21st century, the café needs to gain a competitive advantage though the use of technology, deploy a wireless network for it’s customers through Customer Relationship Management, in which involves managing all aspects of a customer’s relationship with an......

Words: 4084 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Apple Case Study

...CSS GENERAL KNOWLEDGE MCQS General Knowledge Q/A Q/A 1. The river Danube rises in which country? Germany. 2. Which US state has the sugar maple as its state tree and is the leading US producer of maple sugar? Vermont. 3. Which country is nicknamed ‘The Cockpit of Europe’ because of the number of battles throughout history fought on its soil? Belgium. 4. What is the capital of Libya? Tripoli. 5. Apart from French, German and Romansch, what is the fourth official language of the Switzerland? Italian. 6. Which country is the world’s largest producer of coffee? Brazil. 7. In which city was the world’s first underground train was service opened in 1863? London. 8. How many pairs of ribs are there in the human body? 12. 9. Which country is separated form Ethiopia by the Red Sea? Yemen. 10. What is the main port of Italy? Genoa. 11. Mount Logan is the highest peak in which country? Canada. 12. In which state is Harvard University? New Jersey. 13. Which is larger: Norway or Finland? Finland. 14. Which city was the first capital of the Kingdom of Italy until 1865? Turin. 15. What is measured by an ammeter? Electric current. 16. What is a rhinoceros horn made of? Hair. 17. Which three countries, apart from the former Yugoslavia, share borders with Greece? Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey. 18. The Palk Strait separates which two countries? India and Sri Lanka. 19. Ga is the symbol for which element? Gallium. 20....

Words: 18242 - Pages: 73

Premium Essay


...[pic] MONEY Income – доход Earned income – заработок Unearned income – рента, нетрудовые доходы Private income – частные доходы To live on one’s income – жить на свои средства To live within/ up to one’s income – жить по средствам Exceed/ live beyond one’s income - жить по средствам Income tax – подоходный налог Salary – оклад, зарплата To gross (coll) – we grossed 1,000$ - мы получили общую прибыль в … Payment – оплата, платеж, уплата Overtime payment – плата за сверхурочную работу He made a cash payment of 50$ - он уплатил наличными 50$ Pay – плата, зарплата, жалование; платить A pay cut – снижение зарплаты A pay increase – повышение зарплаты On half pay – на полставки They are paid by the hour - они получают почасовую оплату He paid his way through college – он сам зарабатывал себе на обучение To pay off one’s debts – рассчитываться с долгами Pay-day – день зарплаты Bonus – премия, премиальные A bonus job – работа с премиальным вознаграждением Royalties – авторский гонорар, отчисления автору пьесы Wages – заработная плата He gets good wages - он хорошо зарабатывает A living wages – прожиточный минимум Tips – деньги на «чай» Commission – комиссионные Basic earnings – основной доход, заработок Extras – дополнительный доход College grant - стипендия Scholarship - стипендия Child benefit – детское пособие Maternity benefit – пособие по беременности и родам Pension - пенсия Dole......

Words: 23644 - Pages: 95

Premium Essay

California an Interpretive History - Rawls, James

...HISTORY, TENTH EDITION Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Previous editions © 2008, 2003, and 1998. No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on acid-free paper. 1234567890 QFR/QFR 10987654321 ISBN: 978-0-07-340696-1 MHID: 0-07-340696-1 Vice President & Editor-in-Chief: Michael Ryan Vice President EDP/Central Publishing Services: Kimberly Meriwether David Publisher: Christopher Freitag Sponsoring Editor: Matthew Busbridge Executive Marketing Manager: Pamela S. Cooper Editorial Coordinator: Nikki Weissman Project Manager: Erin Melloy Design Coordinator: Margarite Reynolds Cover Designer: Carole Lawson Cover Image: Albert Bierstadt, American (born in Germany), 1830–1902 Valley of the Yosemite, 1864 (detail) Oil on paperboard 30.16 × 48.89 cm (11 7/8 × 19 1/4 in.) Museum of Fine Arts, BostonGift of Martha C. Karolik for the M. and M. Karolik Collection of American Paintings, 1815–1865......

Words: 248535 - Pages: 995

Premium Essay

World of Bitcoins

...WORLD OF BITCOINS ¬¬¬ CONTENTS Page(s) 1. Introduction 3 2. Features of Bitcoin 4-9 3. Bitcoin Mining 10-11 4. Legality of Bitcoins in different countries 12-13 5. Pros and Cons of Recent Developments of Bitcoin 14-15 6. Legal Aspects of Bitcoin in India 16-19 7. Conclusion 20 8. References 21-23 INTRODUCTION We live in a world where transactions are made by traditional methods using separate currencies. This system has been implemented since the dawn of time. But for a more modern approach, a new form of currency called as crypto currency have been introduced by various organizations around the world. The first crypto currency to be introduced is the Bitcoin. Bitcoin is the creation of a computer programmer named using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto that made its debut in January 2009. This is an open source, peer- to-peer, digital currency that has no physical manifestations. Unlike earlier digital currencies that had some central controlling person or entity, the USP of Bitcoin lies in its network being completely decentralized, with all parts of transactions performed by the users of the system. This is similar to the U.S. dollar so, Bitcoin is a fiat currency in that it is not redeemable for some amount of another commodity i.e. Bitcoin in......

Words: 4953 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Growing Up Asian in Australia

...Growing Up Asian in Australia file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0000.html[2014-6-18 23:54:32] Growing Up Asian in Australia file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0000.html[2014-6-18 23:54:32] Growing Up Asian in Australia Growing up Asian in Australia file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0001.html[2014-6-18 23:54:33] Growing Up Asian in Australia Growing up Asian in Australia ...................................... Alice Pung Edited by file:///D|/ /Calibre Library/Wei Zhi/Growing Up Asian in Australia (799)/text/part0002.html[2014-6-18 23:54:33] Growing Up Asian in Australia Published by Black Inc., an imprint of Schwartz Media Pty Ltd Level 5, 289 Flinders Lane Melbourne Victoria 3000 Australia email: Introduction and this collection © Alice Pung & Black Inc. Individual works © retained by the authors. Reprinted 2008 . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 2008. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior consent of the publishers. Photo of Hoa Pham by Alister Air. Photo of Joy Hopwood by Yanna Black. The National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry: Pung, Alice (ed.) Growing......

Words: 113124 - Pages: 453

Free Essay

Gold Report

...Gold Fundamental Report February 2012 Disclaimer This report has been prepared by the Knowledge Management Department of NCDEX Limited for the purpose of information dissemination. The facts are reported from publications and have not been checked for authenticity. NCDEX and its employees will not be responsible for any decision taken by the reader based on this report and are adv advised to take independent advise on the commodity(is) dealt in this report . For more information contact Ashwin Dilip Vidhate Knowledge Management Group NCDEX Ltd. +91 022 6640 6836 2 Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 2. Gold supply ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5 Gold supply: Indian scenario............................................................................................................................................................ 14 3. Gold demand ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 15 Gold demand: Indian scenario ..................................................

Words: 12225 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay

Jared Diamond Collapse

...division of Pearson New Zealand Ltd) Penguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg 2196, South Africa Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R ORL, England First published in 2005 by Viking Penguin, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. 13579 10 8642 Copyright © Jared Diamond, 2005 All rights reserved Maps by Jeffrey L. Ward LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOGING IN PUBLICATION DATA Diamond, Jared M. Collapse: how societies choose to fail or succeed/Jared Diamond. p. cm. Includes index. ISBN 0-670-03337-5 1. Social history—Case studies. 2. Social change—Case studies. 3. Environmental policy— Case studies. I. Title. HN13. D5 2005 304.2'8—dc22 2004057152 This book is printed on acid-free paper. 8 Printed in the United States of America Set in Minion Designed by Francesca Belanger Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or...

Words: 235965 - Pages: 944

Premium Essay


...average age of population is less than 22 years or there is some typo mistake? Sorry to barge in but i could not understand this line Yes avg age of population, for yemen - 17.9, syria - 21.5, egypt - 22 or 23 yrs.. in general a very young population and umemployed, so frustration and anger.. thats why the uproar.. @layman updated.. S.P. Jain Institute of Management & Research PGDM Finance Class of 2014 | CAT'11 - 99.04%le QuoteReply. Like . Share   3 cricaddict Reply #22 03:44 PM, 10 Mar '12 Limits of Foreign Direct Investment in various sectors in India :: Non-Banking Financial Com-panies (NBFC) : 100% Petroleum Refining (Private Sector) : 100% Petroleum Product Marketing : 100% Oil Exploration : 100% Petroleum Product Pipelines : 100% Housing and Real Estate : 100% Power : 100% Drugs & Pharmaceuticals : 100% Road, Highways, Ports and harbours : 100% Hotel & Tourism : 100% Electricity : 100% Pharmaceuticals : 100% Transportation infrastructure : 100% Tourism : 100% Mass transit : 100% Pollution control : 100% Mining (Mining of gold and silver and minerals other than diamonds and precious stones) : 100% Advertising : 100% Films : 100% Mass Rapid Transport Systems : 100% Pollution Control & Management : 100% Special Economic Zones : 100% Air Transport Services (Domestic Airlines) : 100% for NRIs 49% for Others Single Brand Retail : 100% (0% for multi brand......

Words: 26489 - Pages: 106

Premium Essay

International Finance

...Sixth Edition INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Cheol S. Eun Bruce G. Resnick International Financial Management Sixth Edition The McGraw-Hill/Irwin Series in Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate Stephen A. Ross Franco Modigliani Professor of Finance and Economics Sloan School of Management Massachusetts Institute of Technology Consulting Editor FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT Adair Excel Applications for Corporate Finance First Edition Block, Hirt, and Danielsen Foundations of Financial Management Fourteenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance Tenth Edition Brealey, Myers, and Allen Principles of Corporate Finance, Concise Second Edition Brealey, Myers, and Marcus Fundamentals of Corporate Finance Sixth Edition Brooks FinGame Online 5.0 Bruner Case Studies in Finance: Managing for Corporate Value Creation Sixth Edition Chew The New Corporate Finance: Where Theory Meets Practice Third Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: Applications and Theory First Edition Cornett, Adair, and Nofsinger Finance: M Book First Edition DeMello Cases in Finance Second Edition Grinblatt (editor) Stephen A. Ross, Mentor: Influence through Generations Grinblatt and Titman Financial Markets and Corporate Strategy Second Edition Higgins Analysis for Financial Management Ninth Edition Kellison Theory of Interest Third Edition Kester, Ruback, and Tufano Case Problems in Finance Twelfth Edition Ross, Westerfield, and Jaffe Corporate Finance Ninth......

Words: 186186 - Pages: 745

Free Essay

English Language

...reader to make a single copy of part of a book for purposes of private study. It does not allow the copying of entire books or the making of multiple copies of extracts. Written permission for any such copying must always be obtained from the publisher in advance. iv Contents Acknowledgements iv Introduction 1 Practice Test 1 12 Practice Test 2 34 Practice Test 3 54 Practice Test 4 75 General Training Reading and Writing Modules Tapescripts Answer keys 94 107 130 Sample answer sheets 153 iii v Acknowledgements We would like to thank the staff and students of the following institutions for their assistance in trialling these materials: Wollongong English Language Centre; Australian College of English, Sydney; Hong Kong Polytechnic; Waratah Education Centre, Sydney; International House, Queensland; Milton English Language Centre, Sydney;...

Words: 41994 - Pages: 168